osmotic pressure chemistry

64,562 results, page 43
  1. Chemistry

    The water from a hydrated magnesium salt is driven off by heat in a closed system. If the steam generated exerts a pressure of 24.8 atm in a 2L container 120 degrees C, determine the number of moles of H2O driven from the compound.
  2. Chemistry

    How many milliliters of O2 are consumed in the complete combustion of a sample of hexane, C6H14, if the reaction produces 325 mL of CO2? Assume all gas volumes are measured at the same temperature and pressure. The reaction is 2C6H14(g) + 19O2(g) ->
  3. Chemistry

    I havent been at school for 8 days due to somthing wrong with my heart, but the teachers gave me work. I have no clue how to do them. I really need help please, There all due tomarrow. Determine the pressure inside a televison picture tube with a volume of
  4. chemistry

    I am now stumped on another problem. How many times greater is the rate of diffusion of helium gas,HE, than that of carbon dioxide gas CO{tiny 2 at bottom}, at the same temperature and pressure? please tell me how to set this problem up and tips on how to
  5. Chemistry

    Hydrogen holds promise as an environment friendly fuel. How many grams of H2 gas are present in a 52.0 L fuel tank at a pressure of 2861 lb/in2 (psi) at 20.0°C? Assume that 1 atm = 14.7 psi.
  6. Chemistry

    A sample of 40.0 mL of hydrogen is collected by water displacement at a temperature of 20 degrees Celcius. The barometer reads 751 torr. What is the volume of the hydrogen at STP (standard temperature and pressure)?
  7. Chemistry

    In this problem, your answers should be mathematical expressions involving a variable. Consider an ideal gas with an absolute temperature of T1 To what temperature would you need to heat the gas to double its pressure? T2=? I got T2=T1P times 2 but it is
  8. Chemistry 12 - Gases

    A gas is initially at 345 K, 821 torr, and occupies a volume of 5.85 L. What volume will the gas occupy if the temperature and pressure decrease, respectively, to 7 degrees celsius and 0.921 atm?
  9. chemistry

    A 0.03 mol sample of NH4NO3(s) is placed in a 1 L evacuated flask, which is then sealed and heated. The NH4NO3(s) decomposes completely according to the balanced equation above. The total pressure in the flask measured at 400 K is closest to which of the
  10. chemistry

    sodium azide, decomposes according to the following equation: 2NaN3 (s) -> 2Na (s) + 3N2(g) What mass of sodium azide is required to provide nitrogen needen to inflate a 80.0 L bag to a pressure to 1.35 atm at 25 c?
  11. chemistry

    what is the initial temperature (in degrees C) of a system that has the pressure decreased by 10 times while the volume increased by 5 times with a final temperature of 150 K? a)27 b)75 c)300 d)-198 e) none of the above Please explain--I need to know how
  12. chemistry

    A diesel engine's piston compresses 16 cm3 of fuel-air mixture into 1 cm3. The pressure changes from 1 atmosphere to 48 atmospheres. If the initial temperature of the gas was 305 K, what was the final temperature?
  13. Chemistry I

    A scuba diver's tank contains 0.23 kg of O2 compressed into a volume of 3.5 L. (a) Calculate the gas pressure inside the tank at 11°C. ________atm (b) What volume would this oxygen occupy at 20°C and 0.92 atm? ________L what are the formulas for this
  14. Chemistry

    Ammonia may be oxidised to nitrogen monoxide in the presence of catalyst according to the equation 4 NH3 + 5 O2 gives 4 NO and 6 H2O. If 27 litres of reactants are consumed , what volume of nitrogen monoxide is produced at the same temperature and
  15. Chemistry

    How many grams of glycerin C3H8O3 must be dissolved in 375.9g of water at 100 degrees Celsius to reduce the pressure of water above the solution to 714.6mmHg. The solution is a non-volatile compound
  16. Chemistry

    Bulb A is 100 mL and contains Helium at 1 atm. Bulb B is 500 mL and contains Argon at 2 atm. The bulbs are connected together by a valve. What is the pressure of gas A after the valves are opened? (assume constant temperature)
  17. chemistry

    calculate the pressure (in Pascals and bar) of 10^23 gas particles each with a mass of 10^-25 kg, in a 1 L container if the rms speed is 100m/s? What is the total kinetic energy of these particles? What is the temperature inside the container
  18. chemistry

