# Utilizing the concept of the second law of thermodynamics, explain why an ice skater requires less energy expenditure to cover the same distance as a roller skater. ?

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1. ### chemistry

Utilizing the concept of the second law of thermodynamics, explain why an ice skater requires less energy expenditure to cover the same distance as a roller skater. ?
2. ### physics

A 63-kg ice-skater glides with a speed of 10 m/s toward a 14-kg sled at rest on the ice. The ice-skater reaches the sled and holds on to it. The ice-skater and the sled then continue sliding in the same direction in which the ice-skater was originally skating. What is the ...
3. ### Physics

A 63-kg ice-skater glides with a speed of 10 m/s toward a 14-kg sled at rest on the ice. The ice-skater reaches the sled and holds on to it. The ice-skater and the sled then continue sliding in the same direction in which the ice-skater was originally skating. What is the ...
4. ### physics

Two fi gure skaters are moving east together during a performance. Skater 1 (78 kg) is behind skater 2 (56 kg) when skater 2 pushes on skater 1 with a force of 64 N [W]. Assume that no friction acts on either skater. T / I (a) Determine the acceleration of each skater. (b) ...
5. ### Physics

An ice skater of mass 55.3 kg stops to tie his shoe and is at rest. A second ice skater of mass 32.7 kg is moving at a velocity of 15.9 m/s when he strikes the first ice skater. After the collision the second ice skater has a velocity of 7.5 m/s at an angle of 45.0 degrees ...
6. ### Physics

A 74.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.90 m/s throws a 0.15 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 23.2 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
7. ### physics )':

A 66.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.80 m/s throws a 0.16 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 20.4 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
8. ### physics

A 74.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.58 m/s throws a 0.18 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 24.4 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
9. ### physics

A 74.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.58 m/s throws a 0.18 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 24.4 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
10. ### PHYSICS HELP!

A 73.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.64 m/s throws a 0.18 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 23.8 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
11. ### physics

A 68.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.55 m/s throws a 0.16 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 27.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
12. ### HO Physics

A 68.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.55 m/s throws a 0.16 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 27.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
13. ### Physics

A 68.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.55 m/s throws a 0.16 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 27.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
14. ### physics

A 68.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.55 m/s throws a 0.16 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 27.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
15. ### physics

A 74.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.14 m/s throws a 0.12 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 24.2 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
16. ### Physics

A 65.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.5 m/s throws a 0.15 kg snowball to the right with the velocity of 32.0 m/s relative to the ground. a. What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? disregard the friction between the skates and...
17. ### Physics

A 74.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.90 m/s throws a 0.15 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 23.2 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
18. ### Physics

A 74.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.62 m/s throws a 0.21 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 23.8 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
19. ### physics

A 66.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.09 m/s throws a 0.14 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 22.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
20. ### Physics

A 73.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.97 m/s throws a 0.21 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 29.3 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
21. ### physics

A 67.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.02 m/s throws a 0.12 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 21.5 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
22. ### Physics

a 65-kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.50m/s throws a .150kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 32.0m/s relative to the ground a) what is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? b) a second skater initially at rest with a mass of ...
23. ### Biomechanics

Two ice skaters start out motionless in the center of an ice rink. They then push each other apart. The first skater (mass = 80 kg) moves to the right with a velocity of 2.5 m/s. The second skater (mass = 58 kg) moves to the left at some unknown speed. If we assume that the ...
24. ### 12th Physics

A 55 kg ice skater is at rest on a flat skating rink. A 198 N horizontal forceis needed to set the skater in motion.However, after the skater is inmotion, a horizontal force of 175 N keeps the skater moving at a constantvelocity. Find the coefficients of static and kinetic ...
25. ### physics

A 67.3 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.52 m/s throws a 0.151 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 33.7 m/s relative to the ground. What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and ...
26. ### Physics

A 65.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.47 m/s throws a 0.18 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 24.3 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
27. ### Physics

A 65.0 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.47 m/s throws a 0.18 kg snowball to the right with a velocity of 24.3 m/s relative to the ground. (a) What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and...
28. ### Physics

an ice skater with a mass of 80kg pushes off against a second skater with a mass of 32kg. both skaters are initially at rest. a. what is the total momentum of the system after the push off? b. if the larger skater moves off with a speed of 3m/s, what is the corresponding speed...
29. ### Physics

