Organic Chemistry

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1. Benzene is often produced as a side product during Grignard reactions where phenylmagnesium bromide is used as the Grignard reagent. How can its formation be explained? Please include a balanced chemical equation that describes its formation.



2. Why, after the reaction is complete, is it necessary to do an extraction of the ether layer with sodium hydroxide? Please include a balanced chemical equation that represents this extraction.

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