# gunpowder is a mixture of potassium nitrate , sulfur and carbon in th proportion (by mass) of 6:1:1 (KNO3;S:C). A typical riflr shell contains 3.2 gunpowder. How many moles of each compnent are there in our sample gunpowder?

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1. ## chm

gunpowder is a mixture of potassium nitrate , sulfur and carbon in th proportion (by mass) of 6:1:1 (KNO3;S:C). A typical riflr shell contains 3.2 gunpowder. How many moles of each compnent are there in our sample gunpowder?
2. ## Chemistry

Gunpowder is a mixture of potassium nitrate, sulfur and carbon in the proportion by mass of 6:1:1 (KNO3:S:C). A typical rifle shell contains 3.0g of gunpowder. How many moles of each component are there in our sample of gunpowder?
3. ## chmistry

gunpowder is a mixture of potassium nitrate , sulfur and carbon in th proportion (by mass) of 6:1:1 (KNO3;S:C). A typical riflr shell contains 3.2 gunpowder. How many moles of each compnent are there in our sample gunpowder? KNO3 mole: C: mol S: mol Thank
4. ## Chemistry

20.When black gunpowder explodes, potassium nitrate, carbon, and sulfur react with each other to form nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and potassium sulfide. If thee original mixture contains 50.0 g of potassium nitrate, what is the total volume of the gases
5. ## Chemistry

A mixture of carbon and sulfur has a mass of 9.0 g. Complete combustion with excess O2 gives 29.7 g of a mixture of CO2 and SO2.Find the mass of sulfur in the original mixture.
6. ## chemistry

10. If the calcium oxide were obtained by the heating of calcium hydroxide, how much hydroxide would be needed to obtain the 15.0 g? 11. If the 15.0 g of calcium oxide in the above problems were allowed to react with water, what amount of calcium hydroxide
7. ## chemistry

A 15.0 g sample consisting of a mixture of silver nitrate and sodium nitrate is dissolved in water. This aqueous mixture then reacts with aqueous potassium chloride to form 3.97 g of solid. Calculate the percent by mass of silver nitrate in the first
8. ## Chemistry

A 0.8870-g mixture of sodium chloride and potassium chloride is dissolved in water and silver nitrate is added. The AgCl that precipitates has a mass of 1.913 g. Calculate the percent by mass of potassium in the initial mixture。
9. ## CHEMISTRY

Write the net ionic equation for the reaction between...(and MUST INCLUDE STATES, please post answers to all so i can verify if im correct and explanation to one of them) a) potassium hydroxide and copper(I) nitrate b) potassium sulfite and lead(II)
10. ## Chemistry

Lead(II) nitrate reacts with potassium iodine to produce lead(II) iodide and Potassium nitrate. If 1.23 mg of lead nitrate are consumed, what is the mass of the potassium nitrate produced?
11. ## Chemistry

For which of following can the metal ions be separated from one another by adding solution of sodium hydroxide? (a) cobalt nitrate and aluminum nitrate (b) barium nitrate and potassium chloride (c) magnesium nitrate and nickel nitrate (d) potassium nitrate
12. ## chemistry

A mixture of carbon and sulfur has a mass of 9.0 g. Complete combustion with excess O2 gives 29.7 g of a mixture of CO2 and SO2.
13. ## Chemistry

A 10.00 gram solid sample consisting of a mixture of sodium chloride and potassium sulfate is dissolved in 100.0 mL of water is combined with another 200.0 mL solution that contains excess aqueous lead(II) nitrate. Upon mixing the two solutions, a solid
14. ## Chemestry

A 5.000g sample of a dry mixture of potassium hydroxide, potassium carboate and potassium chloride is reacted with 0.100 L of 2.00-molar HCl solution. A 249.0 mL sample of dry carbon dioxide gas, measured at 22.0 degree Celsius and 740.0 torr, is obtained
15. ## Chemistry

Are these correct also? Ammonium Chloride : NH4Cl Nitrogen Dioxide : NO2 Hydroiodice Acid : HI Stannous Iodide : SnI2 Perchloric Acid : HClO4 Sulfur Trioxide : SO3 Chromium (III) Oxide : Cr2O3 Nitric Acid : HNO3 Diphosphorous Pentoxide: P205 Mercurous
16. ## chemistry

