I'm having trouble understanding the formulas for determining a planet's distance and mass. A planet's distance is related to the period of revolution and the mass of the central star (e.g, the sun). The relationship is called Kepler's Third law

57,649 results
  1. science

    if all of the following imaginary planets were the same distance from the sun, which would experience the strongest force of gravity due to the sun? planet a: mass 3,500 kg planet b: mass 50,000 kg planet c: mass 750 kg planet d: mass 100,000 kg a)planet a

  2. trig

    The sun of galaxy X has a diameter of about 25,000 mi with a maximum distance from Planet​ X's surface of about 47,700,000 mi. Planet​ X's moon has a diameter of 6,603 mi. For a total solar eclipse to​ occur, the moon must pass between the sun and

  3. physics

    A 3.3 kg mass weighs 30.03 N on the surface of a planet similar to Earth. The radius of this planet is roughly 7.4 × 106 m. Calculate the mass of of this planet. The value of the universal gravitational constant is 6.67259 × 10−11 N · m2/kg2. Answer

  4. physic

    Find the force a 67.5 kg man would experience while standing in the surface of each of the following planets PLANET 1. EARTH 2. MARS 3. PLUTO Mass for earth 5.98 x 10^24 kg for mars 6.34 x 10 ^23 kg for pluto 5 x 10^23 kg distance distance for planet 6.337

  5. physics

    A planet orbits the sun at a distance of 2.87 x 10^9 km. If the mass of the sun is 1.99 x 10^30 kg, find the orbital period of the planet. Then, calculate the orbital speed of the planet.

  6. Science

    What distance was used to define the astronomical unit (AU) A. the average distance across the sun, its diameter B. the average distance from the sun to mercury, the closest planet C. the average distance from the sun to earth, our home planet D. the

  7. Help Mr Oobleck

    If all of the following imaginary planets were the same distance from the sun, which would experience the strongest force of gravity due to the sun? Planet Mass (kg) Planet A 3,500 kg Planet B 50,000 kg Planet C 750 kg Planet D 100,000 kg A. Planet A B.

  8. mit physics

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass m 1= 6 ×10 24 kg and radius r 1= 9000 km. A projectile of mass m 2≪ m 1 is fired from the surface of the planet at a point A with a speed v A at an angle α=30 ∘ with respect to the radial

  9. Science

    The following table shows the period of revolution of some unknown planets of equal mass. Planet Period of Revolution W 1.9 years X 11.8 years Which of the following best explains which planet is farther from the sun? Planet W, because gravity is inversely

  10. physics

    An object rests on the surface of planet y. Its mass is unknown. Find the acceleration due to gravity near the surface of planet y. Answer in m/s/s. G=6.673x10^-23 radius of planet y=2439700m mass of planet y=3.302x10^23kg radius of planet x=71492000m mass

  11. Science

    Which of the following best explains which planet is farther from the sun? Planet W, because gravity is inversely proportional to the square of distance Planet X, because gravity is inversely proportional to the square of distance Planet X, because the sun

  12. physics(URGENT!!!!!)

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass m1= 5 ×1024 kg and radius r1= 7000 km. A projectile of mass m2≪m1 is fired from the surface of the planet at a point A with a speed vA at an angle α=30∘ with respect to the radial

  13. Astrophysics

    You know M(r) = v^2r /G d = distance; s= speed Planet 1: d=2/s=120 Planet 2: d=4/s=60 Planet 3: d=9/s=40 Planet 4: d=16/s=30 Planet 5: d=36/s = 20 You use the distance and orbital speed of the first planet to determine the mass enclosed within the orbit of

  14. physics help 3!! **

    Based on the following data about planet X (which orbits around the Sun): Planet X's distance from Sun = 3.6*1012 m Planet X's radius = 2*106 m Planet X's mass = 8.2*1022 kg a.) Find gx, the size of the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of Planet

  15. physics (help)

