CJ -- proofread please

posted by .

The federal criminal pretrial process begins with the first appearance. This appearance is held before a magistrate during which the legality of the defendant’s arrest is initially assessed and the defendant is informed of the charges on which he or she is being held (Schmalleger, 2006). The setting of the bail or possible pretrial release arrangements takes place during this stage as well. At this point the judge will also decide whether or not the defendant will be held in jail until the trial.



Before the actual trial is held, the next step would be the selection of jurors. The list of citizens initially chosen for jury duty comes from a random drawing of voters and sometimes a drivers list is used (Jurors, 2006). The individuals must complete a questionnaire that will determine if they meet certain requirements in order to serve. The judge and sometimes lawyers will hold a session with each individual and ask questions that will determine if the juror will be fair in the case (How, 2006).



A presentation of evidence will be given before the jury that will influence their overall verdict. The two types of evidence that are used are physical evidence and witness testimonies. Witnesses are questioned through a process called examinations. This is done by both the prosecutor and the defendant’s lawyer. After both parties have presented their evidence, they will then give closing arguments. These arguments basically sum up the evidence and the views about the case to the jury.



Once the closing arguments have concluded, the judge will give instructions to the jury. He or she will explain the relevant law, how the law applies to the case being tried, and what questions the jury must decide. The standard of proof that the jury must follow in deciding the case is the most important instruction that will be given. In criminal cases, the defendant may be convicted only if the jury believes that the government has proven the defendant’s guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt” (How, 2006). Once this has been reached the verdict will be read.



The federal criminal pretrial process begins with the first appearance. This appearance is held before a magistrate during which the legality of the defendant’s arrest is initially assessed<~~insert comma and the defendant is informed of the charges on which he or she is being held (Schmalleger, 2006). The setting of the bail or possible pretrial release arrangements takes<~~should be “take” since “arrangements” is plural place during this stage as well. At this time, the judge will also decide whether or not the defendant will be held in jail until the trial.



Before the actual trial is held, the next step is the selection of jurors. The list of citizens initially chosen for jury duty comes from a random drawing of voters<~~insert comma and sometimes a drivers list is used (Jurors, 2006). The individuals must complete a questionnaire that will determine if they meet certain requirements in order to serve. The judge and sometimes lawyers will hold a session with each individual and ask questions that will determine if the juror will be fair in the case (How, 2006).



A presentation of evidence will be given before the jury that will influence their overall<~~”overall” seems redundant; isn’t a verdict overall in itself? verdict. Two types of evidence are used: physical evidence and witness testimonies. Witnesses are questioned through a process called examinations. This is done by both the prosecutor and the defendant’s lawyer. After both parties have presented their evidence, they will then give closing arguments. These arguments basically<~~redundant; delete “basically” sum up the evidence and the views about the case for the jury.



Once the closing arguments have concluded, the judge will give instructions to the jury. He or she will explain the relevant law, how the law applies to the case being tried, and what questions the jury must decide. The standard of proof that the jury must follow in deciding the case is the most important instruction that will be given. In criminal cases, the defendant may be convicted only if the jury believes that the government has proven the defendant’s guilt “beyond a reasonable doubt” (How, 2006). Once this has been reached<~~insert comma the verdict will be read.

Remove commas from all in-text citations.

=)

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

    You are a peace officer trainee assigned to your first post of duty. Your supervisor calls you into his office and tells you that he needs you to prepare content for a presentation at a local university for students in a criminal justice …
  2. Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

    What is the federal judicial process? How do they properly process a defendant in a federal investigation?
  3. Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

    There is a large round up of gang members, this is a federal case but is being supported by about 50 local officers and state troopers. I need help please, coordinating he informaiton for briefing on the jprocess at the federal court …
  4. federal court system/criminal justice

    There is a large round up of gang members, this is a federal case but is being supported by about 50 local officers and state troopers. I need help please, coordinating the informaiton for briefing on the process at the federal court …
  5. law

    can some one please help me this is late work i need to get done A federal agent is reporting to his first post of duty after the academy to a small resident office at which you work. You and a few others are included in a meeting …
  6. American Constitution Law

    Please help with this Law question: If a criminal defendant goes to trial but the case ends with a hung jury, can the government retry the defendant on the same charges?
  7. Constitutional

    If a criminal defendant goes to trial but the case ends with a hung jury, can the government retry the defendant on the same charges?
  8. Criminal Justice/Probation & Parole

    The defendant's rap sheet: A. cannot contain any abbreviations. B. is the arrest record of the defendant. C. always includes the disposition of any arrests. D. typically describes each offense and whether it is a felony or misdemeanor. …
  9. Criminal Justice

    Disclosure of PSI information enables the defendant to contest information that he or she considers unfair and to be protected from the effects of unfounded information, but disclosure may cause all of the following EXCEPT: A. family …
  10. criminal justice

    The defendant's rap sheet: A. cannot contain any abbreviations. B. is the arrest record of the defendant. C. always includes the disposition of any arrests. D. typically describes each offense and whether it is a felony or misdemeanor. …

More Similar Questions