# physics

posted by .

What is the change in gravitational potential energy of a 6200 kg satellite that lifts off from Earth's surface into a circular orbit of altitude 2500 km? What percent error is introduced by assuming a constant value of g and calculating the change in gravitational potential energy from m⋅g⋅Δh?

• physics -

ΔPE = PE( at the height h) –PE 9at the Earth’s surface) =
= m•g•h – 0 = m•g•h = 6200•9.8•2500000 = 10.52•10^11 J.
Really, the acceleration due to gravity at the height h = 2500000 m is
g1 = G•M/(R+h)²,
where the gravitational constant G =6.67•10^-11,
Earth’s mass is M = 5.97•10^24 kg,
Earth’s radius is R = 6.378•10^6 m.
g1 = 5.05 m/s².
For this value of acceleration due to gravity
m•g1 •h = 6200•5.05•2500000 =7.83•10^10 J.
Therefore, if we don’t use calculus, we have to use
the average value of g =(9.8+5.05) /2 ≈ 7.43 m/s²
The potential energy will be
m•g•h =6200•7.43•2500000= 1.15•10^11 J.
This result differs from our first result (using 9.8 m/s²)
by ~11%.
and from the second result (7.83•10^10 J for g= 5.05 m/s²)
by ~ 47% (with opposite sign).

## Similar Questions

1. ### Physics 12

What is the gtravitational potential energy of a 2.00e3 kg staellite that is in an orbit that has a radius of 9.90e6 m around the earth?
2. ### Physics

A satellite of mass 220 kg is launched from a site on Earth's equator into an orbit at 200 km above the surface of Earth. (a) Assuming a circular orbit, what is the orbital period of this satellite?
3. ### Physics

A satellite of mass 210 kg is launched from a site on Earth's equator into an orbit at 210 km above the surface of Earth. (a) Assuming a circular orbit, what is the orbital period of this satellite?
4. ### physics

Two Earth satellites, A and B, each of mass m, are to be launched into circular orbits about Earth's center. Satellite A is to orbit at an altitude of 7460 km. Satellite B is to orbit at an altitude of 20500 km. The radius of Earth …
5. ### physics

Two Earth satellites, A and B, each of mass m, are to be launched into circular orbits about Earth's center. Satellite A is to orbit at an altitude of 7460 km. Satellite B is to orbit at an altitude of 20500 km. The radius of Earth …
6. ### physics

A satellite moves in a circular orbit around the Earth at a speed of 6.1 km/s. Determine the satellite’s altitude above the surface of the Earth. Assume the Earth is a homogeneous sphere of radius 6370 km and mass 5.98 × 10 24 kg. …
7. ### physics

A satellite moves in a circular orbit around the Earth at a speed of 5.8 km/s. Determine the satellite’s altitude above the surface of the Earth. Assume the Earth is a homogeneous sphere of radius 6370 km and mass 5.98 × 1024 kg. …
8. ### Physics

A satellite moves in a circular orbit around the Earth at a speed of 5.4 km/s. Determine the satellite’s altitude above the surface of the Earth. Assume the Earth is a homogeneous sphere of radius 6370 km and mass 5.98 × 10 24 kg. …
9. ### Physics

A satellite moves in a circular orbit around the Earth at a speed of 5.9 km/s. Determine the satellite’s altitude above the surface of the Earth. Assume the Earth is a homogeneous sphere of radius 6370 km and mass 5.98 × 1024 kg. …
10. ### physics

A satellite of mass 205 kg is launched from a site on Earth's equator into an orbit at 200 km above the surface of Earth. (a) Assuming a circular orbit, what is the orbital period of this satellite?

More Similar Questions