Spanish for John

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l8. LOS COMPLEMENTOS DOBLES

When a verb has two object pronouns, the indirect object (usually the object pronoun referring to the person) precedes the direct object pronoun (usually the object pronoun referring to a thing).

Juen me lo (la) da. John gives it to me.
Juan me los (las) da. John gives them to me.
Juan te lo (la) da. John gives it to you (fam.)
Juan te los (las) da. John gives them to you (fam.)
Juan se lo (la) da. John gives it to him (her, you, them).
Juan se los (las) da. John gives them to him (her, you, them).
Juan nos lo (la) da. John gives it to us.
Juan nos los (las) da. John gives them to us.
Juan os lo (la) da. John gives it to you (fam. pl.)
Juan os los (las) da. John gives it to you (fam. pl.)
Note

Se replaces le or les before lo, la, los, las.

Juan le da el libro. John gives the book to him.
Juan se lo da. John gives it to him.

The meaning of se may be clarified by adding a él, a ella, a Ud., a ellos (-as), a Uds. after the verb.

Juan se lo da a ella. John gives it to her.

When two object pronouns are used, the direct object pronoun is usually lo, la, los, las.

POSITION OF DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS

Double object pronouns, like single object pronouns, generally precede the verb.

Juan no se lo vende. John does not sell it to him.
Exceptions

l. Affirmative command.

Véndaselo Ud. Sell it to him.
But
No se lo venda Ud. Don't sell it to him.

2. Infinitive.

Voy a vendérselo.
Or I am going to sell it to him.
Se lo voy a vender.

3. Present participle.

Alberto está vendiéndoselo.
Or Albert is selling it to him.
Alberto se lo está vendiendo.

Note

Double object pronouns follow and are attached to the affirmative command (but precede the negative command).
Object pronouns may either follow the infinitive and present participle or precede the verb on which they depend.
When double object pronouns are attached to the verb, a written accent mark is required on the vowel that is stressed.

LOS EJERCICIOS

A. Complete la traducción inglesa.

l. El niño me los trae. The child brings ______________________

2. No quiere vendérselos. He does not wish to sell______________

3. Escríbaselo Ud. Write _________________________________

4. Nos lo explica. He explains ___________________________
5. Tráigamela Ud. Bring ________________________________

6. Estoy explicándoselo a Ud. I am explaining _______________

7. No se lo diga Ud. Do not tell ___________________________

8. Voy a enviárselos. I am going to send ____________________

9. Démelo Ud. Give ____________________________________

l0. ¿Desea Ud. mostrárnosla? Do you wish to show _____________

B. Ponga una equis a lo largo de la traducción española de cada frase inglesa.

l. He sells it to them. 4. Do not lend it to her.

_____ a. Se lo vende _____ a. No la preste Ud.

_____ b. Se los vende. _____ b. No se lo preste Ud.

_____ c. Véndaselo. _____ c. No se la presta.

2. Bring them to me. 5. The teacher is reading it
to me.
_____ a. Me los trae.
_____ a. El profesor está
_____ b. Tráigamelos Ud. leyéndonoslo.

_____ c. Tráigamelo Ud. _____ b. El profesor está
leyéndonoslos.
3. I want to show it to you.
_____ c. El profesor está
_____ a. Quiero mostrárselo. leyéndomelo.

_____ b. Quiere mostrárselo.

_____ c. Quiero mostrárselos.

C. Cambie las frases siguientes de la forma negativa a la forma afirmativa.

l. No se la den Uds. ________________________

2. No se los lea Ud. ________________________

3. No me los envíe Ud. ________________________

4. No nos lo diga Ud. ________________________

5. No se las preste Ud. ________________________

D. Reescriba cada frase siguiente, substituyendo un complemento por las palabras impresas en el papel.

ejemplo: Vendió la casa a Juan. Se la vendió.

l. Ha enviado los paquetes a Ana. __________________________

2. Nos enseña el cuaderno. ______________________________

3. El profesor está explicando el ejercicio al alumno.

__________________________________________________

4. Al dar el periódico a Manuel, se sentó.

___________________________________________________

5. Me vendió el automóvil. _______________________________

6. Prometí el libro a mi prima. ___________________________

7. Les explica las lecciones. _____________________________

8. Venda Ud. la casa a su tío. _____________________________

9. Debe escribir las cartas a sus amigos. ____________________
l0. Le prestó el lápiz. ___________________________________

E. Reescriba las frases siguientes, traduciendo las palabras inglesas al español y poniéndolas en su posición correcta.

l. Felipe lee (it to me). _________________________________

2. No escriban Uds. (it to him). ___________________________

3. Dé Ud. (them to me). _________________________________

4. Ha enseñado (them to her). ____________________________

5. No venda Ud. (them to us). _____________________________

6. Estoy trayendo (them to you). __________________________

7. Escribe (it to him). __________________________________

8. Traeremos (them to them). ____________________________

9. Estamos enviando(it to her). ___________________________

l0. Léalos Ud. (to her). __________________________________

ll. ¿Mandaron Uds. (it to them)? ___________________________

l2. Voy a mostrar (it to you). ____________________________

l3. Explicaremos (them to you). ___________________________

l4. Presten Uds. (them to him). ___________________________

l5. Prometieron dar (it to us). ____________________________

F. Traduzca al español.

l. I want to explain it (fem.) to him. ________________________

2. Do not bring them (fem.) to him. _________________________

3. Sell them (masc.) to me. _______________________________

4. We can't tell it (masc.) to her. __________________________

5. He promised it (masc.) to me. ___________________________

6. They have given them (fem.) to us. _______________________

7. We shall not send them (masc.) to you. ____________________

8. Do not read them (masc.) to them. ________________________

9. I am bringing it (masc.) to you (fam. sing.). _________________

l0. The teacher teaches it (fem.) to us. ______________________

ll. He will give them (masc.) to you (fam. pl.). _________________

l2. They must explain them (masc.) to you. ___________________

l3. Give it (masc.) to them. _______________________________

l4. Who wants to lend it (fem.) to you? ______________________

l5. Jane was showing them (masc.) to her. ____________________


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