math
posted by chris .
I need help with parametric equations, locus problems, tell me how to solve all questions if you can. Need help with one below:
Tangents are drawn to a parabola x^2=4y
from an external point A(x1,y1) touching the parabola at P and Q
(a) Prove that the mid point, M, is the point (x1,0.5 x1^2y1)
and
(b) if A moves along the straight line y=x1 find the equation of the locus M

For ease of typing I am going to let
A(x1, y1) = A(a,b)
Let P(x,y) be the point of contact
slope of AP = (by)/(ax)
but slope of tangent by Calculus ,(differentiate x^2 = 4y )
= x/2
so (by)/(ax) = x/2
2b  2y = ax  x^2
2b  2(x^2/4) = ax  x^2
x^2  2ax + 4b = 0
by quadratic equation
x = (2a ± √(4a^2  16b)/2
= (a ± √(a^2  4b)
so P is ( (a + √(a^2  4b) , [(a + √(a^2  4b)]^2/4 )
and Q is ( (a  √(a^2  4b) , [(a  √(a^2  4b)]/4)
now remember how to find the midpoint?
for the x coordinate, add the 2 x's of the endpoints and divide by 2
clearly that would give us a
for the y coordinate, I will not type it all out, but when you expand the above y values of the endpoints and then add them up , the middle terms drop out and I got
y = (2a^2  4b)/4
= (a^2/2  b)
M is (a, a^2/2  b) or in your original version
M is (x1, x1^2/2  y1) which is what we were supposed to prove.