1. English

    Can you help me check the grammar and rephrase the parts in inverted commas? Thenk you very much in advance. 1) The tales that make up the Canterbury Tales are narrated by the different pilgrims. However, in “The General Prologue” we find the figure of

    asked by Franco on May 1, 2010
  2. Grammar...Writing

    The name of the common error in the following sentenece? My answer is Dangling Modifier... Is that correct? Thank You 1.The dog that is man's best friend, is cat's worst enemy. There's no dangling modifier here.

    asked by Mandi on July 10, 2007
  3. English

    In this sentence, where do the commas go: Again I ask you implore you to help me Mr. Janus. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm In here, pay special attention to introductory elements, parenthetical elements, and nouns of address (at the end

    asked by Katie on January 22, 2007
  4. English

    Pronoun agreement: How do you know when to use who or whom? Who is a subject of a verb. Examples: Who let the dog out? Pat is the person who is always late. Whom is used as the object of a verb or a preposition. Examples: He asked, "For whom does the bell

    asked by Lesley on October 21, 2006
  5. Foreign languages

    I just have one more doubts concerning the use of commas. 1)....... based on personal duty, hard work, respectability, and charity. Do I need to set the comma before and? 2) The telescreen transmits and receives all the time. (Do I need to include "data"?)

    asked by John on June 23, 2012
  6. english

    Which one of the following sentences is punctuated correctly. A. I saw so many of my friends, that I knew from high school. B. Work was especially hard today,I had to train someone new to the job. C. I often carry a cell phone with me, it helps if someone

    asked by mubashir on July 22, 2006
  7. Grammar

    Which sentence is correctly punctuated. 1. The cost, and size of computers are decreasing, almost as rapidly as processing power is increasing. 2. Database management systems were originally large, unwieldly, and ready to use. 3. A factory closing means

    asked by Kourtney on October 17, 2006
  8. English

    After which word should you place a comma? All of us are very eager to see the presentation and we particularly look forward to the question period. It's a compound sentence. http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm Read section 2. Then let me

    asked by Kalli on October 17, 2006
  9. Question

    What,if anything,is wrong with this sentence? An appeals court ordered the money returned,however,the IRS didn't comply. A. PROPERLY CONSTRUCTED SENTENCE B. LACKS PARALLEL PARTS C. DANGLER D. COMMA SPLICE I THINK THE CORRECT ANSWER IS: (B)LACKS PARALLEL

    asked by Kalli on October 20, 2006
  10. English

    Can you please help me rephrase this paragraph taken from Chapter 5 of Virginia Woolf's "To the Lighthouse"? 1) Mrs. Ramsay has James stand so she can measure a stocking she is knitting against his leg. 2) It is a stocking for the lighthouse keeper's

    asked by Franco on April 22, 2010
  11. Question

    Do you the different comma's? I don't know what your exact question is, but here is a webpage that includes excellent explanations and examples for the different comma uses: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm =)

    asked by J on May 14, 2007
  12. Physics

    Alpengeist, in Williamsburg, Virginia, promises the world’s largest inverted (upside-down) loop, with a diameter of 106 feet (32.3 m). (i) What is the minimum safe speed while inverted? (ii) If the actual speed is 52.0 mph while inverted(23.25 m/s), then

    asked by Meder on March 2, 2013
  13. English

    Coordinating conjunctions are these: FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Whenever you use one of these conjunctions to join independent clauses (that is, they could be independent sentences on their own), you need a comma after the first clause and

    asked by Writeacher on February 5, 2007
  14. English

    Is there a site where it can accurately check grammar? I use the the Word grammar/spell check, and it still messes up at times :/ thanks much!

