# Some scientists have hypothesized that meteorites have periodically bombarded Earth and caused mass extinctions every 26 million years. How might this hypothesis be tested?

42,420 results
1. ## physics

calculate the centripetal acceleration of the earth in its orbit around the sun and the net force exerted on the earth. What exerts this force on the earth? Assume that the earth's orbit is a circle of radius 1.50x10^11m. (earth's mass= 5.98x10^29kg, Sun's

2. ## earth, science

Which of the following statements describes the development of the geologic time scale? A) Scientists developed the geologic time scale using fossilized remains from Europe and Asia. B) Scientists developed the geologic time scale by studying rock layers

3. ## Science

How can scientists use diamonds to understand conditions inside Earth? A. They can use diamonds to observe how seismic waves travel through different materials. B. They can use diamonds to cut through layers of Earth's crust. C. They can use diamonds to

4. ## science

Two im not sure on, please check? What is the true work of all scientists? Scientists ask testable questions and devise ways to answer those questions through experimentation or observation.*** Scientists research other scientists' discoveries and present

5. ## Science

Why do scientists use models? a: Scientists use models to learn about things that are too small, too large, or too complex to observe directly. < b:Scientists use models because doing so is always part of the scientific method. c:Scientists use models

6. ## PHYSICS

Search: a 1.0 kg mass weighs 9.8 n on earths surface and the radius of the earth is roughly 6.4x10 to the 6 m. what is the mass of the earth and the average density of Earth

7. ## Science

Consider the situation. Scientists discovered a sedimentary layer of earth with high amounts of the element iridium. This layer was laid down about the time at which the dinosaurs went extinct. Iridium is rare in Earth’s rocks, but it is commonly found

8. ## science

Why do scientists use models? a. Scientists use models to learn about things that are too small, too large, or too complex to observe directly. b. Scientists use models because doing so is always part of the scientific method. c. Scientists use models

9. ## science

Scientists believe that Earth's early atmosphere changed in composition as a result of a. the appearance of oxygen-producing organisms b. the drifting of the continents c. the changes in Earth's magnetic field d. a transfer of gases from the Sun

10. ## english part 1

Which of the following best expresses the writer's main idea in “Single Room, Earth View”? A. Space exploration leads to human progress. B. Space travel offers a unique view of Earth. C. Astronauts are highly trained scientists. D. Pollution is

11. ## physics

A student with mass 50 kg jumps off a high diving board.Using 6.0×1024 kg for the mass of the earth, what is the acceleration of the earth toward her as she accelerates toward the earth with an acceleration of 9.8 m/s2 ? Assume that the net force on the

12. ## physics

Calculate the force on a mass of 10kg placed on the earth's surface ( radius of earth = 6.4*10^6m and mass of earth =6.0*10^24kg and G=6.7*10^-11?

13. ## science

parasitic worm infestation is hypothesized to be damaging to the host. However scientists have recently discovered that worm infestation of certain autoimmune disorders. in which of the following ways should the hypothesized to be modified , given the new

14. ## Science , Biology

Cretaceous extinction... The evidence tells you that “overwhelming evidence suggests that the extinction was caused by a 10-km-diameter asteroid that struck Earth.” Suggest at least three lines of evidence that might have led scientists to this

15. ## social studies

1.Based on current climate trends, which type of event caused by physical environmental processes do scientists think is the most likely threat to Australia in the future? 2.Australia is battling water and air pollution caused mainly by? 3.Why are rising

16. ## Science

Which of the following is NOT a common landform caused by the passing of a glacier? Drumlins Esker Moraine Steppe ******************** There are sometimes flowing rivers within a glacier. True *************************** False Glaciers form and grow when

17. ## Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from (the centre of) Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The

18. ## physics

The Moon's mass is 7.34 x 10^22 kg, and it is 3.8 x 10^8 away from Earth. Earth's mass if 5.97 x 10^24 kg. a. Calculate the gravitional force of attraction between Earth and the Moon. b. Find Earth's gravitional field at the moon. GIVEN: Moon's mass = 7.34

19. ## physics

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. (This

20. ## science helppp.

4. Small pieces of rock that enter Earth's atmosphere at speeds of 15 to 70 km/s and burn up are called ____. (1 point) stars meteors meteorites asteroids

21. ## ELA

Volcano Forms New Pacific Island Angela Antrim 1NORTHERN PACIFIC OCEAN—Scientists have discovered a new, currently unnamed island in the northern Pacific Ocean. The small island is located in an isolated area between Hawaii and the Marshall Islands.

