Physics
posted by Mina .
What happens after an elastic collision between a hydrogen atom at rest and a helium atom moving 150 m/s? Which direction will the particle move after the collision? Which particle will have a higher speed after the collision? What happens when a neutron moving at 150 m/s hits a hydrogen atom at rest?

Physics 
Jennifer
For an elastic collision, both kinetic energy and momentum are conserved.
Conservation of momentum
m(He)*v(He,initial) = m(He)*v(He,final) + m(H)*v(H)
where m(He) is the mass of the Helium,
v(He, inital) is the initial speed of the Helium , etc. . .
Conservation of kinetic energy:
0.5*m(He)*v(He,initial)^2 = 0.5*m(He)*v(He,final)^2 + m(H)*v(H)^2
you should be able to look up the masses of a hydrogen atom and a helium atom. Then, you have two equations with 2 unknowns (v(He, final) and v(H)). You can use algebra to solve for these two values.
For the second part, repeat this problem by replacing the helium with a neutron.
Respond to this Question
Similar Questions

physics helpppp
particle 1 of mass m1 = 0.29 kg slides rightward along an x axis on a frictionless floor with a speed of 1.8 m/s. When it reaches x = 0, it undergoes a onedimensional elastic collision with stationary particle 2 of mass m2 = 0.40 … 
physics
how do i go about in solving this? A helium atom (mass 4.0 u) moving at 596 m/s to the right collides with an oxygen molecule (mass 32 u) moving in the same direction at 402 m/s. After the collision, the oxygen molecule moves at 445 
Physics
A particle of mass m moving at 5 m/s in the positive x direction makes a glancing elastic collision with a particle of mass 2m that is at rest before the collision. After the collision, m moves off at an angle of 45 degrees to the … 
Physics
Wen an oxygen nucleus at rest is struck by a neutron moving at a speed of 1.2 x 10^8 m/s in a head on elastic collision crazy things happen. If the oxygen nucoeus is 8 times the mass if the neutrin, what us the velocity of each particle … 
Physics Conservation of Momentum
1) A 1 kg mass moving at 1 m/s has a totally inelastic collision with a 0.7 kg mass. What is the speed of the resulting combined mass after the collision? 
Physics Conservation of Momentum
1) A 1 kg mass moving at 1 m/s has a totally inelastic collision with a 0.7 kg mass. What is the speed of the resulting combined mass after the collision? 
physics
A particle of mass and initial velocity strikes a stationary particle of mass . The collision is elastic. It is observed that after the collision the particles have equal and opposite velocities: Find (a) the ratio ; (b) the velocity … 
Physics
Two particles approach each other with equal and opposite speed v. The mass of one particle is m, and the mass of the other particle is nm, where n is just a unitless number. Snapshots of the system before, during, and after the elastic … 
Physics
Two particles, of mass m and mass nm, undergo a headon, fully elastic collision. (Here n is just a unitless number.) Before colliding the particles approach one another with equal speed v. Snapshots of the particles before, during, … 
Physics
Particle 1 of mass 3m initially moving with a speed v0 in the positive xdirection collides with particle 2 of mass m moving in the opposite direction with an unknown speed v.After collision,particle 1 moves along the negative ydirection …