    The organic compound di-n-phthalate is sometimes used as a low-density manometer fluid. Compute the pressure (in torr) of a gas that supports a 517-mm columns di-n-butyl phthalate . The density of mercury is 13.53 g mL-1.
  19. Chemistry

    A gas containing sulfur and fluorine analyzed as 29 % sulfur. A 140 g sample of a gas occupied a volume of 50.1 L with a pressure of 478.80 torr at 296.00 K. Enter the molecular formula of the compound.
  20. Chemistry

    A quantity of N2 occupies a volume of 1 L at 290 K and 1.5 atm. The gas expands to a volume of 2.7 L as the result of a change in both temperature and pressure. Find the density of the gas at these new conditions (in grams per liter).
  21. chemistry

    In the determination of the molar mass of a volatile liguid a 250ml flask was found to contain 0.250g of the vapor measured at 273c and 760 mmhg pressure. The molar mass is nearest the value
  22. Chemistry

    A gas containing sulfur and fluorine analyzed as 29 % sulfur. A 140 g sample of a gas occupied a volume of 50.1 L with a pressure of 478.80 torr at 296.00 K. Enter the molecular formula of the compound.
  23. chemistry

    The following reaction is carried out as a source of hydrogen gas in the laboratory: Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) ---> ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g) If 305 mL of hydrogen gas is collected over water at 25 °C at a total pressure of 746 mm Hg , how many grams of Zn reacted?
  24. chemistry

    The following reaction is carried out as a source of hydrogen gas in the laboratory: Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) ---> ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g) If 305 mL of hydrogen gas is collected over water at 25 °C at a total pressure of 746 mm Hg , how many grams of Zn reacted?
  25. Chemistry

    A weather balloon with a volume of 3.86934 L is released from Earth’s surface at sea level.What volume will the balloon occupy at an altitude of 20.0 km, where the air pressure is 10 kPa? Answer in units of L
  26. chemistry

    If a balloon containing 3000 L of gas at 39C and 99 kPa rises to an altitude where the pressure is 45.5 kPa and the temperature is 16C, the volume of the balloon under these new conditions would be calculated using the following conversion factor ratios
  27. science

    An older brother pours all the water out of a small cup on his little brother's head. Later, the little brother pours all the water out of a large pot on the older brother's head. Which of the answer choices correctly analyzes the pressure exerted by the
  28. Chem 105

    A gas has a volume of 36.0 L and a pressure of 750. torr when the temperature is 10. °C. What is the pressure if the volume changes to 15.0 L and the temperature changes to 78 °C, if the amount of gas stays the same?
  29. Physics

    If a tank contains water 4 m deep, what is the pressure at the bottom of the tank? (Neglect the atmospheric pressure.) A. 39.2 kPA B. 18.9 kPA C. 4.0 kPa D. 9.8 kPA Im really lost
  30. Ap Physics (Fluids and Pressure_

    a) What is the gauge pressure of water at a depth of 38.7 m? kPa b) What is the actual pressure of water at this depth? kPa what formulas do i use and how do i do this?
  31. Science

    true or false ___ fluids exert pressure in all directions. ___ the faster fluids move, the more pressure they exert.
  32. Physics

    An airtight box, having a lid of area 12 in2, is partially evacuated. Atmospheric pressure is 15 lb/in2. A force of 108 lb is required to pull the lid off the box. The pressure in the box was:
  33. Physics

    An ideal gas is compressed at constant pressure to one-half its initial volume. If the pressure of the gas is 120 kPa, and 760 J of work is done on it, find the initial volume of the gas.
  34. Physics

    An airtight box, having a lid of area 12 in2, is partially evacuated. Atmospheric pressure is 15 lb/in2. A force of 108 lb is required to pull the lid off the box. The pressure in the box was:
  35. science

    A gas sample has a volume of 150ml when the pressure is 175kPa. If the temperature and amount of gas remains constant, what volume will the gas sample occupy at a pressure of 120 kPa
  36. Science

