# If a 0.5 L container of juice contains 15 g of sugar, what's the concentration of sugar? A. 30 g/L B. 3.33 g/L C. 45 g/L D. 7.5 g/L I think b

10,846 questions
1. ## science

If a 0.5 L container of juice contains 15 g of sugar, what's the concentration of sugar? A. 30 g/L B. 3.33 g/L C. 45 g/L D. 7.5 g/L I think b

asked by barbara on May 26, 2014
2. ## Biology

a. A human cell is placed in a container of sugar water. Explain what would occur, if the cell membrane is impermeable to sugar. I know that the water in the cell is the high concentration and will go to the sugar water which is the low concentration. b.

asked by Judy on October 5, 2015
3. ## math

the base of a cylindrical juice container is a circle with diameter 20 cm. The height of the container is 80cm. What is the capacity of the juice container? show your work. b) The juice container will be filled to 90% of its capacity. What will be the

asked by sidlord on November 10, 2008
4. ## math problem

Two large containers each contain the same amount of juice. When 54oz. of the first container are poured into the second container, the second container has 4 times as much juice as the first container. How many ounces of juice did the first container

asked by Bob on October 27, 2012
5. ## Physical science

In a recipe for lemonade it gives the ingredients as 1 cup of water,1.5 tablespoons lemon juice, plus sugar and salt.Not taking into account the sugar and salt, what is the concentration of lemon juice in the mixture as a percentage by volume? 16

asked by Papaya on September 20, 2017
6. ## Math

Mary has a container of sugar in the shape of a cylinder the container has a diameter of 10 inches and a height of 6 inches if the container is full how much will the sugar weigh if the average weight of the sugar is 0.2 ounces per cubic inch round to the

asked by Gina on April 28, 2014
7. ## Science

a. A human cell is placed in a container of sugar water. Explain what would occur, if the cell membrane is impermeable to sugar. b. Another cell is placed into a container of sugar water. However, this cell has the capability to allow large molecules such

asked by Eliza on October 11, 2015
8. ## Biology

a. A human cell is placed in a container of sugar water. Explain what would occur, if the cell membrane is impermeable to sugar. b. Another cell is placed into a container of sugar water. However, this cell has the capability to allow large molecules such

asked by Eliza on October 3, 2015
9. ## math

Two cylindrical containers are similar. The larger one has internal cross- section area of 45cm^2 and can hold 0.945 litres of liquid when full. The smaller container has internal cross- section area of 20cm^2. (a) Calculate the capacity of the smaller

asked by kudu on March 15, 2015
10. ## math

Two cylindrical containers are similar. The larger one has internal cross- section area of 45cm^2 and can hold 0.945 litres of liquid when full. The smaller container has internal cross- section area of 20cm^2. (a) Calculate the capacity of the smaller

asked by kudu on March 15, 2015
11. ## Maths

120 liter lemonade solution require 11%sugar and 9%juice solve for sugar and juice requirements

asked by Anonymous on August 22, 2016
12. ## math /fraction

a container of fruit punch contains one half apple juice, one third pineapple juice and one sixth orange juice. If the container contains 12 cups how many cups are pineapple juice?

asked by Anonymous on April 8, 2015
13. ## math

a container is filled with 56 litres of pineapple juice. 8 litres of pineapple juice are extracted and the container is refilled with mango juice. the content of the container is thoroughly mixed and 8 litres of the mixture are extracted and the container

asked by shahroze on September 27, 2009
14. ## math

A cylindrical jar with height 8 inches and diameter 6 inches is filled to 75% capacity with juice. The juice is then poured into another cylindrical container with a 10 inch diameter and height of 4 inches. a. to what percent of its capacity is the second

asked by Phillip on February 25, 2010
15. ## Math

Rosa poured 1 3/4 of orange juice into a container. She added 3 1/3 quarts of apple juice. She then poured 2 2/3 quarts of the mixed juice into a pitcher. How many quarts of mixed juice were left in the container?

asked by Luly on March 2, 2017
16. ## Math

Rosa poured 1 3/4 quarts of grape juice into a container. She added 3 1/3 quarts of apple juice. She then poured 2 2/3 quarts of the mixed juice into a pitcher. How many quarts of mixed juice were left in the container? Is the answer 1/3?

