# Physics - mass of a galaxy

86,439 results

### Physics - mass of a galaxy

A star at the edge of the Andromeda galaxy appears to be orbiting the center of that galaxy at the speed of about 200km/s. The star is about g*10^9AU from the center of the galaxy. Calculate a rough estimate of the mass of the Andromeda galaxy. Earth orbital radius is 1.40*10^8

### Science need help ?????///

An astronomer observes two galaxies, A and B, which have redshifts of: Galaxy A = 0.020 and Galaxy B = 0.010. Which galaxy is closest to us and what is its distance away from us? You may assume that the Hubble constant is H0 = 75 km s–1 Mpc−1 and that the speed of ...

### Physics

A star of mass 2.0 1028 kg that is 1.6 1020 m from the center of a galaxy revolves around that center once every 3.4 108 years. Assuming that this star is essentially at the edge of the galaxy, each of the stars in the galaxy has a mass equal to that of this star, and the ...

### physics

A star of mass 2.0 1031 kg that is 4.8 1020 m from the center of a galaxy revolves around that center once every 4.2 108 years. Assuming that this star is essentially at the edge of the galaxy, each of the stars in the galaxy has a mass equal to that of this star, and the ...

### Astronomy

You see a galaxy which lies at distance D from the earth. You measure a flux from this galaxy of f. If you assume a mass-to-light ratio of r (i.e. r is the number of kilograms needed to generate one watt of radiation), derive an equation for the stellar mass m of the galaxy.

### physics

The sun rotates around the center of the milky way galaxy at a distance of about 30,000 light years (1ly= 9.5*10^15m). if it takes about 200 million years to make one rotation, estimate the mass of our galaxy. Assume that the mass distribution of galaxy is concentrated mostly ...

### Cosmology

magine you look through a really strong telescope and see a rich cluster. Your telescope is so good that you can see a single galaxy at the center of the cluster. What can you say about that galaxy and be pretty confident that you are correct? It has mass smaller than that of ...

### Physics

Our Milky Way galaxy is very similar to our neighboring galaxy Andromeda. Consider that each galaxy contains approximately 4.0 x 10^11 stars each star having an average mass of 2.0 x 10^30 kg. a. If the gravitational pull of Andromeda is 2.4 x 10^30 N, how far away is ...

### physics

astronomical observations of our milky way galaxy indicate that it has a mass about 8.0 *10^13 times the mass of our sun. a star orbiting on the galaxy edge is about 6.0*10^4 light years a way from the galactic center what is the orbital period of that star in earth year

### Astronomy

A galaxy is receding away from us with a recession velocity of 100,000 km/s. What is the distance to this galaxy? What is the redshift z of this galaxy?

### Physics

The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) has recorded evidence of a black hole at the center of the M87 galaxy. Using Doppler data, it's been measured that matter is orbiting the center of this galaxy at an orbital speed of 7.5x10 5 m/s, out at a radius of 5.7x10 17 m. Calculate the ...

### Astronomy

Supernovae can eject material at velocities of 0.001c. Will gas ejected by a supernova which occurs inside a dwarf galaxy with a mass of 10^8 Msolar and a radius of a few kpc be able to escape the galaxy? Yes or No

### Physics

Please help me solve this! The spectrum of the sodium atom is detected in the light from a distant galaxy. If the 590.0 nm line is redshifted to 658.5 nm, at what speed is the galaxy receding from the Earth?

### Cosmology

What observations were used by Edwin Hubble to show that the universe is expanding? - The distance to a galaxy is proportional to its luminosity. - The distance to a galaxy is inversely proportional to its apparent size. - The distance to a galaxy is proportional to its ...

### simple PHYSICS!!!

The sun goes around the center of our galaxy once every 250 million years. The sun is also 2.55×10^20 m from the center of our galaxy. What is the acceleration of our sun towards the center of the galaxy in m/s^2?

### Astronomy

Which event is likely to trigger rapid growth in supermassive black hole mass? -A merger of two gas-rich galaxies. -Direct collisions of stellar-mass black holes in collapsing globular clusters. -Tidal disruption of a dwarf elliptical galaxy by a large elliptical galaxy. -A ...

### Physics!

The sun goes around the center of our galaxy once every 250 million years. The sun is also 2.55×10^20 m from the center of our galaxy. What is the acceleration of our sun towards the center of the galaxy in m/s^2?

