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calculate the volume of 0.1M NaOH which must be added to 50 mL of 0.1M HCl to give a final solution of pH 6???

  • chemistry -

    For pH = 6 we want the final H^+ to be 1 x 10^-6 M.
    Since this is so close to the equivalence point, the final volume will be essentially 100 mL or 0.1 L. Therefore, we want 1 x 10^-7 moles in the 100 mL.
    We had 0.005 moles if we took 50 mL of 0.1 M HCl.
    We have left 1 x 10^-7 moles
    0.005 - 1 x 10^-7 = 0.0049999 moles.
    M = moles/L.
    L = moles/M = 0.0049999/0.1 = 0.049999 L or 49.999 mL of the NaOH to be added.

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