osmotic pressure chemistry

64,562 results, page 49
1. Engineering/Physics

When gasoline is burned in the cylinder of an​ engine, it creates a high pressure that pushes on the piston. If the pressure is 150 ​pound-force per square​ inch, and it moves the 3​-inch diameter piston a distance of 6 centimeters
2. Intro to Physics

(a) An ideal gas occupies a volume of 3.0 cm3 at 20°C and atmospheric pressure. Determine the number of molecules of gas in the container. _____________molecules (b) If the pressure of the 3.0-cm3 volume is reduced to 2.4 × 10−11 Pa (an extremely
3. Physics

A cylindrical diving bell 4.0m tall, with an open bottom, is lowered to the bottom of a lake on a day when atmospheric pressure is 100 kPa. It is observed that water rises inside the bell to within 1.0m of the top. A)What is the pressure of the air trapped
4. math

The atmospheric pressure P(h) (in pounds per square inch) at a height h (in miles) above sea level on Earth satisfies a differential equation P' = -kP for some positive constant k. (a) Measurements with a barometer show that P(0) = 1.2 and P(9) = 0.7. What
5. Thermodynamics

In one of the boiler rooms in an Industrial Plant, the barometer reads 750 mm Hg. Determine the absolute pressures in Kpa of the following pressure measuring instrument readings: pressure gauges reads 46 psi and 76 in. Hg; and compound gauges registers 13
6. Physics

Water at a pressure of 4.20 atm at street level flows into an office building at a speed of 0.65 m/s through a pipe 6.60 cm in diameter. The pipes taper down to 2.20 cm in diameter by the top floor, 28.0 m above. Calculate the water pressure in such a pipe
7. FLUID MECHANICS

Water flows at a rate of 0.040 m3/s in a 0.15 m diameter pipe that contains a sudden contraction section to a 0.06 m diameter pipe. Determine the pressure drop across the contraction section. Determine also the pressure difference due to the losses.
8. engineering

any help is greatly appreciated. I am so hopeless now. Water tower problem. The pressure in each house is 250 kPa and the average pressure drop is 50kPa. What should the height of the water tower? Height of the water level in the tower. What is the
9. physics

A horizontal pipe 17.00 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 8.50 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 8.00 104 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 6.00 104 Pa, at what rate does water flow through the pipes?
10. Physics

Water at a pressure of 3.90 atm at street level flows into an office building at a speed of 0.45 m/s through a pipe 5.60 cm in diameter. The pipes taper down to 2.10 cm in diameter by the top floor, 26.0 m above. Calculate the water pressure in such a pipe
11. Physics. Urgent help!!

The relative humidity is 55% on a day when the temperature is 30.0°C. Using the graph below, determine the number of moles of water vapor per cubic meter of air. on the graph, Vapor pressure of water is on the y-axis and temperature on the x-axis 30C
12. Chemistry

The volume of a sample of ideal gas at 25*C is 372ml. What will be the volume of the gas if it is heated at constant pressure to 50*C? What will be the volume of the gas if it is cooled to -272*C?
13. chemistry

at 20 C the vapor pressure of dry ice is 56.5 atm. if 32 g of dry ice is placed in an evacuated .25 l chamber at a constant temperature of 20 C will all the dry ice sublime
14. chemistry

at 20 C the vapor pressure of dry ice is 56.5 atm. if 32 g of dry ice is placed in an evacuated .25 l chamber at a constant temperature of 20 C will all the dry ice sublime
15. Chemistry

A person accidentally swallows a drop of liquid oxygen, O2 (l), which has a density of 1.149 g/mL. Assuming the drop has a volume of 0.050 mL, what volume (mL) of gas will be produced in the person’s stomach at body temperature (37 °C) and a pressure of
16. chemistry

Explain why using a Büchner funnel with vacuum to filter hot fluid will result in clogging. What is the result of reduced pressure on a hot volatile solvent? How does this affect the amount of solute that is dissolved? Where would the funnel become
17. chemistry

Ammonia gas and carbon dioxide gas react to form aqueous urea (NH2CoNH2) and water. What volume of ammonia at 25 degrees celcius and 1.5 atm pressure is needed to produce 500 g of urea?
18. chemistry

