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Calculus

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A box is constructed out of two different types of metal. The metal for the top and bottom, which are both square, costs $2 per square foot and the metal for the sides costs $7 per square foot. Find the dimensions that minimize cost if the box has a volume of 30 cubic feet.


Length of base = ?
Height of side z = ?

  • Calculus -

    side of top and bottom = x
    height = y

    area of top and bottom together= 2 x^2
    cost of top and bottom together = 4 x^2

    area of sides = 4 x y
    cost of sides = 28 x y

    Total cost c = 4 x^2 + 28 x y

    Volume = x^2 y = 30
    so y = 30/x^2

    c = 4 x^2 + 28 x (30/x^2)
    c = 4 x^2 + 840/x
    dc/dx = 0 for min or max
    0 = 8 x - 840/x^2
    x = 105/x^2
    x^3 = 105
    x = 4.72
    then
    y = 30/x^2 = 1.35

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