Potassium nitrate is made by adding potassium chloride to hydrogen nitrate in the presence of oxygen gas. Along with the potassium nitrate, chlorine and water are produced. How would write the equation?
17. ## chemistry

35.8g of a mixture of potassium chloride and potassium trioxochlorate(v), we're heated to a constant mass. If the residue weighs 24.9g.what was the percentage mass of the potassium chloride in the mixture (k=39, cl=35.5, o=16)
18. ## chemistry

a mixture containing only sodium chloride and potassium chloride has a mass of 4 g. when this sample is dissolved in water and excess silver nitrate is added a white solid forms. after filreation and drying the solid silver chloride has the mass of
19. ## chem

a 6.54 g sample consisting of a mixture of silver nitrate and sodium nitrate is dissolved in water. this mixture then reacts with barium chloride to for 3.50 g of silver chloride. calculate the percent by mass of silver nitrate in the first mixture
20. ## Chemistry

39.8g of a mixture of Potassium chloride, KCl, and Potassium trioxochlorate (v) KClO3, were heated to a constant mass.If the residue weighed 28.9g, what was the percentage of Potassium chloride in the mixture? (O=16,Cl=35.5,K=39)
21. ## Chemistry

Insoluble silver carbonate, Ag2CO3(s), forms in the following balanced chemical reaction: 2AgNO3(aq) + K2CO3(aq) = Ag2CO3(s) + 2KNO3(aq). What mass of silver nitrate, 2AgNO3(aq), reacts with 25.0 g of potassium carbonate,K2CO3(aq),if there is at least 5.5
22. ## Chemistry

So if i have the equation 2 SO3 --> 2S + 3 O2 would my word equation for this be Sulfur Oxide --> Sulfur + Oxygen OR Sulfur hexaoxide --> Sulfur + hexaoxide or what would be the correct one if both are wrong? and for this one 2 KI + MgCI2 -->
23. ## Chemistry

If 0.48 g of sulfur are added to 200 g of carbon tetracholoride, and the freezing point of the carbon tetrachloride (Kf=30 degrees C/m) is depressed by 0.28 degrees C, what is the molar mass and molecular formula of the sulfur?
24. ## Chemistry

Calcium carbonate decomposes on heating producing potassium nitrate and oxygen. Write a balanced equation for this reaction. Heating 100g of pure potasium nitrae what mass of potassium nitrate would be produced?
25. ## Science

The solubility of potassium nitrate is 40 at 30 degree celcius. Calculate the mass of water required to make a saturated solution by dissolving 15 gram of potassium nitrate at that temperature. Could u guys help me to get answer of this question. Plz help
26. ## Chemistry

Consider a 1.50-g mixture of magnesium nitrate and magnesium chloride. After dissolving this mixture in water, 0.500M of silver nitrate is added dropwise until precipitate formation is complete. The mass of the white precipitate formed is 0.641 g.
27. ## Chemistry

8.4 g of a mixture of potassium hydroxide and potassium chloride were made up of 1 litre of aqueous solution. 20 cm of this solution required 24.2 cm of 0.1 m nitric acid for neutralisation. calculate the percentage by mass of potassium chloride in the
28. ## chemistry

Write the balanced equations for the following examples: a) potassium hydroxide + sodium sulfide --> potassium sulfide + sodium hydroxide b) carbon disulfide + oxygen --> carbon dioxide + sulfur dioxide
29. ## Chemistry

Consider the Lewis structure for the major resonance form of PCS–. (Note that carbon is the central atom.) The structure shows: a. A phosphorus-carbon triple bond and a carbon-sulfur single bond. b. A phosphorus-carbon double bond and a carbon-sulfur
30. ## chemistry

The radioactive decay of carbon-14 is first-order and the half-life is 5800 years. While a plant or animal is living, it has a constant proportion of carbon-14 (relative to carbon-12) in its composition. When the organism dies, the proportion of carbon-14
31. ## science

Consider a 1.50-g mixture of magnesium nitrate and magnesium chloride.After dissolving this mixture in water,0.500M silver nitrate is added dropwise until precipitate formation is complete. THe mass of the white precipitate formed is 0.641 g. a)Calculate
32. ## intro to chemistry (college)