What volume of oxygen gas can be collected at 0.565 atm pressure and 48.0◦C when 42.9 g of KClO3 decompose by heating, according to the following equation? 2 KClO3(s) ∆−−−−→2KCl(s) + 3O2(g) MnO2
19. Chemistry

1. The vapor pressure, P of a certain liquid was measured at two temperatures, T. from this data: T(K) and P(kpa) 275 3.57 825 6.57 for the enthalpy how would this be plotted on the graph point 1: point 2: 2. What is the rise, run, and slope 3. What is the
20. Chemistry

N2O5 is an unstable gas that decomposes according to the following reaction: 2N2O3(g) ---> 4NO2(g) + O2(g) What would be the total pressure of gases present if a 10.0L container at 22.0 degree centigrade begins with 0.400 atm of N2O5 and the gas
21. chemistry

What volume of oxygen gas can be collected at 1.26 atm pressure and 2.00◦C when 39.7 g of KClO3 decompose by heating, according to the following equation? 2 KClO3(s) ∆/MnO2 −−−−→ 2 KCl(s) + 3 O2(g) Answer in units
22. Chemistry

The air was in a cylinder equipped with the piston absorbs 565 duels of heat and expands from an initial volume of .10 l to a final volume of .85 L against an external pressure of 1.0 ATM what is the change an internal energy of the air within the cylinder
23. Chemistry

What volume of oxygen gas is needed to react completely with 0.677 L of carbon monoxide gas (CO) to form gaseous carbon dioxide? Assume all volume measurements are made at the same temperature and pressure. Thanks in advance for all help!!
24. chemistry phyics HELP PLEASE STUCK

A 20.0 L tank contains helium at a pressure of 100 atm and a temperature of 30 degrees Celsius. A) what is the mass of the helium inside the tank?(HINT: the molar mas of He is 4.0 g/mol B) what would the mass of nitrogen (N2) be under the same conditions?
25. chemistry

The organic compound di-n-butyl phthalate, C16H22O4(l), is sometimes used as a low-density (1.046 g·mL–1) manometer fluid. Compute the pressure (in torr) of a gas that supports a 585-mm column of di-n-butyl phthalate. The density of mercury is 13.53
26. chemistry

a 3.35g sample of solid silver reacted in excess chlorine gass to give a 4.45g sample of pure solid AgCl. the heat given off was 3.95kJ at constant pressure. what is th enthalpy of formation of AgCl?
27. Physics

A ball of volume V=8 L is full of air with pressure higher than atmospheric pressure by ?p=2×104 Pa. The total mass of the ball and the air inside is 200 g. The ball is tossed up to a height h=20 m, then it falls down, collides with the ground, and
28. Physics

When you push down on the handle of a bicycle pump, a piston in the pump cylinder compresses the air inside the cylinder. When the pressure in the cylinder is greater than the pressure inside the inner tube to which the pump is attached, air begins to flow
29. chemistry

Here is the question: sodium hydride reacts with excess water to produce aqueous sodium hydroxide and hydrogen gas: NaH(s)+H2O-->NaOH(aq)+H2(g) A sample of NaH weighing ________g will produce 982mL of gas at 28.0 C and 765 torr, when the hydrogen is
30. chemistry

1-Dinitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) dissociates according to the equation: N2O4 ⇌ 2NO2 An equilibrium reaction mixture at 25 ºC was found to have the partial pressure of N2O4 as 72 kPa whilst the partial pressure of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was 29 kPa.
31. Prob & Stats

A medical researcher gave 100 patients a new drug to see if it reduces their blood pressure? Did the new drug reduce the patients' blood pressure? Write your hypothesis mathematically. Not sure how to do this, Prob & Stats has been quite a struggle for me
32. physics

A bubble of gas, diameter 2 mm, is trapped in a container of liquid at normal atmospheric pressure (1 × 10^5 Pa) and a temperature of 25 °C. The container is opened on board an aircraft where the temperature is 22 °C and the surrounding pressure is
33. science

a mixture of gases contains 64g of methane, 64g of oxygen and 64g of sulphur dioxide. The pressure of the mixture is 210 kpa. what is the partial pressure (in kpa) of the methane expected to be?
34. CHEM

