physics

posted by .

Using Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, compare the weight of a 68.1 kg astronaut on the surface of the earth to the gravitational pull of the Earth on the same astronaut when she is on the International Space Station.

Constants: Average altitude of the ISS above the surface of the Earth = 387 km. You can find the other constants you will need on the Astronomy Formula Chart.

(In Moodle, enter large numbers with scientific E notation. Example: 100 = 1.00*102 in scientific notation, or 1.00E2 in scientific E notation. Don't forget measurement units! If there are two blanks, enter the numerical value in the first blank, and the measurement unit in the second blank. Example: 1.0 m + 1.0 m = .)

The weight of the astronaut near the surface of the earth:
Fg = mg = (68.1 kg)(strength of gravitational field, g m/s2) =

The pull of the Earth on the astronaut near the surface of the earth:
(G (Nm2)/kg2)(mass of earth, M♁ )(mass of astronaut, 68.1 kg) / (radius of earth, R♁ m)2 =

The pull of the Earth on the astronaut when she is on the ISS:
(G (Nm2)/kg2)(mass of earth, M♁ )(mass of astronaut, 68.1 kg) / (radius of earth, R♁ m + altitude of ISS: )2 =

So, why is the astronaut 'weightless' when she is on the space station?

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. Physics: Astronauts and space

    When out in space in International Space Station (ISS), Astronauts experience weightlessness. The ISS’s orbit is 354 km (that is 3.54 x 105 m) above the surface of the earth.The distance separating the center of the earth from the …
  2. physics

    The International Space Station, launched in November 1998, makes 15.65 revolutions around the earth each day in a circular orbit. Apply Newton's second law to the space station and find its height (in kilometers) above the earth's …
  3. Physics

    In a simulation on earth, an astronaut in his space suit climbs up a vertical ladder. On the moon, the same astronaut makes the same climb. In which case does the gravitational potential energy of the astronaut change by a greater …
  4. Physics

    When out in space in International Space Station (ISS), Astronauts experience weightlessness. The ISS’s orbit is 354 km (that is 3.54 x 105 m) above the surface of the earth. The distance separating the center of the earth from the …
  5. Physics

    When out in space in International Space Station (ISS), Astronauts experience weightlessness. The ISS’s orbit is 354 km (that is 3.54 x 105 m) above the surface of the earth (You can get more educational NASA resources from: The …
  6. physics

    Using Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, compare the weight of a 68.1 kg astronaut on the surface of the earth to the gravitational pull of the Earth on the same astronaut when she is on the International Space Station. Constants: …
  7. Science check answer quick!

    I really do not understand Number 7 Which of these does Newton's law of universal gravitation imply?
  8. Physics

    Calculate the percentage of Earth’s gravitational force on the ISS astronauts while orbiting at an altitude of 248 miles above Earth’s surface. To do this, compare the gravitational force on an orbiting astronaut to the force on …
  9. Physics

    Al the astronaut has a weight of 1600 N when he is standing on the surface of earth. What is the force of gravity action on him when he is in space station orbiting earth at a distance of four earth radii from the center of the earth?
  10. Physics 20

    Astronauts in orbit appear to be 'weightless'.Suppose an astronaut with a mass of 154 KG including gear is in orbit in the space shuttle, a distance of 222 km above the Earth;s surface.Taking the Earth's radius to be 6371km, and its …

More Similar Questions