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Mechanics for A-level?

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A particle of mass m can just rest on a rough plane inclined at 30 degree to the horizontal without slipping down. show that the least horizontal force needed to maintain its position if the inclination is increased to 45 degree is 0.268mg.

  • Mechanics for A-level? -

    From the first bit of information, the static friction coefficient (Us) is given by
    M*g*cos30*Us = M*g*sin30
    Us = tan30 = 0.5773

    At a 45 degree tilt with that static friction coefficient, the required horizontal force to prevent slipping is given by:

    F cos45+ (M*g cos45+Fsin45)*(0.5773) =
    = M*g*sin45
    F(0.7071 +0.4082) = M*g(.7071 -.4082)
    F = .2989/1.115 Mg = 0.268 M g

    I have assumed that the applied frorce in horizontal, not up and along the incline. That would lead to a different answer.

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