chemistry-bond energies

59,810 results

chemistry-bond energies

Octane (C8H18) is the main hydrocarbon in gasoline. Using bond energies, calculate the amount of energy produced from 2.5 kilograms of octane. I know how to do bond energies, but If someone could tell me what to do with the 2.5 kg in this case and possibly tell me what answer ...

Chemistry

A quick question. When we use the bond energies to find delta H, should we use the sum of the bond energies of the reactants minus the sum of the bond energies of the products, or vice versa? For example, H2 + Br2 --> 2HBr Given that H-H bond is 436 KJ/mol Br-Br is 193 KJ/ ...

Chemistry

Why is the Ge-F bond energy so much more than the Ge-Cl bond energy? 1. Covalent bond energies generally increase as you go down the periodic table 2. Covalent bond energies generally decrease as you go down the periodic table 3. The Ge-F bond is more polarizable than the Ge-...

chemistry

9. using bond energies, estimate the change in Hr for the following reaction. 2NO + O2--->2NO2 A 1624 kJ B -247kJ C 661 kJ D 54kJ 10. using bond energies estimate the change Hr for the follwing reaction C + 1/2O2 +1/2 N--->O=C=N a -611kJ b 109kJ c 2770kJ d -1090 kJ Don't...

Chemistry (bond energies)

Why is it possible to have an accurate value of the energy of a hydrogen-hydrogen bond, but not of a carbon-oxygen bond? I know carbon and oxygen can form both double and single bonds, and hydrogen can only form single bonds. But apparently C=O has two different bond energies...

chemistry

By using the bond enthalpies and bond energies in thermochemical equations to calculate the reaction enthalpy of; H + Br=2HBr

Chemistry

Why do the bond energies decrease in the order Ge-Cl, Ge-Br, Ge-I? 1. Covalent bond energies generally increase as you go down the periodic table 2. Covalent bond energies generally decrease as you go down the periodic table 3.Ionic bond energies generally decrease as you go ...

chemistry

Use the bond enthalpies and bond energies in the data book in themochemical equations to calculate the reaction enthalpy of: H2(g) +Br2(g) -> 2HBr(g)

Chemistry

OF2(g) + H2O(g) -> O2(g) +2HF(g) ΔH°rxn = -318 kJ Using bond energies, calculate the bond dissociation energy of the O-F bond, in OF2. This is the question and I got 438 as the answer, which is wrong. I don't know what I did wrong??

Chemistry

OF2(g) + H2O(g) -> O2(g) +2HF(g) ΔH°rxn = -318 kJ Using bond energies, calculate the bond dissociation energy of the O-F bond, in OF2. This is the question and I got 438 as the answer, which is wrong. I don't know what I did wrong??

Chemistry

Explain why the calculated value for the (1) enthalpy of combustion for propane using bond energies (bond breaking and bond formation)might not be in close agreement to the values calculated using (2) Hess Law and the values calculated using the (3) summation of the change in ...

Chemistry

Calculate the maximum wavelength of electromagnetic radiation capable of breaking the C-N bond in lysine. DATA: Average Bond Energies (kJ/mol) N-N 160 C-C 350 Express your answer in meters.

Chemistry

Use the bond enthalpies and bond energies from the data book in themochemical equations to calculate the reaction enthalpy of:H2(g) + Br2(g) ->2HBr(g) and show your workings in the question above in an energy level diagram.please..

chemistry

For the new compound ICl2F+2: Calculate the maximum wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is capable of breaking the weakest bond. Express your answer in meters. Bond energies (kJ/mol) are: I-I (150) F-F (160) Cl-Cl (240) unanswered

science

1.The energy associated with the absorption of a photn of wavelength 4.26 micrometers is ______________? 2.The bond energy associated with the bond between the Nitrogen atom and Bromine atom is______________________? 1. See other post on plancks equation. 2. This question begs...

chemistry

Determine the heat of combustion of ethanol by using the bond energies

Chemistry

Calculate the average C—C bond strength in cyclopropane (in kJ/mol). Its combustion and the experimental enthalpy of reaction are: C3H6(g) + 4.5O2(g) → 3CO2(g) + 3H2O(g) ΔHºrxn = -1,957.7 kJ/mol Since all reactants and products are in the gaseous state, bond ...