A 64.8 g mixture of the compounds potassium sulfide and calcium oxide is 17.1 % by mass potassium sulfide. The compound calcium oxide is 71.5 % by mass calcium. Calculate the mass (g) of oxygen in the mixture. mass % = mass part/mass whole x 100. I
33. ## Chemistry

Nitrogen can also be produced from sodium metal and potassium nitrate by the reaction: Na(s) +KNO3 (s) --> K2O(s) +Na2O(s) + N2(g) If we generate oxygen by the thermal decomposition of potassium chlorate: 2KClO3(s) --> 2KCl(s) +3O2(g) How many grams
34. ## chemistry

A 5.000 gram sanple of dry mixture of potassium hydroxide, potassium carbonate and potassium chloride is reacted with 0.100L of 22.0 degrees Celsius and 740.0 torr,is obtained from this reaction. What was the percentage of potassium carbonate in the
35. ## Chemistry

For the following reaction, 9.91 grams of sulfur are allowed to react with 20.8 grams of carbon monoxide . sulfur(s) + carbon monoxide(g) sulfur dioxide(g) + carbon(s) is the maximum amount of sulfur dioxide that can be formed? What is the FORMULA for the
36. ## chemistry

A mixture of 3.00 g of silver and copper metals was dissolved in excess nitric acid. Resulting salts, silver(I) nitrate and copper(II) nitrate, were isolated and dissolved in enough water to make 0.100 L of a solution with a total concentration of the
37. ## Science

Are any of the bellow chemical changes reversible? If yes, then how? Mixture of Lear Nitrate and Potassium Iodide Mixture of Copper Sulphate Solution and Iron Mixture of Copper Sulphate Solution and Sodium Carbonate Mixture of Dilute Hydrochloric Acid and
38. ## chemistry

how many grams of potassium nitrate are needed to prepare 250.0ml of a 0.03M potassium nitrate solution?
39. ## Chemistry - Science

A 6.70 g sample of a binary mixture of silver (I) nitrate and sodium nitrate is completely dissolved in water to make a solution. Aqueous barium chloride is then added to this solution in excess to form 3.60 g of silver chloride solid. What is the percent
40. ## Chemistry

A saturated solution of potassium nitrate in water is prepared at 70.0*C then cooled to 55.0*C how many grams of potassium nitrate crystallized--- how do I determine this using my graph with everyone's numbers
41. ## CHEMISTRY! HELP

I'm not sure how to do or show the work for these two questions. A) & B.)!! please anyone help: A.) Suppose a chemical reaction starts with 5.00 g of copper (i) nitrate and 2.00 g of magnesium chloride. Balanced Equation: 2 CuNo3 + MgCl2 ---> 2 CuCl +
42. ## science

could you use potassium nitrate to test for fluoride in mouth rinse? Is potassium nitrate a water soluble.?
43. ## chemistry

A mixture of carbon and sulphur has a mass of 9.0 g. Complete combustion with excess oxygen gives 22.6 g of a mixture of carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide. Find the mass of sulphur in the original mixture
44. ## Chemistry

A mixture of the compounds magnesium oxide and calcium sulfide contains 21.6999 g of magnesium oxide and is 51.3 % by mass magnesium oxide. The compound calcium sulfide is 44.400 % by mass sulfur. Calculate the moles of sulfur in the mixture. I'm not sure
45. ## Chemistry

How many mL of a stock solution of 2M potassium nitrate would you need to prepare 100mL of .150 M potassium nitrate?
46. ## Chemistry

You are required to prepare 100g of potassium nitrate crystals from its saturated solution at 75 degree Celsius. If the solubility of potassium nitrate at 75 degree Celsius is 155g and 20 degree Celsius is 31g, find the weight of potassium nitrate solution
47. ## Chemistry

Free sulfur may act as either an oxidizing agent or a reducing agent. What is the best experimental evidence for this statement? (A) Sulfur forms sulfur dioxide as well as calcium sulfide. (B) Sulfur is a nonmetal. (C) Sulfur forms both organic and
48. ## Chemistry

If 0.48 g of sulfur are added to 200 g of carbon tetracholoride, and the freezing point of the carbon tetrachloride (Kf=30 degrees C/m) is depressed by 0.28 degrees C, what is the molar mass and molecular formula of the sulfur? .48g * 1mol/32.07g= .01497
49. ## Chemistry

In the production of carbon disulfide (CS2), carbon (C) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) are reacted. If 8.00 g of sulfur dioxide reacts, how many moles of carbon dioxide are produced?
50. ## solubility graph

A mass of 30 f of potasium nitrate is dissolved in 100 cm3 of water at 100gC. How many more grams of potassium nitrate must be added to saturate the solution?
51. ## chemistry help!

