# Starting from Newton’s law of universal gravitation, show how to find the speed of the moon in its orbit from the earth-moon distance of 3.9 × 108 m and the earth’s mass. Assume the orbit is a circle.

143,357 results

1. ### Physics

Starting from Newton’s law of universal gravitation, show how to find the speed of the moon in its orbit from the earth-moon distance of 3.9 × 108 m and the earth’s mass. Assume the orbit is a circle.
2. ### Physics

Starting from Newton’s law of universal gravitation, show how to find the speed of the moon in its orbit from the earth-moon distance of 3.9 × 108 m and the earth’s mass. Assume the orbit is a circle. So I calculated this and got 1.0 km/s, I was just wondering if anyone ...
3. ### Physics - Newton's Law of universal gravitation

Describe how Newton used each of the following phenomena to support the law of universal gravitation a) the orbit of the moon b) kepler's third law
4. ### Calculus Physics

Imagine a spaceship on its way to the moon from the earth. Find the point, as measured from the center of the earth, where the force of gravity due to the earth is balanced exactly by the gravity of the moon. This point lies on a line between the centers of the earth and the ...
5. ### Moon Science

What causes the phases of the moon as observed from the Earth? A) Filtering of the light from the moon due to the Earth's atmosphere. B) The tidal forces of the Earth's oceans change the appearance of the moon. C) Change in distance of the moon from the Earth as it orbits in ...
6. ### Science

Can someone please check my answers and if they are wrong can you help me fix them? Thank so much!! 1. Which of the following determines the strength of the force of gravity between two objects? Check all that apply. (2 points) the speeds of the objects the masses of the ...
7. ### Physics Classical Mechanics

A planet has a single moon that is solely influenced by the gravitational interaction between the two bodies. We will assume that the moon is moving in a circular orbit around the planet and that the moon travels with a constant speed in that orbit. The mass of the planet is ...
8. ### Physics

A. Use the relation 2 m m m GM g R ƒ­ to find the acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Moon. You can use the following data: Mass of the Moon m M = 7.35 ¡Ñ 1022 kg. Radius of the Moon m R = 1.74 ¡Ñ 106 m. B. How does this value compare with the acceleration ...
9. ### physics

The physics of energy and Earth's moon as a satellite. The moon is an Earth satellite of mass 7.35 x 10^22 kg, whose average distance from the centre of Earth is 3.85 x 10^8 m. a) What is the gravitational potential energy of the moon with respect to Earth? b) What is the ...
10. ### Physics

The Moon causes tides because the gravitational force it exerts differs between the side of the Earth nearest the Moon and that farthest from the Moon. Find the difference in the accelerations toward the Moon of objects on the nearest and farthest sides of the Earth. (The mass...
11. ### physics

Given that the distancef rom Earth to the Moon is 3.8 x 10^8 m, that the Moon takes 27 days to orbit Earth, and that the mass of the Moon is 7.4 x 10^22 kg, what is the acceleration of the Moon and the size of the attractive force between Earth and Moon? Use v = (2pir)/T, ...
12. ### WSU PHY

The Moon causes tides because the gravitational force it exerts differs between the side of the Earth nearest the Moon and that farthest from the Moon. Find the difference in the accelerations toward the Moon of objects on the nearest and farthest sides of the Earth. (The mass...
13. ### Science

I would really appreciate it if someone checked my answers and told me if they were right. Thx. ~Ashley 1. Which of the following determines the strength of the force of gravity between two objects? Check all that apply. A: The speeds of the objects. *B: The masses of the ...
14. ### science

The pull of gravity keeps the Moon in orbit around Earth. The distance between the Earth and Moon is about 380,000 kilometers. A crew of astronauts leaves Earth on a Monday and lands on the Moon on a Thursday. They land on the side of the Moon facing away from the Earth. On ...
15. ### physics