Calculate the vapor pressure at 25 C of hexane above the solution. The vapor pressure of pure hexane at 25 C is 151 torr. A solution contains naphthalene ({\rm{C}}_{10} {\rm{H}}_8) dissolved in hexane ({\rm{C}}_6 {\rm{H}}_{14}) at a concentration of 12.17
35. PHYSICS

Suppose you have a spherical balloon filled with air at room temperature and 1.0 atm pressure; its radius is 17 cm . You take the balloon in an airplane, where the pressure is 0.89 atm. If the temperature is unchanged, what's the balloon's new radius?
36. physics

A horizontal pipe contains water at a pressure of 108 kPa flowing with a speed of 1.5 m/s. The pipe narrows to one-half its original diameter. What are the speed and the pressure of the water when the pipe narrows?
37. chemistry

Zinc metal reacts with HCL similarly to magnesium: Zn(s) + 2HCL(aq) = ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g). the H2 gas produced was collected over water at 25 degrees Celsius and had a volume of 7.80L at 0.980 atm. How many grams of Zn were consumed in the reaction? (Vapor
38. chemistry

The gases in a mixture have the following partial pressures at the same volume and temperature: 1,013,000 Pa nitrogen, 700. mmHg argon, 1.20 atm of helium, 790. torr oxygen, and 0.50 atm of carbon dioxide. What is the total pressure of the mixture in atm?
39. Chemistry

Which of the following statements correctly describes the change which occurs when a liquid vaporizes at its boiling point at a given external pressure. a) The entropy decreases b) The temp increases c) The kinetic energy increases d) The potential energy
40. Chemistry

A hot air balloon has a volume of 5.00x10^6 liters. Assuming a density of air of 1.293g/L at 25C and 1atm pressure, what temperature must the operator of the balloon achieve in order for the balloon to lift a 500.0kg payload? How do I set this up???????
41. Chemistry

2 moles of ideal gas at 300K, initial volume 25 L, are compressed under an external pressure at 3600 torr. Assuming the temp and the internal energy of gas do not change, what is the entropy change of the gas? (Assume the heat flow is reversible)
42. chemistry

Air consists of 21 % oxygen, 78 % nitrogen and 1 % argon by volume. Calculate: * (a)  the partial pressures in Pa, if total pressure is 1 atm,   * (b)  the concentration in mol m–3, of each gas at 273 K,   * (c)  the average molar mass of air,
43. phyics

A glass bottle of soda is sealed with a screw cap. The absolute pressure of the carbon dioxide inside the bottle is 1.60 x 105 Pa. Assuming that the top and bottom surfaces of the cap each have an area of 3.60 x 10-4 m2, obtain the magnitude of the force
44. physics

A ball of volume V=8 L is full of air with pressure higher than atmospheric pressure by Δp=2×10^4 Pa. The total mass of the ball and the air inside is 200 g. The ball is tossed up to a height h=20 m, then it falls down, collides with the ground, and
45. physics

A glass bottle of soda is sealed with a screw cap. The absolute pressure of the carbon dioxide inside the bottle is 1.50 x 105 Pa. Assuming that the top and bottom surfaces of the cap each have an area of 4.20 x 10-4 m2, obtain the magnitude of the force
46. physics

A ball of volume V=8 L is full of air with pressure higher than atmospheric pressure by Δp=2×10^4 Pa. The total mass of the ball and the air inside is 200 g. The ball is tossed up to a height h=20 m, then it falls down, collides with the ground, and
47. physics

An ideal gas at 18.5°C and a pressure of 1.54 105 Pa occupies a volume of 2.10 m3. (a) How many moles of gas are present? moles (b) If the volume is raised to 5.30 m3 and the temperature raised to 31.0°C, what will be the pressure of the gas? Pa I used
48. Physics

Measured along the surface of the water, a rectangular swimming pool has a length of 15.9 m. Along this length, the flat bottom of the pool slopes downward at an angle of 16.9 ° below the horizontal, from one end to the other. By how much does the
49. chem

A balloon filled with 22.3 mol helium has a volume of 500. L at 0.0°C and 1.00 atm pressure. The temperature of the balloon is increased to 38.0°C as it expands to a volume of 570. L, the pressure remaining constant. Calculate q, w, and E for the helium
50. chem

