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Organic Chemistry

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1. Why is diethyl ether a good choice for an organic solvent?

2. Why doesn’t the neutral organic compound dissolve in 1.5 M sodium hydroxide solution?

  • Organic Chemistry -

    1. It has a low boiling point and is easily removed from the solute.
    1. It has a medium polarity and so dissolves a wide range of organic compounds.
    1. It is relatively unreactive so can be used to extract compounds from a wide pH range in extractions.
    1. It is has a low density and so is easily separated from aqueous solutions.
    1. It is can be easily dried by a range of materials depending on just how dry the solvent needs to be. Drying agents range from simple inorganics life magnesium sulfate, to much more reactive drying agents like sodium wire and lithium aluminium hydride.
    1. It is used as a solvent for many reactions, especially organometallic reactions as ether forms a complex with the metallic reagent. The use of ether can mean that the reaction product can be recovered with the minimum of manipulations.

    2. I have no idea what the neutral organic compound is.

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