Chemistry

Use the bond energies given in the "Bond Energy" table (can be gained from google) to estimate the delta Ho for the reaction given below. 2ClF3(g) + 2O2(g) Cl2O(g) + 3OF2(g) I did this: 1530 + 996 - (410 + 570) = 1546. But the answer was wrong. I don't know where I did wrong. ...

CHemistry

Use the bond energies given in the "Bond Energy" table (can be gained from google) to estimate the delta Ho for the reaction given below. 2ClF3(g) + 2O2(g) Cl2O(g) + 3OF2(g) I did this: 1530 + 996 - (410 + 570) = 1546. But the answer was wrong. I don't know where I did wrong. ...

Chemistry

Use average bond energies to calculate delta Hrxn for C(s)+2H2O(g)-->2H2(g)+CO2(g)

science

ICl2F+2: Calculate the maximum wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that is capable of breaking the weakest bond. Express your answer in meters. Bond energies (kJ/mol) are: I-I (150) F-F (160) Cl-Cl (240)

Chemistry please help!

Calculate (triangle)H for the following gas-phase reaction: 2 H-C (3dashes) C-H + 5 O=O --> 4 O=C=O = 2 H-O-H -Using bond energies

chemistry

Are bond energies (single and multiple bonds) applicable only to gas phase?? For instance, I can use the bond energy data to calculate for enthalpy of reaction for the formation of water: 2 H2(g) + O2(g) -> H2O(g) But I can't directly use it to calculate for neutralization ...

Chemistry

Which of the following is a bond in which a metal transfers one or more electrons to a nonmetal? ionic bond hydrogen bond metallic bond covalent bond

chemistry

methane(g) +water= carbon monoxide(g)+Hydrogen (g) use the bond energies in the following table to predict the delta H foe the reaction

chemistry

in a 300-500 word essay distinguish between an ionic bond, a covalent bond, hydrogen bond, a single bond, a double bond, and a triple bond. Explain the behavior of the electrons in each type of bond. Give examples of compounds that result from both ionic and covalent bonds.

thermochemistry

what is the enthalpy change in kilojoules for the combustion of 1 mol of ethanol, C2H5OH (l), to form gaseous carbon dioxide and gaseous water? use bond energies to calculate your answer. (hint: there is a double bond in carbon dioxide and oxygen) the answer is supposed to be...

Chemistry

Calculate ∆H˚ for the following reaction using the given bond dissociation energies. CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) --> CO2 (g) + 2H2O (g) Bond.......∆H˚ (kJ/mol) O-O........142 H-O.........459 C-H.........411 C=O........799 O=O........498 C-O.........358 ∆H...

chemistry

Use bond energies (Table below) to estimate H (kJ) for the following gas-phase reaction: (CH3)2CHOH(g) ==> (CH3)2C=O(g) + H2(g)

chemistry

How much energy is required to make H2O(g) from H2O(l)? Basically this deals with bond energies and heats of formation. But I'm not sure how to find it

Organic Chemistry

Determine bond length and bond strength? The picture of the problem is shown here: oi52[insert dot]tinypic[insert dot]com/jfgnb6[insert dot]jpg I got the following: I think that the strongest bond is the triple bond (A). I think that the shortest bond is also the triple bond (...

