# What is the sign of heat(Q), Work(W), or Temperature for these following situations. Say if it's +,-, or 0. 1)You hit a nail with a hammer: +W, Q=0, T=0 2)You hold a nail over a Bunsen burner: Q=+Q, Temp:constant, W=0

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### thermodyn. please check work

What is the sign of heat(Q), Work(W), or Temperature for these following situations. Say if it's +,-, or 0. 1)You hit a nail with a hammer: +W, Q=0, T=0 2)You hold a nail over a Bunsen burner: Q=+Q, Temp:constant, W=0 3)You compress the air in a bicycle pump by pushing down on...

### physical science

A nail is driven into a board to a depth of 1.00 cm with one strike from the hammer. The hammer striking the nail hit it with a force of 200.00 Newtons. How much work was done?

### Physics

A farmer drives a 0.100 kg iron spike with a 2.00 kg sledge hammer. The sledge hammer moves at a constant speed of 3.99 m/s until it comes to rest on the spike after each swing. Assuming all the energy is absorbed by the nail, and ignoring the work done by the nail on the ...

### Physics

A nail driven into a board increases in temperature. If we assume that 88.6 % of the kinetic energy delivered by a 2.3-kg hammer with a speed of 7.80 m/s is transformed into heat that flows into the nail and does not flow out, what is the temperature increase in K of an 272 g ...

### Physics warming a nail

2.) Pounding a nail into wood makes the nail warmer. Consider a 5-g steel nail 6 cm long and a hammer that exerts an average force of 500 N on the nail when it is being driven into a piece of wood. The nail becomes hotter. Show that the increase in the nail's temperature is 13...

### physics b

A nail driven into a board increases in temperature. If 60% of the kinetic energy delivered by a 1.8 kg hammer with a speed of 7.8 m/s is transformed into heat that flows into the nail and does not flow out, what is the increase in temperature of an 8 g aluminum (c = 900 J/(kg...

### Science

A hammer with a 500-g head exerts an average force of 810n on a nail speed as it drives the nail 4 mm into wall. What was the speed of the hammer head when it hit the nail?

### physics

The figure below shows a claw hammer being used to pull a nail out of a horizontal board where θ = 32.2°. The mass of the hammer is 1.00 kg. A force of 125 N is exerted horizontally as shown, and the nail does not yet move relative to the board. Assume the force the ...

### physics

When a hammer strikes a nail, it is compressed along its length. Suppose that a steel nail 10.00 cm long and 3.00 mm in diameter is compressed an average of 65.0 µm by a 0.460 kg hammer during a 1.20 ms collision. (a) What average force was exerted on the nail by the hammer...

### Physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 13 g nail when it is struck by a 550 g hammer moving with an initial speed of 4.0 m/s. I solved for the final velocities of both and got 3.8 m/s ...

### physics

a farmer drives a 0.100 kg iron spike with a 2.00 kg sledge hammer. the sledge hammer moves at a speed of 3.00 m/s and comes to rest on the spike after each swing. assuming all the energy is absorbed by the nail and ignoring the work by the nail, how much would the nails ...

### Science

You do 100 J of work in pulling out a nail with a claw hammer. If the hammer does 70 J of work, what is the hammer's efficiency?

### Physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 13 g nail when it is struck by a 550 g hammer moving with an initial speed of 4.0 m/s. I solved for the final velocities of both and got 3.8 m/s ...

### physics

A hammer with 10 J of kinetic energy hits a nail and pushes it 5.0 mm into a plank. Both the hammer and nail come to rest after the collision. What is the average force that acts on the nail while it moves the 5.0 mm?

### Physics

A hammer of mass M is moving at speed v0 when it strikes a nail of negligible mass that is stuck in a wooden block. The hammer is observed to drive the nail a distance L deeper into the block. A) Find the magnitude F of the force that the wooden block exerts on the nail, ...

### Physics

When a hammer strikes a nail, it is compressed along its length. Suppose that a steel nail 9.00 cm long and 3.00 mm in diameter is compressed an average of 65.0 µm by a 0.490 kg hammer during a 1.20 ms collision. a) What is the average force exerted by the hammer on the nail...

### science

When you hit a nail into a board using a hammer, the head of the nail gets warm. In terms of kietic and thermal energy, describe why you think this happens.

### Physical science

Using a hammer to drive a nail, it is the reaction force that brings the motion of the hammer to a stop but the ___________ that drives the nail into the wood.

### Physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 15 g nail when it is struck by a 550 g hammer moving with an initial speed of 5.1 m/s.

### Physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 15 g nail when it is struck by a 550 g hammer moving with an initial speed of 5.1 m/s.

### physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 10-g nail when it is struck by a 550-g hammer moving with an initial speed of 3.8 m/s.

### physics

The collision between a nail and hammer can be considered to be approximately elastic. Calculate the kinetic energy acquired by a 12gm nail when it is struck by a 550 gm hammer moving with an initial speed of 4.5 m/sec.

### physics

The figure below shows a clawhammer as it is being used to pull a nail out of a horizontal board. A force of magnitude 130 N is exerted horizontally as shown. (NOTE: Assume that the force the hammer exerts on the nail is parallel to the nail and perpendicular to the position ...

### physics problems

please check my answers. 17. explain how the sport of pole vaulting dramatically changed when flexible fiberglass poles replaced still wodden poles? -the fiberglass poles had more momentum and PE than still wooden poles? 20. does the international space station have ...

### Physics

A 12 kg hammer strikes a nail at a velocity of 8.2 m/s and comes to rest in a time interval of 0.0083 s. 1. What is the impulse given to the nail? 2. What is the average force acting on the nail?

### physics

A hammer is being used to pull a nail out of a horizontal board. L = 32 cm and d = 5.2 cm. If a force of 158 N is exerted horizontally as shown, calculate the force (in N) exerted by the hammer claws on the nail.

### Science

According to Newton’s third law of motion, when a hammer strikes and exerts force on a nail to push it into a piece of wood, the nail (1 point) 1. creates a friction with the hammer. 2. exerts an equal force on the wood. 3. exerts an equal and opposite force on the hammer. 4...

### Physics

The collision between a hammer and a nail can be considered to be approximately elastic. Estimate the kinetic energy acquired by a 13 g nail when it is struck by a 550 g hammer moving with an initial speed of 4.1 m/s. I am completely confused by this problem all of my answers ...

### calculus

When a hammer thrower spins, the hammer generates a circle with a radius of 5 feet. When thrown, the hammer hits a screen that is 50 feet from the center of the throwing area. Let coordinate axes be introduced. If the hammer is released at (-4, -3) and travels in the tangent ...

### physics

20. does the international space station have gravitational pe? ke? explain? -It has gravitation pe. I thought that Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object as the result of its vertical position or height? 30.a moving hammer hits a nail and drives it ...

### physics

please check my answers. 20. does the international space station have gravitational pe? ke? explain? -It has gravitation pe. I thought that Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object as the result of its vertical position or height? 30.a moving hammer ...

### chemistry

what is the chemical equation for these situations..? a) there is a straight iron nail in the solidified gelatin solution. the gelatin solution was prepared with phenolphthalein and K3Fe(CN)6. b) same scenario as with (a) but the nail is bent c) same with (a) but the nail has ...

### physics

A hammer is often used to force a nail into wood. The faster the hammer moves, the deeper the nail moves into the wood. This can be represented in a laboratory by a mass falling vertically onto a nail. It is suggested that the depth d of the nail in the wood (see Fig. 1.1) is ...

### cape1 physics

a hammer is often used to force a nail into wood.the faster the hammer moves,the deeper the nail moves into the wood.

### chemistry

HELP PLEASE... what is the chemical equation for these situations..? a) there is a straight iron nail in the solidified gelatin solution. the gelatin solution was prepared with phenolphthalein and K3Fe(CN)6. b) same scenario as with (a) but the nail is bent c) same with (a) ...

### chemistry

HELP PLEASE... what is the chemical equation for these situations..? a) there is a straight iron nail in the solidified gelatin solution. the gelatin solution was prepared with phenolphthalein and K3Fe(CN)6. b) same scenario as with (a) but the nail is bent c) same with (a) ...

### chemistry

HELP PLEASE... what is the chemical equation for these situations..? a) there is a straight iron nail in the solidified gelatin solution. the gelatin solution was prepared with phenolphthalein and K3Fe(CN)6. b) same scenario as with (a) but the nail is bent c) same with (a) ...

### physics

A 1.1 kg hammer slams down on a nail at 5.0 m/s and bounces back at 1.0 m/s. If the impact lasts 1.0 ms, what average force is exerted on the nail?

### physics

A mechanic strikes a hammer with a velocity of 20 m/sec.the hammer stops in 0.02 seconds after striking the nail. Find the acceleration.

### physics

A(n) 4.5 lb hammer head, traveling at 4.7 ft/s strikes a nail and is brought to a stop in 0.0009 s. The acceleration of gravity is 32 ft/s 2 . What force did the nail receive? Answer in units of lb

### physics

A hammer weighing of 1 kg moving with the speed of 10 m/s strikes the head of the nail driving it 10 cm into wall. Neglecting the mass of the nail, calculate the impluse.