    A meteorite of mass m= 1 ×104 kg is approaching head-on a planet of mass M= 3 ×1029 kg and radius R= 7 ×104 km. Assume that the meteorite is initially at a very large distance from the planet where it has a speed v0= 2 ×102 km/s. Take G= 6.67

  16. Physics

    mass of star = 3.80 x 1030 kilograms mass of planet = 6.35 x 1024 kilograms mass of moon = 7.63 x 1022 kilograms average distance from star to planet = 1.56 x 1011 meters average distance from planet to moon = 4.26 x 108 meters Use the data above to

  17. Classical Mechanics Physics

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass m1= 3 ×1024 kg and radius r1= 8000 km. A projectile of mass m2≪m1 is fired from the surface of the planet at a point A with a speed vA at an angle α=30∘ with respect to the radial

  18. physics

    physica tow satellites are in orbit around a planet . satalite s1 takes 20 days to orbit the planet at a distance of 2x10 to the power of 5 km from the center of the planet . satalite s2 takes 160 days to orbit the planet

  19. Physics

    A planet has a mass of 6.22 × 1023 kg and a radius of 2.51 × 106 m. (a) What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet? (b) How much would a 77.7-kg person weigh on this planet?

  20. College Physics - Weight

    A planet has a mass of 7.93 × 1023 kg and a radius of 2.58 × 106 m. (a) What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet? (b) How much would a 67.0-kg person weigh on this planet?

  21. Physics

    Spaceman Spiff orbits planet X with his spaceship. To remain in orbit at 410km from the planet's center, he should maintain a speed of 68 m/s. What is the mass of planet X?

  22. physics

    An astronaut on a strange planet finds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 17.0 m if her initial speed is 3.80 m/s. What is the free-fall acceleration on the planet?

  23. physics

    An astronaut on a strange planet finds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 15.0 m if her initial speed is 2.40 m/s. What is the free-fall acceleration on the planet?

  24. Physics

    Two planets, Planet 1 and Planet 2, orbit the same star. Planet 1 has a relative mass of 4x and a relative distance of x. Planet 2 has a relative mass of 3x and a relative distance of 2x. Which planet has a higher gravitational attraction to the star? I

  25. physics

    A satellite orbits a planet at a distance of 3.80 108 m. Assume that this distance is between the centers of the planet and the satellite and that the mass of the planet is 3.90 1024 kg. Find the period for the moon's motion around the earth. Express the

  26. Astro

    A newly discovered planet orbits a distant star with the same mass as the Sun at an average distance of 118 million kilometers. Its orbital eccentricity is 0.5. A.Find the planet's orbital period. B.Find the planet's nearest orbital distance from its star.

  27. Astronomy

    Orbital speed is the speed with which a planet moves around the sun. The speed is determined by: a)the mass of the planet only b) the mass of the sun only c)both the mass of the planet and the mass of the sun d)the mass of the planet and it's distance from

  28. physics

    On the way from a planet to a moon, astronauts reach a point where that moon’s gravitational pull transitions from being weaker than that of the planet to being stronger than that of the planet. The masses of the planet and the moon are, respectively,

  29. PHYSICS(HELP)

    A meteorite of mass m= 2×10^4 kg is approaching head-on a planet of mass M= 4×10^29 kg and radius R= 2×10^4 km. Assume that the meteorite is initially at a very large distance from the planet where it has a speed v0= 5×10^2 km/s. Take G=

  30. Physics plz help .

    A meteorite of mass m= 2 ×10^4 kg is approaching head-on a planet of mass M= 6 ×10^29 kg and radius R= 8 ×10^4 km. Assume that the meteorite is initially at a very large distance from the planet where it has a speed v0= 7 ×10^2 km/s. Take G= 6.67

  31. Physics(IMPORTANT)

    A meteorite of mass 1*10^4kg is approaching head-on a planet of mass 5*10^29kg and radius 5*10^4km. Assume that the meteorite is initially at a very large distance from the planet where it has a speed 3*10^2km/s. Take 6.67*10^-11. Determine the speed of

  32. Physics 1111: Orbitals and Distance

    A planet has two satellite moons. Moon X has an orbital period of 2.27 days. Moon Y has an orbital period of about 3.40 days. Both moons have nearly circular orbits. Use Kepler's third law to find the distance of each satellite from the planet's center.