3. A skater with an initial speed of 7.6 m/s is gliding across the ice. The coefficient of friction between the ice and the skae blades is μk=0.1. a. Find acceleration of the skater b. How foar will the skater travel before coming to rest
30. ### physics

A 71 kg skater and a 59 kg skater stand at rest on frictionless ice. They push off, and the 71 kg skater moves at 2.5 m/s in the + x-direction. What's the other's velocity?
31. ### Science- Physics

an 80 kg skater and a 60 kg skater stand in the middle of an ice rink and push each other away. the 60 kg skater moves away at 2 m/s calculate her momentum and the velocity of the other skater
32. ### physics 2!!**

Two ice skaters stand at rest in the center of an ice rink. When they push off against one another the 45 kg skater acquires a speed of 0.71 m/s. If the speed of the other skater is 0.84 m/s, what is this skater's mass?
33. ### physics

Two ice skaters stand at rest in the center of an ice rink. When they push off against one another the 61 kg skater acquires a speed of 0.60 m/s.If the speed of the other skater is 0.90 m/s, what is this skater's mass?
34. ### Physics

Two ice skaters stand at rest in the center of an ice rink. When they push off against one another the 61-kg skater acquires a speed of 0.63 m/s. If the speed of the other skater is 0.86 m/s, what is this skater's mass?
35. ### Physics

Two ice skaters stand at rest in the center of an ice rink. When they push off against one another the 61-kg skater acquires a speed of 0.63 m/s . If the speed of the other skater is 0.86 m/s , what is this skater's mass?
36. ### Physics

Two ice skaters stand at rest in the center of an ice rink. When they push off against one another the 61-kg skater acquires a speed of 0.63 m/s . If the speed of the other skater is 0.86 m/s , what is this skater's mass?
37. ### physics

An ice skater is traveling in a straight, horizontal line on the ice with a velocity of v = 6.5 m/s in the positive x-direction. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the skates and the ice is μk = 0.23. v = 6.5 m/s μk = 0.23 A. Using the expression for normal ...
38. ### Physics

Two figure skaters are coasting in the same direction, with the leading skater moving at 4.7 m/s and the trailing skater moving at 5.7 m/s. When the trailing skater catches up with the leading skater, he picks her up without applying any horizontal forces on his skates. If the...
39. ### science

A skater is coasting alone the ice without sexerting any apparent force. Which law of motion explains the skater's ability to continue moving?
40. ### physics

A 59.1 kg ice skater, moving at 13.3 m/s, crashes into a stationary skater of equal mass. After the collision, the two skaters move as a unit at 6.65 m/s. Suppose the average force a skater experience without breaking a bone is 4656 N. If the impact time is 0.166 s, what is ...
41. ### physics

A 59.1 kg ice skater, moving at 13.3 m/s, crashes into a stationary skater of equal mass. After the collision, the two skaters move as a unit at 6.65 m/s. Suppose the average force a skater experience without breaking a bone is 4656 N. If the impact time is 0.166 s, what is ...
42. ### Physics B

A 89.2 kg ice skater, moving at 16.1 m/s, crashes into a stationary skater of equal mass. After the collision, the two skaters move as a unit at 8.05 m/s. Suppose the average force a skater can experience without breaking a bone is 4296 N. If the impact time is 0.096 s, what ...
43. ### physics

Micah and Will watched a skater skate at a steady speed around a oval rink.Micah said the skater had no acceleration.Will said that the skater was accelerating.Who is right?Explain your reasoning.Be sure to describe how the skater's motion and velocity change.
44. ### Physics

A figure skater spins on the ice, holding two weights a distance d from the axis about which he is rotating.  At a certain time, he pulls these weights toward his body as shown, causing his rotational inertia to decrease by a factor of 2.  How does this affect the total ...
45. ### physics

an ice skater starts out traveling with a velocity of (-3,-7) m/s. he performs a 3 second maneuver and ends with a velocity of (0, 5) m/s. (a) what is his average acceleration over this period? (b) a different ice skater starts with the same initial velocity, accelerates at (1...
46. ### Physics

Use principles of force and kinematics to answer these: a. A 40 kg skater pushes on the 60 kg skater (initially at rest). As they collide, the 40 kg skater pushes on the 60 kg skater, applying a force 100 Newtons for 1.2 seconds. Find the velocity at which each of them ends up...
47. ### physics