### Math

The weights of individual nails produced by the 'Hammer 'n Nail' hardware company follow a normal distribution with the average nail weight being 5.1 grams and the standard deviation in nail weight being 1.6 grams. When a nail is produced it is discarded if it weighs more than...

### Physics

My problem is as follows "A 3 kg brick is dropped from a height of 1.0 m onto a nail which is vertically stuck in a plank of wood. If the nail doesn't move in much, how much heat is produced in the system when the brick hits and sticks onto the top of the nail." I know PE is ...

### Physics

A 0.450 kg hammer is moving horizontally at 8.00 m/s when it strikes a nail and comes to rest after driving it 1.00 cm into a board.(a) Calculate the duration of the impact.(b) What was the average force exerted on the nail?

### physics

A 0.450 kg hammer is moving horizontally at 6.00 m/s when it strikes a nail and comes to rest after driving it 1.00 cm into a board. (a) Calculate the duration of the impact. (b) What was the average force exerted on the nail?

### physicis

A 1.0 kg metal head of a geology hammer strikes a solid rock with a velocity of 5.0 m/s. Assuming all the energy is retained by the hammer head, and that it's heat capacity is 0.11 cal/(gC), how much will its temperature increase?

### statistics

The weights of individual nails produced by the 'Hammer 'n Nail' hardware company follow a normal distribution with the average nail weight being 5.1 grams and the standard deviation in nail weight being 1.6 grams. When a nail is produced it is discarded if it weighs more than...

### Physics for Technology

I have been out of school 27 years; no Algebra or Trigonometry training: only remedial math. This class is part of a Diploma program, no placement test required - I am out of my depth. I had a tutor for an hour last Tues., with another appt. this Tues. Yet, like I told my ...

### Chemistry

2 Al(s) + 3 Cl2(g) → 2 AlCl3(s) Into a cylinder with a moveable piston (pressure stays constant), a piece of aluminum is placed and chlorine gas is added. After they react, the temperature inside the piston is considerable higher than its initial temperature, but the volume ...

### physics- please check

a. Two sticks are rubbed together to start a fire. b. A firecracker explodes. c. A red-hot iron bar is set aside to cool. In which of the situations listed above is energy being transferred as heat to the system in order for the system to do work? I would say A & B. In which ...

### physical science

Alex pulls on the handle of a claw hammer with a force of 15 N. If the hammer has a mechanical advantage of 5.2, how much force is exerted on a nail in the claw?

### physics

a)Hydrogen has a much higher specific heat capacity than milk. What can you say about the specific heat capacity of hydrogen?b)wrap a cotton wool around a thermometer,will its temperature rise?Explain your answer c)if you are holding a metal nail with one of its end against a ...

### Chemistry

You carry out an exothermic reaction inside a Styrofoam cup calorimeter, using a temperature probe to monitor the temperature throughout the reaction. You find that the temperature increases 7.40 °C during the reaction. The specific heat of the reaction solution is known to ...

### physics

A hammer weighing of 1 kg moving with the speed of 10 m/s strikes the head of the nail driving it 10 cm into wall. Neglecting the mass of the nail, calculate: 1) The acceleration during the impact 2) The time interval during the impact 3) The impulse (force X time)

### Spelling

Nail Hammer screw

### spelling

nail : hammer : screw

### Physics

You hold an inflated balloon over a hot air vent in your house and watch it slowly expand. You then remove it and let it cool back to room temperature. During the expansion, which was larger: the heat added to the balloon or the work done by the air inside? explain. (assume ...

### PHYSICS

Identify the following gas compression descriptions as adiabatic, isothermal or isobaric. a. As the gas compresses, the internal energy ÄU, decreases when the temperature decreases; the work done on the gas is greater than the heat removed from the gas: ___________________ b...

### Physics conceptual

You hold an inflated balloon over a hot air vent in your house and watch it slowly expand. You then remove it and let it cool back to room temperature. During the expansion, which was larger: the heat added to the balloon or the work done by the air inside? explain. (assume ...

### Physics Entropy Project

We did a lab in class where we heated a nail, and our goal was to determine the total increase in entropy of the system. I have all of the measurements but I'm not sure how to go about figuring out the change in heat (delta Q). delta S = delta Q / delta T (S=Q/T) Here are all ...

### astronomy

If you drop a feather and a steel hammer at the same moment, they should hit the ground at the same instant. Why doesn’t this work on Earth, and why does it work on the Moon? Will it work on Phobos, a moon of Mars?

