English
posted by rfvv .
1. He has bought a ring.
11. He bought a ring and has it now.
(#1 means #11, right? What about the following?)
2. You have smelled my cakes.
21. You smelled my cakes and you are satisfied with the smell now.
3. I haven't stolen your cakes.
31. I didn't steal you cakes and don't have them now.
4. I haven't touched your cakes.
41. I didn't touch your cakes and don't have them now.
5. I haven't stolen anything.
51. I didn't steal anything and don't have it now.
6. This traveler has enjoyed the smell.
61. This traveler enjoyed the smell and are stisfied with it now.
7. I've spent all my money on my journey.
71. I spent all my money on my journey and don't have any money now.
8. He has used only the smell.
81. He used only the smell and is satisfied with it now.
(Is each pair the same from #2 to #8? Does each sentence, containing the have/has + pp structure, have the same meaning? Would you chek them, please? Thank you.)

English 
Writeacher
1 and 11 mean the same and are fine.
2 and 21 mean about the same thing, but I'd remove the words "with the smell" toward the end of 21.
3 and 31 mean about the same thing, yes.
4 and 41 mean the same thing.
5 and 51  hmmm. I think I'd delete "and don't have it now" from the second sentence; that phrasing implies that you know what was stolen and could be lying!!
6 is fine; 61 is OK, but needs corrections  should be "is satisfied" (watch subject/verb agreement and spelling, too).
7 and 71 are fine.
8 and 81 don't make sense to me. What did he use the smell for?
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