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how much work is done by a crane that lowers 1000N of material 150m?

  • science -

    well the force is up but the motion is down so our answer will be negative.
    - 150,000 Joules

  • science -

    That means that the weight does positive work on the crane. We could use that if we were smart to run a generator connected to the crane cable to charge the battery on the crane.
    Regenerative braking systems on electric and hybrid vehicles work this way. Instead of forcing a plate agains the turning wheel to slow down, the axle turns a generator which chrges a battery. The torque to turn the generator slows the axle, and therefore the vehicle, down.

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