### physics

1. A man pushes on a box at an angle of 30.0° with a force of 20.0 N and the box moves across the floor. Which of the following component of the force do you use to calculate work? (Points : 1) 0.00 N 10.0 N 17.3 N 20.0 N Question 2.2. A man carries a 10 kg sack of groceries ...

### Science

Does clawing out a nail with a hammer have a 1st class lever??

For the problems below, I have the answers written but from questions d-i, I don't understand how they got the answer. I tried doing it and somehow I messed up with the formula with 3/2 and 5/2 so please show work on how they got the answers for d-i. In answering this set of ...

### Physics

The head of a hammer is loose and you wish to tighten it by banging it against the top of a workbench. Why is it better to hold the hammer with the handle down, as shown below, rather than with the head down? Explain in terms of inertia.

### Physics

The head of a hammer is loose and you wish to tighten it by banging it against the top of a workbench. Why is it better to hold the hammer with the handle down, as shown below, rather than with the head down? Explain in terms of inertia.

### physics

Consider 3 liters of an ideal (monatomic) gas at a pressure of 34 atm and a temperature of 356K. Call this state of the system A. Using the ideal gas law, calculate the number of moles of gas present in the system. 3.49 The temperature of the system is reduced, keeping the ...

### MATH

The time (t, in seconds) for a free-falling object to fall d feet is described by the mathematical formula: t=d over the square root of 16 If a worker accidentally drops a hammer from a building and it hit the ground 4 seconds later, from what height was the hammer dropped

### Probability

When I swing at a nail, I drive it all the way in with probability 1/2. With probability 1/4, I hit it half-way in, and with 1/4 probability I miss it entirely. I'm pretty sure that if I swing 4 times at a nail, I'll get it all the way in almost all the time. Let's see if I'm ...

### Physics

I need help, i'm not sure if i have the correct answers and i'm scared to submit them. A man carries a 10 kg sack of groceries in his arms with a force of 50 N as he walks forward a distance of 10 m. How much work has he done? (Points : 1) 0 J 50 J 100 J 500 J <---- In ...

### Math

Right now i'm doing this kinda cool (kinda) project. I need to find the price of all my supplies when i'm building something. So ummm yah. I need to know the pice of nails...you know not a finger nail but a nail that you use a hammer. I don't know how much i need...maybe 100-...

### physics

Calculate the kinetic energy acquired by a 11- nail when it is struck by a 540- hammer moving with an initial speed of 4.9 .

### Physics

A piece of wood with mass m = 2.7 kg is held in a vise sandwiched between two wooden jaws as shown in the figure below. A blow from a hammer drives a nail which exerts a force of 460 N on the wood. If the coefficient of static friction between the wood surfaces is 0.61, what ...

### physics

A piece of wood with mass m = 2.8 kg is held in a vise sandwiched between two wooden jaws as shown in the figure below. A blow from a hammer drives a nail which exerts a force of 440 N on the wood. If the coefficient of static friction between the wood surfaces is 0.66, what ...

### physics

a pneumatic nail gun with muzzle speed of 37m/s fires a 5.0cm nail directly into a hard wood that stops the nail just when it is full embedded in the wood. Assuming the nail's deceleration to be constant, what is its magnitude?

### Algebra

A construction worker drops a hammer from a height of 25 m. How long will it take the hammer to hit the ground? Use the formula h(t)=−4.9t62+vot+ho , where vo is the initial velocity and ho is the initial height. Round to the nearest tenth of a second. Enter your answer in ...

### PHYSICS

A Hammer weighing 3kg strikes the head of a nail with a speed of 2m/s and drives it by 1cm into the wall. find the impulse?

### biology

how is the knee jerk reflex (like when a hammer hits the knee and the leg stretchs out) related to proprioception? if someone doesn't have proprioception why would their leg not move when it is hit by the hammer?

### Science

1. How much heat energy is lost by 3 kg of water when it cools from 80 degrees C to 10 degrees C? 2. A 300 g piece of aluminum is heated from 30 degrees C to 150 degrees C. What amount of heat energy is absorbed? 3. Determine the temperature change in each of the following. (a...

### Physics

A commercial heat pump has CP=3 when the indoor temperature is 20°C and the outdoor temperature is 6°C. How much work is required to operate it if 3*10^6J of heat must be transferred to the room each hour?

### Chemistry

when pure sodium hydroxide is dissolved in water , heat is evolved in a laboratory experiment measure a molar heat of solution of sodium hydroxide the following procedure was followed. to a calorimeter containing 300g of water at 20.0 C and 10.65g of NaOH also at 20.0 C was ...