Use principles of force and kinematics to answer these: a. A 40 kg skater pushes on the 60 kg skater (initially at rest). As they collide, the 40 kg skater pushes on the 60 kg skater, applying a force 100 Newtons for 1.2 seconds. Find the velocity at which each of them ends up...
48. ### physics

an ice skater applies a horizontal force to a 20 kg block on frictionless, level ice causing the block to accelerate uniformly at 1.4 m/s^2 to the right. after the skater stops pushing the block it slides onto a region of ice that is covered with a thin layer of sand. the ...
49. ### Laws of Motion

Two skaters are in the exact center of a circular frozen pond. Skater 1 pushes skater 2 off with a force of 100 N for 1.4 seconds. If skater 1 has a mass of 30 kg and skater 2 has a mass of 74 kg, a) what is the relative velocity (v1 - v2) after the push to the nearest ...
50. ### env, sci

distinguish between the first law of thermodynamics energy and the second law of thermodynamics energy Energy as defined in both laws has the same meaning. It is the laws that are different. The second law involves the direction of heat flow, the role of temperature and a ...
51. ### Physics

A 64.8 kg ice skater is skating along in a straight line (in the positive direction) at 9.2 m/s when he bends down and scoops up his 24.4 kg doggy sitting still on the ice. What will be the new velocity of the dog-n-skater?
52. ### physics

A 77.6 kg ice skater is skating along in a straight line (in the positive direction) at 10.3 m/s when he bends down and scoops up his 27.4 kg doggy sitting still on the ice. What will be the new velocity of the dog-n-skater?
53. ### ice skater world problem

A skater spins with an angular speed of 12.4 rad/s with her arms outstretched. She lowers her arms, decreasing her moment of inertia by a factor of 8.00. Ignoring friction on the skates, what will be the skater's final angular speed?
54. ### Physics

In an ice show a 40.0 kg skater leaps into the air and is caught by an initially stationary 65.0 kg skater. (a) What is their final velocity assuming negligible friction and that the leaper's original horizontal velocity was 4.00 m/s? (b) How much kinetic energy is lost?
55. ### physics

An ice skater glides around a rink at a constant speed of 2 m/s. Is the skater accelerating?
56. ### Physics

An ice skater of mass m is given a shove on a frozen pond. After the shove she has a speed of 2m/s. Assuming that the only horizontal force that acts on her is a slight frictional force between the blades of the skates and the ice: a.) Identify the horizontal force and two ...
57. ### Physics

An 91.0 kg in-line skater does 3620 J of nonconservative work by pushing against the ground with his skates. In addition, friction does -615 J of nonconservative work on the skater. The skater's initial and final speeds are 2.70 m/s and 1.02 m/s, respectively. Part B Calculate...
58. ### physics

Skater 1 has a mass of 45 kg and is at rest. Skater 2 has a mass of 50 kg and is moving slowly at a constant velocity of 3.2 m/s [E]. Skater 3 has a mass of 75 kg and is moving quickly at a constant velocity of 9.6 m/s [E]. Which skater experiences the greatest net force? ...
59. ### Physics

6) Two ice skaters suddenly push off against one another starting from a stationary position. The 45-kg skater acquires a speed of 0.375 m/s relative to the ice. What speed does the 60-kg skater acquire relative to the ice?
60. ### physics

A 68.5kg skater moving initially at 2.40m/s on rough horizontal ice comes to rest uniformly in 3.52s due to friction from the ice. I need help finding the force friction exert on the skater.
61. ### physics- check my answers)

An ice skater of mass 50kg moving at 10 m/s coasts to a halt in 100 m on a smooth ice surface a. calculater acceleration of the skater (.5 m/s) b. what is the force of friction between the ice and the skates? (25 N) c. calculate the coefficient of friction (.051) are my ...
62. ### physics

A 66.5 kg ice skater moving to the right with a velocity of 2.72 m/s throws a 0.104 kg snow- ball to the right with a velocity of 40.3 m/s relative to the ground. What is the velocity of the ice skater after throwing the snowball? Disregard the friction between the skates and ...
63. ### PHYSICS need help now!!!