asked by Rose on March 25, 2015
17. ## Math

Rachel will make juice drink by mixing sugar, pineapple juice, and water in the ratio of 2:5:7 cups. If she uses 20 cups of pineapple juice, she has to mix ____ cups of sugar and ____ cups of water to the juice

asked by Ceena on November 20, 2015
18. ## Math

The Juice Problem. A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be

asked by Anna on December 20, 2009
19. ## Math

Dee used 2 1/3 cups of sugar for a cake recipe. If the amount of sugar the container holds is 3 times the amount she used, does the container hold more than, less than, or equal to 3 cups of sugar? Explain.

asked by Natalie on March 26, 2019
20. ## calculus

This is the question: "A new fruit juice (like a Popper) is to be marketed in a new container in the shape of a rectangular prism. The cardboard container is to have a square base and is to contain 300 mL of juice. What should be the dimensions of the

asked by Jamal on March 19, 2013
21. ## calculus

This is the question: "A new fruit juice (like a Popper) is to be marketed in a new container in the shape of a rectangular prism. The cardboard container is to have a square base and is to contain 300 mL of juice. What should be the dimensions of the

asked by Jamal on March 19, 2013
22. ## math

Dee used 2 1/3 cups of sugar for a cake recipe.If the amount of sugar the container holds is 3 times the amount she used,does the container hold more than,less than,or equal to 3 cups of sugar

asked by thomas on December 3, 2015

Janine is having seven friends over for breakfast. Of the eight people who will eating breakfast, six like orange juice bestm and two prefer grapefruit juice. Both kinds of juice cost \$2.89 for a gallon, \$2.09 for a quart, and \$1.29 for a pint. How many of

asked by Umm... Help?! :] on January 10, 2011
24. ## Chemistry

In a lab I did, I put slices of potatos in varying amounts of sugar concentrations and one control group which contained only water and no sugar. What is suppose to happen? My data tells me that the potato weighed heavier after a day of being submerged. Is

asked by Steve on February 1, 2008
25. ## Arithmetic

Janine is having seven friends over for breaksfast. Of the eight people who will be eating breakfast, six like orange juice best, and two prefer grapefruit juice. Both kinds of juice cost \$2.89 for half gallon, \$2.09 for a quart(1/4 of a gallon), and \$1.29

asked by Kiyoshi Kasume(Help?) on January 10, 2011
26. ## Math

At breakfast, Gino drank 2/3 of the orange juice in a container. He drank 15 ounces of orange juice. a) Write a multiplication equation that you can use to find the amount of orange juice that was in the container before Gino had breakfast

asked by Gray M. on January 11, 2013
27. ## math

At breakfast Gino drank 2/3 of the orange juice in a container. He drank 15 ounces of orange juice. Write a multiplication equation that you can use to find out the amount of orange juice that was in the container before Gino had breakfast?

asked by Stephanie on November 19, 2014
28. ## Chemistry

Two beakers are placed in a sealed container surrounded with air. In one beaker is pure H2O (Beaker A) and the other beaker is a 10% Sugar solution (Beaker B). As the system approaches equilibrium what change occurs to the volume of water in beaker A? What

asked by Anonymous on January 17, 2008
29. ## chemistry

A sample of fresh grapefruit juice was filtered and titrated with the I2 solution prepared in Part 2. A 100.0 mL sample of the juice took 9.85 mL of the iodine solution to reach the starch end point. What is the concentration of Vitamin C in 100ml juice?