What changed Newton's original work on the movement of the Moon around the Earth into the law of universal gravitation? 1) his conclusion that the same laws applied to all objects, no matter how small 2) his connection of gravitation to his first law 3) his connection of ...
16. ### physics

What changed Newton's original work on the movement of the Moon around the Earth into the law of universal gravitation? 1) his conclusion that the same laws applied to all objects, no matter how small 2) his connection of gravitation to his first law 3) his connection of ...
17. ### Physics

What changed Newton's original work on the movement of the Moon around the Earth into the law of universal gravitation? 1) his conclusion that the same laws applied to all objects, no matter how small 2) his connection of gravitation to his first law 3) his connection of ...
18. ### Physics

The Moon orbits the Earth at a distance of 3.85 x 108 m. Assume that this distance is between the centers of the Earth and the Moon and that the mass of the Earth is 5.98 x 1024 kg. Find the period for the Moon's motion around the Earth. Express the answer in days. The unit ...
19. ### Physics [Help, need answer in 10 min]

During a solar eclipse, the moon (of mass 7.36 × 1022 kg), Earth (of mass 5.98 × 1024 kg), and Sun (of mass 1.99 × 1030 kg) lie on the same line, with the moon between Earth and the Sun. What gravitational force is exerted on the moon by the Sun? The universal gravitational...
20. ### Physics

Many astronomers argue that the Earth and Moon should be considered a double planet,since the gravitational force by the sun on the Moon is approximately as big as that by the Earth on the moon.Using the data below for the Earth and Moon at the particular point in their orbits...
21. ### Physics

A spacecraft is on a journey to the moon. At what point, as measured from the center of the earth, does the gravitational force exerted on the spacecraft by the earth balance that exerted by the moon? This point lies on a line between the centers of the earth and the moon. The...

A spacecraft is on a journey to the moon. At what point, as measured from the center of the earth, does the gravitational force exerted on the spacecraft by the earth balance that exerted by the moon? This point lies on a line between the centers of the earth and the moon. The...
23. ### physics

A spacecraft is on a journey to the moon. At what point, as measured from the center of the earth, does the gravitational force exerted on the spacecraft by the earth balance that exerted by the moon? This point lies on a line between the centers of the earth and the moon. The...
24. ### Physics

Calculate the percentage of Earth’s gravitational force on the ISS astronauts while orbiting at an altitude of 248 miles above Earth’s surface. To do this, compare the gravitational force on an orbiting astronaut to the force on the astronaut here at Earth’s surface ...
25. ### physics

Suppose that the attraction between the moon and the earth were due to Coulomb forces rather than gravitational force. What would be the magnitude of the charge required if equal but opposite charges resided on both earth and moon? Mass of earth = 5.98×1024 kg; mass of moon...
26. ### Physic

Given that the distance between the Earth and the Moon is d = 3.84 􀀁 108 m, show that a satellite located exactly in-between the Earth and the Moon at a distance of 90% d from the Earth experiences no net force (at least when only the gravitational force due to the ...
27. ### physics

What two facts did Newton need to be able to calculate the acceleration of the Moon? A) the distance to the Moon and the diameter of the Moon B) the time it takes the Moon to make one revolution and the distance from the Earth to the sun C) the diameter of the Moon and the ...
28. ### physics

What two facts did Newton need to be able to calculate the acceleration of the Moon? 1) the distance to the Moon and the diameter of the Moon. 2)the time it takes the Moon to make one revolution and the distance from the Earth to the sun. 3)the diameter of the Moon and the ...
29. ### physics

What two facts did Newton need to be able to calculate the acceleration of the Moon? 1) the distance to the Moon and the diameter of the Moon. 2) the time it takes the Moon to make one revolution and the distance from the Earth to the sun. 3) the diameter of the Moon and the ...
30. ### physics

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon, and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. (This alignment corresponds to a ...
31. ### Science