    asked by Nikki on July 27, 2008
  15. English

    Could you please help me rephrase these sentences? Thank you. 1) Dad took the day off to come with me. (Rephrase?) 2) Don't take too much work on (rephrase?) 3) They took 20% off the list price. They removed 20% from the list price (is there another verb I

    asked by Henry2 on February 13, 2012
  16. English

    http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/commas.htm Check through these different comma uses (including explanations and examples) and decide which one applies to this sentence. Then please re-post and let me know what you think. =) Punctuating sentences The

    asked by Writeacher on March 2, 2007
  17. English

    I found it difficult to rephrase a few sentences taken from Stevenson's D Jekyll and Mr Hyde. I included them into inverted commas. i really hope you can help me clarify their meanings. 1) Utterson decided to look for Mr.Hyde. As he was waiting for him at

    asked by Franco on March 15, 2010
  18. english

    Which one of the following sentences containes an unnecessary comma. A. We had to decide among steak, lobster, and pork roast. B. Before we could enter the building, we had to show our identification badges. C. The car that was used as a demonstration in

    asked by mubashir on July 22, 2006
  19. Art

    Can you please check if my rephrase is OK? I need to rephrase my previous post. I can't leave the sentences as they were. Thank you, Ms Sue. How does George Orwell describe Winston Smith in the opening of Nineteen Eighty-Four? Make referece to the place

    asked by Mike on June 6, 2012
  20. english

    85. The overriding goal when teaching grammar to EFL students should be to A: improve their communications skills. B: help them successfully name parts of speech. C: improve their abilities to diagram sentences. D: help them prepare their own grammar

    asked by Althea on July 27, 2017
  21. english

    Regarding the use of commas, which one of the following statements is accurate? A. A parenthetical use of commas is usually confusing to the reader. B. There is no need for commas that indicate added details in a sentence. C. Commas are needed to separate

    asked by selena on May 2, 2013
  22. grammar

    what is parrallel structure? Parallel structure is making sure that all parts of a series or other sentence constructions are using nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc., in the same order. There are some excellent examples here:

    asked by patti on November 21, 2006
  23. English

    Can you please check the following sentences for me? 1)The mirror compares itsself to a lake. A woman bends over it so see what she is really like. The mirror is important to her.She is addicted (?) to it to the point that she's searching for what she

    asked by Franco on February 9, 2010
  24. English

    Do you guys do grammar check on like a paragraph. I am writing a letter to the principle and I want to have proper grammar. Thank you.

    asked by Grammar check? on February 9, 2016
  25. Composition

    Can you please check this for any grammatical errors? Thank you for your help. Having been out of school for 15 years, I seem to have forgotten the fundamentals of grammar. Taking Composition and Communication 155 has helped me gain a better understanding

    asked by Tori on June 3, 2011
  26. English

    Can you check the grammar in the following sentences, please? 1)In order to reach the branch Lockwood pushed his hand through the window , but an ice-cold hand grabbed his fingers. In vain he tried to release himself from its tenacious grisp, which was

    asked by Franco on March 4, 2010
  27. Science-help needed

    A letter R on a piece of paper is observed under a microscope. The image observed is vertically inverted and laterally inverted. Why? What is the science definition of laterally inverted? Thanks a lot.

    asked by angie on February 25, 2009
  28. Grammar

    Lately when I've been reading news articles and website blogs, I've been seeing some funny grammar that I don't remember learning about. It deals with commas for a list of items. Normally I thought you would write like this: I have potatoes, carrots, and

    asked by Bob on July 14, 2012
  29. English

    how can i rephrase this so that both parts are parallel Lots of my friends think that Prince's music is old, but I think it's not only excellent but also an innovation.

    asked by Karen on August 17, 2013
  30. english desperate

    Are these corret! tahnk you so much review for test! are my answers correct 1. Several people listened, but nobody voluntered??? simple 2. Gina and dave picked the wild flowers, and we arranged them???simple 3. Snow fell: winter was now upon us?? compound

    asked by liz on October 31, 2006
  31. grammar

    if your baby does not like cold apple juice, it should be heated. I not sure where the dangling modifier is in this sentence. I think it is fine the way it is. could you help me The problem is the word "it" -- does that word refer to the baby or to the

    asked by vada on September 8, 2006
  32. English

    The new drug proved to be highly efective,it has no side effects. A. PROPERLY CONSTRUCTED SENTENCE B. COMMA SPLICE C. LACKS PARALLEL PARTS D. HAS UNCLEAR PRONOUN Please post your answer, and we'll discuss it. A Please check this site.