22. ## Science

Why do students and scientists construct scale models of natural phenomena?(1 point) to better observe patterns and relationships to correct mistakes in nature to define new units of measurement to collect data from natural events What do scientists use to

23. ## physics

3. A satellite of mass 500 kg orbits the Earth with a period of 6000 s. The Earth has a mass of 5.98 x 1024 kg. (a) Calculate the magnitude of the Earth's gravitational force on the satellite. (b) Determine the altitude of the satellite above the Earth's

24. ## physics

The moon is receding from the Earth by approximately 3.8 cm per year. Earth's mass is 5.98 x 10^24 kg, and its radius is 6.38 x 10^6 m. The Moon's mass is 7.3 x 10^22 kg, its radius is 1.79 x 10^6 m, and its orbital period around Earth is 27.3 days. The

25. ## science

1. Which of the following statements accurately describes the development of the geologic time scale? a. Scientists developed the geologic time scale by studying rock layers and index fossils worldwide. b. Scientists developed the geologic time scale using

26. ## Science

Why is it important for scientists to be open-minded but skeptical? a) Scientists need to generate many new ideas in order to reach a conclusion. b) Scientists need to be able to listen to new ideas but not accept them as fact without testing them. c)

27. ## science help PLS

Scientists earlier believed that the lowest measurable temperature is the freezing point of ice. However, modern scientists believe that temperatures below the freezing point of ice can also exist. What best accounts for these different opinions?

28. ## Science

CONNEXUS SCIENCE 6TH GRADE LESSON 7, UNIT 7 1. What was unknown to scientists during Wegener’s time? -Earth’s crust is made of plates that move. 2. Which continents have coastlines and mountain ranges that match up? -Africa and South America 3.What did

In February 2004, scientists at Purdue University used a highly sensitive technique to measure the mass of a vaccinia virus (the kind used in smallpox vaccine). The procedure involved measuring the frequency of oscillation of a tiny sliver of silicon (just

30. ## physics

A satellite of mass 225 kg is launched from a site on Earth's equator into an orbit at 200 km above the surface of Earth. (The mass of the Earth is 5.98 1024 kg, and the radius of the Earth is 6.38 103 km.) (a) Assuming a circular orbit, what is the

31. ## Social Studies

What do scientists use to organize Earth’s history?(1 point) mass extinctions fossil record geologic time scale layers of rock pls help!!!!

32. ## English

I urgently need you to revise this paragraph on dinosaurs. I need to simplify it using synonyms. 1) Whatever killed off (synonym??) the dinosaurs almost certainly had a bearing (I need a proper synonym) on the rest of the mass extinction, which was on a

33. ## science

Meteorites can make large depressions on Earth’s surface when they make impact. Why are so few of these depressions visible on Earth’s surface? • Earth is constantly changing it’s topography due to volcanic activity, or processes such as

34. ## Physics

A 14 kg rock starting from rest free falls through a distance of 5.0 m with no air resistance. Find the momentum change of the rock caused by its fall and the resulting change in the magnitude of earth’s velocity. Earth’s mass is 6.0 × 1024 kg. Show

35. ## Physics help!

How far from the center of the Earth (in km) is the center of mass of the Earth + satellite system if the satellite has a mass of 6560 kg and is in orbit 46200 km above the surface of the Earth. The mass of the Earth is 5.98 * 10^24 kg and the radius of

36. ## Physics

The Hubble Space Telescope orbits the Earth at an approximate altitude of 612 km. Its mass is 11,100 kg and the mass of the Earth is 5.97×1024 kg. The Earth's average radius is 6.38×106 m. What is the magnitude of the gravitational force that the Earth

37. ## Physics

A 1.0kg mass weighs 9.8 Newton on earth's surface, and the radius of Earth is roughly 6.4 x 10 to the power of 6. The mass of the earth is 6.02 x 10 to the power of 24. Calculate the average density of Earth?

38. ## science

Scientists earlier believed that the lowest measurable temperature is the freezing point of ice. However, modern scientists believe that temperatures below the freezing point of ice can also exist. What best accounts for these different opinions?

