physics...........

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What is the probability that the bulb is glowing for a circuit set up as:

|-------------(Bulb)-----------|
| |
| | (Voltage) |
| |
| |
|----(Switch-1)---(Switch-2)---|

• physics........... -

probability that a switch is on = p, therefore probability that it is off = (1-p)
There are four possible configurations for the switches
1. A and B off [(1-p)(1-p)]
2. A and B on [ p * p ]
3. A on, B off [ p (1-p)]
4. B on, A off [ (1-p)p }
so
p*2 = p^2
if p = 1/2
then 1/4

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