30. ## Chemistry

A large container of cranberry juice is 2.5 liters (L). How many quarts (qt) of cranberry juice are in the container

asked by Taliana on January 29, 2013
31. ## Algebra

In a sugar factory, workers fill a plastic containers with 1 kg of sugar. As the factory's quality control supervisor, you conduct a random inspection by weighing some containers after they have been filled with sugar. If a container's mass differs from

32. ## Chemistry

A sample of fresh grapefruit juice was filtered and titrated with the above I2 solution. A 100 mL sample of the juice took 9.85 mL of the iodine solution to reach the starch endpoint. a. What is the concentration of vitamin C in the juice in mg vitamin

asked by Anonymous on April 13, 2010
33. ## math

jasmine bought 6 gallons of apple juice. after filling up 4 bottles of the same size with apple juice, she has 0.3 gallons of apple juice left. hhow many gallons of apple juice are in each container?

asked by kelsey on November 12, 2014
34. ## chemistry

what's the difference between experimental estimate of sugar concentration and the true sugar concentration?

asked by Tabitha on April 15, 2017
35. ## math

A large mixing tank currently contains 100 gallons of water into which 6 pounds of sugar have been mixed. A tap will open pouring 20 gallons per minute of water into the tank at the same time sugar is poured into the tank at a rate of 1 pound per minute.

asked by gigi on August 11, 2017
36. ## chemistry

I'm trying to find the weight of a lemon. Weight of container= 48 g Container + pure lemon juice = 184 g (100 ml) Pure lemon juice= 184g-48= 136g Does this make sense? Because I thought lemon had around the same density to water... wouldn't that mean my

asked by julie on January 8, 2015
37. ## chemistry

A label on a soft drink bottle indicates that it contains 10% sugar w/vol. This means the sugar concentration is 10g/100ml. Given a teaspoon of sugar weighs 4g, calculate how many teaspoons of sugar you would consume if you drank a 600ml bottle of the soft

asked by Bren on January 5, 2015
38. ## chemistry

30 ml of sugar syrup is mixed with water to yield a concentration of 60% sugar solution. What is the volume of the solution? The sugar has a molecular formula of c12h22o11 and a mass of 12g.

asked by Helena on December 15, 2013
39. ## Algebra

James has to buy juice for his class party. There are several brands of juice at the store, and each container is a different size and price. Write a formula that will help James find the price per milliliter for each brand. Let x= price of juice, y=

asked by Jasmine on September 2, 2014
40. ## Math

a container has 3/4 gallon of pineapple juice in it. This is 6/7 of the amount originally in the container . How much was originally in the container.

asked by June on February 3, 2018
41. ## chemistry

. A sample of fresh grapefruit juice was filtered and titrated with the above I2 solution. A 100 mL sample of the juice took 9.85 mL of the iodine solution to reach the starch endpoint. a) What is the concentration of vitamin C in the juice in mg vitamin

asked by traci-ann on October 10, 2017
42. ## Math

I poured one liter of juice into three conainers that were not equal how many milliliters of juice might l have poured into container show 5 possible solution

asked by Vanessa on August 23, 2016
43. ## Physics

If a supersaturated sugar solution is allowed to evaporate slowly, sugar crystals form in the container. Hence, sugar molecules go from a disordered form (in solution) to a highly ordered, crystalline form. Does this process violate the second law of

asked by S on November 25, 2012
44. ## Math

Mrs.Thompson has two containers of orange juice. One of the containers has 1/4 gallon of juice and the other container has 2/4 gallon of juice. How much orange juice do the containers have together? A.1/4gal B.1/2gal C.3/4gal D.2/3gal C?

asked by Colton Constancio on February 8, 2012
45. ## Food engineering/biology

Hey Can anyone help me out with this problem. For part a i understand i plot microbial numbers against time on semi log paper to determine D value for the two temperatures. But i'm unsure how to do part b. Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris is a quite hat

asked by Jennifer on May 23, 2010
46. ## Math

A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be in a container that

asked by Crystal on February 20, 2010
47. ## Tim

A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be in a container that

asked by Tim on January 17, 2010
48. ## Math

A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be in a container that

asked by Tim on January 17, 2010
49. ## Math

A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be in a container that

asked by Tim on January 17, 2010
50. ## Math

If a punch recipe contains 40% of ginger-ale 25% of Orange Juice 20% of pineapple juice does 15% of sorbet how many cups of sugar are used in 8 cups of punch

asked by Molly on March 14, 2016
51. ## Math

How many 5 1/4 ounce juice glasses can be completely filled from a 33 1/2 ounce container of juice? a) 4, b) 5, c) 6, d) 7