    A circular hatch in the hull of a submarine has a radius of 40.0 cm. The submarine is 850.0 m under water. If atmospheric pressure above the ocean is 1.01 x 105 Pa and the air pressure inside the submarine is 1.31x 105 Pa, what net force is exerted on the
  37. PHYSICS

    A copper vat is 10 m long at room temperature (20 degrees C). How much longer it is when it contains boiling water at 1 atm pressure? Air in a balloon does 50 J of work while absorbing 70 J of heat. What is its change in internal energy? A bottle
  38. Chemistry

    If the amount of gas is decreased and the temperature and pressure stay constant, what will be the effect on its volume? The volume will increase. The volume will decrease. The volume will remain the same. The volume will be reduced to zero.
  39. Chemistry

    A certain gas has a solubility of .50 g/L under a pressure of 1500 torr. What would its solubility be a 2250 torr?
  40. chemistry

    What is the new volume if the volume of a gas is 3.2 L when the temperature is 7 C if the temperature is increased to 15 C without changing the pressure
  41. Chemistry

    Consider a tire at 35 Celcius filled with 32 psig of O2 instead of N2. Calculate the pressure in the tire at -18 celcius? Thanks!
  42. chemistry

    CaCO2--> CaO+CO2 <-- Calculate the pressure of CO2 in an equilibrium process at (a)22 Celsius and (b) 755 Celsius . Assume delta H=177.8KJ/mol and delta S=160.5 J/mol*K for that temeprature range. My question is do I have to subtract the two
  43. chemistry

    a 100 W electric heater operates for 10 minutes to hear the gas in a cylinder. At the same time, the gas expands from 1 L to 14 L against a constant atmospheric pressure of 4.246 atm. What is the change in internal energy in Joules of the gas?
  44. Chemistry

    Test corrections :) They're calculations/short answers. I'd just like something to compare answers to or help me get the full answer (all partial credits). Thanks! #9. When water is electrolyzed it produces hydrogen and oxygen. If 10.0% of 150.0g of water
  45. Physics

    The maximum pressure most organisms can survive is about 1000 times atmospheric pressure. Only small, simple organisms such as tadpoles and bacteria can survive such high pressures. What then is the maximum depth at which these organisms can live under the
  46. chemistry

    (a) A pressure vessel contains a large volume of CO2 gas at 10 atm pressure. A membrane composed of a poly(ether ketone) polymer with thickness 100 microns and net effective area of 100 cm2 covers a small perforated port in the container. The solubility of
  47. Chemistry

    (a) A pressure vessel contains a large volume of CO2 gas at 10 atm pressure. A membrane composed of a poly(ether ketone) polymer with thickness 100 microns and net effective area of 100 cm2 covers a small perforated port in the container. The solubility of
  48. science

    Which of the answer choices is a true statement about the properties of an enclosed gas? (Select all that apply) if a gas pressure remains constant, then increasing the temperature of a gas will increase its volume if the gas temperature remains constant,
  49. Math Word Problems

    #1. The pressure P of a compressed gas is inversely proportional to the volume V. If there is a pressure of 35 pounds per square inch when the volume of gas is 400 cubic inches, find the pressure when the gas is compressed to 100 square inches. #2. A
  50. Math-12th grade

    #1. The pressure P of a compressed gas is inversely proportional to the volume V. If there is a pressure of 35 pounds per square inch when the volume of gas is 400 cubic inches, find the pressure when the gas is compressed to 100 square inches. #2. A
  51. physics

    The largest ballon ever flown had a volume of 53 million cubic feet. The thickness of the fabric is only 0.013mm. The balloon would reach an altitude of 150,000 ft. ( 46 km). The atmospheric pressure at that altitude is about 2*10^-3kg/m^3. The pressure of
  52. physics

    A tank of compressed helium for inflating balloons is advertised as containing helium at a pressure of 2374 psi, which, when allowed to expand at atmospheric pressure, will occupy a volume of 194 ft3. Assuming no temperature change takes place during the
  53. physics

    A piston-cylinder assembly with the piston resting on a set of stops, contains 0.5 Kg of He gas intially at 100kPa and 25C. The mass of the piston and the effect of the atmospheric pressure is such that a pressure of 500kPa is required to raise it. How
  54. physic