The moon is about 384000 km the earth and its paths around earth is circular. The moon taken 24hr to complete one orbit. The speed at which the moon orbits the earth in km/ hour is
32. ### physics

Using Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation, compare the gravitational pull of the Sun on the Earth to the gravitational pull of the Moon on the Earth. Constants: Mass of the Moon, M☽= 7.348E22 kg. Moon's semi-major axis, a☽= 3.844E8 m. You can find the other ...
33. ### Physics

What is the centripetal acceleration of the Moon? The period of the Moon's orbit about the Earth is 27.3 days, measured with respect to the fixed stars. The radius of the Moon's orbit is RM = 3.85 · 108 m.
34. ### Physics

What is the centripetal acceleration of the Moon? The period of the Moon's orbit about the Earth is 27.3 days, measured with respect to the fixed stars. The radius of the Moon's orbit is RM = 3.85 · 108 m.
35. ### college

find an approxiamte value for the rate at which the moon orbits the earth. Assume that the moon's orbit is circular. the distance between the moon and earth is 382,000,000 meters.
36. ### Science check answer quick!

I really do not understand Number 7 Which of these does Newton's law of universal gravitation imply? (Points : 1) The force of gravity between two objects is inversely proportional to the product of the two masses. <-- Earth's gravity acts on people inside a space station ...
37. ### Physics

Earth's moon is 3.8 X 10 8 m from the planet and is in freefall. Acceleration due to the Earth's gravity acting on the moon is 2.70X 10 -3. What is the moon's speed? How long does it take to make a complete orbit?
38. ### PHYSICS

assume you have a mass of 100 kg on earth. on the moon, where the gravitation of the moon is 1/6 gravitation of the earth, what is your mass on the moon and what is your weight on the moon
39. ### Physics

You are flying to the Moon. Find the point at which the gravitational attractions of Earth and Moon on you will be equal and opposite. Given: radius of the moon: 1.74*10^6 m radius of the earth: 6.38*10^6 m orbital radius of the moon: 3.8*10^8 m Not enough information has been...
40. ### Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from (the centre of) Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The distance from the Earth ...
41. ### science science science science science science

The moon orbits around the earth.Which of the following keeps the moon traveling in the same path each time it orbits the earth? A.energ from the surroundings B.Pull of gravity between the moon and the earth C.orbits in space are pushing the moon towards the earth D.the winds ...
42. ### Physics

A satellite is placed between the Earth and the Moon, along a straight line that connects their centers of mass. The satellite has an orbital period around the Earth that is the same as that of the Moon, 27.3 days. How far away from the Earth should this satellite be placed? ...
43. ### physics

A coin is placed on a vinyl stereo record that is making 78 revolutions per minute on a turntable. Find the magnitude of the acceleration when the coin is placed 5.0, 10, and 17 cm from the center of the record. The radius of Earth is about 6.38x10^3 km. A 7.40x10^3 N ...
44. ### physics

Consider a pulse of laser light aimed at the Moon that bounces back to Earth. The distance between Earth and the Moon is 3.84 * 108 m. Show that the round-trip time for the light is 2.56 s.
45. ### physics

Consider a pulse of laser light aimed at the Moon that bounces back to Earth. The distance between Earth and the Moon is 3.84 * 108 m. Show that the round-trip time for the light is 2.56 s
46. ### physics

Consider a pulse of laser light aimed at the Moon that bounces back to Earth. The distance between Earth and the Moon is 3.84 * 108 m. Show that the round-trip time for the light is 2.56 s.
47. ### physics

Moon is a natural satellite of the Earth, circling it with period (time of one revolution), T = 27,3 days. Radius of Moon’s orbit = 384,000 km. Find the acceleration of the Moon toward the Earth.
48. ### Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The distance from the sun to the moon is 150...