Potassium has an atomic mass of 39.10amu. a sample of potassium is made up of isotopes potassium-39 (mass=38.964) and potassium-41(mass =40.962 amu). What percentage of the potassium sample is potassium-39? what percent of the sample is potassium-41?
52. ## chemistry

Aqueous silver nitrate reacts with aqeous potassium iodide in a double-replacement reaction to produce a precipitate of silver iodide. If 34.6 ml of 0.563 M silver nitrate are used with 148.4 ml of potassium iodide: a) What molarity of potassium iodide
53. ## Chemistry

10.1g of potassium nitrate were dissolved in 50cm^3 of water. the temperature fell by 16 degrees celsius. Determine (a) the number of moles of potassium nitrate dissolve in 50cm^3 of water. (b) heat change that would be produced if one mole of potassium
54. ## Chemistry

1)20 mL of a saturated of potassium nitrae at 50oC. Approximately, what mass of solid will precipiatae from the solution? 2)At 80oC, what mass of sodium dissolves in 1.0L of water 3.What minimum temperature is required to dissolve 24 g of potassium nitrate
55. ## chemistry

balanced equation for potassium nitrate(s)--->potassium nitrate(s)+oxygen(g)
56. ## chemistry

what would be observed when combining an aqueous mixture of: potassium carbonate and hydrochloric acid, zinc chloride and silver nitrate, magnesium chloride and sodium hydroxide, ammonium nitrate and sodium hydroxide?
57. ## Chemistry

A reaction was run where lead nitrate and potassium iodide were mixed. The resulting precipitate only gave a 78.1% yield. If the actual yield was 25.0grams, how many grams of lead nitrate were used? This is what I have so far: Potassium Iodide= KI =
58. ## Chemistry

Potassium superoxide, KO2, is used for producing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide in selfcontained breathing units, space shuttles, and other enclosed spaces. First the potassium superoxide reacts with moisture to release oxygen and produce potassium
59. ## chemistry

I need help with these questions 1. Calculate the percentage by mass of potassium in potassium sulfate K2 SO4 2. calculate the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium nitrate Nh4 No3
60. ## chemistry

a 2.52-g sample of a compound containing only carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur was burned in excess O to yield 4.23 g of CO2 and 1.01 g of H2O as the only carbon and hydrogen containing products respectively. Another sample of the same
61. ## Chemistry

Potassium superoxide, KO2, is used for producing oxygen and removing carbon dioxide in selfcontained breathing units, space shuttles, and other enclosed spaces. First the potassium superoxide reacts with moisture to release oxygen and produce potassium
62. ## Honors Chemistry (stoichiometry)

Can someone check and make sure I'm doing these problems right? Thanks so much!! 1. N2 + 3H2 ==> 2NH3 : How many moles of hydrogen are needed to completely react with two moles of nitrogen? ==> I got 6 moles. 3. Zn + 2HCl ==> ZnCl2 + H2 : How many
63. ## science

A mixture of zinc and anhydrous zinc nitrate was heated in air, and its mass has not changed after this procedure. Calculate the mass frac-tions of the components in the mixture.
64. ## Chemistry

What colors would you expect to see in a flame for the following compounds: potassium chloride, potassium nitrate, and potassium sulfate. Explain your answer
65. ## Chemistry

A mixture of C3H8 and C2H2 has a mass of 2.6g . It is burned in excess O2 to form a mixture of water and carbon dioxide that contains 1.6 times as many moles of CO2 as of water. Find the mass of C2H2 in the original mixture.
66. ## Chemistry

A mixture of C3H8 and C2H2 has a mass of 2.0g . It is burned in excess O2 to form a mixture of water and carbon dioxide that contains 1.6 times as many moles of CO2 as of water. Find the mass of C2H2 in the original mixture.
67. ## Chemistry