39. ## physics

3) A satellite is orbiting Earth at a distance of 57 kilometers. The satellite has a mass of 96 kilograms. What is the force between the planet and the satellite? (Hint: Don't forget that the distance between them in the equation represents the distance to

40. ## science

1. Scientists hypothesize that the sun formed ____. (1 point) less than a billion years ago from a cloud of gas and dust less than a million years ago from a chunk of Jupiter 2. Two of the inner planets are ____. (1 point) Venus and Saturn Mars and Venus

41. ## Science

What are tides and how are they caused? Tides are the alternate rises and falls of large bodies of water. They are caused by the gravitational interaction between the Earth and the Moon. Please correct me if I'm wrong, thanks

42. ## Math

How much work is required to lift a 700kg satellite to an altitude of 1x10^6m above the surface of the earth? The gravitation force is F=GMm/r^2, where M is the mass of the earth, m is the mass of the satellite, and r is the distance between them. The

43. ## Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. Can someone please

44. ## physical

A mass of 1kg on the earth is attracted with a force of 9,8 N.The raduis ofthe earth is 6,38 X 10m,calculate the mass of the earth.

45. ## Physics 1

In recent years, scientists have discovered hundreds of planets orbiting other stars. Some of these planets are in orbits that are similar to that of earth, which orbits the sun (Msun = 1.99 × 10^(30) kg) at a distance of 1.50 × 10^(11) m, called 1

46. ## Physics

When we say that the weight of an object is Mg, and that g = 9.8 N/kg, what assumptions are we making? Which of the below? The distribution of mass in the earth is spherically symmetric. The density of the earth is the same everywhere. The earth's interior

47. ## Physics

A spaceship is launched from the Earth's surface with a speed v. The radius of the Earth is R. What will its speed be when it is very far from the Earth? (Use any variable or symbol stated above along with the following as necessary: G for the

48. ## Earth

Some scientists have hypothesized that meteorites have periodically bombarded Earth and caused mass extinctions every 26 million years. How might this hypothesis be tested?

49. ## Earth/Space Science

Some scientists have hypothesized that meteorites have periodically bombarded Earth and caused mass extinctions every 26 million years. How might this hypothesis be tested?

50. ## science

Consider the situation. Scientists discovered a sedimentary layer of earth with high amounts of the element iridium. This layer was laid down about the time at which the dinosaurs went extinct. Iridium is rare in Earth’s rocks, but it is commonly found

51. ## Science

Consider the situation. Scientists discovered a sedimentary layer of earth with high amounts of the element iridium. This layer was laid down about the time at which the dinosaurs went extinct. Iridium is rare in Earth’s rocks, but it is commonly found

52. ## chemistry

kbear1 Read the following statement. Early on, atomic theory claimed that atoms were indivisible. Which answer choice describes how scientists refuted the claim of atomic theory stated above? (Select all that apply.) Scientists bombarded atoms of large

53. ## physics

Meteorites from Mars Several meteorites found in Antarctica are believed to have come from Mars, including the famous ALH84001 meteorite that some believe contains fossils of ancient life on Mars. Meteorites from Mars are thought to get to Earth by being

54. ## geology

How old are the oldest meteorites yet studied and what is the minimum age of Earth since Earth is at least as old as the meteorites. We know the oldest meteorites contain equal amounts of uranium 238 and lead 206. Uranium 238 has a half life of 4.5 billion

55. ## Science

1) Why can certain stars sometimes be identified as eclipsing binary stars? Answer) B. They become dimmer at regular intervals 2) Which of the following is a major difference between elliptical galaxies and spiral galaxies Answer) A. Elliptical galaxies

56. ## Science

Here's my question--- Precession of earth's axis causes- a-axial tilt b-a change in the north pole star c-seasons d-day and night My answer was a- m i rite? Precession of earth's axis caused by the centrifugal force of the Earth's rotation... =) The cause

57. ## physics

Using Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, compare the effect of the Sun and the Moon on the tides. Constants: Mass of the Moon, M☽= 7.348E22 kg. Moon's semi-major axis, a☽= 3.844E8 m. You can find the other constants you will need on the Astronomy

58. ## science

How might the formation of Pangaea have led to mass extinctions at the end of the Permian period, about 250 million years ago?