### physics

The sun goes around the center of our galaxy once every 250 million years. The sun is also 2.55×10^20 m from the center of our galaxy. What is the acceleration of our sun towards the center of the galaxy in m/s^2?

### Astronomy - help!

Imagine that you have obtained spectra for several galaxies and have measured the observed wavelength of the H emission line of atomic hydrogen. The rest wavelength of H is 656.3 nanometers (nm). Your results are as follows: • Galaxy 1: Observed H wavelength is 664.7 nm...

### Physics

The sun goes around the center of our galaxy once every 250 million years. The sun is also 2.55×10^20 m from the center of our galaxy. What is the acceleration of our sun towards the center of the galaxy in m/s^2? Details and assumptions You may assume the sun's orbit is ...

### science

which of the statements below is true? a) the stars in a galaxy are held together by gravity b) Stars in a galaxy slowly rotate around a center c) The Milky Way is the only galaxy in the universe d)All of the above just need to know if my answer is correct or wrong d

### Math (Physics)

A galaxy is moving away from Earth. The "blue" hydrogen line at 434 nm emitted from the galaxy is measured on Earth to be 458 nm . Part A How fast is the galaxy moving? Answer--> v=____ c Part B How far is it from Earth based on Hubble's law? Answer--> d=____ ly [Please ...

### astronomy

Imagine that you live in a distant galaxy far far away. This galaxy is in a different universe, and so may have different cosmology. It seems that in this distant universe, all galaxies have the same luminosity, which you have worked out is 7.0*10^30 W. You are studying a ...

### Astronomy

Given that the mass of the Milky Way galaxy is 10^11 times that of the Sun and that the sun is 2.6x10^20 meters from its center, what is the Sun's orbital speed around the center of the galaxy? How long does it take the Sun to orbit the Milky Way? (In this problem, we assume ...

### maths

the galaxy we live in is roughly lens shaped,and pins.its diameter is given inlight years. (1 light year=9.5Exp12km) calculate the circuference or our galaxy in kilometres. the earth is at a point 3Exp4 light yaersfrom the centre.How far does the earth travel in one turn of th...

### Algebra

A light year, the distance light travels in 1 year, is approximately 5.9×10^12 miles.A nearby galaxy is approximately 1.2×10^7 light years from our galaxy. Find the distance in miles between our galaxy and the nearby galaxy. IDK this question. I first thought you just plug ...

### Cosmology

The single largest uncertainty in the measurement of the Hubble constant using gravitational lenses comes from uncertainty of... * the distance to the lensing cluster or galaxy. * the mass distribution of the lensed quasar. * the distance to the lensed quasar. * the mass ...

### Physics

The diameter of our disk-shaped galaxy, the Milky Way, is about 1.7E+5 light-years (ly). The distance to the Andromeda galaxy, which is the spiral galaxy nearest to the Milky Way, is about 1.9E+6 ly. If a scale model represents the Milky Way and Andromeda galaxies as dinner ...

### physics

Radio waves of wavelength 163 m from a galaxy reach a radio telescope by two separate paths as shown in the figure below. One is a direct path to the receiver, which is situated on the edge of a tall cliff by the ocean, and the second is by reflection off the water. As the ...

### physics

Radio waves of wavelength 163 m from a galaxy reach a radio telescope by two separate paths as shown in the figure below. One is a direct path to the receiver, which is situated on the edge of a tall cliff by the ocean, and the second is by reflection off the water. As the ...

### physics

IF a particular galaxys has a total mass of 10 to the 56 grams and the average star in that galaxy has a mass of 10 to the 35 grams, approximately how many stars are there in that galaxy? Give your answer to the nearest whole power of 10 by entering the exponent only. A ...

### unsolved mysteries astrophysics

Q3.2 COLLAPSE TIMESCALE (5 points possible) Imagine that you live in a distant galaxy far far away. This galaxy is in a different universe, and so may have different cosmology. It seems that in this distant universe, all galaxies have the same luminosity, which you have worked...

### physics

If the sun's mass is about average, how many stars are there in the Milky Way galaxy? (This is all the information given in the question and I don't know where to go from here).

