February 22, 2017

Homework Help: biochemistry

Posted by stew on Wednesday, January 16, 2008 at 7:43pm.

please explain how to get these answers (answers provided):

1. If this cell were a muscle cell (myocyte), how many molecules of actin could it hold? (Assume the cell is spherical and no other cellular components are present; actin molecules are spherical, with a diameter of 3.6 nm. The volume of a sphere is 4/3 πr3

Answer: 2.7 X 10^12 actin molecules

2. If this were a liver cell (hepatocyte) of the same dimensions, how many mitochondria could it hold? (Assume the cell is spherical; no othe cellular components are present; and the mitochondria are spherical, with a diameter of 1.5 μm).

Answer: 36000 motochondria

3. Glucose is a major energy-yielding nutrient for most cells. Assuming a cellular concentration of 0f 1 mM, calculate how many molecules of glucose would be present in our hypothetical (and spherical) eukaryotic cell. (Avogadro's number, the number of molecules in 1 mol of a nonionized substance, is 6.02 X 10^23).

Answer: 3.9 X 10^10 glucose molecules

4. Hexokinase is an important enzyme in the metabolism of glucose. If the concentration of hexokinase in our eukaryotic cell is 20 μM, how many glucose molecules are present per hexokinase molecule?

Answer:50 glucose molecules per hexokinase molecule

5. E. coli cells are rod-shaped, about 2 μm long and 0.8 μm in diameter. The volume of a cylinder is πr2h, where h is the height of the cylinder.

A) if the average density of E. coli (mostly water) is 1.1 X 103 g/L, what is the mass of a single cell?
Answer: 1 X 10^-12 g = 1 pg

B) E. coli has a protective cell envelope 10 nm thick. What percentage of the total of the bacterium does the cell envelope occupy?
Answer: 10%

C) E. coli is capable of growing and multiplying rapidly because it contains some 15000 spherical ribosomes (diameter 18 nm), which carry out protein synthesis. What percentage of the cell volume do the ribosomes occupy?
Answer: 5%

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