Physics

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A charge of -3.00 µC is fixed at the center of a compass. Two additional charges are fixed on the circle of the compass (radius = 0.135 m). The charges on the circle are -3.20 µC at the position due north and +5.00 µC at the position due east. What is the magnitude and direction of the net electrostatic force acting on the charge at the center? Specify the direction relative to due east (0°).

Magnitude
_________N
Direction
_________°

  • Physics -

    There are two forces acting on the charge at the center.
    Due to the -3.2 uC charge at the north point, there is a repulsion force of
    F1 = k*(3.0)*(3.2)*10^-12/(0.135)^2
    and it points to the south.
    Due to the +5.0 uC charge at the east point, there is an attraction force of
    F2 = k*(5.0)(3.2)*10^-12/(0.135)^2
    and it points to the east.
    k is the Coulomb's Law constant,
    9.0 x 10^9 N • m2 / C

    Do the multiplication and add the two forces vectorially. The direction of the resultant force will be
    arctan 5.0/3.0 = 59.0 degrees south of (clockwise from) east, since 5/3 is the ratio of the two component forces.

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