FRENCH-Sra and Frenchy

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Could you please give me some notes on the Prepositions. De + A.

  • FRENCH-Sra and Frenchy -

    À is a very important preposition, despite its tiny size. Its many different meanings and uses in French include all of the following.
    1.Location or destination
    J'habite à Paris I live in Paris
    Je vais à Rome I'm going to Rome
    Je suis à la banque I'm at the bank

    2.Distance in time or space
    J'habite à 10 mètres de lui
    I live 10 meters from him

    Il est à 5 minutes de moi
    He is 5 minutes from me
    3.Point in time
    Nous arrivons à 7h00 We arrive at 7:00
    Il est mort à 100 ans He died at the age of 100

    4.Manner, style, or characteristic
    Il habite à la française
    He lives in the French style
    un enfant aux yeux bleus
    blue-eyed child / child with blue eyes
    fait à la main
    made by hand
    aller à pied
    to go on / by foot

    un ami à moi a friend of mine
    Ce livre est à Jean This is Jean's book

    acheter au kilo to buy by the kilogram
    payer à la semaine to pay by the week

    7.Purpose or use
    une tasse à thé teacup / cup for tea
    un sac à dos backpack / pack for the back

    8.In the passive infinitive
    À louer for rent
    Je n'ai rien à lire I have nothing to read

    De is a very important and versatile preposition with many different meanings and uses in French. As a preposition, it can express or indicate all of the following:
    1. Possession or belonging
    le livre de Carlos Carlos's book
    la bibliothèque de l'université the university library
    2. Starting point or origin
    partir de Nice to leave from (out of) Nice
    Je suis de Bruxelles I'm from Brussels
    3. Contents / description of something
    une tasse de thé cup of tea
    un roman d'amour love story (story of/about love)
    4. Defining feature
    le marché de gros wholesale market
    une salle de classe classroom
    5. Cause
    mourir de faim to die of / from hunger
    fatigué du voyage tired from the trip
    6. Means / manner of doing something
    écrire de la main gauche
    to write with one's left hand
    répéter de mémoire
    to recite from memory

  • FRENCH-Sra and Frenchy -

    de = of, from and combined with "le" becomes du. Combined with "les" becomes des

    à = at, to (toward) and combined with "le" becomes au. Combined with "les" becomes aux

    Surely you don't mean something as simple as that? Perhaps you mean which preposition goes with certain verbs/idioms? You need to be a lot more EXPLICIT when you ask for something.

    avoir beson de
    avoir envie de
    avoir honte (de)
    avoir l'air de
    avoir l'habitude de
    avoir l'idée de
    avoir l'entention de
    avoir l'occasion de
    avoir le temps de
    faire la connaissance de
    faire semblant de
    faire une partie de
    s'agir de
    s'approcher de
    se charger de
    se douter de
    s'étonner de
    se moquer de
    s'occuper de
    se passer de
    se rendre compte de
    se servir de
    se souvenir de
    changer de
    entendre parler de
    être bien aise de
    être en train de
    être sur le point de
    féliciter de
    jouer de
    jouir de
    manquer de
    penser de
    prendre garde de
    prendre le parti de
    profiter de
    remercier de
    rire de
    valoir la peine de
    venir de

    avoir mal à (+ part of body)
    faire attention à
    faire de la peine à
    faire mal à
    faire peur à
    faire plaisir à
    faire/poser une question à
    s'attendre à
    se fier à
    se mettre à
    se rendre à
    adresser la parole à
    aller à
    assister à
    en vouloir à
    être à
    jouer à
    monter à (cheval)
    penser/songer à
    rendre visite à
    ressembler à
    tarder à
    tenir à
    venir à

    Then there are idioms introduced by either à OR de

    OR, were you the one wanted to use Geographical expressions? Just the name "Anonymous" does not help us to identify whom we have helped and with what.

    Geographical Expressions:
    au/aux with masculine countries
    à with cities

    de with feminine countries, continents, provinces
    de + def. art with masculine countries and/or modified countries &/or continents
    de with cities

    Hopefully it was something above. If not, you will need to repost with examples.

    Sra (aka Mme)

  • FRENCH-Sra and Frenchy -

    Thank you both so much:)
    Both of your notes helped me so much:)
    Thanks for taking your time and helping me with this:)

  • FRENCH-Sra and Frenchy -

    Sorry Ill be sure to use this name, if I need help again:)

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