  33. physics(URGENT!!!!!)

    A meteorite of mass m= 2 ×104 kg is approaching head-on a planet of mass M= 7 ×1029 kg and radius R= 5 ×104 km. Assume that the meteorite is initially at a very large distance from the planet where it has a speed v0= 5 ×102 km/s. Take G= 6.67

  34. PHYSICS PLEASE HELP !!!!!

    On some planet with a radius of 8,553 km and a mass of 5.55 x 1024 kg the planet is spinning so fast such that anything at the equator will fly off of the planet. What is the planet's period (length of a day on the planet) in hours? Please help me solve !

  35. Physics

    the question is to write down a relationship for the potential energy of a body of mass m, when it is a distance r from the center of mass M and radius R.explain all symbols used and show that if a body is to escape the gravitational influence of the

  36. Physics

    From your intergalactic survey base, you observe a moon in a circular orbit about a faraway planet. You know the distance to the planet/moon system, and you determine the maximum angle of separation between the two and the period of the moon's orbit.

  37. PHYSICS(HELP)

    A satellite with a mass of ms = 7.00 × 103 kg is in a planet's equatorial plane in a circular "synchronous" orbit. This means that an observer at the equator will see the satellite being stationary overhead (see figure below). The planet has mass mp =

  38. Physics

    You are an explorer on a tiny planet with no atmosphere. You drop a coffee filter and find that it falls 2.0m in 1.6s. As you were approaching the planet, you measured the radius to be 1.8x10^6 m. What is the mass of the planet? So I used the 2.0m and 1.6s

  39. Grade 9 Science

    why does a planet's orbital radius represents that planet's average distance from the sun and not its exact distance?

  40. PHYSICS

    HELP. I need to understand this for a test tomorrow. THANKS Consider planet mass of 4.98 E 21 kilograms with a satellite orbitting it at distance of 3.11 E 6 meters from planet's center. Satellite has mass of 369 kilograms. How long (inseconds) does it

  41. algebra

    the weight of an object varies inversely as the square of its distance from the center of the planet it is on. If a person weighs 180 pounds on a planet's surface, what is his weight 250 miles above the surface of the planet? The planet's radius is 7000

  42. Physics

    What is the force of gravity at 220 miles above Earth's surface? Calculate how much of a g force the astronauts are actually experiencing. The solution for this math problem is a percentage. You can calculate it using the Algebraic equation: gr = R2/r2 x g

  43. physics

    A planet with a mass of (7*10^21) kg is in a circular orbit around a star with a mass of (2*10^30) kg. The planet has an orbital radius of (3*10^10) m. (a) What is the linear orbital velocity of the planet? (b) What is the period of the planet's orbit? (c)

  44. Science

    istance of a planet from sun is four times the distance of the planet frpm earth.How many years will the planet take to complete one revolution of sun?

  45. physics

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass 4 kg and radius 9000 km. A projectile of mass is fired from the surface of the planet at a point with a speed at an angle with respect to the radial direction. In its subsequent trajectory the

  46. Physics

    Astronomers can calculate the mass of a planet by using the orbital parameters of one of its moons. Consider a hypothetical planet, which has a hypothetical moon that orbits the planet in a roughly circular orbit with a radius of 3.95*10^8 m. The moon

  47. Physics Classical Mechanics

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass m1= 4 ×1024 kg and radius r1= 5000 km. A projectile of mass m2≪m1 is fired from the surface of the planet at a point A with a speed vA at an angle α=30∘ with respect to the radial

  48. physics help

    A spherical non-rotating planet (with no atmosphere) has mass m1= 5 ×1024 kg and radius r1= 8000 km. A projectile of mass m2≪m1 is fired from the surface of the planet at a point A with a speed vA at an angle α=30∘ with respect to the radial

  49. physics

    An astronaut on a strange planet nds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 30 m if her initial speed is 9 m/s. What is the acceleration of gravity on the planet? θ=45° because maximum distance R=(Vi²/g)(sin2θ) g=2.7m/s² correct?