Chemistry

Use bond energies to determine the energy transferred in the reaction between hydrogen and chlorine to make hydrogen chloride. H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) → 2HCl (g)

chemistry

2H2 + O2 yield 2H2O to calculate bond enthalpy, we have to take bond breaking minus bond making, how do we know which one is bond breaking and bond making

chemistry

Construct the correct structure for AsClF42-. Please construct the molecule such that the dipole is oriented vertically up or vertically down. - Name the type of hybrid orbitals the central atom forms. - Name the molecular geometry of the compound. - State whether the molecule...

chemistry

A pair of electrons shared by two atoms form a what? a-metallic bond b-double covalent bond c-single covalent bond d-an ionic bond

chemistry

For AsClF42-: a) Name the hybridization of the orbitals of the central atom. s sp sp2 sp3 sp4 sp3d sp3d2 b) Estimate the Cl-As-F bond angle. Slightly less than 90∘ Exactly 90∘ Slightly greater than 90∘ Slightly less than 109.5∘ Exactly 109.5∘ ...

chem

Are bond energies (single and multiple bonds) applicable only to gas phase?? For instance, I can use the bond energy data to calculate for enthalpy of reaction for the formation of water: 2 H2(g) + O2(g) -> H2O(g) But I can't directly use it to calculate for neutralization ...

Chemistry

For AsClF4^2-: a)Name the hybridization of the orbitals of the central atom. i)s ii)sp iii)sp2 iv)sp3 v)sp4 vi)sp3d vii)sp3d2 b)Estimate the Cl-As-F bond angle. i)Slightly less than 90 ii)Exactly 90 iii)Slightly greater than 90 iv)Slightly less than 109.5 v)Exactly 109.5 vii)...

chemistry

For the reaction shown below complete the following calculations. H2(g) + C2H4(g) --> C2H6(g) (a) Estimate the enthalpy of reaction using the bond energy values in Table 9.4. (b) Calculate the enthalpy of reaction, using standard enthalpies of formation. (ΔH°f for H2...

Chemistry

Explain why only four ionization energies are listed for Beryllium in the table listing ionization energies of elements.

chemistry

for SCN- if S-C has a bond order of 1, S=C and C=N have bond orders of 2, and C triple bond N hasa bond order of 3, ... Do the bond length in SCN- point to one resonance structure over the other? Which one?

chem

Use bond energies to estimate the enthalpy change for the following reaction C2H2 + H2-> C2H4 i figured the bonds broken are: 1 C triple bond C 1(812kj/mol) 2 C-H 2(414kj/mol) 1 H-H 1(435kj/mol) Bonds formed 1 C=C 1(590kj/mol) 4 C-H 4(435kj/mol) Is this right

chemistry

List the following bonds in order of increasing ionic character. (Enter your answer in the format H-O for the hydrogen-to-oxygen bond in H2O. Use the appropriate <, =, or > symbol to separate substances in the list.) the barium-to-fluorine bond in Ba-F the magnesium-to-...

Physical Chemistry

Estimate the heat of the formation of each of the following molecules useing the bond dissociation energies provided (in KJ/mol) (a) NH3 (b) H2O (C) H2O2 D(NÎN)=944; D(H-H)=436; D(OÎO)=498; D(O-O)= 142; D(N-N)=391; D(O-H)=464 NB>all the brackets are foot note

chemistry

By reference to Molecular orbital Theory and giving the appropriate MO diagrams explain why the bond in N2 is very strong short (bond dissociation entalpy 945 kjmol-1,bond length 109.8 pm) while that in O2 is weaker and longer (bond dissociation entalpy 497 kJ mol-1,bond ...

chemistry

By reference to Molecular orbital Theory and giving the appropriate MO diagrams explain why the bond in N2 is very strong short (bond dissociation entalpy 945 kjmol-1,bond length 109.8 pm) while that in O2 is weaker and longer (bond dissociation entalpy 497 kJ mol bond length ...

chemistry

By reference to Molecular orbital Theory and giving the appropriate MO diagrams explain why the bond in N2 is very strong short (bond dissociation entalpy 945 kjmol-1,bond length 109.8 pm) while that in O2 is weaker and longer (bond dissociation entalpy 497 kJ mol-1 bond ...

chemistry

what are the three basic bonds. Ionic bond, covalent bond, ???? what is the third bond???

Chemistry

The bond in O2 is shorter than the O-O bond in compounds that contain an O-O single bond. Explain this observation.

Chemistry

Can someone arrange for the strengths of the bonds below for me please? lone pair, single bond, double bond, triple bond Thanks

Chemistry

Describe how ametallic bond is d/t from those of an ionic bond and a covalent bond.

