# which reactions between HCL, AgNO3, Pb

36,740 results

### Chemistry - DrBob222

Alright, I've made a list of reactions that would produce precipatations. NaCl + Zn CaCl2 + NaOH CaCl2 + Zn CaCl2 + Na2SO4 CuSO4 + NaOH CuSO4 + Zn NaOH + AgNO3 NaOH + Zn BaOH2 + AgNO3 BaOH2 + Zn BaOH2 + Na2SO4 So this way I can figure if it is NaCl, CaCl2, CuSO4, NaOH,Ba(OH)2...

In the reaction AgNO3(aq) + HCl(aq) AgCl(s) + HNO3(aq) + heat, when 0.70 mole of AgNO3 and 0.70 mole of HCl react, the temperature of 50 g of water increases from 15°C to 30°C. If the specific heat of water is 4.18 J/g•°C, how much energy was produced in the AgNO3 ...

### Chemistry

Net ionic equations for: Br- + AgNO3 CO3 + AgNO3 Cl-+ AgNO3 I + AgNO3 PO4^-3 + AgNO3 SO4^-2 + AgNO3 S^-2 + AgNO3 They all formed ppt,but I don't know where to go from here. Even a couple to get me started would be greatly appreciated!

### Chemistry

I posted before about designing a procedure to determine two unknowns (1 solid, 1 solution). The possible solutions were: NaCl, CaCl2, CuSO4, NaOH,Ba(OH)2, HCl, HNO3, or H2O. The reagents given are: NaOH, HCl, AgNO3, Zn metal, Na2SO4, and H2O. The procedure I've designed so ...

### chemistry

If 1 L HCl has a molarity of 0.10 M, what molar concentration of 1 L AgNO 3 is needed for HCl to completely react? How much product (moles and volume) will be formed? HCl(aq)+ AgNO3(aq) ->AgC(s)+HNO3(aq)

### chemistry

If 1 L HCl has a molarity of 0.10 M, what molar concentration of 1 L AgNO 3 is needed for HCl to completely react? How much product (moles and volume) will be formed? HCl(aq)+ AgNO3(aq) ->AgC(s)+HNO3(aq)

### chemistry

If 1 L HCl has a molarity of 0.10 M, what molar concentration of 1 L AgNO 3 is needed for HCl to completely react? How much product (moles and volume) will be formed? HCl(aq)+ AgNO3(aq) ->AgC(s)+HNO3(aq)

### CHEM

Which of the following reactions should be fast at room temperature? Which would be slow? Explain A. KCl+AgNO3->KNO3+AgCl B. H2(g)+Cl2(g)->2 HCL(g) I would assume that B would react faster because it has all gases.??

### chemistry

Which of the following are single replacement reactions? Choose all that apply. Question 1 options: NaHCO3(s) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + CO2(g) + H2O(l) Zn(s) + 2 HC2H3O2(aq) → Zn(C2H3O2)2(aq) + H2(g) N2(g) + 3 H2(g) → 2 NH3(g) 2 AgNO3(aq) + Cu(s) → 2 Ag(s...

### Chemistry

What are the balanced equation for the following reactions: HCl and Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate HCl and Copper oxide HCl and Calcium carbonate HCl and Magnesium NaOH and Ammonium Chloride

### chemistry

Predict whether reactions should occur between aqueous solutions of the following compounds. If so, write balanced molecular and net ionic equations for the reactions. Include physical states. a. (NH4)2CO3 and CrCl3 b. Ba(OH)2 and HCl c. FeCl3 and NaOH d. Ca(HCO3)2 and HNO3

### Chem

AgNO3 (aq) + HCl (aq) ¨ AgCl (s) + HNO3 (aq) 40.30 grams of silver nitrate and excess HCl, how much silver chloride could you make?

### CHEMISTRY

When 50.0 cm3 of 0.100 mol dm-3 AgNO3 is mixed with 50.0 cm3 of 0.0500 dm-3 HCl in a polystyrene cup, the temperature increases from 20.00°C to 20.35°C. Assume that the specific heat capacity of the solution is the same as that of water, and that the density of the solution ...