A balloon filled with 22.3 mol helium has a volume of 500. L at 0.0°C and 1.00 atm pressure. The temperature of the balloon is increased to 38.0°C as it expands to a volume of 570. L, the pressure remaining constant. Calculate q, w, and E for the helium
51. chem

A very flexible helium-filled balloon is released from the ground into the air at 20. ∘ C . The initial volume of the balloon is 5.00 L , and the pressure is 760. mmHg . The balloon ascends to an altitude of 20 km , where the pressure is 76.0 mmHg
52. Earth science

The inner core of the Earth is solid because of increased___________ a.)density and composition b.)density and temperature c.)temperature and pressure d.)pressure and density
53. earth science

#16 the inner core of the earth is solid because of increased__________ a> density and composition b> density and temperature c> temperature and pressure d> pressure and density
54. physics

What is the total force on the bottom of a swimming pool 22.0 m by 8.9 m whose uniform depth is 1.6 m? What is the absolute pressure on the bottom of a swimming pool? What will be the pressure against the side of the pool near the bottom?
55. chemistry

The Equilibrium Constant Kp for the following reaction is 4atm^2 at 300K. AB(s) -> A(g) + B(g) What is the equilibrium pressure of A(g) and B(g) above AB(s) at 300K? What is Kc at 300K?
56. chemistry check

1)A pocket of gas is discovered in a deep drilling operation. The gas has a temperature of 480c and is at a pressure of 12.8 atm. What volume of gas is required to provide 18.0 L of gas at the surface where the conditions are 22 C and 1.00 atm? is this
57. physic

Given: Compressor speed is 1500rpm. The compressor has a bore of 3.125 in, a stroke of 3.26in and a connecting rod crank ratio to 3.5. Inlet pressure is atmospheric 14.7 psia, peak cylinder pressure is 132psia, and mean active pressure mep is 26psia. Flow
58. Chem Problem

I need help solving this question, I have no idea what I'm supposed to do. What is the minimum pressure in kPa that must be applied at 25 °C to obtain pure water by reverse osmosis from water that is 0.165 M in sodium chloride and 0.029 M in magnesium
59. Statistics

The national centre of health statistics reports that the mean systolic blood pressure for males 35-44 years of age is 128 and a standard deviation of 15. A group of 50 executives selected at random are tested and found to have an avarage of 132.3. Is
60. Chem Problem

I need help solving this question, I have no idea what I'm supposed to do. What is the minimum pressure in kPa that must be applied at 25 °C to obtain pure water by reverse osmosis from water that is 0.165 M in sodium chloride and 0.029 M in magnesium
61. Chemistry

Exactly 5.02 grams of an unknown gas was sealed in a 3.0L flask at 37 degrees celsius and a pressure of 1.25 atm. Which on of the following is most likely to be the unknown? H2O, HBr, HCN, H2S, C2H2 ok so I did (1.25)(3.0) = n(0.0821)(310) 3.75 = n(25.451)
62. Chemistry

A sample of an ideal gas at 15.0 atm and 10.0 L is allowed to expand against a constant external pressure of 2.00 atm at a constant temperature. Calculate the work in units of kJ for the gas expansion. (Hint: Boyle's law applies) Please explain thoroughly!
63. Chemistry

When normal atmospheric conditions are present, water is constantly being cycled between liquid and gaseous states by which of the following pairs of processes? A. Turgor pressure and filtration B. Melting point and condensation C. Evaporation and
64. chemistry

The air within a piston equipped with a cylinder absorbs 570J of heat and expands from an initial volume of 0.12L to a final volume of 0.88L against an external pressure of 1.0 atm. What is the change in internal energy of the air within the piston?
65. chemistry

The air within a piston equipped with a cylinder absorbs 570J of heat and expands from an initial volume of 0.12L to a final volume of 0.88L against an external pressure of 1.0 atm. What is the change in internal energy of the air within the piston?
66. chemistry

Consider an insulated system containing 150 g of liquid water and 150 g of ice at equilibrium under atmospheric pressure. A total of 22g of steam at 120◦C is admitted to the system. What is the phase composition and temperature when equilibrium is
67. Chemistry