Physics and Chemistry

What chemical phenomenon accounts for the elasticity seen in solids? covalent bond hydrogen bond ionic bond all of the above.

Chemistry

What is Delta H degrees for the gas-phase reaction below? CH4+ CL3 = CH3CL+ HCL Bond dissociation energies of CL-CL, C-CL, H-CL, and H-C are 243, 339, 431, and 414kj/mol respectively a)113kJ b)-113kJ c)263kJ d)-263kJ Can somebody teach me how to solve this?

Chemistry

Determine the energy absorbed as two moles of Nitrosyl Chloride are disassociated into nitric oxide and chlorine gas (used bond energies of kJ per mole to determine your net energy released in Joules): 2NOC1(g)-->2NO(g)+C12

Chemistry

Determine the energy absorbed as two moles of Nitrosyl Chloride are disassociated into nitric oxide and chlorine gas (used bond energies of kJ per mole to determine your net energy released in Joules): 2NOC1(g)-->2NO(g)+C12

chemistry

Use bond energies to predict the molar enthalpy of combustion of acetylene gas. 2C2H2 + 5O2--> 4CO2 + 2H2O I am confused as to how to do the 2C2H2 in relation to the bonds? how many c-c bonds would there be, or would they be triple bonds?

Science

To form an oxygen molecule (O2), two oxygen atoms share two pairs of electrons. What kind of bond is shown by this? Select all which apply. Ionic Bond Single Bond Double Bond Covalent Bond Triple Bond C and D?

chemistry

Aluminum fluoride, AlF3, exists as a gas at 1000 degrees C. (a) The Al-F bond energy is observed to be 659 kJ/mole. Calculate the Al-Al bond energy if the F-F bond energy 154.8 kJ/mol. Calculate the % ionic character of the Al-F bond.

chemistry

The N-N bond energy is difficult to measure. Given the values of 190 kJ/mol for the N-Cl bond energy and 240 kJ/mol for the Cl-Cl bond energy, determine the maximum de Broglie wavelength of an electron capable of breaking the N-N bond. Express your answer in m.

chemistry

The N-N bond energy is difficult to measure. Given the values of 190 kJ/mol for the N-Cl bond energy and 240 kJ/mol for the Cl-Cl bond energy, determine the maximum de Broglie wavelength of an electron capable of breaking the N-N bond. Express your answer in m.

chemistry

The N-N bond energy is difficult to measure. Given the values of 190 kJ/mol for the N-Cl bond energy and 240 kJ/mol for the Cl-Cl bond energy, determine the maximum de Broglie wavelength of an electron capable of breaking the N-N bond. Express your answer in m.

chemistry

By reference to Molecular orbital Theory and giving the appropriate MO diagrams explain why the bond in N2 is very strong short (bond dissociation entalpy 945 kjmol-1,bond length 109.8 pm) while that in O2 is weaker and longer (bond dissociation entalpy 497 kJ mol-1

CHemistry Dr. Bob please?

for bond energies if tehy give u a diagram of the structure for whatever like c--h--o==h or soemthing amd a chart with c--h=-670 Kj /mol or whatever do u just add all of the KJ/mol together? but what if they only want kJ? would you just multply whatever kJ/mol *1 mol?? how do ...

chemistry

1998 scientists using a special type of electron microscope were able to measure the force needed to break a single chemical bond. If 2.0 x 10^-9 N was needed to break a C-Si bond, estimate the bond enthalpy in kJ/mol. Assume that the bond had to be stretched by a distance of ...

FINANCE

12. Bond Quotes Consider the following bond quote: a municipal bond quoted at 101.25. If the municipal bond has a par value of $5,000, what is the price of the bond in dollars?

Chemistry

What are charateristic of a ionic bond and a chemical bond? Answered below for characteristics of ionic bonds. I don't understand characteristics of chemical bond since an ionic bond is a chemical bond. Perhaps you can rephrase your question. For my partial answer look on this...

Chemistry

Why do the alkali metals have low ionization energies but relatively large atomic size? (I thought larger atomic sizes meant higher ionization energies.) What is the relationship between the two?