### Chemistry

HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) -> NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) NH4Cl(aq) + +NaOH(aq) -> NH3(aq) + NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) NH3(aq) + HCl(aq) -> NH4Cl(aq) Write net ionic equations for the three reactions. Show how the first two reactions are arranged algebraically to determine the third.

### Chem 121

Use Hess's law and the reactions 1) CH 4(g)+ Cl 2 (g)--->CH 3 CL(g) + HCl (g) 2) CH 3 Cl (g) + Cl 2 (g)---> CH 2 Cl 2 (g) + HCl (g) to determine the enthalpy for the reaction CH4 (g) + 2CH 2 (g)---> CH2 Cl 2 (g) + 2HCl (g)?

### Chemistry

3. Which oxidation-reduction reactions are best balanced by the half-reaction method? A.) covalent reactions *B.)acid-base reactions C.) ionic reactions D.) intermolecular reactions Thank you.

### Chemistry

Use the Table of Thermodynamic Data to decide which of the following reactions have K>1 at 298 K: (i) HCl(g) + NH3(g)-->NH4Cl(s) (ii) 2 Al2O3(s) + 3 Si(s)-->3 SiO2(s) + 4 Al(s) (iii) Fe(s) + H2S(g)-->FeS(s) + H2(g). Which of the products of these reactions are ...

### Chemistry

Balanced equations..done? Is each reaction a redox reaction? For those reactions that are redox reactions, I must identify the substance being oxidized and the substance being reduced... (a) Zn(s) + CoCl2 (aq) ---> ZnCl2 (aq) + Co(s) (b) HI(aq) + NaOH(aq) ---> H2 O(l) + ...

### Chemistry help

I need help, I don't know how to do these. Single Displacement Fe+S yeilds ___ Mg+O2 yeilds___ Cu+O2 yeilds___ CaO+H2O yeilds___ Decomposition HgO yeilds___ NaHCO3 yeilds___ CuSO4+5H2Oyeilds___ Single Displacement Zn+HCl yeilds___ Zn+CuSO4 yeilds___ NaBr+Cl2 yeilds___ Ca+H2O ...

### AP Chemistry

In neutralization reactions, acid + base -> salt + water HCL can be neutralized with NaOH. How many moles of NaOH will it take to neutralize 0.56 L of 0.51 M HCl?

### ap chemistry

In neutralization reactions, acid + base ! salt + water HCl can be neutralized with NaOH. How many moles of NaOH will it take to neutralize 0.31 L of 0.7 M HCl? Answer in units of mol

### chemistry urgent

I think I balanced these equation right please check and let me know. i am suppose to complete and balance the equations representing the reactions. NaHCO3 (s) + HCL (aq) >>>> NaCl + 2CO+H2O CaCo3 (s) + HCL (aq)>>> CaCl + CO3H Thanks

### Chemistry

In neutralization reactions, acid + base ¨ salt + water HCl can be neutralized with NaOH. How many moles of NaOH will it take to neutralize 0.68 L of 0.29 M HCl? Is there a formula that I need to use here?

### chemistry

We are doing a lab that requires finding the molarity of an unknown AgNO3 solution after reacting NaCl + AgNO3 --> NaNO3 and AgCl and collecting/massing the precipitate. We will be using 10.00 mL of an NaCl solution and 10.00 mL of the AgNO3 solution. We know that the AgNO3...

### science

balance hcl(aq) + agno3(aq) yields hno3(aq) +AgCl (aq)

### science

balance hcl(aq) + agno3(aq) yields hno3(aq) +AgCl (aq)

### science

balance hcl(aq) + agno3(aq) yields hno3(aq) +AgCl (aq)

### science

balance hcl(aq) + agno3(aq) yields hno3(aq) +AgCl (aq)

### science

balance hcl(aq) + agno3(aq) yields hno3(aq) +AgCl (aq)

### calculus

For which of the following mixtures will Ag2SO4(s) precipitate? 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) and 5.0 mL of 0.20 M AgNO3(aq) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) and 5.0 mL of 0.30 M AgNO3(aq) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) and 5.0 mL of 0.40 M AgNO3(aq) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) ...

### chemistry

Which of the following pairs of aqueous solutions will react when mixed? K2CO3 + HNO3 HCl + LiOH MgCl2 + KOH Li2S + HCl All of these solution pairs will produce reactions.