### physics

A particular spiral galaxy can be approximated by a thin disk-like volume 35 Thousand Light Years in radius and 8 Hundred Light Years thick. If this Galaxy contains 790 Billion stars, estimate the average distance between the stars in this galaxy. Hint: calculate the average ...

### physics

A particular spiral galaxy can be approximated by a thin disk-like volume 35 Thousand Light Years in radius and 8 Hundred Light Years thick. If this Galaxy contains 790 Billion stars, estimate the average distance between the stars in this galaxy. Hint: calculate the average ...

### Physical Science

Galaxy A is 600 million light years from earth. Galaxy B is moving away from the earth at a speed that is 80% as large as that of Galaxy A. How far from earth is Galaxy B? A. 750 million light years. B. 640 million light years. C. 540 million light years. D. 480 million light ...

### science

The sun goes around the center of our galaxy once every 250 million years. The sun is also 2.55×1020 m from the center of our galaxy. What is the acceleration of our sun towards the center of the galaxy in m/s2?

### ASTRONOMY

In which type of galaxy would you most likely to observe a massive star supernova – in a giant elliptical or in a large spiral galaxy? Explain

### Astronomy

The apparent brightness of a Cepheid variable star in a far-away galaxy is measured to be 640,000 times fainter compared to an equivalent star 2,000 light years away from the Sun in our Galaxy. Assuming that there is no light absorption between galaxies, what is the distance ...

### science

How does the mass of all the interstellar matter in our galaxy compare with the total mass of its stars?

### Physical Science

How does the mass of all the interstellar matter in our galaxy compare with the total mass of its stars?

### Physical Science

How does the mass of all the interstellar matter in our galaxy compare with the total mass of its stars?

### cosmology

We observe a galaxy at z = 1, and a quasar at z = 2. What is the redshift of the quasar as observed from that galaxy? Enter a numeric answer.

### science help PLS

The light from one end of the Milky Way galaxy takes about 150,000 years to travel to the other end. Which of these statements is correct about the Milky Way galaxy? A: The distance between the two ends of the galaxy is 150,000 light years. B: It would take 150,000 years to ...

### physics

Our Sun revolves about the center of our Galaxy at a distance of about lightyears What is the period of the Sun’s orbital motion about the center of the Galaxy?

5. Volume is an object is how much ________ it takes up. 6. When we measure the temperature of an object in the metric system, we use _______ 7. Scientist say that measuring mass of an object means measuring how much matter something has. What is matter? 8. You are a space ...

### Ap physics 1

The mass of a star in a galaxy far, far away, is 3.12 × 105 Earth masses, and the mean distance from the center of this star to the center of a planet with the same mass as our Earth is 2.46 × 108 km. Treating this planet and star as particles,with each mass concentrated at ...

### Physics

The mass of a star in a galaxy far, far away, is 2.13 × 105 Earth masses, and the mean distance from the center of this star to the center of a planet with the same mass as our Earth is 7.87 × 108 km. Treating this planet and star as particles, with each mass concentrated at...

A hydrogen atom, when vigorously perturbed, can emit light with a frequency of 6.16·1014 Hz. When the same light from hydrogen atoms in a distant galaxy is observed on earth, the frequency is 5.76·1014 Hz. Calculate the speed at which the galaxy is receding from the earth (...

### physics

A hydrogen atom, when vigorously perturbed, can emit light with a frequency of 6.16 × 1014 Hz. When the same light from hydrogen atoms in a distant galaxy is observed on earth, the frequency is 5.21 × 1014 Hz. Calculate the speed at which the galaxy is receding from the ...

### cosmology

A galaxy with an apparent magnitude in the V band (λc ~ 5550 angstroms, width δλ ~ 800 angstroms) of mV = 22.5 mag is observed with the Palomar 200-inch telescope. How many photons per second are collected from this galaxy over the 200-inch (~ 500 cm) diameter ...

### science

An average diameter of a star is approximately 109 m and an average diameter of a galaxy is 1021 m. Considering the given data, apply a sense of scale calculation to determine if when a galaxy’s diameter is scaled down to the length of Manhattan (21.6 km long), would the ...

### physics??

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 41.3 km/s and 52.7 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 7.74 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### Science

with 1*10 to the power of 22 stars in the sky. List several factors that limit us to being able to see only about 2000 to 3000. *shape of the galaxy *size of the galaxy *The sun's light *light reflection from earth *light pollution *lackness of darkness *horizon view Are these...