Science

10. Metal cations are atoms that have a positive charge. What type of bond is a metal cation likely to form? (1 point) covalent bond double bond single bond ionic bond my answer is d

Bio-Chemistry

Which compound is capable of donating a proton (H+)? A. Acetic acid B. Sodium hydroxide C. Acetylene D. Pentane E. Cyclohexane Which of the following statements is not true of a C-C triple bond? A. Longer bond length than a C=C double bond. B. 180 degree bond angles C. Each ...

Chemistry

In comparing the same two atoms bonded together, the greater the bond order, the shorter the bond length, and the greater the bond energy. Why is this the case?

Chemistry

Draw the best Lewis structures for NO+, NO2-, NO2H, and NO3-. Based on the Lewis structures, list all of the the N-O bonds lengths in order of shortest (1) to longest (5). N-O bond length in >>> 2 N-O double bond in NO2H >>> 1 N-O bond length in NO3- >>...

Chemistry

I have to build a model of a molecule and I was wondering how to determine its bond lenghts. (It has C-H, C-O, C=O, C-N, C-C & C=C bonds.) Also, will the lengths of all of one type of bond be the same throughout the molecule? Er...for example, if I found the length of a C-H ...

organic chemistry

plz tell me about natureof bonding and forces ,heat of hydrogen,anti bandister bonding electrons.primary bond,secondary bond and tertiary bond

sci

Two nonmetals from Group 16 are likely to form a(n) • metallic bond. • double bond. • ionic bond. • covalent bond.

Science Help!

Two nonmetals from Group 16 are likely to form a(n) A. Metalic bond. B. Double bond C. Ionic bond D. Covalent bond Is the answer C? Thank you

chemistry help

for the compound: carbon in the middle with 3 bonds -double bond to oxygen -bond to Mn(CO)5 -bond to CH3 group is the oxidation state of the metal +1? d count 6? total electron count 20? coordination number 7?

chemistry help

or the compound: carbon in the middle with 3 bonds -double bond to oxygen -bond to Mn(CO)5 -bond to CH3 group is the oxidation state of the metal +1? d count 6? total electron count 20? coordination number 7?

chemistry please

or the compound: carbon in the middle with 3 bonds -double bond to oxygen -bond to Mn(CO)5 -bond to CH3 group is the oxidation state of the metal +1? d count 6? total electron count 20? coordination number 7?

Chemistry

Consider the Lewis structure for the major resonance form of PCS–. (Note that carbon is the central atom.) The structure shows: a. A phosphorus-carbon triple bond and a carbon-sulfur single bond. b. A phosphorus-carbon double bond and a carbon-sulfur double bond c. A ...

Chemistry

SO2 can be drawn as a molecule which satisfies the octet rule (using one double bond and a single bond) or as an expanded octet (using two double bonds). A measurement of the S-O bond distance demonstrates that the two bond lengths are identical. Does this clarify which Lewis ...

Chemistry

1. How does the strenght of a covalent bond relate to bond length? 2. Compare the degree of polarity in HF, HCL, HBr, and HI? 3. Given that it has the highest electronegativity, can a fluorine atom ever from a non-polar covalent bond? Explain your answer.

Physics(checking answer)

Two 3.0g bullets are fired with speeds of 40.0 m/s and 80.0 m/s respectively. What are their kinetic energies? Which bullet has more kinetic energy? What is the ratio of their kinetic energies? I got 60 for the first bullet and 120 for the second. I am not sure I used the ...

chemistry

Two new metallic elements have been discovered, Cimium (Ci) and Sadowium (Sd). Both the pure elements and their solutions form simple cubic lattices. The bond strengths of the Ci-Ci and Sd-Sd bonds are known, but not the Ci-Sd bond. Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mole) Ci-Ci -245 Sd-Sd...

Chemistry

Two new metallic elements have been discovered, Cimium (Ci) and Sadowium (Sd). Both the pure elements and their solutions form simple cubic lattices. The bond strengths of the Ci-Ci and Sd-Sd bonds are known, but not the Ci-Sd bond. Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mole) Ci-Ci -245 Sd-Sd...