    Hi! need help please thank you so much. Question:(a) Calculate the absolute pressure at the bottom of a freshwater lake at a depth of 28.7 m. Assume the density of the water is 1.00 103 kg/m3 and the air above is at a pressure of 101.3 kPa. ___Pa (b) What
  55. Physics

    2 moles of ideal gas are in a cylinder container with cross-sectional area 1*10^-2 m^3. Cylinder is fitted with a light, movable piston that is open to atmosphere, where pressure is 10^-5 PA.A 50KG MASS PLACED ON PISTON KEEPS IT IN mechanical equilibrium
  56. physics

    Fifty liters of gas is kept at a temperature of 200 K and under pressure of 15 atm. The temperature of the gas is increased to 400 K. The pressure is decreased to 7.5 atm. What is the resulting volume of the gas?
  57. health part2

    The sole activity of the respiratory system is breathing. True False The exchange of gases between the blood and tissue cells is external respiration. True False Air flows in the process of pulmonary ventilation because of pressure differences between the
  58. Science, please check my answer Ms Sue!

    How does a hurricane form? a.)It forms over a warm ocean water as a low-pressure area*** b.) it forms over a warm ocean as a high-pressure area. c.) it forms over cool ocean water as a low-pressure area d.) it forms over a cool ocean water as a
  59. chemistry

    The normal boiling point of liquid butanol is 391 K. Assuming that its molar heat of vaporization is constant at 45.9 kJ/mol, the boiling point of C4H9OH when the external pressure is 0.647 atm is
  60. chemistry

    SO2Cl2(g) SO2(g) + Cl2(g) The Kp for the reaction is 2.18 at 648 K. A sample of SO2Cl2 is placed in a container and heated to 648 K while the total pressure is kept constant at 9.00 atm. Calculate the partial pressures of the gases at equilibrium.
  61. chemistry

    Water has an equilibrium vapor pressure of 23.8 mm Hg at 25 C. If 1.00 g H2O is sealed in a 20 L flask, what mass will remain in the liquid phase when equilibrium is established? ( 760 mmHg = 1 atm, R =0.0821 L.atm/mol.K)
  62. CHEMISTRY URGENT HELP

    carbon dioxide is moderately soluble in cold water but is completely boiled out if the water is boiled.Solubility increases rapidly with pressure. How is the above phenomenon used in the production of aerated drinks?
  63. chemistry

    A 10.0-L stainless steel container was charged with 2.00 atm of hydrogen gas and 3.00 atm of oxygen gas. A spark ignited the mixture, producing water. What is the pressure in the tank at a constant temperature of 25°C?
  64. chemistry

    Calculate the final Celsius temperature of sulfur dioxide if 0.500 L of the gas at 35°C and 650 mmHg is heated until the pressure reaches 742 mmHg. Assume the volume remains 0.500 L.
  65. chemistry

    Consider the reaction below. C3H8 + 5 O2  3 CO2 + 4 H2O How many litres of CO2 will be produced when 10.0 L of O2 are completely reacted with C3H8? Assume that the volumes of the reagents and products are measured at constant pressure and
  66. Chemistry

    The theoritical yeild of a reaction that gives off nitrogen trifluoride gas is 844 mL at STP. What total volume of NF3 plus water vapor will be collected over water at 25° C and a total pressure of 1.017 atm?
  67. Chemistry!!!!!!

    a correction needs to be made to the calculations for real gases as compared to ideal gases. apply these corrections and calculate the real pressure expected for 5 mole of nitrogen in a 1.5L container at a temp. of 20C.
  68. Chemistry

    a piston performs work of 210. L atm on the surroundings, while the cylinder in which it is placed expands from 10. L to 25L. at the same time, 45J of heat is transferred from the surroundings to the system. Against what pressure was the piston working?
  69. chemistry

    CO (g) + Cl2 (g) ↔ COCl2 (g In one experiment, 0.93 bar of CO was combined with 1.01 bars of Cl¬2 in a reaction vessel at 700K. After the system reached equilibrium, the total pressure was 1.24 bars. Calculate Kp0 for the system.
  70. Chemistry

    If you have Mg+2HCL=MgCl2+H2 and a temp of 295K, and barometric pressure of .976atm and 43.5 mL of gas was collected from the experiment, then how many moles of H2 do you have? My answer is PV=nRT so n=PV/RT Plug in the numbers and get .00175 moles, but I
  71. Chemistry