  50. Physics

    At planet X, there is another planet called Y about 34 million light years away. The radius of planet X is 1 * 10^9 m. How far away from the center of the planet X is the planet Y in meters?

  51. Physics

    The mass of a star in a galaxy far, far away, is 2.13 × 105 Earth masses, and the mean distance from the center of this star to the center of a planet with the same mass as our Earth is 7.87 × 108 km. Treating this planet and star as particles, with each

  52. Ap physics 1

    The mass of a star in a galaxy far, far away, is 3.12 × 105 Earth masses, and the mean distance from the center of this star to the center of a planet with the same mass as our Earth is 2.46 × 108 km. Treating this planet and star as particles,with each

  53. science help plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz?

    A planet orbiting a star is occasionally hit by comets. Each comet has a mass of 4.8 × 10^6 kg of which 30% is rock and 70% is water ice. Each time a comet hits the planet 40% of the mass of the comet is vaporised and the rest is added to the planet,

  54. physics

    The acceleration due to gravity near a planet's surface is known to be 3.20 . Part A If the escape speed from the planet is 9.54 , determine its radius. Part B Find the mass of the planet. Part C If a probe is launched from its surface with a speed twice

  55. physics

    A satellite with a mass of 260 kg approaches a large planet at a speed vi,1 = 13.1 km/s. The planet is moving at a speed vi,2 = 10.2 km/s in the opposite direction. The satellite partially orbits the planet and then moves away from the planet in a

  56. PHYSÝCS HELP

    A satellite with a mass of 113 kg approaches a large planet at a speed vi,1 =10.3 km/s. The planet is moving at a speed vi,2 =14.6 km/s in the opposite direction. The satellite partially orbits the planet and then moves away from the planet in a direction

  57. Astronomy

    Understanding Newton's Version of Kepler's law. Find the orbital period in each case. Part A: A planet with twice Earth's mass orbiting at a distance of 1 AU from a star with the same mass as the sun.

  58. Physics?

    What information do you need to calculate the altitude of a satellite’s planet-synchronous orbit? (check all that apply) Mass of the planet Radius of the planet Mass of the satellite Period of the planet's rotation on axis Period of the planet's rotation

  59. Physics please help

    While visiting Planet Physics, you toss a rock straight up at 13.6 m/s and catch it 3.50 s later. While you visit the surface, your cruise ship orbits at an altitude equal to the planet's radius every 340.0 minutes. What is the radius (in m) of the planet?

  60. Physics help please!

    While visiting Planet Physics, you toss a rock straight up at 13.6 m/s and catch it 3.50 s later. While you visit the surface, your cruise ship orbits at an altitude equal to the planet's radius every 340.0 minutes. What is the radius (in m) of the planet?

  61. Physics

    NASA, when it sends probes to other planets, uses what is known as a gravitational slingshot. This is when a probe uses the gravitational potential energy a planet to gain kinetic energy. Even though the probe and the planet are not physically colliding,

  62. Physics

    NASA, when it sends probes to other planets, uses what is known as a gravitational slingshot. This is when a probe uses the gravitational potential energy a planet to gain kinetic energy. Even though the probe and the planet are not physically colliding,

  63. earth

    The acceleration due to gravity on planet X is one fifth that on the surface of the earth. If it takes 4.6 s for an object to fall a certain distance from rest on earth, how long would it take to fall the same distance on planet X? Answer in units of s

  64. physics

    The acceleration due to gravity on planet X is one fifth that on the surface of the earth. If it takes 3.5 s for an object to fall a certain distance from rest on earth, how long would it take to fall the same distance on planet X? Answer in units of s.