### general chemistry

I need the oxidation half reactions, reduction half reactions, and net ionic equations for the following reactions: 1)magnesium +0.1M zinc sulfate 2)copper+0.1M zinc sulfate 3)zinc+0.1M copper(II)sulfate 4)zinc+3M HCl 5)copper+3M HCl 6)0.1M potassium iodide+ 0.1M copper(II)...

### Chemistry

I need help writting a formula for: AgNO3(l) + PbNO3(l) + HgNO3(l) + HCl (l)

### chemistry

By means of what single reagent could you distinguish between the following? (Tell what happens to each substance.) Solutions: AgNO3 and Zn(NO3)2 H2SO4 and HNO3 Ag(NH3)2Cl and AgNO3 Solids: AgCl and ZnCl2 AgCl and Hg2Cl2 PbCrO4 and K2CrO4

### chemistry

For which of the following mixtures will Ag2SO4(s) (Ksp=1.20E^-5)precipitate? More than one answer can be selected. a.) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) and 5.0 mL of 0.20 M AgNO3(aq) b.) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(aq) and 5.0 mL of 0.30 M AgNO3(aq) c.) 150.0 mL of 0.10 M Na2SO4(...

### Chemistry 114

Write the balanced ionic equations for the following precipitations and complex forming reactions: a) AgNO3 solution + copper sulphate solution b) copper sulphate solution + lead nitrate solution c)CoCl2 solution + conc. HCl d) Zinc chloride solution + NaOH solution, added ...

### chemistry

What mass of AgCl will be obtained by adding an excess of HCl to a solution of 0.34 g of AgNO3 ?

### chemistry

consider the following reactions O+N2->NO+N Ea=315kj/mol Cl+H2->HCl+H Ea=23kj/mol Why is the activation energy for one much lower that the other. The frequency factor is very close in value for the two. Assume they are the same compute the ratio of the reaction constants...

### chemistry Damon helps me step by step

1g of mixture na2c03 and k2c03 was mole made upto 250ml is aqueous solution. 25ml of this solution was neutralized. 20ml of hcl of unknown concentration. The neutralized solution required 16.24ml of 0.1N AGNo3 for precipitation, Calculate a) the % k2c03 is mixture b) conc of ...

### chemistry

Balance each of the following equations a)CH4+CL2......>CCl4+HCl b)AL(OH)3+H2SO4.....>Al2(SO4)3+H2O c)Fe+H2O......>fe3O4+H2 d)Al4C3+HCl......>AlCl3+CH4 e)C2H6+O2......>CO2+H2O f)P2H4.......>PH3+P4 g)S2Cl2+NH3......>N4S4+NH4CL+S8 h)Ag+HNO3.......>AgNO3+...

### Chem

Water was decomposed by the following reactions. Calculate the mass of HCl produced from 50.0 mL water assuming the following yields H2O=H2+O2 90% H2+Cl2=HCl

### Organic Chemistry

We've been working on extraction of known/unknown compound mixtures lately, and we have to give equations for the acid-base reactions that occurs between HCl, NaOh and (a) R-COOH (b) R-NH2, and (c) Neutral compounds (naphthalene and triphenylmethanol) For (a) carboxylic acids...

### Cemistry

A solution is 36% silver nitrate (AgNO3) by mass. The density of this solution is 1.44 g/mL. The formula weight of AgNO3 is 170 g/mol. Calculate the molality of AgNO3 in this solution.

### Chem Hmwrk

For the reaction HCl + AgNO3 → ,write the balanced formula equation

### chemistry

How much AgCl will be formed by adding 200mL of 5N HCl to a solution containing 1.7g AgNO3?

### Chemistry

What are the Oxidation and Reducation reactions for these equations : BaCl2 + NaHCO3 -> BaCO3 + NaCl + HCl (carbon is the reduction reaction, but I don't know what the oxidation reaction is) CaCO3 + HCl -> CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O

### biochemistry

The phenomenon of coupling always involves ? oxidation and reduction reactions decarboxylation reactions reactions that produce energy and related reactions that require energy esterification and oxidation reactions None of the above

### Science

17g of AgNo3 is trated with 25g of HCl. what is the mass of AgCl formed and what is the limiting reagent

### chemistry

write the overall, balanced molecular equation and indicate which element is oxidized and which id reduced for the following reactions. Include phase abbreviations. a) Mg(s)+Cr(C2H3O2)3(aq)--->? b) Cd(s)+AgNO3(ag)---->?