    Fill a balloon with helium gas to a volume of 2.68 L at 23 celsius and 789mmHg. What would the volume of helium if the pressure changes to 632 mmHg but the temperature is unchanged. This is how I solved it V2 = V1 X P1/P2 2.68L X 23/789 = V2 =.078 L Is
  72. chemistry

    Use Henry's law to determine the molar solubility of helium at a pressure of 1.5 atm and 25 degrees celsius . this is what I know... Sgas = kH x Pgas so then I plugged in... Sgas = 3.7 x 10-4 x 1.5 my answer was .055 and it is wrong. could someone please
  73. chemistry ap

    Assuming all volume measurements are made at the same temperature and pressure, what volume of hydrogen gas is needed to react completely with 3.25 L of oxygen gas to produce water vapor? Answer in units of L.
  74. chemistry

    using the ideal gas law or the combined gas law,why does the air pressure inside the tires on my motorcycle increases during the time I am riding it. Consider what factors are being kept constant and what are changing and how. What if I weigh alot?
  75. chemistry

    If dissolving 2g of ionic salt causes 50ml of water in increase temp. by 15 degrees Celsius at constant pressure, what would be the change in temperature if 6g of the same ionic salt were used instead? Assume the volume of solution remains the same.
  76. Chemistry

    Pure phosgene gas (COCl2), .03mole, was placed in a 1.5 L container. It was heated to 800k, and at equilibrium the pressure of CO was found to be .497 atm. Calculate the equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction CO(g) + Cl2(g) = COCL2(g)
  77. Chemistry

    a piston performs work of 210. L atm on the surroundings, while the cylinder in which it is placed expands from 10. L to 25L. at the same time, 45J of heat is transferred from the surroundings to the system. Against what pressure was the piston working?
  78. Chemistry

    Samples of NH3 and 02 are placed in a rigid container. When the equilibrium below is established, the partial pressure of H2O is 0.784 atm. What is the partial erasure of NO when the system is at equilibrium? 4NH3 + 5O2 -----> 4NO + 6H2O
  79. chemistry

    CO (g) + Cl2 (g) ↔ COCl2 (g In one experiment, 0.93 bar of CO was combined with 1.01 bars of Cl¬2 in a reaction vessel at 700K. After the system reached equilibrium, the total pressure was 1.24 bars. Calculate Kp0 for the system.
  80. CHEMISTRY

    I know this question is already on here but the answer wasn't helpful to me. Liquid Sodium can be used as a heat transfer fluid. Its vapor pressure is 40.0 torr at 633 C and 400.0 torr at 823 C. Calculate its heat of vaporization.
  81. Chemistry

    Pure phosgene gas (COCl2), .03mole, was placed in a 1.5 L container. It was heated to 800k, and at equilibrium the pressure of CO was found to be .497 atm. Calculate the equilibrium constant Kp for the reaction CO(g) + Cl2(g) = COCL2(g)
  82. Physics

    A steam engine goes through the following 3 step process. I) Isobaric compression from a volume of 100 L to 10 L at a pressure of 4 x 105 Pa II) Isovolumetric process from a pressure of 4 x 105 Pa to a pressure of 4 x 106 Pa at a volume of 10L. III) An
  83. AP Chemistry

    I need alot of help on this problem, it is due WEDNESDAY and I have no clue how to do it Use the following information to identify element A and come pound B, then answer questions a and b. An empty glass container has a mass of 658.572 g. It has a mass of
  84. Physics

    A circular hatch in the hull of a submarine has a radius of 40.0 cm. The submarine is 850.0 m under water. If atmospheric pressure above the ocean is 1.01 x 105 Pa and the air pressure inside the submarine is 1.31x 105 Pa, what net force is exerted on the
  85. thermodynamic