  65. physics

    The acceleration due to gravity on planet X is one fifth that on the surface of the earth. If it takes 4.6 s for an object to fall a certain distance from rest on earth, how long would it take to fall the same distance on planet X? Answer in units of s

  66. physics

    A 4 . 7 kg mass weighs 39 . 95 N on the surface of a planet similar to Earth. The radius of this planet is roughly 6 . 2 × 10 6 m. Calculate the mass of of this planet. The value of the universal gravitational constant is 6 . 67259 × 10 − 11 N · m 2 /

  67. physics

    A 2.5 kg mass weighs 23.75 N on the surface of a planet similar to Earth. The radius of this planet is roughly 7.7 × 10 6 m.Calculate the mass of of this planet. The value of the universal gravitational constant is 6.67259 × 10−11N · m2/kg2

  68. Free Fall

    The acceleration due to gravity on planet X is one fifth that on the surface of the earth. If it takes 3.9 s for an object to fall a certain distance from rest on earth, how long would it take to fall the same distance on planet X?

  69. physics....

    Spherical planet A has mass m and radius r. Spherical planet B has mass and  radius 2r. How does the gravitational field strength at the surface of planet B compare to the gravitational field strength at the surface of planet A? a) It is the same as

  70. physics

    A 2.5 kg mass weighs 23.75 N on the surface of a planet similar to Earth. The radius of this planet is roughly 7.7 × 10^6 m. Calculate the mass of of this planet. The value of the universal gravitational constant is 6.67259 × 10^−11N · m2/kg2. Answer

  71. Physics

    A planet has a mass of 6.15 × 1023 kg and a radius of 3.25 × 106 m. (a) What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet? (b) How much would a 79.4-kg person weigh on this planet?

  72. physics

    A planet has a mass of 5.71 × 1023 kg and a radius of 3.93 × 106 m. (a) What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet? (b) How much would a 61.8-kg person weigh on this planet?

  73. physics

    A planet has a mass of 6.08 × 1023 kg and a radius of 2.62 × 106 m. (a) What is the acceleration due to gravity on this planet? (b) How much would a 63.6-kg person weigh on this planet?

  74. Physics

    A planet has a mass of 5.21x10^23 kg and a radius of 2.77x10^6 m. (a) what is the acceleration of this planet? (b) how much would a 65kg person weigh on this planet?

  75. Physics ( using earth to find pressure of planet y

    3. A model of Earth’s interior: Look up the radius and mass of the Earth. Radius is 6,371 km Mass is 5.974 x 10^24 kg Calculate its average density. p_e = (5.974 x 10^24 kg)/ (4/3)pi r^3 = (5.974 x 10^24 kg)/ (4/3)pi (6371)^3 = 5.54 g/cm^3 Imagine a

  76. physics

    You have arrived at a new planet and put your starship into a circular orbit at a height above the surface that is equal to two times the radius of the planet. Your speed is 4300 m/s and it takes 7 hours and 18 minutes to complete an orbit. a. What is the

  77. college

    A spaceship lands on the planet whose radius is 5 times that of planet earth and whose mass is 25 times that of planet earth. Find the apparent weight of the astronaut on the second planet if the astronaut weighs 150lbs on planet earth

  78. Physics

    Spaceman Fred orbits planet X with his spaceship. To remain in orbit at 410km from the planet's center, he should maintain a speed of 68 m/s. What is the mass of planet X?

  79. Mechanics

    Show that theoritically the period of rotation of a satelite which circle a planet at negligible distance from its surface depend only on the density of the planet

  80. mechanics

    show that theoretically the period of rotation of a satellite which circles a planet at negligible distance from its surface depends only on the density of the planet

  81. space

    What is the force of gravity at 220 miles above Earth's surface? Calculate how much of a g force the astronauts are actually experiencing. The solution for this math problem is a percentage. You can calculate it using the Algebraic equation: gr = R2/r2 x g