asked by Jainit on May 20, 2016
52. ## algebra

you are buying orange juice for \$4.50 per container and have a gift card worth \$7. TheFunction f(x)=4.50x-7 represents your total cost f(x) if you buy x containers of orange juice and use the gift card. How much do you pay to buy 4 containers of orange

asked by julie on November 2, 2015
53. ## math

The pH of lemon juice is about 2.2. (a) What is the concentration of hydrogen ions in lemon juice? (b) A person squeezes 3 oz of lemon juice into a cup. Based on your answer to part (a), how many hydrogen ions does this juice contain? For example you could

asked by jennika on March 15, 2016
54. ## science

If 10gram of sugar is added to one third of 100 gram of 27%aqueous solution of sugar then concentration is..?

asked by rajnish on October 26, 2015
55. ## Chemistry

how many grams of sugar would be needed to give a 50.00 mL solution of FD&C Red Dye a concentration of 6.0% sugar?

asked by Capria F. on April 1, 2015
56. ## science

what is the concentration of a sugar solution that contains 8 g sugar dissolved in 500 ml of water? explain in ration form

asked by cheryl on November 20, 2011
57. ## math

what is the concentration of a sugar solution that contains 8g sugar dissolved in 500 ml water? answer in the form of a ratio

asked by cheryl on November 20, 2011
58. ## Math

A truck is carrying pear juice, cherry juice, and apple juice bottles in a ratio of 3:1:3, If there are 16 cherry juice bottles how many juice bottles in all? Pear juice #? Cherry juice 16 Apple juice #? 3:1, 1:3 3pears to 1cherry; 1apple to 3cherry There

asked by Vicki on November 10, 2015
59. ## Math

You are buying orange juice for \$4.50 per container and have a gift card worth \$7. The function f(x)=4.50x-7 represents your total cost f(x) if you buy x containers of orange juice and use the gift card. How much do you pay to buy 4 containers of orange

asked by Kaai97 on November 17, 2015
60. ## physics

How many mL of orange juice would be required to get the recommended daily allowance of 60 mg of vitamin C? (Concentration of vitamin C is .011 moles/L in 5.0 mL of juice).

asked by Seth on May 4, 2011
61. ## chem101

if 23.74ml of 0.01470M NaOH are required to completely neutralize 25.00ml of gastric juice,calculate the concentration of the hydrochloric acid[in g/L]in stomach gastric juice

asked by kabelo on April 11, 2010
62. ## physics Damon???

The sugar concentration in a solution (e.g., in a urine specimen) can be measured conveniently by using the optical activity of sugar and other asymmetric molecules. In general, an optically active molecule, like sugar, will rotate the plane of

asked by maranda on October 22, 2014
63. ## physics

The sugar concentration in a solution (e.g., in a urine specimen) can be measured conveniently by using the optical activity of sugar and other asymmetric molecules. In general, an optically active molecule, like sugar, will rotate the plane of

asked by Jason on October 21, 2014
64. ## physics

The sugar concentration in a solution (e.g., in a urine specimen) can be measured conveniently by using the optical activity of sugar and other asymmetric molecules. In general, an optically active molecule, like sugar, will rotate the plane of

asked by Jason on October 21, 2014
65. ## much needed help...

The sugar concentration in a solution (e.g., in a urine specimen) can be measured conveniently by using the optical activity of sugar and other asymmetric molecules. In general, an optically active molecule, like sugar, will rotate the plane of

asked by jason on October 22, 2014
66. ## science

sugar concentration os 10g/100ml given a teaspoon weighs 4 g calculate how many teaspoons of sugar you would consume if you drank a 600ml bottle of soft drink

67. ## chemistry

A label on a soft drink bottle indicates that it contains 10% sugar w/vol. This means the sugar concentration is 10g/100ml. Given a teaspoon of sugar you would consume if you drank a 600ml bottle of the soft drink.