    asked by Joyce on October 19, 2006
  33. English -- for Sandra

    Sandra, I removed your original post because you included your whole name, etc. That's not a safe thing to do online. Here's your paper, with comments: -------------------------- Love...So many words have been told, so many poems have been composed, so

    asked by Writeacher on October 9, 2008
  34. English

    I corrected the two sentences as you told me. Can you please check them? Thank you. 1) Coleridge's view of nature, unlike Wordsworth's, is infused with abstract and supernatural meanings. 2) Differing from Wordsworth, Coleridge's view of nature is infused

    asked by Henry on June 21, 2011
  35. math

    what is (-x-3)+(4x-7)simplified? please show the work, thenk you.

    asked by t on October 25, 2012
  36. English

    Can someone check out the spelling and grammar for me, please? In this drawing, I was drawing cauliflower with some other vegetables. The vegetables was in the background and in the foreground, it was the cauliflower. This mainly should be a line drawing.

    asked by BabyM on June 23, 2008
  37. Help please--English

    How would you punctuate this sentence correctly? Little Rock Arkansas was the scene of tragedy and strife. Should I place a comma after the word Arkanas? Should I place a comma after the word tragedy? Comma after Little Rock and another comma after

    asked by Kourtney on October 17, 2006
  38. English

    Can you please check these other sentences,too? Thank you. 1) Every detail in the novel is accounted for in the most precise manner. 2) Friday's physical traits are similar to those of a European. Friday doesn't believe in God so he is not Christian.

    asked by Matthew on March 20, 2012
  39. math

    -k=287.658 divide by o so k=0? correct? thenk you

    asked by jill on November 6, 2011
  40. Art

    Writeacher, I need your help to rephrase a few sentences. Thank you. 1) Eveline imagines the reactions of people at work when she has gone. Miss Gavan would be glad because she has always had an edge on her (I need to rephrase this). 2) On her turn, she

    asked by Frank on May 7, 2012
  41. English

    I am having trouble identifing dangling modifers. example: If your baby does not like cold apple juice, it should be heated. What is the best way to identify dangling modifers? http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/modifiers.htm This is the absolute BEST

    asked by Russell on December 13, 2006
  42. English

    I need to paraphrase some lines from Beowulf for tomorrow. I really hope you could answer this as well as the previous message I posted to you. Thank you in advance!! 1) The breath of the dragon billowed (how can I rephrase it? “rose and fell”,

    asked by Franco on March 9, 2010
  43. chemistry

    The urine of horses are mixed with an excess of hydrochloric acid, after some time, a yellowish-brown crystalline precipitate, which have an unpleasant odor, that can't be removed by simply washing with water. This new compound has the following

    asked by Ad on September 11, 2013
  44. English

    I forgot to add the following sentences. Thank you. 1) When they came back home, they were much more respectful of their parents,didn't use any bad language and behaved correctly in class. 2) Their week (out of home)taught them to trust themselves and

    asked by Henry2 on November 8, 2011
  45. English

    Can somebody help me with commans? where do they commas go in these sentences? Or do they need them? 1) I give you homework becuase you need to learn commas. 2)If you fill in the commas you will be happy with your grade. 3) I will be happy as I grade you

    asked by Jen on January 28, 2010
  46. English

    What are four things to look for when proofreading? My answers: Reading, grammar check, spelling check, and punctuation.

    asked by Jensen on March 13, 2014
  47. writeteacher

    i was advise not to take eng 093 just yet which is basic english and and the courses i take requires me to write papers. Please help me with learning the basics of english, like putting the commas, semi in its apprioate space. also grammar!

    asked by @@@KEA on August 20, 2012
  48. writing

    i was advise not to take eng 093 just yet which is basic english and and the courses i take requires me to write papers. Please help me with learning the basics of english, like putting the commas, semi in its apprioate space. also grammar!

    asked by #####rena on August 21, 2012
  49. English

    Writeacher, I urgently need to rephrase Shakespeare's sonnet "When I do Count the Clock that Tells the Time". The rephrase must be simple and straightforward. Can you recommend a website? Thank you very much!!!

