# A proton and an alpha particle ( q= + 2e, m=4u ) are fired directly toward each other from far away, each with an initial speed of 0.01 c.What is their distance of closest approach, as measured between their centers?

10,404 results
1. ## physics

In Rutherford's famous scattering experiments that led to the planetary model of the atom, alpha particles (having charges of +2e and masses of 6.64 × 10−27 kg) were fired toward a gold nucleus with charge +79e. An alpha particle, initially very far

2. ## Physics

In proton-beam therapy, a high-energy beam of protons is fired at a tumor. The protons come to rest in the tumor, depositing their kinetic energy and breaking apart the tumor’s DNA, thus killing its cells. For one patient, it is desired that 0.10 J of

3. ## Physics

Q)1 : Alpha particles travel through a magnetic field of 0.360T and are deflected in an arc of 0.0820m. Assuming the alpha particle are perpendicular to the field, what is the energy of an individual alpha particle?

In a particle accelerator, a proton reaches an acceleration of 9.0 × 1013 m/s2. The mass of a proton is 1.7 × 10 -27 kg. What is the force on the proton

5. ## Physics

An alpha particle (mass=6.68x10^-27kg)is emitted from a radioactive nucleus with an energy of 5.00MeV. How fast is the alpha particle moving in m/s? (1 MeV= 1.6x10^-13J). I don't know how to start to solve this problem A.2.40x10^7 m/s B.1.55x10^7 m/s

6. ## Physics

An atomic nucleus at rest decays radioactively into an alpha particle and a nucleus smaller than the original. What will be the speed of this recoiling nucleus if the speed of the alpha particle is 2.20E+05 m/s? Assume the recoiling nucleus has a mass 54

7. ## physics

polonium(212) alpha particle have kinetic energy of 8.776 MeV. assuming the mass of the alpha particle to be 6.67*10^-27 kg, calculate their velocities?

8. ## science

I'm doing Science right now. I have the answers down for most of them but I'm not sure if I am right..... Can u pls help me and tell me if my answers r right? I suck at science :S 1.A 2.C 3.B 4.D 5.D 6.A 7.? 8.A 9.E 10.C 11.A 12.D 13.C 14.B 15.? 16.? 17.?

9. ## Physics?

In Rutherford's scattering experiments, alpha particles (charge = +2e) were fired at a gold foil. Consider an alpha particle, very far from the gold foil, with an initial kinetic energy of 2.0 MeV heading directly for a gold atom (charge +79e). The alpha

10. ## College Physics

A charged particle travels undeflected through perpendicular electric and magnetic fields whose magnitudes are 4000 N/C and 20 mT,respectively. Find the speed of the particle if it is a proton. v= m/s Find the speed of the particle if it is an alpha

11. ## Physics

A proton is located at the origin, and a second proton is located on the x-axis at x = 5.58 fm (1 fm = 10-15 m). (a) Calculate the electric potential energy associated with this configuration. 1 (b) An alpha particle (charge = 2e, mass = 6.64 10-27 kg) is

12. ## CHEM

the nuclide 232 Th 90 is radioactive. when one of the atoms decays, a series of alpha and beta particle emission occurs, taking the atom through many transformations to end up as an atom of 208 Pb 82. How many alpha particles are emitted in converting 232

13. ## Physics

In 1910 Rutherford performed a classic experiment in which he directed a beam of alpha particles at a thin gold foil. He unexpectedly observed a few of the particles scattered almost directly backward. This result was not consistent with then current

14. ## PHYSICS!!!

A neutron, a proton, and an electron are initially at the same distance from a relatively large stationary nucleus moving at a constant velocity. Assume the masses of the proton and neutron are equal. 1. Which is the first particle to reach the nucleus? 2.

15. ## algebra

if sin alpha is 0.28° where 0° is less than or equal to alpha less than or equal to 90°, evaluate cos alpha, tan alpha, sec alpha, cosec alpha and cot alpha. please help, it's urgent.

