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At 20 degrees C ethanol has a density of 0.789 g/ml and H2O has a density of 1.0 g/ml. What is the % by volume of ethanol of a solution made by adding 50g of ethanol with 50g of H2O?

Tutor Answer: Use density = mass x volume to convert 50 g ethanol to volume and to convert 50.0 g H2O to volume.
%ethanol v/v = (volume ethanol/total volume?)*100 = ?

i thought that density = m/v

i've done the math and i think you are right because based on the above formula my answer is 126.74%
However, i don't understand why if the density formula is as you stated?

2nd, is this correct?

1/50 = .02, 1/.789 = .01578

(0.01578/0.02) x 100 = 78.9%

  • Chemistry -

    Yes, you are right about density and no, I don't get those answers. For that density sentence I punched x instead of / button. density = mass/volume and
    volume = mass/density.
    50 g ethanol has v = 50/0.789 or about 60 mL (but you need to do it more accurately). Water has volume of 50/1 = 50 mL . Total 50 + 60 = 110 and percent ethanol = (volume ethanol/total volume) x 100 which is approximately 55%.
    1/50 = 0.02 but
    1/0.789 is not what you wrote.

  • Chemistry -

    Thank you for your help!

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