### Science

with 1*10 to the power of 22 stars in the sky. List several factors that limit us to being able to see only about 2000 to 3000. *shape of the galaxy *size of the galaxy *The sun's light *light reflection from earth *light pollution *lackness of darkness *horizon view Are these...

### physics

The galaxies in the universe are all flying away from each other. The speeds of nearby galaxies are proportional to the distance the galaxy is away from us. This relation, v=Hd is known as Hubble's law and the constant H is known as Hubble's constant. The evolution of our ...

### Science 4

Most stars probably formed A.alone B.in intergalactic space, then were swept up into the Galaxy C.in clusters in the Galaxy's spiral arms D.from planetary nebulae E.in the galactic Nucleus, then migrated outward later I'd guess roughly C ...but im no scientist. check this out ...

### Science

Which distance is the greatest ? A. The distance across the Milky Way Galaxy. B. The distance to the nearest star Cluster. C. The distance across the solar system. D. The distance to the nearest Galaxy.

### Physics

When you look at a distant galaxy through a telescope, how is it that you're looking backward in time?

### Physics

The wavelength of light emitted from a distant galaxy by a hydrogen atom is observed to be 400 nm. If it is known that the laboratory wavelength of this light emitted by hydrogen is 380 nm, what is the velocity of the galaxy? (a) .135c away from Earth (b) .135c toward Earth (c...

### Astronomy

A quasar is observed at a redshift of z=1, which corresponds to a comoving radial distance of 3 Gpc. Its observed bolometric flux is 10^{-12} erg/cm^2/s. An interacting companion galaxy is seen 4 arcsec apart in projection. What is the bolometric luminosity of the quasar, in ...

The Great Galaxy in Andromeda is about 2200000 light years from Earth. Light travels 5900000000000 miles in a year. How many miles is the Great Galaxy in Andromeda from Earth? I got 1.298* 10^20 miles. (This is the exponents unit)

### English

Astronomers Ferraro and Newman study the speed of the stars circling the galactic center of the galaxy. Identify the appositive or appositive phrase. galaxy Astronomers the galactic center Ferraro and Newman

### physics 1

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 43.6 km/s and 63.5 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 8.36 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### Physics

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 36.0 km/s and 50.6 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 7.78 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### College Physics

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 43.5 km/s and 54.0 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 6.53 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### college physics 1

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 35.1 km/s and 63.3 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 6.74 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### Science

The galaxies in the universe are all flying away from each other. The speeds of nearby galaxies are proportional to the distance the galaxy is away from us. This relation, v=Hd is known as Hubble's law and the constant H is known as Hubble's constant. The evolution of our ...

### Science

with 1*10 to the power of 22 stars in the sky. I can't put 22 in small form above 10, so that's why I'm wording it by saying to the power. So: with 1*10 to the power of 22 stars in the sky. List several factors that limit us to being able to see only about 2000 to 3000. *shape...

### physics

How would one plug the gravitational constant into an equation? To be honest, I'm having a hard time with the idea of the gravitational constant in general, but I need to solve an equation for the circular velocity of a galaxy. I know I need to multiply the gravitational ...

### Language arts

The boys on the soccer team will go across the street, through the valley, and into the park. What is the adjective phrase? Beyond that hill sits a house without a roof. adverb phrase is millions of stars form a galaxy,and between any two stars there are light years of space. ...

### Physics help

The galaxies in the universe are all flying away from each other. The speeds of nearby galaxies are proportional to the distance the galaxy is away from us. This relation, v=Hd is known as Hubble's law and the constant H is known as Hubble's constant. The evolution of our ...

### physics

1.A certain spacecraft is 3.3 AU (Astronomical Units) from Earth. How long in seconds does it take for a signal to reach the Earth after it is transmitted from the spacecraft? Hint: An AU is about 149.9 Million Km, and light moves at 299,800 Km/s. {Indicate your answer to the ...

### physics

What is the radius of the event horizon (or Schwartzchild radius) of approximately 4 million solar masses at the center of our galaxy? A. 1200 m; B. 12*10^6 km; C. 12*10^9 km; D. 12*10^12 km.

### Physics

On March 15, 2015 we observed the explosion of a star in our galaxy that is 250ly away. On what date did this explosion actually happen?