16. ## Physics Diploma

the intensity and direction of the electric field produced by an alpha particle at a distance of 5.0 x10^-11m from the particle is [1.2x10^12 N/C away from the alpha particle] how do you get the direction? thanks

17. ## Physics

A non-rotating spherical planet with no atmosphere has a mass M and radius R. A particle is fired off from the surface with a speed equal to 3/4 the escape speed. Calculate the farthest distance it reaches (measured from the center of the planet) if it is

Four electrons are located at the corners of a square 10.0nm on a side, with an alpha particle at its midpoint. How much work is needed to move the alpha particle to the midpoint of one of the sides of the square?

19. ## Physics

An alpha particle (4He) undergoes an elastic collision with a stationary protactinium nucleus (231Pa). What percent of the kinetic energy of the alpha particle is transferred to the protactinium nucleus? Assume the collision is one-dimensional.

20. ## Physics

In a location in outer space far from all other objects, a nucleus whose mass is 3.57232e-25 kg and which is initially at rest undergoes spontaneous "alpha" decay. The original nucleus disappears, and two new particles appear: a He-4 nucleus of mass

21. ## Chemistry

What would be the speed of the following particles if they had the same wavelength as a photon of green light (λ = 500.0 nm)? Proton (mass = 1.673*10^(-24)g) =_____ neutron (mass = 1.675*10(-24)g) =_____ electron (mass = 9.109*10^(-28)g) =_____ alpha

22. ## Physics E&M

A proton and an alpha particle ( q= + 2e, m=4u ) are fired directly toward each other from far away, each with an initial speed of 0.01 c.What is their distance of closest approach, as measured between their centers?

23. ## physics

Rutherford fired a beam of alpha particles (helium nuclei) at a thin sheet of gold. An alpha particle was observed to be deflected by 90.0°; its speed was unchanged. The alpha particles used in the experiment had an initial speed of 2.2 ✕ 10^7 m/s and a

24. ## physics

An alpha particle (charge = +2.0e) is sent at high speed toward a gold nucleus (charge = +79e). What is the electric force acting on the alpha particle when the alpha particle is 3.3 ✕ 10-14 m from the gold nucleus?

25. ## physics

A positive charge of 4.10 C is fixed in place. From a distance of 3.70 cm a particle of mass 6.80 g and charge +3.60 C is fired with an initial speed of 80.0 m/s directly toward the fixed charge. How close to the fixed charge does the particle get before

26. ## Physics

The nucleus of 8Be, which consists of 4 protons and 4 neutrons, is very unstable and spontaneously breaks into two alpha particles (helium nuclei, each consisting of 2 protons and 2 neutrons). (a) What is the force between the two alpha particles when they

27. ## Physics

what electric field strength would be required to suspend an alpha particle? (contains 2 protons and 2 neutrons) The answer should be 2.05 x 10^-7 N/C. I am not given distance so I am not sure how I should solve this particle problem.

1. Isotopes with an unstable nucleus are radioactive *** are extremely rare change into radioisotopes are only found in elements with many protons 2. When Lr-256 undergoes alpha decay, it becomes Es-252 Md-252 *** [Explanation: Lr 256 - 4 = 252, Lr 103 - 2

29. ## Physics

An alpha particle and an antiproton are released from rest a great distance apart. They are oppositely charged so each accelerates toward the other. What are the speeds of the two particles when they are 2.5 nm apart? alpha particle has a charge of +2e and

30. ## Chemistry

Why is an alpha particle written as a helium (He) nucleus? A. An alpha particle has two protons and two neutrons; it is essentially the nucleus of a helium atom. B. Helium is a common element that is often present in small forms; the alpha particle was

31. ## Physics help!