### Chemistry

Rolaids is an over the counter remedy for upset stomachs that functions by reacting with stomach acid. The active ingredients are calcium carbonate (550 mg) and magnesium hydroxide (110 mg). The inactive ingredients are dextrose, flavoring, magnesium stearate, polyethylene ...

### Science

At a given temperature and pressure, the volume of a gaseous sample is directly proportional to the moles of gas (volume = C * moles, where C is a constant). Assuming that the tempreature and pressure is the same for the reaction of magnesium with HCl(aq) and zinc with HCl(aq...

### Science

At a given temperature and pressure, the volume of a gaseous sample is directly proportional to the moles of gas (volume = C * moles, where C is a constant). Assuming that the tempreature and pressure is the same for the reaction of magnesium with HCl(aq) and zinc with HCl(aq...

### Science

At a given temperature and pressure, the volume of a gaseous sample is directly proportional to the moles of gas (volume = C * moles, where C is a constant). Assuming that the tempreature and pressure is the same for the reaction of magnesium with HCl(aq) and zinc with HCl(aq...

### chemistry

A 30.00mL sample of a clear saturated solution of PbI2 requires 14.7mL of a certain AgNO3 for its titration. I^-(saturated PbI2)+Ag^+(from AgNO3)--> AgI(s) What is the molarity of this AgNO3? I'm not really sure where to start.

### Chemistry

Suppose you wanted to find out how many milliliters of 1.0 M AgNO3 are needed to provide 169.88 g of pure AgNO3. a. What is step 1 in solving the problem? b. What is the molar mass of AgNO3? c. How many milliliters of solution are needed?

### Chem

In some solid calcium carbonate samples, calcium bicarbonate Ca(HCO3)2. Write a balanced equation for its reaction with hydrochloric acid. CaCO3 + HCL= Ca^2+ (aq) + HCL + Ca(HCO3)2 I don't know if I have written the reactions and products correctly?

### General Chem

At a given temperature and pressure, the volume of a gaseous sample is directly proportional to the moles of gas (volume = C * moles, where C is a constant). Assuming that the tempreature and pressure is the same for the reaction of magnesium with HCl(aq) and zinc with HCl(aq...

### chemistry

Silver chloride, AgCl, would be least soluble in A.1.0M HCl B.1.0M NaNO3 C.1.0M ZnCl2 D.1.0M AgNO3 and why? thx

### Chemistry

Refer to the net ionic equation below to answer the following questions: Co(H2O)6^+2 + 4Cl- <==> CoCl^-2 + 6H2O 1. In what direction was the equilibrium shifted by: a. Addition of HCl b. Addition of water c. Addition of AgNO3 d. Increasing the temperature e. Decreasing ...

### chemistry

Silver nitrate (AgNO3) reacts with sodium chloride as indicated by the equation AgNO3 + NaCl ! AgCl + NaNO3 . How many grams of NaCl would be re- quired to react with 511 mL of 0.38 M AgNO3 solution? Answer in units of grams

### Chemistry

Dear Sir DrBob22 Thank you for your response we have an oil well. the well column has been completed (filled up) with completion fluid of gasoline. we want to stimulate the well by 28% HCL. if 28% HCL is to be injected into the the well column, whether a chemical reaction will...

### chemistry

for these chemicals write complete balanced equations for all possible reactions that would lead to an insoluble salt KCL BaCl2 AgNO3 Pb(NO3)2 K2SO4 HNO3

### Chemistry

Silver nitrate (AgNO3) reacts with sodium chloride as indicated by the equation AgNO3 + NaCl ! AgCl + NaNO3 . Howmany grams of NaCl would be required to react with 518 mL of 0.543 M AgNO3 solution? Answer in units of grams

### chemistry

10). What is the molarity of an HCl solution if 42.5 mL of a 0.110 M KOH solution is needed to titrate a 25.0-mL sample of the acid? A) 0.187 M HCl B) 0.587 M HCl C) 0.0647 M HCl D) 5.35 M HCl E) 1.70 M HCl

### Chemistry

Which of the following is true about oxidation reactions? A. Oxidation reactions are the principal source of energy on Earth. B. All oxidation reactions are accompanied by reduction reactions. C. The burning of wood in a fireplace and the metabolization of food by your body ...