### science

The brightest galaxy in the Bootes cluster of galaxies is found to have a redshift of 0.13. (Assume the speed of light, c, is 3.0 × 10 8 m s−1.) (i) Assuming the Hubble constant, H0, is 70 km s−1 Mpc−1 to two significant figures, calculate the distance to ...

### physics 213

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 44.7 km/s and 56.2 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 8.61 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### physics

The sun has a mass of 1.99 × 1030 kg and is moving in a circular orbit about the center of our galaxy, the Milky Way. The radius of the orbit is 2.3 × 104 light-years (1 light-year = 9.5 × 1015 m), and the angular speed of the sun is 1.1 × 10-15 rad/s. a) Determine the ...

### Calculus

Astronomers have a mathematical model for the orbital speed of the stars as a function of their distance x from the center of the galaxy: V(x) = 350x/(1+(x^2))^(3/4) where x = 1 for 10,000 light years, x = 2 for 20,000 light years. At a distance of 10,000 light years, the ...

### Science

I need to now in order which of these are big in order from biggest to smallest: Moon, Whirlpool Galaxy, Hubble Deep Feild Galaxies, Hubble Space Telescope, Pleiades Star, Cluster, Saturn Sun Then the distance from closest earth to the farthest in order: Moon, Whirlpool Galaxy...

### space

what kind of galaxy is the milky way?

### science

what color are the coolest stars in the galaxy

### Physics Plz help me

If a galaxy is traveling away from us at 2.0% of the speed of light, roughly how far away is it? t= light years I got 2.4x10^8 light years but its wrong please help me out...thank you Physics Plz help me - Anon, Monday, May 6, 2013 at 9:17pm 5.98x10^6 Thatz still wrong

### SCIENCE

WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE ARRANGEMENT OF A CONSTELLATION AND A GALAXY?

### space

If the diameter of a galaxy is 243.3 kpc, how many meters is that?

### Science

What is a galaxy with no definite shape or size called?

### English IV

Would this work for a thesis on Douglas Adams: Douglas Adams used Proto Science Fiction to write The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy and uses satirical tone when discussing politics. welcome :) that's good you might want to be more spacific in what kinds of polotics or ...

### science

does the stars in a galaxy slowly rotate around a center.

### Physics

Using the scale (1 light-minute equals 10 mm), how many millimeters represent a light year? On this scale, what is the distance from Earth to the nearest star? To the Andromeda Galaxy? (Note that 1 meter = 103 mm and that 1 km = 103 meters.)

### Cosmology

What explains the observation that galaxy clustering is stronger at higher redshifts, which is an apparent reversal of the trend out to about z ~ 1? It is difficult to measure peculiar velocities Rich clusters have more galaxies than poor clusters Density contrast seems to ...

### space

does our solar system move in the milky way galaxy?

### social studies

could you pl let me know the distinction between galaxy and milkyway in solar system

### Science

If a galaxy is 1,000 Mpc away, how fast isit recending?

### Physics Plz help me

If a galaxy is traveling away from us at 2.0% of the speed of light, roughly how far away is it? t= light years I got 2.4x10^8 light years but its wrong please help me out...thank you

### Astrophysics

The Earth formed at a redshift of z∼0.53. That means that when our world was young, the universe was quite a bit smaller than it is today. The nearest galaxies to our own are around 10 kpc (kilo-parsecs) in size, lie at a distance of around 1 Mpc from us (Mega-parsecs), ...

### physcs

Two newly discovered planets follow circular orbits around a star in a distant part of the galaxy. The orbital speeds of the planets are determined to be 41.8 km/s and 64.6 km/s. The slower planet's orbital period is 8.84 years. (a) What is the mass of the star? (b) What is ...

### science

do you know the word galaxy shaped like a wheel whithout cured arms

### Astronomy

What about a for a supernova in an elliptical galaxy of 10^12 solar masses and radius of 50 kpc? Yes or No

### physics

The linear momentum of a body can be calculated by multiplying its mass by the Question 1 options: time during which the mass moves. distance the mass moves. acceleration of the mass. velocity of the mass. Save

### physics

The linear momentum of a body can be calculated by multiplying its mass by the Question 1 options: time during which the mass moves. distance the mass moves. acceleration of the mass. velocity of the mass. Save