An alpha particle(charge +2e) is sent at a speed towards a gold nucleus( +79e ). 1) what is the electric force acting on the alpha particle when it is 2.0 x 10^-14 m from the gold nucleus. 2) if the alpha particle came to a stop at this position after

32. ## Physics

An alpha particle has a kinetic energy of about 5 MeV after they are far from the nucleus. Use this information to estimate the size of a nucleu by assuming that the alpha particle leaves the edge of the nucleus with zero kinetic energy and that the

33. ## physics

An alpha particle (charge = +2.0e) is sent at high speed toward a gold nucleus (charge = +79e). What is the electric force acting on the alpha particle when the alpha particle is 1.7 multiplied by 10-14 m from the gold nucleus? N

34. ## physics

An alpha particle collides with an oxygen nucleus, initially at rest. The alpha particle is scattered at an angle of 60.9° above its initial direction of motion, and the oxygen nucleus recoils at an angle of 51.9° on the opposite side of that initial

35. ## physics

An alpha particle collides with an oxygen nucleus, initially at rest. The alpha particle is scattered at an angle of 60.9° above its initial direction of motion, and the oxygen nucleus recoils at an angle of 51.9° on the opposite side of that initial

36. ## physics

An atomic nucleus at rest decays radioactively into an alpha particle and a nucleus smaller than the original. What will be the speed of this recoiling nucleus if the speed of the alpha particle is 1.20E+05 m/s? Assume the recoiling nucleus has a mass 56

37. ## Physics

A non-rotating spherical planet with no atmosphere has a mass M and radius R. A particle is fired off from the surface with a speed equal to 3/4 the escape speed. Calculate the farthest distance it reaches (measured from the center of the planet) if it is

38. ## Chemistry

Write the symbols and a balanced nuclear equation for the following: a. Polonium -210 decays to give lead -206 b. Bismuth -211 decays by emitting an alpha particle c. The product from b. emits a beta particle d. When an alpha particle bombards aluminum

39. ## Physics

A uranium nucleus (mass 238 u, charge 92e) decays, emitting an alpha particle (mass 4 u, charge 2e) and leaving a thorium nucleus (mass 234 u, charge 90e). At the instant the alpha particle leaves the nucleus, the centers of the two are 5.5fm apart and

40. ## chemistry

An atom of ^241Am95 undergos alpha decay and produces an alpha particle. The resulting element is: ^239Am91 ^235Np93 ^241Pu94 ^241Cm96 ^243Am95

41. ## physics

An alpha particle, the nucleus of a helium atom, is at rest at the origin of a Cartesian coordinate system. A proton is moving with a velocity of v towards the alpha particle from the positive x axis direction. If the proton is initially far enough away to

42. ## PHYSICS

An alpha particle (which has two protons) is sent directly toward a target nucleus containing 80 protons. The alpha particle has an initial kinetic energy of 0.79 pJ. What is the least center-to-center distance the alpha particle will be from the target

43. ## physics

In Rutherford's scattering experiments, alpha particles (charge = +2e) were fired at a gold foil. Consider an alpha particle, very far from the gold foil, with an initial kinetic energy of 3.3 MeV heading directly for a gold atom (charge +79e). The alpha

44. ## Chemistry

I'm a bit confused as to when I should use an alpha particle and when to use a beta particle in a nuclear equation. For instance, the nuclear equation for carbon-14 is nitrogen-14 and a beta particle. Could I also say the equation is Berylium-13 and an

45. ## Nuclear Physics

Consider an alpha particle with kinetic energy E_ (alpha) which is incident on a material. Show that the distance traveled, ∆x, by the alpha particle after it has lost an amount of energy ∆E, in the material, can be found by the following equation:

46. ## Nuclear Physics

Consider an alpha particle with kinetic energy E_ (alpha) which is incident on a material. Show that the distance traveled, ∆x, by the alpha particle after it has lost an amount of energy ∆E, in the material, can be found by the following equation:

47. ## Physics

Ernest Rutherford fired alpha particles (helium nuclei) at a sheet of gold foil rolled as thin as he could get it. Some of these particles passed straight through the foil, some bounced off at various angles, and some rebounded directly backwards. From

48. ## Physics

an alpha particle of mass m= 6.6 x 10^-27 kg has a speed of .81c, where the speed of light is c= 3 x 10^8 m/s. The alpha particle collides with a gold nucleus and rebounds with the same speed in the opposite direction. If the collision lasted for t= 4 x

49. ## physic

an alpha particle of mass m= 6.6 x 10^-27 kg has a speed of .81c, where the speed of light is c= 3 x 10^8 m/s. The alpha particle collides with a gold nucleus and rebounds with the same speed in the opposite direction. If the collision lasted for t= 4 x

