chemistry

posted by .

Nucleophile or electrophile?

(1) CH3COOH

(2) CH3COO-

At first, I thought that they were both Nucleophiles, but now Ive confused myself and Im not sure.. Please help!

  • chemistry -

    Nucleophiles are Lewis bases; i.e., electron pair donors.
    This link may help.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleophile
    So anions are nucleophiles.

  • chemistry -

    So CH3COO- is a nucleophile. It has a extra electron pair on the O- that can be donated.

    But, doesnt CH3COOH also have extra valence electrons on the two O atoms that could be donated. So is it also a nucleophile, even though it does not have a negative charge?

  • chemistry -

    It might be easier to see if you ionize the RCOOH to RCOO^- + H^+, then of course the RCOO^- is a nucleophile. But I think with the H^+ ATTACHED, it would be a weaker (much weaker?) nucleophile than when it exists as the anion alone.

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. Chem

    Write the equation for dissocation of acetic acid in water: My Answer: CH2COOH + H2O <=> H3O+ + CH3COO- Equation for hydrolysis of acetate anion in water: My Answer: CH3COO- + H2O <=> CH3COOH + OH- Now, using the above …
  2. Chem

    Hello, In the addition of water to an alkene (e.g. ethylene) what is the electrophile?
  3. chemistry

    What is the value of [OH-] in a 0.015 M CH3COOH solution?
  4. Chemistry

    Could someone answer this question so I understand it. Thanks Alcohols can function as both nucleophiles and as electrophiles in various reaction conditions. Which of the following statements is/are true?
  5. Chemistry

    I could use some help on this question. I think the answer is choice E, but im not sure. Alcohols can function as both nucleophiles and as electrophiles in various reaction conditions. Which of the following statements is/are true. …
  6. Chemistry

    Two lists of nucleophiles: H2O CH3CH2OH H3CO- CH3COO- OH- OH- H2N- CH3CH2O- H3COH (CH3)3CO- The first part is to give the strongest nucleophile in group 1. I picked H2N-because its the strongest base. Part two asks for the BEST (doesn't …
  7. Organic Chemistry!

    Hi, I'm just really confused about how to explain the electrophilic and nucleophilic reactions. For instance, if you have an alkene and bromine molecules, they undergo electrophilic addition, because the alkene has an electron rich …
  8. Chemistry

    This is a question I am presently doing right now which I found in my homework. I am quite sure that in (a) I have to use the Hasselbach equation though I am not sure how to work it out. If anyone knows any of the answers, and how …
  9. chemistry

    What is the equilibrium expression for the following acid dissociation reaction?
  10. science ap chemistry

    What is the equilibrium expression for the following acid dissociation reaction?

More Similar Questions