    asked by Henry2 on February 20, 2012

    REcognizing Antecedents http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/pronouns.htm http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_pronuse.html And others: http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&q=recognize+antecedent+grammar =)

    asked by Nicki S. on March 27, 2007
  51. English

    Here is interview 4. Could you please help me rephrase it, especially the part with (??) which I can't understand. 5)Speaker 4 is again very colloquial. “I’ve had quite a few interviews for, let’s see, about 4 jobs. So I was getting a bit blasé

    asked by Henry2 on February 10, 2012
  52. English

    Punctuating Sentences With five gallons of gas. This is not a complete sentence. Once you write a complete sentence, please repost and we'll help you with punctuation, if necessary. =) With five gallons of gas the car will run. Now it's a complete sentence

    asked by Samatha Priest on March 2, 2007
  53. Writing comunication

    An effectively written sentence usually: a. starts with (it is )or (there are) to keep the beginnings similiar. b. includes passive construction that makes sentenced direct. c. ends with a direct object to provide readers with closure. d. used active voice

    asked by Haydee on July 10, 2006
  54. 8th grade

    hi everyday my teacher gives us a paragraph to fix: grammar ,spelling,commas,ex.and i always fail.I don't understand how fix a paragraph or my rough drafts can you help me !!!!

    asked by jodi on January 8, 2009
  55. English

    Which of the following emphasizes parts of sentences? a) parentheses b) em-dashes c) commas d) en-dashes I know it's not A Thinking it is C

    asked by Rebe on May 17, 2018

    Please check for commas errors, speling and any other grammar error. Please provide the correc answer. The quality in the air in our community interests all of us. We must all work together to keep the air safe for our children. During the past six months

    asked by angela on March 3, 2011
  57. 3rd grade

    alice folded a piece of paper into 12 equal squares and colored them. She had 3 times as many red parts as green parts and 2 more yellow parts than blue parts. How many parts did she have of eeach color?

    asked by tee on January 20, 2009
  58. English

    Writeacher, I need to rephrase a few verbs related to film stars. I also wanted to prepare a sort of vocabulary to be used when describing music groups. Can you suggest a website? Thank you very much. 1) She's been involved in show business (?) since she

    asked by Henry2 on February 21, 2012
  59. English 101

    My question is to correct the faulty parallelism.How can we do that. "The streets were not only too steep but also were too narrow for anything other than pedestrian traffic." The structure is parallel. Perhaps the second were isn't needed. Please check

    asked by Niraj on June 11, 2007
  60. Business

    Camden Products buys a $500,000 machine by taking out a bank loan.The company's assets will______by $500,000 while its liabilities will_____by $500,000. A.rise;rise B.fall;fall C.fall;rise D.rise;fall My answer is D can somebody check for me thenk you

    asked by bella on October 7, 2013
  61. writing...grammar

    Hello, Which sentence contains a dangling modifier? 1. When the storm began to abate, we went home. 2. By the light of the moon, I tripped over a rock. 3. The dog that is man's best friend is cat's worst enemy. I don't see any dangling modifiers in here.

    asked by Mandi on July 15, 2007
  62. English

    Can you please check my sentences? In particular I need to rephrase a Beatles' song called "Help". 1) In the song "Help" the Beatles (?) regret being young and self-assured (self confident?). In the past they were more independet and didn't need anybody's

    asked by Franco on February 3, 2011
  63. English Ms Sue

    The last thing on my final is a paragraph I had to write, Using correct spelling and correct grammar, write a paragraph of five related sentences that discuss your experience in the English Grammar course. Using all four sentence types. Will you proof read

    asked by Karen on November 19, 2014
  64. English

    Can someone check my sentences, please? It's really urgent. I don't know how to rephrase "bug", "she did te ultimate". Thank you. 1) My mum started bugging with clothes she chose. I didn't say anything at first, I just turned up my nose. 2)I need to

    asked by Mike on March 31, 2011
  65. English

    Please check for spelling and commas errors. If commas need to be placed somewhere please let me know where. Please let me know whether you want photographs taking of the altar during the ceremony or after the services. If you would prefer not to have

    asked by shay on March 2, 2011
  66. Physics

    There is a 12mm high object that is 10 cm from a concave mirror with a focal length of 17 cm. (a) Where (B) How high, and (C) what type type is its image. For C i got real inverted and reduced but how do you do parts A and B