50. ## physics

An atomic nucleus of radon initially moving at 515 m/s emits an alpha particle in the direction of its velocity, and the new nucleus slows to 417 m/s. If the alpha particle has a mass of 4u, and the original nucleus of radon had a mass of 222u, what speed

51. ## Physics

An atomic nucleus of radon initially moving at 530 m/s emits an alpha particle in the direction of its velocity, and the new nucleus slows to 410 m/s. If the alpha particle has a mass of 4u, and the original nucleus of radon had a mass of 222u, what speed

52. ## Physics

A proton is fired from far away toward the nucleus of a mercury atom. Mercury is element number 80, and the diameter of the nucleus is 14.0 fm. The proton is fired at a speed of 1.80×107 m/s. When it passes the nucleus, how close will the proton be to the

53. ## Physics

1. A gold atom has a mass of 3.287 • 10-25 kg and is at rest. It emits an alpha particle that has a mass of 6.646 • 10-27 kg. In this process, the gold atom is transformed into an iridium isotope. The alpha particle has a speed of 3.40 • 106 m/s. A.

54. ## Physics

An alpha particle (helium nucleus, charge +2e) starts from rest and travels a distance of 1.88 cm under the influence of a uniform electric field of magnitude 12.2 kV/m. What is the final kinetic energy of the alpha particle?

55. ## Chemistry

What is the maximum velocity (in m/s) acquired by an alpha particle when accelerated between two plates with a potential difference of 580.0 volts? Note: An alpha particle is essentially the nucleus of a helium atom - 2 protons and 2 neutrons.

56. ## Phys-Help!

Help please: You are looking north into a N/S coil that you observe to be carrying a clockwise current. A nuclear decay particle emitted due East within the coil (at the center) is instantaneously deflected verically upward. The decay particle is an: alpha

57. ## physics

In a particle accelerator, a proton reaches an acceleration of 9.0 × 1013 m/s2. The mass of a proton is 1.7 × 10 -27 kg. What is the force on the proton?

58. ## physics

A particle makes a head-on-collision with an unknown particle at rest.The proton rebounds back with 4/9 of its initial kinetic energy.Find the ratio of mass of unknown particle to mass of proton assuming the collision to be elastic.

59. ## Physics

a particle having a speed of 1.0x10^6m/s collisdes with a stationary proton which gains an initial speed of 1.60x10^6 in the direction in which the particle is travelling. what is the speed of the particle immediately after collision? how much energy is

60. ## Chemistry

what has to balance in a properly written nuclear transmutation reaction? example: Nitrogen-14 + helium-4 = Oxygen-17 and Hydrogen-one can also be written as: N((alpha particle), p) O does the reaction balance because it needs an alpha particle and an

61. ## physics

A neutron, a proton, and an electron are initially at the same distance from a relatively large stationary nucleus moving at a constant velocity. Assume the masses of the proton and neutron are equal. 1. Which is the first particle to reach the nucleus? 2.

62. ## ChEmIsTrY

Alpha rays are really a. electrons b. helium nuclei c. electromagnetic waves I think the answer is B because the alpha particle is a helium nucleus. But I'm confused because if the alpha PARTICLE is a helium nucleus, would alpha RAYS be helium nuclei?

63. ## physics

A positive charge of 5.10 C is fixed in place. From a distance of 3.70 cm a particle of mass 6.80 g and charge +2.60 C is fired with an initial speed of 70.0 m/s directly toward the fixed charge. How close to the fixed charge does the particle get before

64. ## Physics

Marie Curie first identified the element radium in 1898. She found that the radium-226 (mass 3.77x10^-25 kg) decays by emitting alpha particle (mass 6.64x10^-27 kg). If the alpha particle's speed is 2.4x10^6 m/s, what is the speed of the recoiling nucleus?