asked by Bren on January 5, 2015
68. ## SCIENCE(CHEM101)

iF 23.74Ml OF 0.01470m nAoh are required to completely neutrize 25.00mL of gastric juice,calculate the concentration of the hydrochloric acid(in g/L )in the stomach gastric juice.show steps and calculations

asked by MAHLATSE on March 8, 2011
69. ## Chemistry

I need help on my chem lab... I need to give you background info so you know how to help me.. Data Sheet: Specific gravity of distilled water Temp of distilled water = 20 C Specific gravity: 1.0000 or 1.000 (according to hydrometer used) sugar solution 1 :

asked by Jennie on April 30, 2015
70. ## Chemistry Dr. Bob

I need help on my chem lab... I need to give you background info so you know how to help me.. Data Sheet: Specific gravity of distilled water Temp of distilled water = 20 C Specific gravity: 1.0000 or 1.000 (according to hydrometer used) sugar solution 1 :

asked by Jennie on April 30, 2015
71. ## Chemistry

I need help on my chem lab... I need to give you background info so you know how to help me.. Data Sheet: Specific gravity of distilled water Temp of distilled water = 20 C Specific gravity: 1.0000 or 1.000 (according to hydrometer used) sugar solution 1 :

asked by Jennie on April 30, 2015
72. ## Chemistry

ANYTHING WILL HELP. THANK YOUU!! A student titrates 50mL apple juice and reports the following in the titration to the phenolphthalein end point with .1011M NaOH final buret reading:17.86mL initial buret reading:1.47 A)What is the concentration of the

asked by Amanda Walteshi on June 23, 2010
73. ## Chemistry

ANYTHING WILL HELP. THANK YOUU!! A student titrates 50mL apple juice and reports the following in the titration to the phenolphthalein end point with .1011M NaOH final buret reading:17.86mL initial buret reading:1.47 A)What is the concentration of the

asked by Amanda Walteshi on June 23, 2010
74. ## Chem

The following results were obtained when a sample of pineapple juice was analyzed to determine its vitamin C content. A 19.8 mL sample of pineapple juice was placed in a flask with 20 ml of 0.5 M H2SO4, 1.0 g of potassium iodide, KI, and 25.00 mL of

asked by Anonymous on May 5, 2014
75. ## algebra

A store sells a 1-liter container of juice for 75¢ and a 2-liter container for \$1.40. Assume that the cost varies linearly with the number of liters, and find the slope of the line that shows the relationship. How many liters would be in a container that

asked by sanda on February 21, 2010
76. ## Math

A 48-fluid-ounce container of orange juice costs \$2.40.A 60-fluid-ounce container of orange juice costs \$3.60. Which is a better buy????

asked by Juliana on January 25, 2017
77. ## math

hamid has 2 qt container of grape juice tell two ways that hamid can divide the grape juice into 5 containers

asked by Anonymous on April 16, 2015
78. ## Chemistry

A 360mg sample of sugar (molar mass of 180 g/mol) is dissolved in enough water to produce 200mL of solution. after the sugar is completely dissolved, you pour 50mL of this solution into a Burnette for use in an experiment. what is the molar concentration

asked by Jacke on July 2, 2016
79. ## Calculus

A tank contains 2920 L of pure water. A solution that contains 001 kg of sugar per liter enters a tank at the rate 4 L/min The solution is mixed and drains from the tank at the same rate. (a) How much sugar is in the tank initially? (b) Find the amount of

asked by Javier on May 22, 2012
80. ## chemistry

this is a C1V1=C2V2 type question: if a container has 100ml of 1.5M Br, what is the concentration in that container?

asked by homework on September 10, 2017
81. ## material balance

In a process for concentrating 1000kg of freshly extracted orange juice containing 12.5 wt% solids, the juice is strained, yielding 800kg of strained juice and 200kg of pulpy juice.the strained juice is concentrated in a vacuum evaporator to give an

asked by maya on March 23, 2014
82. ## Chemistry

The soda was found to have a sugar concentration of 9.6% (wt./vol.). How many teaspoons of sugar are in a can of soda? (One can is 12fl.oz or 355mL) (1 teaspoon is approx. 4g)

asked by Carrie on April 27, 2015
83. ## Science

if one third of 100g of 27% aqueous sugar solution is taken in a beaker and 10g of sugar is added to it , the concentration of the resulting solution will be?