A mixture of C3H8 and C2H2 has a mass of 2.6g . It is burned in excess O2 to form a mixture of water and carbon dioxide that contains 1.6 times as many moles of CO2 as of water. Find the mass of C2H2 in the original mixture.
68. ## Chemistry

A mixture of C3H8 and C2H2 has a mass of 2.5 g . It is burned in excess O2 to form a mixture of water and carbon dioxide that contains 1.5 times as many moles of CO2 as of water. Find the mass of C2H2 in the original mixture.
69. ## Chemistry

A mixture of C3H8 and C2H2 has a mass of 2.3g . It is burned in excess O2 to form a mixture of water and carbon dioxide that contains 1.6 times as many moles of CO2 as of water. What is the mass of C2H2 in the original mixture?
70. ## chemistry

a mixture of 39.8g containing potassium chloride and potassium trioxochlorate (v) upon heating, the residue weighed 28.7g what is the percentage mass of potassium chloride in the residue?
71. ## Science

Lead(ll) Iodide can be produced from the reaction of Lead(ll) nitrate and potassium Iodide.What mass of lead(ll) iodide is produced when 50.0 mL of each solution is combined,forming a 0.750 M Solution of potassium nitrate? Please help me to solve this
72. ## Ap Chemistry

a mixture contains only sodium chloride and potassium chloride. a .1586-g sample of the mixture was dissolved in water. it took 22.90 mL of 0.1000 M AgNO3 to completely precipitate all the chloride present. what is the composition(by Mass percent) of the
73. ## Chemistry

You have a 35.5 g of a saturated solution of potassium nitrate at 80oC which you cool to 40oC, what mass of potassium nitrate will precipitate out of solution? @80 degrees C solubility is 160g solute/100g H2O @40 degrees C solubility is 60g solute/100g H2O
74. ## chemistry

In a hydrocarbon-based combustion reaction, what two molecules are most likely to be products? A. carbon dioxide and water B. sulfur dioxide and zinc oxide C. sulfur dioxide and cyclopentane D. carbon monoxide and hydroxide
75. ## Chemistry

A mixture contains only CuCl2 and FeCl3. A 0.7391 g sample of the mixture is completely dissolved in water and treated with silver nitrate. if 86.91 mL of 0.1463 M silver nitrate soultion is needed to precipitate all the chloride as silver chloride, what
76. ## Physical Science

Suppose you dissolve 40g of potassium nitrate in 100 cm3 of water at 100 C. If half the solution os poured out, how many grams of potassium nitrate will the remaining solution contain?
77. ## chemistry

When aqueous solutions of potassium carbonate and magnesium nitrate are combined, solid magnesium carbonate and a solution of potassium nitrate are formed. The net ionic equation for this reaction is:
78. ## chemistry

Which of the following statements best describes p orbitals? a dumbbell with a ring around it a sphere around the nucleus a four-leave clover two lobes apposing each other Examine the three isotopes of potassium (K) below. potassium-41, potassium-39,
79. ## Chem

Sulfur burns in the presence of oxygen to produce sulfur dioxide. Explain how the mass of sulfur dioxide produced compares to the combined mass of sulfur and oxygen.
80. ## Science

What mass of carbon monoxide will be produce if 40 grams of carbon are all allowed to react with 95 grams of sulfur dioxide?
81. ## Chemistry

Which of the following aqueous solutions are good buffer systems ? . 0.26 M hydrochloric acid + 0.24 M potassium chloride . 0.14 M acetic acid + 0.20 M potassium acetate . 0.16 M potassium hypochlorite + 0.23 M hypochlorous acid . 0.31 M hydrocyanic acid +
82. ## chemistry

3.0g of a mixture of potassium carbonate and potassium chloride were dissolved in a 250cm3 standard flask. 25cm3 of this solution required 40.00cm3 of 0.01M HCl for neutralization. What is the percentage by weight of K2CO3 in the mixture? (K = 39, O = 16,
83. ## Chemistry

a student was asked to determine the components of a mixture of potassium bromide (KBr), magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2, and barium sulfate (BaSO4). The mass of the sample of the mixture used was 3.21 g
84. ## chemistry