65. ## Physics

Nuclear fusion reactions require that positively charged nuclei be brought into close proximity, against the electrostatic repulsion. As a simple example, suppose a proton is fired at a second, stationary proton from a large distance away. What kinetic

66. ## Physics

Nuclear fusion reactions require that positively charged nuclei be brought into close proximity, against the electrostatic repulsion. As a simple example, suppose a proton is fired at a second, stationary proton from a large distance away. What kinetic

67. ## Physics

Nuclear fusion reactions require that positively charged nuclei be brought into close proximity, against the electrostatic repulsion. As a simple example, suppose a proton is fired at a second, stationary proton from a large distance away. What kinetic

68. ## Physics

Nuclear fusion reactions require that positively charged nuclei be brought into close proximity, against the electrostatic repulsion. As a simple example, suppose a proton is fired at a second, stationary proton from a large distance away. What kinetic

69. ## Programming

Why is the output of the code 14, not 8 : alpha=3+5=8? public class Application4{ public static void main(String[] args) { int alpha=3; int beta=5; switch (beta){ case 3:alpha=alpha+3; case 4:alpha=alpha+4; case 5:alpha=alpha+5; default:alpha=alpha+6; }

70. ## physics

A proton (mass=1.67*10^-27 kg) moves with a velocity of 6.00*10^6 m/sec. Upon colliding with a stationary particle of unknown mass, the proton rebounds upon its own path with a velocity of 4.00*10^6 m/sec. The collision sends the unknown particle forward

71. ## chemistry

A particle wavelength (λp) of a proton is 10-12m. What is the velocity of this proton [m/s]? To achieved the velocity that you just computed, what must have been the potential difference (V) through which the proton was accelerated? An electron of

72. ## Chemistry

What would be the speed of the following particles if they had the same wavelength as a photon of green light (λ = 500.0 nm)? Proton (mass = 1.673*10^(-24)g) =_____ neutron (mass = 1.675*10(-24)g) =_____ electron (mass = 9.109*10^(-28)g) =_____ alpha

73. ## Physics 12

An alpha particle is accelerated by a voltage of 1.53*10^3 V and is then deflected by a magnetic field of strength 0.020 T into a circular path of radius 0.40 m. If the alpha particles have a charge of 3.2*10^-19 C, what is their mass?

74. ## chemistry

describe two reasons why an alpha particle is less penetrating than a beta or gamma particle

75. ## physics

A uranium nucleus (mass 238 u), initially at rest, undergoes radioactive decay. After an alpha particle (mass 4.0 u) is emitted, the remaining nucleus is thorium (mass 234 u). If the alpha particle is moving at 0.055 the speed of light, what is the recoil

76. ## p

A uranium nucleus (mass 238 u), initially at rest, undergoes radioactive decay. After an alpha particle (mass 4.0 u) is emitted, the remaining nucleus is thorium (mass 234 u). If the alpha particle is moving at 0.052 the speed of light, what is the recoil

77. ## physics

A proton moves perpendicularly to a mag- netic field that has a magnitude of 3.09×10^−2 T. The charge on a proton is 1.60×10−19 C. What is the speed of the particle if the magnitude of the magnetic force on it is 3.50*10^−14N? Answer in units of

78. ## physics

A proton moves perpendicularly to a mag- netic field that has a magnitude of 3.09×10^−2 T. The charge on a proton is 1.60×10−19 C. What is the speed of the particle if the magnitude of the magnetic force on it is 3.50*10^−14N? Answer in units of

79. ## physics

In Rutherford's famous scattering experiments that led to the planetary model of the atom, alpha particles (having charges of +2e and masses of 6.64 10-27 kg) were fired toward a gold nucleus with charge +79e. An alpha particle, initially very far from the

80. ## Physics

2 queations: 1) a proton enters a magnetic feild at a right angle to the field. an alpja particle enters the same field at the same angle but with twice the speed. once in the magnetic field both particles move in a circular path. the raito of radius of

81. ## Chemistry

When the ratio of neutron-to-proton dictates that a neutron must break down it will form a helium nucleus an alpha particle a proton and an electron*** Two protons

82. ## Physics

A proton is fired with a speed of 3.00 X 10^6 m/s directly towards a large and positively charged plane of surface charge density +9.25 X 10^-7 C/m^2 . If the proton starts 1m from the plane, the minimum distance between the proton and the plane is closest

83. ## physics

one nucleus decays by emitting an alpha aprticle of KE x Mev. if such alpha particle goes directly toward another nucleus of the same atom, what is the distance of closest approach? i don't quite get this question.am i supposed to find r since r=r0A^(1/3)?

