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A 40-kg block of ice at 0°C is sliding on a horizontal surface. The initial speed of the ice is 7.0 m/s and the final speed is 4.7 m/s. Assume that the part of the block that melts has a very small mass and that all the heat generated by kinetic friction goes into the block of ice, and determine the mass of ice that melts into water at 0°C.

  • physics -

    Compute the kinetic energy loss. That equals the heat generated by friction.

    KE loss = Q = (M/2)[7.0^2 - 4.7^2]
    = 538 J = 128.6 calories

    Divide that by the heat of fusion (80 cal/g) for the mass that melts (in grams).

  • physics -

    Q=-KE= 1/2(M){Vf^2-Vi^2}=.5*40(4.7^2-7^2)=538.2J

    Mass melted=538.2/33.5*10^4=1.6*10^-3kg

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