mathematical induction

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solve this using the mathematical induction : 1/1(3)+1/3(5)+1/5(7)+......+1/(2n-1)(2n+1)=n/(2n+1)

  • mathematical induction -

    First, verify for n=1:
    1/1*3 = 1/(3) -- true

    Assume it is true for n:

    1/1*3 + 1/3*5 + ... + 1/(2n-1)(2n+1) = n/(2n+1)

    Now, add the next term to both sides:

    1/1*3 + 1/3*5 + ... + 1/(2n-1)(2n+1) + 1/(2n+1)(2n+3) = n/(2n+1) + 1/(2n+1)(2n+3)

    = [n(2n+3) + 1]/(2n+1)(2n+3)
    = (2n^2 + 3n + 1)/(2n+1)(2n+3)
    = (2n+1)(n+1)/(2n+1)(2n+3)
    = (n+1)/(2(n+1)+1)

    This is the formula, with n replaced by n+1.

    So, if it's true for n, it's true for n+1.
    It's true for n=1, so therefore also for n=2,3,4,...

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