A 66kg skater, at rest on frictionless ice, tosses a 6.0kg snowball with velocity by v=53.0i+14.0j m/s, where the x- and y- axes are in the horizontal plane.Find x-component (v_x) of the subsequent velocity of the skater.Find y-component (v_y) of the subsequent velocity of the...
64. ### Physics

A trapeze artist weighs 8.00 x 10^2 N. The artist momentarily held to one side of a swing by a partner so that both of the swing ropes are at an angle of 30º with the vertical. In such a condition of static equilibrium, what is the horizontal force being applied by the ...
65. ### pysical science

an inline roler skate company is testing to see how quickly their new brakes will allow the skater to come to a stop. a skater starting at 8m/s puts on his brakes to come to a stop. it takes the skater 4 seconds to stop. what is the deceleration of the skater?
66. ### Physics - ice skating

An ice skater pulls three small children, one behind the other, with masses 25kg, 31kg, and 35kg. Assume that the ice is smooth enough to be considered frictionless. If the skater is holding onto the 25kg child, find the tension in the arms of the next child in line.
67. ### science

when an ice skater wants to slow down or stop, she drags the jagged front of her skate blade along the ice. What force is increased to slow the skater down? a. gravity b. friction c. pressure d. kinetic
68. ### Physics

A 55 kg ice skater, initially at rest on a flat skating rink, requires a 198 N horizontal force to be set in motion. However, after the skater is in motion, a horizontal force of 175 N keeps her moving at a constant velocity. Find the coefficients of static and kinetic ...
69. ### Physics

An ice skater spins with his arms outstretched. When he pulls his arms in and raises them above his head he spins much faster than before. Did a torque act on the ice skater? If not how could his angular velocity have increased?
70. ### physics!

A 64 kg skater, at rest on frictionless ice, tosses a 12 kg snowball with velocity by v = 53i+ 14.0j m/s, where the x- and y- axes are in the horizontal plane. Find x-component v(x) of the subsequent velocity of the skater. As well as Find y-component v(y) of the subsequent ...
71. ### physics

A speed skater goes around a turn that has a radius of 29 m. The skater has a speed of 14 m/s and experiences a centripetal force of 450 N. What is the mass of the skater?
72. ### Physics

A speed skater goes around a turn that has a radius of 31 m. The skater has a speed of 13 m/s and experiences a centripetal force of 460 N. What is the mass of the skater?
73. ### physics

A speed skater goes around a turn that has a radius of 33 m. The skater has a speed of 13 m/s and experiences a centripetal force of 460 N. What is the mass of the skater?
74. ### physics 1

A speed skater goes around a turn that has a radius of 35 m. The skater has a speed of 14 m/s and experiences a centripetal force of 460 N. What is the mass of the skater?
75. ### Physics

An ice skater slides (without pushing) across a frozen pond for 25.0 m before coming to a stop. If the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.050, how fast was the skater initially moving?
76. ### Physics

At the centre of a circular ice rink, a 87.0 kg ice skater moving 2.10 m/s north hits and grabs onto a 51.0 kg ice skater who had been traveling west at 5.35 m/s. If the skaters hold onto each other and the rink has a 26.0 m diameter, what is the amount of time for the skaters...
77. ### Physics

At the centre of a circular ice rink, a 67.0 kg ice skater moving 2.00 m/s north hits and grabs onto a 41.0 kg ice skater who had been traveling west at 4.30 m/s. If the skaters hold onto each other and the rink has a 42.0 m diameter, what is the amount of time for the skaters...
78. ### Physics

A skater with an initial speed of 7.6 m/s is gliding across the ice. Air resistance is negligible. The coefficient of kinetic friction between the ice and the blades is 0.1. a) Find the acceleration caused by kinetic friction and b) how far will the skater travel before coming...
79. ### physics

if the static coefficient of friction in the ice rink between the floor and the skater's shoes is .2, how much pushing force can he supply before his boots will begin to slide?(the skater's mass is 120kg)
80. ### Physics

Using the first law of thermodynamics explain why the specific latent heat of vaporisation of water is greater than the specific latent heat of fusion of ice. The first law of thermodynamics (conservation of energy) has nothing to do with why vaporization requires more energy ...
81. ### Physics

PLEASE HELPPP! An ice skater hits a patch of rough ice. The rough patch has a kinetic coefficient of friction with her skates of 0.13. The skater's mass is 51 kg. She passes over the rough patch in 0.55 s. What impulse does the rough patch of ice give her?
82. ### physics

A skater of mass 74.0 kg initially moves in a straight line at a speed of 4.60 m/s. The skater approaches a child of mass 45.0 kg, whom he lifts on his shoulders. Assuming there are no external horizontal forces, what is the skater's final velocity?
83. ### physics