Can someone help me with this? I was using deltarG = deltarH - T deltarS. I found delta H= 62438 j/mol and delta S =. 144.555 j/ mol k Calculate ΔrG for the sublimation of iodine gas at 298 K when the iodine vapor is at a pressure of 0.0500 bar
68. chemistry

A sample of only solid ammonium chloride was heated in a 1 L container at 500 C. At equilibrium, the pressure of NH3 (g) was found to be 1.75 atm. what is the equilibrium constant, Kc, for the decomposition at this temperature? R= .08206 L atm/K Mol NH4CL
69. chemistry

A sample of NH4HS(s) is placed in a 2.57 −L flask containing 0.140 mol NH3(g). NH4HS(s)⇌NH3(g)+H2S(g)KP=0.108at25∘C What will be the total gas pressure when equilibrium is established at 25∘C? any idea on how to solve it like an
70. Chemistry

A student has placed a mixture of CaO and CaO, 4.88 g of dough into a flask containing 1.46 L of carbon dioxide at 35 ° C and 746 mmHg. After completing the reactions, it found that CO2 pressure had decreased to 353 mmHg.Calcule the percentage composition
71. chemistry

peice of sodium metal reacts with water. 246ml volume of hydrogen gas was collected over water at 25 celsius and at an atmospheric pressuric pf 101.3 kpa. what was the pressure of dry hydrogen? what is the mass of sodium used up by the reaction?
72. Chemistry Pre-AP

What volume of oxygen gas can be collected at 0.565 atm pressure and 48.0◦C when 42.9g of KClO3 decompose by heating, according to the following equation? 2 KClO3(s) ∆−−−−→2KCl(s) + 3O2(g) MnO2
73. chemistry

Assuming all volume measurements are made at the same temperature and pressure, how many liters of carbon dioxide gas can be produced when 12.8 liters of oxygen gas react with excess carbon monoxide? Show all of the work used to solve this problem.
74. chemistry

The heat of solution of ammonium nitrate is 26.2 kJ/mol, and a 7.315 g sample of NH4NO3 is added to 40.0 mL of water in a constant pressure calorimeter initially at 25.2°C, what is the final temperature reached by the solution? (The specific heat of water
75. chemistry

Many reaction involving heterogeneous catalysts are zeroth order, that is rate=k. An example is the decomposition of phosphine (PH3) over tungsten (w): 4Ph3---> P4 + 6H2 It is found That the reaction is independent of PH3. As lon 1 g as phosphine's
76. Chemistry

A gas is confined to a cylinder under constant atmospheric pressure, as illustrated in the following figure. When the gas undergoes a particular chemical reaction, it absorbs 827 J of heat from its surroundings and has 0.66 kJ of P−V work done on it
77. chemistry

A sample of an ideal gas at 15.0 atm and 10.0 L is allowed to expand against a constant external pressure of 2.00 atm at a constant temperature. Calculate the work in units of kJ for the gas expansion. (Hint: Boyle's law applies) Please explain thoroughly!
78. Chemistry

a. How many moles of N2 are present in a 1.00 qt flask that has a pressure of 425 torr at a temperature of 35°C? What is the mass in this na2? It would be much simpler to change quart to liters first, then torr to kpa PV=nRT n= PV/RT Temps in Kelvins, V
79. Chemistry

SHOW WORK A cylinder containing 48g of nitrogen gas at room temperature is placed on a scale. The valve is opened and 12g of gas are allowed to escape. Assuming that the temperature of the cylinder remains constant, how does the pressure change?
80. Earth Science PLZ HELP

Based on what you have discovered, which of the following conditions would lead to the formation of clouds? 1. Moist air moves up as it encounters a mountain range. 2. High pressure is moving into an area. 3. The air over a large parking lot is warmer in
81. Thermodynamics

A rigid insulated closed tank consists of two compartments of equal volume separated by a valve. Initially one contains air at 145 psia and temperature of 130 F, while second is completely empty(vaccum). the valve is opened and remains so until both are in
82. Chemistry

What is the pressure of a sample of Chlorine gas if the gas sample contains 0.25 moles of Chlorine and has a volume of 150 L with a temperature of 25 K?
83. chemistry