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...
50. ### Physics

Just reposting. A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. The distance from the sun to...
51. ### Easy physics...having trouble with part b

Moon effect. Some people believe that the Moon controls their activities. If the Moon moves from being directly on the opposite side of Earth from you to being directly overhead, by what percentage does (a) the Moon's gravitational pull on you increase and (b) your weight (as ...
52. ### Physics

Consider a spaceship located on the Earth-Moon center line (i.e. a line that intersects the centers of both bodies) such that, at that point, the tugs on the spaceship from each celestial body exactly cancel, leaving the craft literally weightless. Take the distance between ...
53. ### Physics

Given that the distance between the Earth and the Moon is d = 3.84 x 10^8 m, show that a satellite located exactly in-between the Earth and the Moon at a distance of 90% d from the Earth experiences no net force (at least when only the gravitational force due to the Earth and ...
54. ### Physics

Relative to the center of the Earth, the position of the Moon can be approximated by (t) = r [cos (ωt) + sin (ωt) ], where r = 3.84 108 m and ω = 2.46 10-6 radians/s. (a) Find the magnitude and direction of the Moon's average velocity between t = 0 and t = 3.12 ...
55. ### Physics

A spaceship of mass m travels from the Earth to the Moon along a line that passes through the center of the Earth and the center of the Moon. (a) At what distance from the center of the Earth is the force due to the Earth five times the magnitude of the force due to the Moon? ...
56. ### Physics

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...
57. ### Physics

Help!! I would greatly appreciate help with this question. Consider a pulse of laser light aimed at the Moon that bounces back to Earth. The distance between Earth and the Moon is 3.84 * 108 m. Show that the round-trip time for the light is 2.56s.
58. ### Physics

Some people believe that the Moon controls their activities. The Moon moves from being directly on the opposite side of Earth from you to be being directly overhead. Assume that the Earth-Moon (center-to-center) distance is 3.82 multiplied by 108 m and Earth's radius is 6.37 ...
59. ### physics

The period of a satellite is the primary way that the mass of planets is determined. The equation used for this calculation uses the fact that gravity of the planet provides the centripetal force to keep the satellite in orbit. The distance from the Earth to the Moon is 3.8 x ...
60. ### Physics Classical Mechanics

The mean distance from the center of the earth to the center of the moon is rem = 3.84 × 108 m. The mass of the earth is me = 5.98 × 1024 kg and the mass of the moon is mm = 7.34 × 1022 kg. The mean radius of the earth is re = 6.37 × 106 m. The mean radius of the moon is ...
61. ### Physics

The moon is a satellite that orbits the earth at a radius of 3.85 × 108 m. The mass of the earth is 5.98 × 1024 kg. What is the orbital speed of the moon?

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...
65. ### physics

can you walk me through this problem At what distance from the Earth will a spacecraft on the way to the Moon esperience zero net force due to these two bodies because the EArth and Mon pull with equal and opposite forces? mass of earth = m1 = 5.98 E 24 kg mass of moon = m2 = ...
66. ### Physics

Consider a space pod somewhere between earth and the moon, at just the right distance so that the gravitational attractions to Earth and Moon are equal. Is this location nearer Earth or Moon?
67. ### science

A person who weighs 600 newtons on Earth would weigh only 100 newtons on the Moon. Which statement best explains why? A.The circumference of Earth is larger than that of the Moon. B.The density of Earth is greater than that of the Moon. C.The mass of Earth is greater than that...
68. ### Physics

The average distance separating Earth and the Moon (center to center) is 384 000 km. Use the data in Table 7.3 to find the net gravitational force exerted by Earth and the Moon on a 3.00 multiplied by 104 kg spaceship located halfway between them (Earth mass kg: 5.98 x 10^24, ...
69. ### Physics

A spaceship is on a straight-line path between the Earth and the Moon. At what distance from Earth is the net gravitational pull on the probe from the Earth and the moon zero? Mass of Earth = 6×10^24 kg. Mass of Moon = 7×10^22 kg. Can someone please confirm if my answer of ...
70. ### Physics