### chemistry

why do organic reactions occur more slowly than inorganic reactions (those that contain ionic bonds)? In inorganic reactions the ions merely need to get close enough to attract between + and - charges. Organic compounds are not ionic (some are polar); therefore, the atoms are ...

### chemistry

what is the reaction equation when maleic anhydride is combines with granular zinc and HCl propose structures for the products you would obtain by treating fumaric acid, cinnamic acid, and butynedioic acid with zinc and HCl. write balanced equations for the reactions.

### Chemistry

When 50 mL of 1.0 M AgNO3 is added to 50 mL of 0.50 M HCl, a precipitate of AgCl forms. After the reaction is complete, what is the concentration of silver ions in the resulting solution? (a) 0.50 M (b) 1.0 M (c) zero (d) 0.25 M (e) 0.75 M How do I go about solving this? I ...

### Chemistry 151

5) How many mL of 1M HCl is used to make the following dilutions? a) 100mL of 0.1M HCl = b) 250mL of 0.5M HCl= c) 10ml of 0.01M HCl= 36.64 is the molar mass of hcl do I divide that into ml?

### Chemistry

For an experiment, we used 10 mL of HCl. We are then to find the moles of it without any other information given. Is this right? (10 mL HCl)* (1.19 g / mL) = 11.9 g HCl (11.9 g HCl) * (1mol/36.46064 g) = 0.326 mols HCl

### chemistry

for the list of chemicals below, write complete, balanced equations for all possible reactions that would lead to an insoluable salt. KCl, BaCl2, AgNO3, Pb(NO3)2, K2SO4, HNO3

### Chemistry

For the list of chemicals below, write complete, balanced equations for all possible reactions that would lead to an insoluble salt. KCl, BaCl2, AgNO3, Pb(No3)2, K2SO4, HNO3

### Chemistry

What is the ionic equations for the following metals and aqueous substances? With the same equation what is being oxidize and what is being reduced? Zn + AgNO3 Zn + CuSO4 Zn + PbNO3 Mg + AgNO3 Mg + CuSO4 Mg + PbNO3 Cu + AgNO3

### CHEM

Can you please check my work? I got -4.3KJ/mol If this is not right can you tell me what I am doing wrong? Thank you! Questions. 1.a. Use Hess's Law and the measured mean enthalpy changes for the NaOH-HCl and NH3-HCl reactions to calculate the enthalpy change to be expected ...

### Chemistry

What is the full net ionic equation for each reaction? do they form a precipitate or have a color change? CuSO4+AgNO3 CuSO4+BaCl2 CuSO4+Cu(NO3)2 CuSO4+Pb(NO3)2 CuSO4+KI CuSO4+Na2S2O3 AgNO3+BaCl2 AgNO3+Cu(NO3)2 AgNO3+Pb(NO3)2 AgNO3+KI AgNO3+Na2S2O3 BaCl2+Cu(NO3)2 BaCl2+Pb(NO3)2...

### Chemistry

What is the full net ionic equation for each reaction? do they form a precipitate or have a color change? CuSO4+AgNO3 CuSO4+BaCl2 CuSO4+Cu(NO3)2 CuSO4+Pb(NO3)2 CuSO4+KI CuSO4+Na2S2O3 AgNO3+BaCl2 AgNO3+Cu(NO3)2 AgNO3+Pb(NO3)2 AgNO3+KI AgNO3+Na2S2O3 BaCl2+Cu(NO3)2 BaCl2+Pb(NO3)2...

### Science

What happen in the reactions: Na2SO4+HCl followed by BaCl

### Chemistry

A 100.0mL solution containing aqueous HCl and HBr was titrated with 0.1290M NaOH. The volume of base required to neutralize the acid was 47.56mL. Aqueous AgNO3 was then added to precipitate the Cl- and Br- ions as AgCl and AgBr. The mass of the silver halides obtained was 0....

