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american education

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identify the main characteristics of Progressivism, Reconstructionism, Positivism, Constructivism, Behaviorism, Humanism, and Essentialism

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    Progressivism: a political and social term that refers to ideologies and movements favoring or advocating progress, change, improvement, or reform, as opposed to wishing to maintain things as they are.

    Reconstructionism: Reconstructionism attempts to re-establish historical polytheistic "Pagan" or "Heathen" religions in the modern world, in contrast with syncretic movements like Wicca, and "channeled" movements like Germanic mysticism or Theosophy.

    Positivism: a philosophy which holds that the only authentic knowledge is that based on actual sense experience.

    Constructivism: a psychological theory of knowledge (epistemology) which argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from their experiences.

    Behaviorism: a philosophy of psychology based on the proposition that all things which organisms do — including acting, thinking and feeling—can and should be regarded as behaviors.

    Humanism: a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people, based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal human qualities, particularly rationality, without resorting to the supernatural or alleged divine authority from religious texts.

    Essentialism: the view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of characteristics or properties all of which any entity of that kind must possess.


    I just got these off of Wikipedia. Hope they help!

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