59. ## science

Some scientists believe the moon was produced when Earth collided with a Mars-sized object, breaking off pieces of Earth. Which evidence suggests that Earth and the moon may have once been in the same place? a. The soils of Earth and of the moon support

60. ## biology

What regulary hit the earth for the first 600 million years of existence? What do scientists call this period of time? - Aseroids, and meteors hit the earth.What do scientists called this period of time ? I need help answer this question please. If the

61. ## physics

Which of the following best describes the strength of the gravitational force on Earth due to your mass? A) It is zero as long as you are standing on Earth’s surface. B) It is much greater than Earth’s gravitational force on you because Earth’s mass

62. ## help help help

The asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter consists of many fragments (which some space scientists think came from a planet that once orbited the Sun but was destroyed). (a) If the center of mass of the asteroid belt is about 2 times farther from the Sun

63. ## ap physics

Suppose that Superman wants to stop Earth so it does not rotate. He exerts a force on Earth F⃗ SonE at Earth's equator tangent to its surface for a time interval of 1 year. The mass of Earth is 5.98×1024kg, the radius is 6.37×106m. Assume that Earth is

64. ## science

Multiple Choice Which of the following is a benefit of having a standard measurement system that can be used by scientists worldwide? A. Scientists can all perform different experiments. B. Scientists can compare and share data with each other. C.

65. ## astronomy

"super earths" are known to have similar densities and compositions to earth but they have a mass 2-10x greater than earth. If one of these super earth's had a mass 5x the mass of earth what would be the super earth's radius ? a) 1.7x earth's radius b)

66. ## physics

Evidence suggests that there are trillions of dollars' worth of minerals and metals buried in Near Earth Asteroids (the ones that come close to the Earth, not the ones in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter). Many scientists think an asteroid mining

What are some hypotheses that have been proposed for the mass extinctions throughout geologic time? Please refer to a specific time period and the organisms which became extinct. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

How far from the center of the Earth (in km) is the center of mass of the Earth + satellite system if the satellite has a mass of 6560 kg and is in orbit 46200 km above the surface of the Earth. The mass of the Earth is 5.98 * 10^24 kg and the radius of

69. ## Physics

The Hubble Space Telescope orbits the Earth at an approximate altitude of 612 km. Its mass is 11,100 kg and the mass of the Earth is 5.97×1024 kg. The Earth's average radius is 6.38×106 m. What is the magnitude of the gravitational force that the Earth

70. ## science

Scientists debate about the use of fossils as a tool to determine records of various events, such as the vanishing of the dinosaurs or the origin of our ancestors.discuss the role of fossils in helping scientists develop accurate records of the geologic

71. ## Science

Which scientific finding would be excluded from a particular location’s fossil record?(1 point) a simple cell living organism**** the shell of a snail plant imprints a jawbone of an ancient animal Which finding best supports the scientific explanation

72. ## Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The distance from the

73. ## Physics

Just reposting. A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The

74. ## physics

How much work is required to lift a 600-kg satellite to an altitude of 4 * 10^6 m above the surface of the earth? The gravitational force is F=GMm/r^2, where M is the mass of earth, m is the mass of the satellite, r is the distance between them. The radius

75. ## physics/math

Calculate the magnitude of the gravitational force between the Earth and an m = 6.00 kg mass on the surface of the Earth. The distance to the center of the Earth from the surface is 6.37×103 km and the mass of the Earth is 5.98×1024 kg.

76. ## science help PLS

Scientists earlier believed that the lowest measurable temperature is the freezing point of ice. However, modern scientists believe that temperatures below the freezing point of ice can also exist. What best accounts for these different opinions?

How much work is required to lift a 700kg satellite to an altitude of 1x10^6m above the surface of the earth? The gravitation force is F=GMm/r^2, where M is the mass of the earth, m is the mass of the satellite, and r is the distance between them. The

78. ## science

What is the geologic time scale and what are some thing scientists use it for (at least two things)? Here's my answer could you please verify. the geologic time scale is a record of the geologic events and life forms in Earth’s history. Scientists use it

79. ## world history

Which option suggests the wide-ranging influence of the refugee Nazi scientists on US technology? These scientists designed missiles, but they also worked toward future applications of rocket science. These scientists developed the first working prototype

80. ## Physics

Many astronomers argue that the Earth and Moon should be considered a double planet,since the gravitational force by the sun on the Moon is approximately as big as that by the Earth on the moon.Using the data below for the Earth and Moon at the particular

81. ## Physics

Using the fact that a 1.0 kg mass weighs 9.8N on the surface of the earth and the radius of the earth is roughly 6.4x10^8m. calculate the mass of the earth.

82. ## Physics

When a falling meteor is at a distance above the Earth's surface of 2.78 times the Earth's radius, what is its free-fall acceleration caused by the gravitational force exerted on it?