  82. Physics

    A satellite has a mass of 6146 kg and is in a circular orbit 4.57 × 105 m above the surface of a planet. The period of the orbit is 1.6 hours. The radius of the planet is 4.44 × 106 m. What would be the true weight of the satellite if it were at rest on

  83. Physics

    1. Planet X orbits the sun with a mean orbital radius that is 6200 times that of earth. Its diameter is twice that of earth, and its mass is 8 times that of earth. A) Calculate the year of the planet X. B) Calculate the acceleration due to gravity on

  84. Physics please help ASAP!

    If you know the mass of a star and a planet’s radius and speed at perihelion (closest approach to the star), then using conservation of energy and angular momentum you can solve for the radius and speed of that planet at aphelion (farthest point from the

  85. physics

    Planets A and B orbit the same star. Planet B is four times further from the star than planet A and has twice the mass of planet A. The gravitational force of the star on planet B is ____ the force on planet A.

  86. physic 1010 first year university

    Planet Z is 9000 km in diameter. The free-fall acceleration on Planet Z is 10.0 m/s^2.What is the mass of Planet Z?

  87. physics

    An astronaut on a strange planet finds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 10.0 m if her initial speed is 2.60 m/s. What is the free-fall acceleration on the planet?

  88. physics

    An astronaut on a strange planet finds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 10.0 m if her initial speed is 2.60 m/s. What is the free-fall acceleration on the planet?

  89. Physics

    As astronaut on a strange planet can jump a miximum hirizontal distance of 15m if his initial speed is 3m/s what is the free fall acceleration on the planet

  90. physics

    A rock falls from rest a vertical distance of 0.63 meters to the surface of a planet in 0.48 seconds. What is the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity on that planet?

  91. Astrophysics

    I'm having trouble understanding the formulas for determining a planet's distance and mass. A planet's distance is related to the period of revolution and the mass of the central star (e.g, the sun). The relationship is called Kepler's Third law. Distance

  92. Physics

    The star has a mass n_1 times that of the planet, which orbits this star. For a person on the planet, the average distance to the center of the star is n_2 times the distance to the center of the planet. In magnitude, what is the ratio of the star's

  93. Calculus

    Okay so I have the following question and I am totally stuck: Newton's Law of Gravitation says that the magnitude F or the force exerted by a body of mass m on a body of mass M given by F=(GmM)/r^2 where G is the gravitational constant and r the distance

  94. math

    A model of a planet shows a satellite moving in an elliptical orbit about the planet. The closest distance from the centre of the satellite to the centre of the planet in the model is 3 m and the longest distance is 8m. a) Determine a possible equation for

  95. Physics Honors

    Consider planet mass of 4.98 E 21 kilograms with a satellite orbitting it at distance of 3.11 E 6 meters from planet's center. Satellite has mass of 369 kilograms. How long (inseconds) does it take the satellite to make one complete orbit around planet. I

  96. Physics/Math

    Ok...I figured out part a but I am having trouble with b. part a was: Zero, a hypothetical planet, has a mass of 1.0x10^23 kg, a radius of 3.0x10^6 m, and no atmosphere. A 10 kg space probe is to be launched vertically from its surface. (a) If the probe is

  97. Physics

    The star has a mass n_1 times that of the planet, which orbits this star. For a person on the planet, the average distance to the center of the star is n_2 times the distance to the center of the planet. In magnitude, what is the ratio of the star's

  98. Physica

    A 21.0-kg satellite has a circular orbit with a period of 2.37 h and a radius of 8.50×106 m around a planet of unknown mass. If the magnitude of the gravitational acceleration on the surface of the planet is 7.10 m/s2, what is the radius of the planet? I

  99. earth//space science

    what is an inverse relationship? explain the relationship between the density of a planet and the distance the planet is from the sun "what is an inverse relationship? explain the relationship between the density of a planet and the distance the planet is

  100. PHYSICS!!!!!

    An astronaut on a strange planet finds that she can jump a maximum horizontal distance of 19.0 m if her initial speed is 3.80 m/s. What is the free-fall acceleration on the planet?

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