    asked by Sammy on October 21, 2009
  67. Physics

    There is a 12mm high object that is 10 cm from a concave mirror with a focal length of 17 cm. (a) Where (B) How high, and (C) what type type is its image. For C i got real inverted and reduced but how do you do parts A and B

    asked by Sammy on October 22, 2009
  68. English

    Students, who study hard, should do well on the test. There should be either two commas or no commas in this sentence. If only students who study will do well, then use no commas. If all students study and do well, then use two commas. =)

    asked by Anonymous on January 4, 2007
  69. English

    Can you please check these sentences? I find it difficult to rephrase to sentences. Thank you. 1) thank you very much for helping me with my school search. 2) In the blog I noticed that your colleague wrote that the involved students come from the fifh and

    asked by Henry2 on January 29, 2012
  70. English

    If there are two independent clauses in a sentance, but one of the already has a comma, then should there be a semicolon before the conjunction? I just got a paper back from my english teacher and this sentance is one he corected: "Though some people

    asked by ali on October 10, 2006
  71. english

    Suppose you are exploring a subject for a composition. Which one of the following methods would help you find relationships among various aspects of a subject. A. Journaling B. Freewriting C. Pentad D. Listing

    asked by mubashir on July 22, 2006
  72. English

    Here is my rephrase. Actually, I don't have much time to find synonyms, so I hope you can help me. 1) At the beginning of the passage taken from Chapter sixteen of Robinson Crusoe,Friday is described as a fascinating, good-looking young man in his late

    asked by Henry2 on January 17, 2012
  73. english

    When considering the extent that Tolkien borrows the characters,objects and events from the ancient myths, there are a variety of evidences that Tolkien uses the elements of heroism, the precious treasure and the retaliation to create the fantasy story,

    asked by Mike on October 10, 2006
  74. com-155

    Students are often confused about the use of the words good and well in their writing. Write a 100-word passage to Susan Anker, the author of the course’s textbook, in which you describe five details from her book that are good and five details about the

    asked by b-more-nappy on April 19, 2011
  75. english

    Hi, we are working on commas. I was wondering if I put the commas in the right places in this sentence: Please mail this to Donna Harris, 328 Maple Street, Branford, Connecticut 06405.

    asked by Michael on September 8, 2009
  76. grammar..

    which sentences need commas ... a) the dessert had a fluffly cream topping b) the fish was served with a rich tangy sauce c) my first job was happy rewarding experience d) Mr.Hawkins has a large collection of rare valuuable coins e) the leader of the rock

    asked by Anonymous on April 4, 2011
  77. position paper+can someone edit it for me thanks!

    thanks Writeacher What is a senate? A senate is the upper house of the legislature. It is also know as the red chamber. The senate’s job is to undertake in-depth inquiries into issues. Many people argue against and for the senate this is an important

    asked by Anonymous on April 23, 2007
  78. Physics

    What is the nature of an image formed by a concave mirror of focal length 10 cm for a real object placed 3 cm from the mirror real and inverted real and upright virtual and inverted virtual and upright Would it be virtual and inverted, I do not believe

    asked by Lynn on May 7, 2008
  79. english

    can some 1 help me find a good site about contractions this crap is hard Check this site. http://www.mcwdn.org/contract/contract.html Mario... this is an excellent site on English grammar contractions.

    asked by mario on July 26, 2007
  80. MATH!!!

    given isosceles triangle ABC, line AB = BC, and BD is the angle bisector of isosceles triangle ABC prove AB x DC = BC x AD Aren't the two halves congruent? (SAS) If so, then DC is equal to AD. Don't the ratios AB:AD=BC:DC by corresponding parts? how do i

    asked by Annie on September 6, 2006
  81. English

    Can someone check my grammar and punctuation, please?

    asked by Avery on May 11, 2018
  82. language arts

    need study sites for pronouns, propers nouns, adverbs, verbs, nouns. THNX :) http://members.cox.net/lenco1/grammarpractice/ http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/ Go into Word & Sentence Level for different specific grammar issues--most all of which have

    asked by vahnna on March 15, 2007
  83. physics

    consider a concave mirror with a focal length of 13.72cm, and the object distance is 6.86cm, i calculated and found the image distance to be -13.72cm and a magnification of 2 how would i describe the image. 1. virtual, inverted, larger 2. none of these 3.