### science

a 1.0 kg metal head of a geology hammer strikes a solid rock with a speed of 3.9 m/s. assuming all the energy was retained by the hammer head, how much will its temperature increase?

### PHYSICAL SCIENCE

A 1.0 kg metal head of a geology hammer strikes a solid rock with a velocity of 5.0 m/s. Assuming all the energy is retained by the hammer head, how much will its temperature increase?

### physics

the nail puller shown in the figure below you exert a force 53.2 cm from the pivot and the nail is 1.50 cm on the other side. What minimum force must you exert to apply a force of 1380 N to the nail to pull the nail up? 38.9 N is correct What is the mechanical advantage of the...

### science

A heat engine draws 800J of heat from its high temperature source and discards 450J of exhaust heat into its cold temperature reservoir during each cycle.How much work does this engine perform per cycle?

### chemistry

Use the following values for the arrows in the drawing: a = 185 J of heat; b = 45 J of heat; c = 115 J of work; d = 40 J of work; e = 65 J of work; and f = 190 J of heat. Find the change in the internal energy of object A only. Use the First Law of Thermodynamics Be careful ...

### Chemistry

Consider the following thermochemical equation for the combustion of acetone (C3H6O), the main ingredient in nail polish remover: C3C6O + 4 O2 --> 3 CO2 + 3H2O DELTA Hrxm= -1790kJ If a bottle of nail polish remover contains 183 mL of acetone, how much heat would be released...

### Physical science

A 1.0kg metal head of a geology hammer strikes a solid rock with a velocity of 5.0m/s. Assuming all the energy is retained by the hammer head, how much will its temperature increase?

### Physics

The temperature of a monatomic ideal gas remains constant during a process in which 4500 J of heat flows out of the gas. How much work (including the proper + or - sign) is done on the gas? J

### physic

A Carnot engine takes an amount of heat QH = 113 J from a high-temperature reservoir at temperature TH = 1170°C, and exhausts the remaining heat into a low-temperature reservoir at TL = 13.3°C. Find the amount of work that is obtained from this process

### chemistry

Which of the following best describes the heat engine? A. A heat engine works through the conversion of energy in the form of heat to mechanical work. B. A heat engine works through the conversion of energy in the form of heat to chemical work. C. A heat engine works through ...

### Physics

In the nail puller shown in the figure below you exert a force 49.6 cm from the pivot and the nail is 1.90 cm on the other side. What minimum force must you exert to apply a force of 1460 N to the nail to pull the nail up?

### physics

In the nail puller shown in the figure below you exert a force 53.2 cm from the pivot and the nail is 1.50 cm on the other side. What minimum force must you exert to apply a force of 1380 N to the nail to pull the nail up?

### science grade 5

how is heat related to temperature? Temperature tells us the DEGREE of heat; i.e., how hot is something. A temperature of 98.6 F is normal body temperature. A hot day is when the temperature is 95 degrees F. A cold day is when it is freezing outside. But the heat something ...

### Science

What kind of substance does the following, reflects light, warms up in my hand, flattens out if hit with a hammer, conducts electricity? 1)nonmetal 2)metal 3)metalloid I think #3

### Chemistry

Calculate the amount of heat energy transferred in the following situations: the temperature of 1.0g water rises from 22.5 degrees C to 24.5 degrees C. Feel like I am missing givens. Help! There are a few more like this but I just need to know how to set it up.

### chemistry

If all the energy obtained from burning 1.23 pounds of propane (fuel value is 11.09 kcal/g) is used to heat 125.0 kg of water at an initial temperature of 21.8 °C, what is the final temperature? Hint: The heat, q, released by burning propane is absorbed by the water. Use the ...

### physics 121 hanging sign

A sign has a mass of 1050 kg, a height h = 1 m, and a width W = 4 m. It is held by a light rod of length 5 m that is perpendicular to a rough wall. A guy wire at 23° to the horizontal holds the sign to the wall. Note that the distance from the left edge of the sign to the ...

### PHYSÝCS

Suppose a person metabolizes 2150 kcal/day. a) With a core body temperature of 37.1°C and an ambient temperature of 21.3°C, what is the maximum (Carnot) efficiency with which the person can perform work? b) If the person could work with that efficiency, at what rate, in ...

### physics

Suppose a person metabolizes 2250 kcal/day. a) With a core body temperature of 36.9°C and an ambient temperature of 21.5°C, what is the maximum (Carnot) efficiency with which the person can perform work? b) If the person could work with that efficiency, at what rate, in ...