1. Chlorobenzene, C6H5Cl, is used in the production of chemicals such as aspirin and dyes. One way that chlorobenzene is prepared is by reacting benzene, C6H6, with chlorine gas according to the following BALANCED equation. C6H6 (l) + Cl2 (g)
85. ## Chemistry College

A 79.1 g mixture of the compounds calcium chloride and sodium sulfide is 80.9 % by mass sodium sulfide. The compound sodium sulfide is 58.9 % by mass sodium. Calculate the mass (g) of sulfur in the mixture. thanks.
86. ## chemistry

How many grams of potassium sulfide are produced from the reaction of 1.23 moles of potassium with sulfur?
87. ## Chemistry

Chemical formula for Mercury(II)Chloride, Potassium nitrite, Aluminum hydroxide, Sulfure Dioxide. Let me see if I am right for the ones I completed, okay for Potassium nitrite I put KNO^- and subscript 2 and for Aluminu hydroxide I put AlOH^-. I also need
88. ## Chemistry

Write skeleton equations for these reactions. a. butane(l) + oxygen (g) --> carbon dioxide(g) + water(l). b. aluminum carbonate(s)--> aluminum oxide(s) + carbon dioxide(g) c. silver nitrate(aq) + sodium sulfide(aq) --> silver sulfide(s) + sodium
89. ## Chemistry

Write skeleton equations for these reactions. a. butane(l) + oxygen (g) --> carbon dioxide(g) + water(l). b. aluminum carbonate(s)--> aluminum oxide(s) + carbon dioxide(g) c. silver nitrate(aq) + sodium sulfide(aq) --> silver sulfide(s) + sodium
90. ## Chemistry

A handbook gives the heat of combustion of liquid carbon disulfide as -3.42 kcal/g of the liquid. Write the equation representing the combustion of 1 mol of carbon disufide and the accompanying ΔH value. (hint: the sulfur containing combustion product
91. ## chem

Potassium nitrate has a lattice energy of -163.8 kcal/ mol and a heat of hydration of -155.5 kcal/ mol . How much potassium nitrate has to dissolve in water to absorb 105kj of heat? Answer in kg.
92. ## chemistry

Potassium nitrate has a lattice energy of -163.8 kcal/mol and a heat of hydration of -155.5 kcal/mol. How much potassium nitrate has to dissolve in water to absorb 114 kj of heat?
93. ## Chemistry 2

Potassium nitrate has a lattice energy of -163.8 kcal/mol and a heat of hydration of -155.5 kcal/mol. How much potassium nitrate has to dissolve in water to absorb 107 kJ of heat?
94. ## chemistry help!

Potassium nitrate has a lattice energy of -163.8 kcal/mol and a heat of hydration of -155.5 kcal/mol. How much potassium nitrate has to dissolve in water to absorb 105 kJ of heat?
95. ## chemistry

Write potassium sulphate +barium nitrate ¨ potassium nitrate + barium sulphate as a balanced symbol equation
96. ## Chemistry :(

Disulfur dichloride, S2Cl2, is used to vulcanize rubber. It can be made by treating molten sulfur with gaseous chlorine: S8(l) + 4 Cl2(g) --> 4 S2Cl2(l) [Molar masses: 256.6 70.91 135.0] Starting with a mixture of 32.0 g of sulfur and 71.0 g of Cl2,
97. ## chemistry

The analysis of halogenated hydrocarbon gave the following results: A sample of mass m=255mg produces 273.7 mg carbon dioxide and 130.6 mg of water .A second sample of mass 87 is treated by hot molten sodium .The obtained mixture is dissolved in distilled
98. ## Chemistry

A sample of a mixture containing only sodium chloride (NaCl) and potassium chloride (KCl) has a total mass of 4.000g. When this sample is dissolved in water and excess silver nitrate is added a white precipitate (AgCl) forms. After filtration and drying,
99. ## Ecology

Aside from lead, the two air pollutants most hazardous to human health are: A. sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide. B. ozone and sulfur dioxide. C. ozone and fine airborne particulates. D. nitrous oxides and carbon monoxide. is it A
100. ## chemistry

a.Write the balanced chemical equation for the reaction of methane and sulfur. (Type your answer using the format CO2 for CO2. Use the lowest possible coefficients.) 1CH4 + 4S --> 1CS2 + 2H2S (b) Calculate the theoretical yield of carbon disulfide when