Posted by Sarita on .
A) How do you prove that if 0(<or=)x(<or=)10, then 0(<or=)sqrt(x+1)(<or=)10?
B) So once that is found, then how can you prove that if 0(<or=)u(<or=)v(<or=)10, then 0(<or=)sqrt(u+1)(<or=)sqrt(v+1)(<or=)10?

calculus 
Damon,
How do you prove that if 0(<or=)x(<or=)10, then 0(<or=)sqrt(x+1)(<or=)10?
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does the square root increase (is the derivative positive) as x goes from 0 to 10 ?
If so the left side of the domain is minimum and the right side is maximum of the function and we only need to test the ends.
d (x+1)^.5 / dx = .5 /sqrt(x+1)
that is positive everywhere in the domain so all we have to prove is the end points.
0 </= x </= 10
if x = 0
sqrt x+1 = sqrt 1 = 1
if x = 10
sqrt x+1 = sqrt 11 = 3.32
so
1 </ sqrt(x+1) </= 3.32 
calculus 
Damon,
for part b again the derivative is positive throughout the domain so if v is right of u then sqrt (1+v) > sqrt(1+u)

calculus 
Sarita,
thank you!
Additionally,
C) They give a recursively defined sequence: a_1=0.3; a_(n+1)=sqrt((a_n)+1)for n>1
How do you find out the first five terms for it. then prove that this sequence converges. What is a specific theorem that will guarantee convergence, along with the algebraic results of parts A and B? 
calculus 
Damon,
.3
sqrt 1.3 = 1.14
sqrt 2.14 = 1.46
sqrt 2.46 = 1.57
sqrt 2.57 = 1.60
hmmm, not getting bigger very fast.
let's see what happens to the derivative for large n
.5/sqrt(x+1)
ah ha, look at that. When n gets big, the derivative goes to zero. So the function stops changing. 
calculus 
Sarita,
But why would you look for the derivative to go to zero? Does it have to do anything with the theorem: If summation of a_n converges then limit_(n>infinity) of a_n = 0. If so, what would the limit be approaching? 10 or infinity? But if not, then what theorem would we use? I know you explained about the larger n for the derivative, but I do not understand how that relates to one of the theorems.

calculus 
Sarita,
But doesn't it converge to infinity and not 0?

calculus 
Sarita,
we want it to converge to 0 right? But does it even converge if it goes to infinity, or is that divergence?

calculus 
Sarita,
Do you do the limit on the derivative?
Or is there another way to prove convergence with a theorem of some sort?