    asked by Claudia on May 16, 2009
  84. English

    Could you please check these sentences, please? I'm not sure about the rephrase. 1)In the first stanza the poet remembers wondering aimlessly and alone in the countryside. All at once he was amazed by the sight of a crowd of daffodils dancing ad fluttering

    asked by Henry1 on May 30, 2011
  85. English

    Could you please check these other sentences? Thank you. 2)Then he describes his family and friends as ...... both in shape and disposition (rephrase) though more civilized and endowed with the gift of speech. These qualities, however, do not make them any

    asked by Henry2 on February 18, 2012
  86. English

    what is the preposition, conjunction, and artical of these sentances? 1. Stan enrolled in the driving course, and he looked forword to his first lesson. 2. He read a book of instructions or rules of the road. 3.Then, He practiced all the driving

    asked by Anita on September 6, 2006
  87. Axia Collage

    Grammar Exercise 2 check my anwers

    asked by mary on May 20, 2009
  88. english

    Dear Ms. Sue, thank you for your answer. I'm not a native speaker, but I also feel that "Higher Educational Institution" sounds a bit strange, however, it's the official name of the institution (in all documents), so do you think Public Stock Company

    asked by Nalmi on March 16, 2015
  89. World History

    Read the summary. Babylon was in the heartland of Mesopotamia, the site of the First Agricultural Revolution (1). Based on cuneiform writings on clay tablets, researchers know that farm products included sesame, barley, and dates, as well as cattle and

    asked by Taryn H. on August 31, 2018
  90. English

    I have a few more doubts. Thank you. 1) I keep fit by doing exercise every day. 2) What are you playing at? (How would you rephrase it?) 3) He is making breakfast on his own/by himself/alone (Do they have the same meaning?) 4) Get moving ! I'm on my way.

    asked by Henry2 on November 24, 2011
  91. english

    hi just wondering if someone could give me tips on dangling modifiers. Thanks Here are some websites with good explanations and examples: http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/modifiers.htm http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_dangmod.html

    asked by jessica on September 4, 2006
  92. Science

    Why is it rare for the soft parts of an organism to become a fossil? A. the soft parts take a long time to decay. B. the soft parts can be eaten by other animals.* C. the soft parts cannot be buried in sediment. D. the soft parts form petrified fossils.

    asked by Anonymous on October 30, 2013
  93. english

    tomorrow i am writing an exam in complex sentence analysis.i have some troubles..We'll get a complex sentence but very large one(last time we got sentences which were 4 lines long)and then we have to write what is the subject what is the verb, adverb or

    asked by bill on June 5, 2007

    Correct Punctuation, Spelling, Grammar etc. 1. Here's the slice of cake you asked for. 2. You should always check your grammar, spelling, and punctuation when transcribing. 3. He denies any fever, chills, night sweats, and weight loss. 4. Since the

    asked by Leslie-To:Writeacher on July 29, 2011
  95. English

    Ms Sue I am really studying hard I have one more will you check for me? Lew wasn't sure he had locked the front door so after him and Marian left for their vacation at nine o'clock they came back at 9:30. Do I need any commas?

    asked by Karen on October 16, 2014
  96. mixed #'s

    Find n. n+n=8 1/2 what does n =??? n+n = 2n

    asked by Angelina (help me!!) on February 6, 2007
  97. English

    Can someone check some sentences for grammar and punctuation errors? Also, what are your hours?

    asked by Avery on May 11, 2018
  98. English

    How does one explain the difference in usage between "I am going to go get it." and "I will go and get it." Correct terms, please, to help a foreign student. I am going = present progressive tense I will go and get = future tense, compound verb to get =

    asked by Mia on January 16, 2007
  99. literacy

    can u plz give me 10 connectives and 10 sentences with them e.g:ALTHOUGH i love ice cream.i'm only allowed it once a week will u be done by tommorow? AND PLZ MAKE IT SNAPPY!!!!!!

    asked by anesa on October 18, 2006
  100. English/writing

    If I am writing the following as a poem, how would I punctuate it- would each letter at the beginning be a captial, would it have commas or a period. We are room 204 Check out our door It is clear to see We choose to be drug free

    asked by Mattie on October 20, 2011