asked by Shivangi on November 20, 2015
84. ## Maths, Ratio

Mrs Rama uses 0.4 liters of water melon juice for every 0.9 liters of apple juice to make a jug of mixed fruit juice. A) Find the ratio of the amount of watermelon juice to the amount of apple juice. B) For every 225 ml of apple juice, how much watermelon

asked by Justin on October 1, 2012

Girl has 64 oz juice for a party. She has 300 more ounces apple juice than grape juice. How many ounces of each type of juice does girl have? The answe is 170oz grape juice 470 oz Apple juice How do you get that answer? Thank you

asked by Yteria on November 15, 2016
86. ## math-geometry

the sunshine orange juice company wants its product in a one quart container(1 quart=107.75 cubic inches). the manufacturer for their containers makes cylindrical cans that have a base that is 5 inches in diameter. what will be the height of the one quart

asked by lesley on May 20, 2015
87. ## Science

If one third of 100 g of 27% aqueous sugar solution is taken in a beaker and 10 g of sugar is added to it, the concentration of the resulting solution will be

asked by Sannat on September 6, 2015

the sunshine orange juice company wants its product in a one quart container(1 quart=107.75 cubic inches). the manufacturer for their containers makes cylindrical cans that have a base that is 5 inches in diameter. what will be the height of the one quart

asked by lesley on May 20, 2015
89. ## math

Charles mixed pineapple juice and orange juice to make a fruit punch. He made a total of 5 1/2 cups of the mixture and used 2 more cups of orange juice than pineapple juice. How much did he use of each type of juice?

asked by alyssa on February 12, 2013
90. ## math

container A has twice the capicity of container B. container A is full of sand and container B is empty. suppose 1/8 of the sand in container A is poured into container B. what fractional part of container B will conatin sand.........please halpme i am

asked by Katherine on March 22, 2010
91. ## math

container A has twice the capicity of container B. container A is full of sand and container B is empty. suppose 1/8 of the sand in container A is poured into container B. what fractional part of container B will conatin sand.........please halpme i am

asked by Katherine on March 22, 2010
92. ## math

container A has twice the capicity of container B. container A is full of sand and container B is empty. suppose 1/8 of the sand in container A is poured into container B. what fractional part of container B will conatin sand.........please halpme i am

asked by Katherine on March 22, 2010
93. ## Math

A container at a juicing plant holds 4 2/3 tons of oranges. The plant can juice 1 2/3 tons of oranges per day. At this rate, how long will it take to empty the container? Would I need to multiply 4 2/3 x 1 2/3 to figure out my answer?

94. ## Chemistry

2. You have a sugar solution (solution A) with concentration x. You pour one-fourth of this solution into a beaker, and add an equivalent volume of water (solution B). a) What is the ratio of sugar in solutions A and B? b) Compare the volumes of soutions A

asked by Jon on January 13, 2007
95. ## algebra

Translate to a system of equations but do not solve. One canned juice drink is 20% orange juice; another is 10% orange juice. How many liters of each should be mixed together in order to get 10L that is 13% orange juice? How many liters of the 20% orange

asked by slomomo on January 13, 2015
96. ## geometry

the ratio of mango juice to guava juice in Paradise Punch is 5 to 3. Leilani has 32 fl oz of mango juice. How much guave juice does she need?

asked by Anonymous on February 6, 2012
97. ## algebra

What would the concentration be if we mixed 200 of 10% sugar solution and 300 of 20% sugar solution ?

asked by GeniusTigeress on February 21, 2017
98. ## Math

A group of students were asked to select their preferred breakfast drink from among coffee, tea, and orange juice. The results of the survey are shown in the table along with information about whether the students are in high school (HS) or in college (C).

asked by Anonymous on February 26, 2017
99. ## Math (Algebra)

Again please NO answers! Only on how to solve. One canned juice drink is 20% orange juice; another is 5% orange juice. How many liters of each should be mixed together in order to get 15L that is 14% orange juice?

asked by Lynn on July 4, 2010
100. ## Math Inequalities

One canned juice drink is 25% orange juice another is 5% orange juice. How many liters of each should be mixed together in order to get 20L that is 24% orange juice? How many liters of the 25% orange juice should be in mixture? How many liters of the 5%

asked by Anna on November 5, 2009