Chemistry

Two new metallic elements have been discovered, Cimium (Ci) and Sadowium (Sd). Both the pure elements and their solutions form simple cubic lattices. The bond strengths of the Ci-Ci and Sd-Sd bonds are known, but not the Ci-Sd bond. Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mole) Ci-Ci -245 Sd-Sd...

Chemistry

Chart: Group, Bond length, Bond strength, H-X-H Bond Angle NH3: 1.000, 391, 107 PH3: 1.412, 322, 93.5 AsH3: 1.510, 247, 92 SbH3: 1.688, 247, 92 What physical states do these molecules exist at room temperature? Gas Briefly explain the observed trend in bond length. Briefly ...

Chem HW

COVALENT COMPOUNDS WORKSHEET 1. Find the Bond Lengths in the following compounds: report in pm a) SiF4 __________________________________________________ b) N2S3 : N-N________________ N-S _______________________________ c) HBr __________________________________________________...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-C 347 C=C 611 C-H 414 H-H 436 Calculate the value of the C C (triple bond) energy in C2H2 in kJ/mole.

chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-C 347 C=C 611 C-H 414 H-H 436 Calculate the value of the C C (triple bond) energy in C2H2 in kJ/mole.

organic chemistry

why can't you convert cis-2-butene into trans-2-butene simply by undergoing a rotation/ The cis and trans isomers of 2-butene involve a pi bond as well as a sigma bond. To "rotate" the molecule, the pi bond must be broken (remember this double bond is planar) and that involves...

CHEM

Compare the value you obtained from average bond energies: (260Kj) to the actual standard enthalpy of formation of gaseous benzene, 82.9 kj. What does the difference between these two values tell you about the stability of benzene?

biology

Which of the following bond types is Fexofenadine capable of forming with a suitable partner molecule? Indicate your answer by checking "Yes" or "No" as appropriate. Bond type Can Fexofenadine form this bond? Hydrogen Bond Ionic Bond van der Waals forces As a whole, is the ...

Physics( Checking answer)

Sorry for re-posting but I really need to know if I did it right. Please someone help! Two 3.0g bullets are fired with speeds of 40.0 m/s and 80.0 m/s respectively. What are their kinetic energies? Which bullet has more kinetic energy? What is the ratio of their kinetic ...

Finance

(Bond valuation) A $1,000 face value bond has a remaining maturity of 10 years and a required return of 9%. "The bond's coupon rate is 7.4%. What is the fair value of this bond?

biology/science

Oxygen attracts electrons more strongly than hydrogen does. What kind of bond forms between the two hydrogen atoms and single oxygen atom that form a water molecule? A. A metallic bond B. A hydrogen bond C. An ionic bond D. A polar bond Currently stuck here.

chemistry

assuming the valencies of hydrogen nitrogen and carbon are 1,3,and 4. i need to draw a structural formulae for hydrogen cyanide and cyanogen that are consistant with these values H(triple bond)C-N N(triple bond)C-C(triple bond)N

chemistry

Use molecular orbital theory to predict whether the bond order in the superoxide ion, O2-, should be higher or lower than the bond order in neutral O2 molecule. Is the bond order of O2- higer or lower than that of O2?

chemistry

I am very confused about hybridization in general. Please give an explanation on how to do this. Which of the following pairs of atomic orbitals of adjacent nuclei can overlap to form a sigma bond? a pi bond? or no bond at all? a) 1s and 1s b) 1s and 2px c) 2px and 2py d) 3py ...

Chemistry

Can someone explain the molecular orbital theory and how to find the bond strength, bond length, and bond order? I'm also confused about the geometry of molecules & ions, like how to find the angles? (Like NH3 is 107 degrees, and H20 is 104.5 degrees, how do I find this when I...

Finance

A three-year bond has 8.0% coupon rate and face value of $1000. If the yield to maturity on the bond is 10%, calculate the price of the bond assuming that the bond makes semi-annual coupon interest payments.

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