83. ## Geology

Scientists debate about the use of fossils as a tool to determine records of various events, such as the vanishing of the dinosaurs or the origin of our ancestors. Based on what you know of fossils from your textbook and other sources, discuss the role of

84. ## Physical Science

Here's a question from my homework that I have no idea where to even beging with it. A European "weighs" 100 kg on Earth. a. What is his mass on Earth? b. What is his weight on Earth? c. What is his mass on the moon where the acceleration due to gravity is

85. ## physics

Suppose that the attraction between the moon and the earth were due to Coulomb forces rather than gravitational force. What would be the magnitude of the charge required if equal but opposite charges resided on both earth and moon? Mass of earth =

86. ## Physics HELLLPPPP

When we say that the weight of an object is Mg, and that g = 9.8 N/kg, what assumptions are we making? Which of the below? -The distribution of mass in the earth is spherically symmetric. -The density of the earth is the same everywhere. -The earth's

87. ## Physics

When we say that the weight of an object is Mg, and that g = 9.8 N/kg, what assumptions are we making? Which of the below? -The distribution of mass in the earth is spherically symmetric. -The density of the earth is the same everywhere. -The earth's

88. ## physics

The mass of the Mars is about 0.11 the mass of the earth, its radius is 0.53 that of the earth, and the acceleration due to gravity at the earth's surface is 9.80 {\rm m}/{\rm s}^{2}.

89. ## Physics

Calculate the distance, in m, of the centre of mass of the Earth-Moon system from the centre of the Earth. Note: the mass of the Moon is 7.35x10 22kg, the mass of the Earth is 5.98x10 24kg, and their separation is 3.85x10 8m.

90. ## Physics

What is the potential energy of the Earth, considered as an object orbiting the Sun? Compare your result with the kinetic energy of the Earth in its orbit. Given Earth mass = 6.34×1024kg , Sun mass =1.934×1030kg, and distance from the Earth to the Sun

91. ## Physics

What is the potential energy of the Earth, considered as an object orbiting the Sun? Compare your result with the kinetic energy of the Earth in its orbit. Given Earth mass = 6.34×1024kg , Sun mass =1.934×1030kg, and distance from the Earth to the Sun

92. ## Physics

A spaceship is launched from the Earth's surface with a speed v. The radius of the Earth is R. What will its speed be when it is very far from the Earth? (Use any variable or symbol stated above along with the following as necessary: G for the

93. ## gravity

A spaceship is launched from the Earth's surface with a speed v. The radius of the Earth is R. What will its speed be when it is very far from the Earth? (Use any variable or symbol stated above along with the following as necessary: G for the

94. ## Science

The Sun exerts a gravitational force of 3.56 x 10^22 N on Earth. The mass of the Sun is 2.0 x 10^30 kg. The mass of the Earth is 6.0 x 10^24 kg. If we assume the Earth has a circular orbit of 1.5 x 10^11 m, what is the velocity needed for Earth to remain

95. ## Electromagnetic spectrum

Some astronomical objects emit no visible light but are known through (blank?) and radio images; satellite observations (blank?) Earth's atmosphere help scientists study space at wavelengths that do not reach Earth's surface?

96. ## Earth Science

1. What are one internal and one external source of energy in the Earth system? 2. Earth scientists assume that the causes of natural events of phenomena can be discovered through... 3. Science constantly creates new technology. Does this new technology

97. ## Earth Science

1. What are one internal and one external source of energy in the Earth system? 2. Earth scientists assume that the causes of natural events of phenomena can be discovered through... 3. Science constantly creates new technology. Does this new technology

98. ## science

A spaceship of mass 2000kg is moving towards planet Earth. Calculate the magnitude of the force that the earth exerts on the spaceship when the spaceship is 100km above the surface of the Earth. The Earth has a mass of 6*10 to the power of 24 kg and a

99. ## physics

can you walk me through this problem At what distance from the Earth will a spacecraft on the way to the Moon esperience zero net force due to these two bodies because the EArth and Mon pull with equal and opposite forces? mass of earth = m1 = 5.98 E 24 kg

100. ## math

The mean radius of the Earth is 6.37 x 106 meters (m). Assuming the earth can be modeled as a perfect sphere a. In cubic meters (m3 ) what is the volume of the Earth? b. In meters (m) what is Earth’s circumference? c. If the mean density is 5.515g/cm3,