### Gen.Chem. 111

what happens when HCl is added to CoCl2*6H20? and what happens when you add AgNO3 to the product?

### chemistry

1gm of AgNO3 is dissolved in 50ml of h2o. it is titrated with 50ml od sol. agi is precipitated is filtered of.the exces of ki is then titrated with 1/10M KIO3 in the presence of acidic medium until all I->>ICl. it reqires 50ml of the 1/10M KIO3 sol. 20ml of same KI sol ...

### chem

State the type of reaction. Predict the products of the reactions. I have no clue how to do this any help? C3H8 + O2 ---> Mg + HCl ---> AgNO3 + NaCl ---> CuSO4 + Zn ---> How much of this do you know how to do? Just checking answers. Give us your answers and we ...

### Chem Pre-Lab HELP!

Write the complete and net ionic equations for the following reactions. Be sure to indicate the states of the reaction products. 1) AgNO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) ----> 2) CaCl2(aq) + Na2SO4(aq) ----> 3) Pb(ClO4)2(aq) + NaOH(ag) ----> 4) (NH4)2SO4(aq) + BaCl2(aq) ---->

### chemistry solution preparations

how can we prepare 0.5 n solution of hcl as we have 37% hcl and 0.1n hcl. and we want to make 0.5n hcl from 0.1n hcl by pouring 37% hcl?

### chemistry

"Following the reaction of zinc with hydrochloric acid, a secondary reaction can occur if a product of the first reaction is ignited. Write the complete reactions for both reactions." "If 2.75g zinc with 0.15 moles HCL, how much flammable product can be collected?" I know one ...

### Physical Science

5. What reactions occurs when a solution of hydrochloric acid, HCl, is mixed with a solution of calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2? (A) Cl + Ca(OH) --> HCa + Cl(OH)2 (B) HCl + Ca(OH)2 --> H(OH)2 + CaCl (C) 2HCl + Ca(OH)2 --> 2H2O + CaCl2 (D) 2HCl + Ca(OH)2 --> H2Ca + 2ClOH...

### Chemistry

Calculate the amount (in grams) of AgNO3 needed to prepare 250.0 mL of 0.25 M of AgNO3.

### Chemistry

How many grams of AgNO3 (silver nitrate) are contained in 425 mL of a .15 M solution of AgNO3?

### Chemistry

Need help with : Balancing oxidation reduction reactions Mg(s) + HCl(aq) → Mg^2+(aq) + Cl ‾(aq) + H2(g)

### chemistry

what mass of AgNO3(MW 169.87) is required to make 25 mL of 0.100 M AgNO3?

### Chemistry

If 10. g AgNO3 is available, what volume of 0.25M AgNO3 solution can be prepared?

### Chemistry

If you reclaim 0.250g Ag from AgNO3, how much AgNO3 did you have to begin with?

### chemistry

how many g of agno3 would you need to make a 575ml solution of 0.25 m agno3

### Chemistry

Number of Moles of AgNO3 when 0.25 grams of NaCl react with AgNO3

### AP Chemistry

What mass of silver nitrate (AgNO3) is required to prepare 400 g of a 3.50% solution of AgNO3

### Chemistry

How would you write the net ionic equation for [Co (en) 2Cl2]Cl with AgNO3. Is it AgNO3 ----> Cl^- + 3Ag^+?

### science

A chemist combines copper (Cu) and silver nitrate (AgNO3) in a beaker. She then "magically" pull silver out of the beaker. explain these results using your knowledge of chemical reactions.

### chemestry please check my anwer.

1.How do acid-base reactions differ from oxidation-reduction (or "redox") reactions? Answer Acid-base reactions involve an exchange of protons whereas redox reactions involve an exchange of electrons.<<< Acid-base reactions and redox reactions involve different ...

### chem

You're asked to prepare 125mL of .0321 M AgNO3. How many grams would you need of a smaple known to be 99.81% AgNO3 by mass?

### College Chemistry

how would you prepare 175.0ml of .150 m agno3 solution starting with pure agno3

### Chemistry

How many grams of AgNO3 will precipitate when 150 mL of 0.5 M AgNo3 adds to 100 ml 0.4 M KCrO4? Please answer immediately.