# microeconomics

posted by .

Suppose a firm produces output using the technology Q=K1/3 L2/3 Find
a. The long run cost function
b. The short run cost function if capital is stuck at 10 units.
c. The profit maximizing level of output as a function of the price of the good, wages, rental rate on capital, the amount of capital, and some other numbers.

• microeconomics -

Since this is at least the second post of this question, I think I better answer it.

How is your calculas. Mine is a bit rusty. But here goes. (I hope there are no typos below).

Let w be the price of labor (L), z be the price of capital (K). (Let y be the lagrangian multiplier. Let 6 be the sign for partial derivitive)

TC = wL + zK
So, for any level Q, we want to:
min(wL+zK) subject to Q=K^(1/3)L^(2/3)
Set up the lagrange minimization equation:
LA = wL + zK + y(Q - f(Q,L))
first orders are:
6LA/6L = w - y(6f/6L) = 0
6LA/6K = z - y(6f/6K) = 0
6LA/6y = Q - f(Q,L) = 0

6f/6L is the marginal product of labor.
6f/6K is the marginal product of capital
Using the first two first-order equations, we get y = w/MPl = z/MPk where
MPl = (2/3)K^(1/3)L^(-1/3)
MPk = (1/3)K^(-2/3)L^(2/3)
So, MPl/MPk = w/z = 2K/L
rearrange terms to get L=2zK/w
Now then plug this L into the original production function,
Q=K^(1/3)[2zK/w]^(2/3)
solve for K (when K is optimized)
K*= [(2z/w)^(-2/3)]Q
If you do the same steps for L you get
L*= [(2z/w)^(1/3)]Q

now plug these into a total cost functions when L and K are optimized.
TC = wL* + zK*
TC = w[(2z/w)^(1/3)]Q + z[(2z/w)^(-2/3)]Q

you could collapse terms to get a single Q. But essentially, you are done. TA DA.

From here, with K fixed at 10, optimization should be a breeze.

## Similar Questions

1. ### economics

Suppose a firm produces output using the technology Q=K1/3 L2/3 Find a. The long run cost function b. The short run cost function if capital is stuck at 10 units. c. The profit maximizing level of output as a function of the price …
2. ### econ

Suppose a firm produces output using the technology Q=K1/3 L2/3 Find a. The long run cost function b. The short run cost function if capital is stuck at 10 units. c. The profit maximizing level of output as a function of the price …
3. ### economics

This is going to be really long, but I want to see if my answers are correct. This is problem number 10.10 in my Intermediate Microeconomics book. A perfectly competitive painted necktie industry has a large number of potential entrants. …
4. ### microeconomics

The short-run cost curve for each firm's long run equilibrium output is C=y^2-20y+400. Calculate the short-run average and marginal cost curves. At what output level does short-run average cost reach a minimum?
5. ### Economics

Suppose a perfectly competitive firm has a cost function described by TC = 100 + Q2 The industry price is \$100. a. Find the profit maximizing level of output. b. Is this a short-run or long-run situation?
6. ### Economics - Short run profit maximization

Given the following for perfectly competitive firm that has short-run cost structure Output Marginal Cost 1 \$10 2 \$5 3 \$12 4 \$23 5 \$40 Total fixed costs are \$20 and the market price of the product is \$25 per unit. How much output should …
7. ### Microeconomics

A perfectly competitive industry has a large number of potential entrants. Each firm has an identical cost structure such that long run average cost is minimized at an output of 10 units (qi=10 ). The minimum average cost is R5 per …