# Physics

posted by .

One mole of an ideal gas initially at a temperature of Ti = 7.4°C undergoes an expansion at a constant pressure of 1.00 atm to eight times its original volume.
(a) Calculate the new temperature Tf of the gas.______J

(b) Calculate the work done on the gas during the expansion.________kJ

• Physics -

(a)
Ti=273+7.4=280.4 K
Vi/Ti = Vf/Tf
Vi/280.4 =8 Vi/Tf
Tf=8•280.4 = 2243.2 K
b) p•ΔV=νRΔT
ν =1 mol
p•ΔV= RΔT
W = p•ΔV= RΔT=
= 8.31•(2243.2-280.4)=
=1.63•10⁴ J =16.3 kJ

## Similar Questions

1. ### physics

A 1.80 mol sample of an ideal diatomic gas at a pressure of 1.20 atm and temperature of 410 K undergoes a process in which its pressure increases linearly with temperature. The final temperature and pressure are 710 K and 1.83 atm. …
2. ### college (physics thermo)

A 1.20 mol sample of an ideal diatomic gas at a pressure of 1.20 atm and temperature 380 K undergoes a process in which its pressure increases linearly with temperature. The final temperature and pressure are 680 K and 1.83 atm. (assume …
3. ### physics- vry urgent

An ideal monatomic gas initially has a temperature of 333 K and a pressure of 7.15 atm. It is to expand from volume 581 cm3 to volume 1360 cm3. If the expansion is isothermal, what are (a) the final pressure (in atm) and (b) the work …
4. ### chemistry

A quantity of 0.020 mole of a gas initially at 0.050 L and 20 degrees Celsius undergoes a constant-temperature expansion until its volume is 0.59 L. Calculate the work done (in joules) by the the gas if it expands (b) pressure of 0.20 …
5. ### Chemistry

A quantity of 0.020 mole of a gas initially at 0.050 L and 20 degrees Celsius undergoes a constant-temperature expansion until its volume is 0.59 L. Calculate the work done (in joules) by the the gas if it expands (b) pressure of 0.20 …
6. ### physics

An ideal monatomic gas initially has a temperature of 338 K and a pressure of 6.96 atm. It is to expand from volume 435 cm3 to volume 1310 cm3. If the expansion is isothermal, what are (a) the final pressure (in atm) and (b) the work …
7. ### physics

An ideal monatomic gas initially has a temperature of 338 K and a pressure of 6.96 atm. It is to expand from volume 435 cm3 to volume 1310 cm3. If the expansion is isothermal, what are (a) the final pressure (in atm) and (b) the work …
8. ### physics

An ideal monatomic gas initially has a temperature of 338 K and a pressure of 6.96 atm. It is to expand from volume 435 cm3 to volume 1310 cm3. If the expansion is isothermal, what are (a) the final pressure (in atm) and (b) the work …
9. ### Physics

Assume the gas is diatomic, calculate how much heat was added to the gas in the process. One mole of ideal gas initially at a temperature of Ti=0 Celsius undergoes an expansion at a constant pressure of 1.00 atm four times its orginal …
10. ### Physics

A tank with a constant volume of 3.44 m3 contains 14 moles of a monatomic ideal gas. The gas is initially at a temperature of 300 K. An electric heater is used to transfer 52600 J of energy into the gas. It may help you to recall that …

More Similar Questions