Whenever two Apollo astronauts were on the surface of the Moon, a third astronaut orbited the Moon. Assume the orbit to be circular and 160 km above the surface of the Moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is 1.42 m/s2. The radius of the Moon is 1.70 106 m. (a) Determine...
71. ### physics

the moon orbits the earth in a circle (near enough) of radious 3.8x10^8 m, taking 27.3 days to make a complete orbit. what is the speed of the moon relative to the earth?
72. ### Physics

I still cannot solve this problem: Consider a spaceship located on the Earth-Moon center line (i.e. a line that intersects the centers of both bodies) such that, at that point, the tugs on the spaceship from each celestial body exactly cancel, leaving the craft literally ...

Calculate the magnitudes of the gravitational forces exerted on the Moon by the Sun and by the Earth when the two forces are in direct competition, that is, when the Sun, Moon and Earth are aligned with the Moon between the Sun and the Earth. This alignment corresponds to a ...
74. ### mechanics

please help solve these questions (1a). The gravitational field strength g on the earth’s surface is 9.8N/kg. explain what this means.(b) Using the law of gravity, show that gr2= k. Where g=gravitational field strength at a distance r from the center of the earth (r>Re), ...
75. ### mechanics

please help solve these questions (1a). The gravitational field strength g on the earth’s surface is 9.8N/kg. explain what this means.(b) Using the law of gravity, show that gr2= k. Where g=gravitational field strength at a distance r from the center of the earth (r>Re), ...
76. ### mechanics

please help solve these questions (1a). The gravitational field strength g on the earth’s surface is 9.8N/kg. explain what this means.(b) Using the law of gravity, show that gr2= k. Where g=gravitational field strength at a distance r from the center of the earth (r>Re), ...
77. ### Physics

The earth has about 80 times the mass of the earth’s moon. The gravitational force exerted on the moon by the earth has what relation to the gravitational force exerted on the earth by the moon? 1. the same as 2. zero; the earth exerts a force on the moon,but the moon is too...
78. ### Physics

The distance between earth and the moon can be determined from the time it takes for a laser beam to travel from earth to a reflector on the moon and back. If the round-trip time can be measured to an accuracy of 0.19 of a nanosecond (1 ns = 10-9 s), what is the corresponding ...

The distance between earth and the moon can be determined from the time it takes for a laser beam to travel from earth to a reflector on the moon and back. If the round-trip time can be measured to an accuracy of 0.19 of a nanosecond (1 ns = 10-9 s), what is the corresponding ...
80. ### physics

The Moon's mass is 7.34 x 10^22 kg, and it is 3.8 x 10^8 away from Earth. Earth's mass if 5.97 x 10^24 kg. a. Calculate the gravitional force of attraction between Earth and the Moon. b. Find Earth's gravitional field at the moon. GIVEN: Moon's mass = 7.34 x 10^22 kg Earth's ...
81. ### science

How does gravity affect the moon? a) it pulls the moon toward earth b) it pushes the moon away from earth c) t allows the moon to move in a straight line d) it keeps the moon from colliding with the sun
82. ### Physics repost please clarify

The distance between earth and the moon can be determined from the time it takes for a laser beam to travel from earth to a reflector on the moon and back. If the round-trip time can be measured to an accuracy of 0.19 of a nanosecond (1 ns = 10-9 s), what is the corresponding ...
83. ### science

the best explanation of why the Moon appears to change shape throughout the month is •from Earth's perspective, we see varying amounts of the illuminated part of the Moon. • the Moon is revolving around the Earth** • from a bird's eye view, the Moon is always 1/2 lit...
84. ### physics

calculate the force of gravity between earth (mass = 6.0 x 1024kg) and the moon (mass = 7.4 x 1022 kg). the average Earth-moon distance is 3.8 x 108 m.
85. ### Physics