A skater of mass 74.5 kg initially moves in a straight line at a speed of 5.10 m/s. The skater approaches a child of mass 37.5 kg, whom he lifts on his shoulders. Assuming there are no external horizontal forces, what is the skater's final velocity?
84. ### physics

A skater of mass 85.5 kg initially moves in a straight line at a speed of 4.70 m/s. The skater approaches a child of mass 36.5 kg, whom he lifts on his shoulders. Assuming there are no external horizontal forces, what is the skater's final velocity?
85. ### Physics

two skaters, each of mass 55 kg, approach each other along parallel paths separated by 3.8 m. They have opposite velocities of 1.9 m/s each. One skater carries one end of a long pole with negligible mass, and the second skater grabs the other end of it as she passes. The ...
86. ### physics

A skater with 60 kg mass pushes a skater of 80 kg with a 68 N force. What will be the magnitude and direction of force and acceleration of each skater?
87. ### physics

A skater with 60 kg mass pushes a skater of 80 kg with a 68 N force. What will be the magnitude and direction of force and acceleration of each skater?
88. ### Physics

A 60 kg ice skater holds up a large sheet of cardboard that can catch the wind and drive her (frictionlessly) across the ice. While she's moving at 0.5 m/s, a wind that is constant and horizontal for 5.0 s exerts a force on the cardboard of 1.7 N. What is the skater's initial ...
89. ### Physics

A 60 kg ice skater holds up a large sheet of cardboard that can catch the wind and drive her (frictionlessly) across the ice. While she's moving at 0.5 m/s, a wind that is constant and horizontal for 5.0 s exerts a force on the cardboard of 1.7 N. What is the skater's initial ...
90. ### Physics

A 60 kg ice skater holds up a large sheet of cardboard that can catch the wind and drive her (frictionlessly) across the ice. While she's moving at 0.5 m/s, a wind that is constant and horizontal for 5.0 s exerts a force on the cardboard of 1.7 N. What is the skater's initial ...

1. Which of the following are conserved in a totally inelastic collision? Only momentum Only kinetic energy Both momentum and kinetic energy Neither momentum nor kinetic energy <--- It depends on the objects. 2. Two skaters stand face to face. Skater 1 has a mass of 55 kg, ...
92. ### Physics circular motion

A speed skater goes into a turn with a 31 meter radius. The skater has a speed of 14 m/s and experiences a centripetal force of 460 n. What is the mass of the speed skater
93. ### Physics

a 60-kg ice skater holds up a large sheet of cardboard that can catch the wind and drive her (frictionlessly) across the ice. while she's moving at 0.5m/s, a wind that is constant and horizontal for 5.0s exerts a forward force on the cardboard of 2.0 n. what is the skater's ...
94. ### Chemistry

Each increase in pressure of 100 atm decreases the melting point of ice by about 1.0¡ÆC. Q. One possible explanation of why a skate moves smoothly over ice is that the pressure exerted by the skater on the ice lowers its freezing point and causes it to melt. The pressure ...
95. ### science

Identify the fruit or vegetable you selected and relate the second law of thermodynamics to the changes in energy observed in Appendix C. How did the amount of energy gained compare to the amount of energy lost as heat at the second through fourth trophic levels? o Answer the ...
96. ### Physics

An ice skater skates 16.9 m southwest, then 33.8 m east, and finally 50.7 m in a direction 50.9◦ north of east. Find the magnitude of the displacement re- quired to bring the skater back to her starting point. Answer in units of m
97. ### Physics

An ice skater skates 13.3 m southwest, then 26.6 m east, and finally 39.9 m in a direction 51.5◦ north of east. Find the magnitude of the displacement required to bring the skater back to her starting point. Answer in units of m
98. ### AP Physics

An ice skater skates 28 m southwest, then 56 m east, and finally 84 m in a direction 50.3 ◦ north of east.Find the magnitude of the displacement required to bring the skater back to her starting point. Answer in units of m
99. ### math

a figure skater must trace a figure eight on the ice that consists of two perfect circles, each with radius 11 feet. How far does the skater go one time around the figure eight?
100. ### physics

A 2.00 kg blob of Gak, moving at 4.0 m/s, strikes a motionless figure skater in the back and sticks. The skater, with the Gak on her back, glides off at 0.160 m/s. Calculate the skater’s mass.