84. ## Phy.

A proton of mass m moving with a speed of 2.5×106 m/s undergoes a head-on elastic collision with an alpha particle of mass 4m, which is initially at rest. What is the speed of the proton after the collision?

85. ## physics

An alpha-particle collides with an oxygen nucleus which is initially at rest. The alpha-particle is scattered at an angle of 67.0 degrees from its initial direction of motion, and the oxygen nucleus recoils at an angle of 52.0 degrees on the other side of

A horizontal beam of alpha particles are injected with a speed of 1.3x10^5 m/s into a region with a vertical magnetic field of magnitude 0.155T. A- How long does it take for an alpha particle to move half way through a complete circle? B- If the speed of

87. ## Physics

An alpha particle, initially moving at a speed of 7.10x10^5m/s, goes through a potential difference of 2500V. Determine the final speed of the alpha particle. Answer: 8.64 x 10^5

88. ## Physics

Determine the final velocity of an alpha particle (3.2x10^-19) if it is placed in a 7.2x10^6 n/c uniform field. The mass of the alpha particle is 6.64x10^-27

89. ## trig

FInd the exact value pf the 6 trig function of alpha Given: point (-2,-6) on the terminal side of the angle in standard position sin alpha cos alpha tan alpha sec alpha csc alpha cot alpha

Alpha Corporation in Boston offers a job to Carol, who lives in Des Moines, Iowa. Carol orally agrees with Alpha to work in Boston for two years. She moves her family to Massachusetts and begins to work. Three months later, she is fired for no stated

91. ## physics

A proton (mass=1.67*10^-27 kg) moves with a velocity of 6.00*10^6 m/sec. Upon colliding with a stationary particle of unknown mass, the proton rebounds upon its own path with a velocity of 4.00*10^6 m/sec. The collision sends the unknown particle forward

92. ## Physics

I don't get this problem! Please show work. Thanks!! The de Broglie wavelength of a proton in a particle accelerator is 3.60 x 10^-14 m. Determine the kinetic energy (in joules) of the proton.

93. ## physics help!

I don't get this problem! Please show work. Thanks!! The de Broglie wavelength of a proton in a particle accelerator is 3.60 x 10^-14 m. Determine the kinetic energy (in joules) of the proton.

94. ## Nuclear Chem

the nuclide 232 Th 90 is radioactive. when one of the atoms decays, a series of alpha and beta particle emission occurs, taking the atom through many transformations to end up as an atom of 208 Pb 82. How many alpha particles are emitted in converting 232

95. ## Science

The equation of the reaction between 2 moles of proton and 2 moles of neutron producing Helium particles is a practical suggestion of (a)existence of neutral particle. (b)alpha-particles has no relationship with nucleus (c)electron is not part of helium.

96. ## Physics - Collision in one dimension

The mass of a uranium-238 atom is 3.95*10^-25kg. A stationary uranium atom emits an alpha particle with a mass of 6.64*10^-27kg. If the alpha particle has a velocity of 1.42*10^4m/s, what is the recoil velocity of the uranium atom. Ans: i tried MaV'a =

97. ## physics

What would be the charge on five alpha particles?(An alpha particle is helium nucleus) I started with 2 from the helium multiply by 5 and got 10. I don't know what to do next. Please help???

98. ## Physics

A proton and an alpha particle (q = +2.00e, m = 4.00u ) are fired directly toward each other from far away, each with an initial speed of 0.247c. What is their distance of closest approach, as measured between their centers? (Hint: There are two conserved

99. ## Physics

I don't know how to go about this question. We only have an initial velocity and no final velocity, distance or time. A proton is fired from far away toward the nucleus of a mercury atom. Mercury is element number 80, and the diameter of the nucleus is