The mass of the Moon is 7.35x10 to the 22nd Kg. At some point between the Earth and the Moon, the for of Earth's gravitational attraction on an object is cancelled by the Moon's force of gravitational attraction. If the distance between Earth and the Moon (centre to centre) is...
86. ### physic

How long will a radio wave, with a wave length of 200 m takes to travel to and for the moon from the earth? (Distance of moon from earth = 3.9 x 108 m)
87. ### SCIENCE

The tracks of the astronauts who landed on the moon are still there in the dust and show no signs of being worn away. This is attributed to the lack of atmosphere on the moon. Which of the following best accounts for the lack of atmosphere? 1)the moon's weak gravity 2)the moon...
88. ### physics

help me please? I'm lost... A small space probe is put into circular orbit about a newly discovered moon of Saturn. The moon's radius is known to be 550km. If the probe orbits at a height of 1500km above the moon's surface and takes 2.0 earth days to make one orbit, determine ...
89. ### physics

help me please? I'm lost... A small space probe is put into circular orbit about a newly discovered moon of Saturn. The moon's radius is known to be 550km. If the probe orbits at a height of 1500km above the moon's surface and takes 2.0 earth days to make one orbit, determine ...
90. ### physics

Which of the following correctly describe the gravitational attraction between Earth and the Moon? -The Earth and the Moon exert equal size gravitational forces on each other. -The gravitational force of the Moon on the Earth is towards the Moon. -Both the Earth and the Moon ...
91. ### physic

The Moon orbits Earth in a nearly circular orbit that lasts 27.32 days. Determine the distance from the surface of the Moon to the surface of Earth.
92. ### Science

The tracks of the astronauts who landed on the moon are still there in the dust and show no signs of being worn away. This is attruted to the lack of atmosphere on the moon. Which of the following best accounts for the lack of atmosphere. 1)the moon's weak gravity 2)the moon's...
93. ### Physics

A spaceship of mass 175,000 kg travels from the Earth to the Moon along a line that passes through the center of the Earth and the center of the Moon. At what distance from the center of the Earth is the force due to the Earth twice the magnitude of the force due to the Moon? ...
94. ### Circular motion Problem - moon completing an orbit

Given that sidereal month, the amount of time it takes the moon to complete one orbit, is 27.332 days. How far is the moon from the earth?
95. ### Physics

How far is the center of mass of the Earth-Moon system from the center of the Earth? The Earth's mass is 5.97×1024 kg, the Moon's mass is 7.4×1022 kg, and the distance between their centers is 3.8×108 m.
96. ### Physics

The orbital period of the moon about the earth is approximately 27.3 days. given that the average earth-moon distance is 384,000 kilometers, predict the moon's speed using the expression for centripetal force and the gravitational force, setting them equal to each other.
97. ### Physics

Neglect the gravity of the Moon, neglect atmospheric friction, and neglect the rotational velocity of the Earth in the following problem. A long time ago, Jules Verne, in his book From Earth to the Moon (1865), suggested sending an expedition to the Moon by means of a ...
98. ### physics

The moon is receding from the Earth by approximately 3.8 cm per year. Earth's mass is 5.98 x 10^24 kg, and its radius is 6.38 x 10^6 m. The Moon's mass is 7.3 x 10^22 kg, its radius is 1.79 x 10^6 m, and its orbital period around Earth is 27.3 days. The current average ...
99. ### physic

The drawing (not to scale) shows one alignment of the sun, earth, and moon. The gravitational force SM that the sun exerts on the moon is perpendicular to the force EM that the earth exerts on the moon. The masses are: mass of sun = 1.99 1030 kg, mass of earth = 5.98 1024 kg, ...
100. ### physics

The drawing (not to scale) shows one alignment of the sun, earth, and moon. The gravitational force SM that the sun exerts on the moon is perpendicular to the force EM that the earth exerts on the moon. The masses are: mass of sun = 1.99 1030 kg, mass of earth = 5.98 1024 kg, ...