    Energy is added to a piston-cylinder arrangement. The piston is withdrawn in such a way that the temperature remains constant. The initial pressure and volume are 200 KPa and 2m^3, respectively. If the final pressure is 100 KPa, determine the work done by
  86. phyics

    on a warm day(92 degrees F) an air filled balloon occupies a volume of .20m^3 and is under a pressure of 20.0 lbs/in^2. if the baloon is cooled to 32 degrees F in a refigerator while its pressure is reduced to 14.7 lb/in wat is the volume on the air in the
  87. physics

    a flask contains helium gas at 11k. the flask is thermally isolated and the gas is allowed to escape slowly through a narrow tube until the pressure within the flask is 0.98 atm and the temperature is 4.2K. if the gas is ideal, find the initial pressure
  88. Chem

    Consider the reaction: A(g)⇌2B(g) Find the equilibrium partial pressures of A and B for each of the different values of Kp. Assume that the initial partial pressure of B in each case is 1.0 atm and that the initial partial pressure of A is 0.0 atm.
  89. CHEM

    a gas bulb is connected to an open end manometer. the pressure in the bulb is .355 torr MORE than atmospheric pressure. If the manometer is filled with mineral oil (density .888 g/cm^3) then what wil be the difference in height between the two sides of the
  90. Physics

    A cylindrical tank has a tight-fitting piston that allows the volume of the tank to be changed. The tank originally contains 0.140 m3 of air at a pressure of 3.20 atm. The piston is slowly pulled out until the volume of the gas is increased to 0.440 m3. If
  91. Physics

    (a) Calculate the absolute pressure at the bottom of a fresh-water lake at a depth of 23.2 m. Assume the density of the water is 1.00 103 kg/m3 and the air above is at a pressure of 101.3 kPa. Pa (b) What force is exerted by the water on the window of an
  92. CHEMISRY

    A SAMPLE OF 5.5L OF ARAGON DAS IS STORED IN A SYLINDER AT A TEMPERATURE OF 32.2C AND A PRESSURE 8.42 ATM. THE SAMPLE IS TRANSFERED COMPLETELY TO ANOTHER 2.8L CYLINDER. SEVERAL HOURS AFTER THE TRANSFER THE SECOND CYLINDER HAS OBTAINED A TEMPERATURE OF 60C.
  93. chemistry

    Propane (C3H8) which is used as fuel in BBQ tanks often contains some butane(C4H10). A sample of a fuel mixture known to contain both propane and butane occupies a certain volume at a total pressure of 30 mmHg. The sample is then burned completely to
  94. Math

    The pressure on a scuba diver at sea level is 14.7 pounds per sq inch (psi). The pressure increases 0.445 psi for each foot of depth. Suppose the pressure on a diver is 41.4 psi. How deep is she? A spring is 2 in long with no weight suspended from it. For
  95. Chemistry

    A closed manometer is filled with an oil with density of 0.776 g/mL. What is the pressure in mmHg when the liquid column in the manometer stands at 85.7 mm? im not sure what mm is suppose to stand for here (probably meters but that doesnt fit into the
  96. Chemistry Stoichiometry

    The density of chloroform at a pressure of 220 mmHg and 25 degrees celsius is 1.42 g/L. Calculate the molar mass of chloroform. My set up is: mol*K .289 atm 1 1.42g/L ------------- ------------ ------ --------- .08206Latm 1 298K What I am unsure of is if
  97. Chemistry

    The water from a hydrated magnesium salt is driven off by heat in a closed system. If the steam generated exerts a pressure of 24.8 atm in a 2.00L container at 120 degrees C, determine the number of moles of H2O driven from the compound.
  98. Chemistry

    N2(g) + O2(g) → N2O5(g) What volume of oxygen gas reacts to yield 750.0 cm3 of N2O5? The reaction conditions are 350°C and 2.50 atm pressure. I balanced the equation 2N2+2O2 = 2N2O5 BUT I AM NOT GETTING THE CORRECT ANSWER, WHAT AM I DOING WRONG?
  99. Chemistry College

    One reaction of iron with hydrochloric acid is represented by the following thermochemical equation. Fe(s) + 2HCl(aq) → FeCl2(aq) + H2(g); ΔH°= –87.9 kJ How much heat is liberated at constant pressure if 0.416 g of iron reacts with 42.0 mL of
  100. Chemistry problem

    The volume of an ideal gas contracts from 5.68 L to 2.35 L as the result of a constant applied pressure of 1.48 atm. The system releases 733 J of heat during this process. Calculate deltaU (internal energy) for this process. Express answer in Joules.