A sample of ammonia gas at 65.5°C and 0.921 atm has a volume of 15.31 L. What is its volume when the temperature is -15.8°C and its pressure is 0.921 atm?
84. Chemistry

If the average velocity of O2 molecules at STP is 3.4*10^3 meters/sec, what is the average velocity of H2 molecules at the same temperature and pressure?
85. chemistry

a substance has a vapor pressure of 35.0 mmHg at 52.0 degrees Celsius and 70.0 mm Hg at 77.0 degrees Celsius. What is the heat of vaporization for this substance?
86. Calculus 2

The pressure P of a gas is related to its volume V by the formula P=k/V where k is a constant. A quantity of gas with an initial volume of 1 cubic meter and a pressure of 2.5 newtons per square meter expands to a volume of 16 cubic meters. Find the work
87. Chemistry

The thermal decomposition of potassium chlorate can be used to produce oxygen in the laboratory. What volume (L) of O2 gas at 25 °C and 1.00 atm pressure is produced by the decomposition of 7.5 g of KClO3 (s)? Here is my work: V=nRT/P .0611995 mol of O2 x
88. chemistry

A student collected the following data for a fixed volume of gas: ￼Temperature (C) Pressure (mm of hg) 10 726 20 750 40 800 70 880 100 960 150 ??? Fill in the missing data point. Show all calculations leading to an answer. is the answer 1025 ?
89. chem

At room temperature (25oC) and normal atmospheric pressure (760 torr), the average person’s lungs have a total capacity of about 5.5 liters. If a person takes a deep breath and then dives deep into a lake where the temperature is 19oC and a pressure of
90. physics

How deep can a diver go without a pressure suit? How deep can we go with a pressure suit?
91. CRC

A sample of ideal gas is in a sealed container. The pressure of the gas is 675torr , and the temperature is 28\, ^{\circ}C . If the temperature changes to 91\, ^{\circ}C with no change in volume or amount of gas, what is the new pressure, P_2, of the gas
92. physics

A rigid container holds hydrogen gas at a pressure of 3.0 atm and a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius. What will the pressure be if the temperature is lowered to -33 degrees Celsius? Please give your final answer in atm. Answer
93. Chemistry

Using the following information, identify the strong electrolyte whose general formula is Mx(A)y * zH2O Ignore the effect of interionic attractions in the solution. a. A"-is a common oxyanion. When 30.0 mg of the anhydrous sodium salt containing this
94. Chemistry

I posted this before and I know now to use P1T2=P2T1 but I was wondering what I would plug in as pressure and temp? just an example of one would be so great. In each of the four problem in this section, all gases are measured at the same temperature and
95. College Chem

Oxygen gas has a Henry's law constant of 1.66*10^-6 M/mm Hg at 40 degree C when dissolving in water. If the total pressure of gass (O2 gas plus water vapor) over water is 1.0 atm, what is the concentration of O2 in the water in grams per milliliter?
96. physics

The pressure at the bottom of a cylindrical container with a cross-sectional area of 46.5 cm2 and holding a fluid of density 480 kg/m3 is 115 kPa. (a) Determine the depth of the fluid. (b) Determine the pressure at the bottom of the container if an
97. calculus

(1 pt) When air expands adiabatically (without gaining or losing heat), its pressure P and volume V are related by the equation PV1.4=C where C is a constant. Suppose that at a certain instant the volume is 390 cm3, and the pressure is 75 kPa (kPa =
98. chem

A piece of lithium metal with a mass of 3.25g reacts with sufficient hydrochloric acid in a closed flask containing 235 mL of air originally at 0.991 atm and 18 C. The heat released in this reaction raises the temperature to 41.0 C inside the flask. a)What
99. science

water flows steadily through a horizontal pipe of non uniform cross section. if the pressure of water is 4*10^4 N/m^2 at a point where the velocity of flow is 2ms^-1 and cross section is 0.02 m^2 what is the pressure at a point where cross section reduces
100. Manometer

A manometer is used to measure the pressure of a gas in a container one side is connected to the container the other side is open to the atmosphere. A manometer contains water of density 1000kg/m^3 and the head is 250mm. Calculate the gauge pressure of the