# A pipe has an outside diameter of 1.25 inches and an inside diameter of 0.75 inches. If Kelly hacksaws the pipe in two, what fraction of the pipe cross sectional area is sawn when the blade breaks through to the

82,370 results

### Math

A pipe has an outside diameter of 1.25 inches and an inside diameter of 0.75 inches. If Kelly hacksaws the pipe in two, what fraction of the pipe cross sectional area is sawn when the blade breaks through to the inside?

### Math

A length of metal pipe has a circumference of 2.5 inches. the pipe is 1/16 inches thick. a gas fitter needs to know the inside diameter of the pipe to calculate the gas pressure. What is the total diameter of pipe including metal? how much of the diameter is metal? what is the...

### math

The outside diameter of a pipe is 5 and 7/32 inches. The walls of the pipe are 5/32 inches thick. find the inside diameter

### math

A cross section of a hollow circular pipe shows that its inner diameter is 2 1/10 inches and that the pipe is 3/5 inch thick. What is its outside diameter?

### algebra

A pipe manufacturer makes pipes of four different sizes. The diameter of each pipe is two times the diameter of the pipe of the next smaller size. The diameter of the biggest pipe is 16 centimeters. What is the diameter of the pipe of the smallest size?

### algebra

A pipe manufacturer makes pipes of four different sizes. The diameter of each pipe is two times the diameter of the pipe of the next smaller size. The diameter of the biggest pipe is 16 centimeters. What is the diameter of the pipe of the smallest size?

### Geometry

The outside diameter of a pipe is 5 cm. The inside diameter is 4 cm. The pipe is 4 meters long. What is the volume of the material used for this length of pipe?Round your answer to the nearest cubic centimeter. (Hint: be sure that all units are in centimeters when completing ...

### physics

Water flows steadily from an open tank into a pipe. The elevation of the top of the tank is 10.2 m, and the elevation at the pipe is 3.90 m. The initial cross-sectional area of the pipe is 6.40×10^−2 m; and at where the water is discharged from the pipe, it is 2.30×10...

### math

The diameter of a pipe is normally distributed with a mean of 0.4 inches and a variance of 0.0004. What is the probability that the diameter of a randomly selected pipe will exceed 0.44 inches?

### math

The diameter of a pipe is normally distributed with a mean of 0.4 inches and a variance of 0.0004. What is the probability that the diameter of a randomly selected pipe will exceed 0.44 inches?

### phys

Water flows steadily from an open tank into a pipe as shown in the figure. The elevation of the top of the tank is 12.3 m, and the elevation at the pipe is 3.80 m. The initial cross-sectional area of the pipe (at point 2) is 5.60×10−2 m^2; and at where the water is ...

### Physics

A horizontal water pipe goes from a large diameter to a small diameter and then back to the first diameter as shown in the figure below. The level of water (8cm in the larger tube and 4 cm in the constricted tube) in the small vertical tubes provides us with information about ...

### Physics

A water pipe is made of iron with an outside diameter of 2.5 cm and inside diameter of 2.0 cm. The pipe is used to ground an electric appliance. If a current of 20 A flows from the appliance into the water pipe, what fraction of this current will flow in the iron? What ...

### math

a cross section of a hollow circular pipe shows that its inner diameter is 2 1/10inches and that the pipe is 3/5inch thick. what is the outside diameter

### Math

The cross section of a pipe of length 49cm.the thicknes of the pipe is 1cm4mm and the outer diameter is 30cm.find the volume of the pipe.

### Physics

Please someone help..A horizontal pipe 10.0cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 5.0cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the large pipe is 80000Pa and the pressure in the small pipe is 60000Pa at what rate does water flow through the pipe?

### maths

To fill a swimming pool two pipes are to be used.If the pipe of larger diameter I'd used for 4 hours and the pipe of smaller diameter for 9 hours only half the pool can be filled .Find ,how long it would take for each pipe to fill the tank separately, if the pipe of smaller ...

### Physics

Water flows under pressure from one pipe into a second pipe having half the diameter. The volume flow rate in the narrow pipe is ________ that in the wide pipe, and the speed of the water in the narrow pipe is _______ that in the wide pipe

### Physics

A liquid of density 1.23 × 103 kg/m3 flows steadily through a pipe of varying diameter and height. At location 1 along the pipe the flow speed is 9.23 m/s and the pipe diameter is 1.07 × 101 cm. At location 2 the pipe diameter is 1.71 × 101 cm. At location 1 the pipe is 9....

### physics

1.) Water flows from a 2 cm diameter pipe, at a speed of 0.35m/sec. How long will it take to fill a 10 liter container? 2.) A horizontal segment of pipe tapers from a cross-sectional area of 50 cm^2 to 0.5 cm? The pressure at the larger end of the pipe is 1.2x 10^5 Pa and the ...

### physics

1.) Water flows from a 2 cm diameter pipe, at a speed of 0.35m/sec. How long will it take to fill a 10 liter container? 2.) A horizontal segment of pipe tapers from a cross-sectional area of 50 cm^2 to 0.5 cm^2. The pressure at the larger end of the pipe is 1.2x 10^5 Pa and ...

### physics

1.)Water flows from a 2 cm diameter pipe, at a speed of 0.35m/sec. How long will it take to fill a 10 liter container? 2.)A horizontal segment of pipe tapers from a cross-sectional area of 50 cm^2 to 0.5 cm^2. The pressure at the larger end of the pipe is 1.2x 10^5 Pa and the ...

### physics

1.)Water flows from a 2 cm diameter pipe, at a speed of 0.35m/sec. How long will it take to fill a 10 liter container? 2.)A horizontal segment of pipe tapers from a cross-sectional area of 50 cm^2 to 0.5 cm^2. The pressure at the larger end of the pipe is 1.2x 10^5 Pa and the ...

### physics

A thick, vertical iron pipe has an inner diameter of 0.070 m. A thin aluminum (α = 23x10-6 (C°)-1) disk, heated to a temperature of 89°C, has a diameter that is 4.4x10-5 m greater than the pipe's inner diameter. The disk is laid on top of the open upper end of the pipe...

### physics

What is the pressure change in water going from a 3.0- cm-diameter pipe to a 1.8- cm-diameter pipe if the velocity in the smaller pipe is 3.0 m/s? Im using the equation pv2^2(A2^2-A1^2)/2A1^2 and get (1000)(3)^2(1.8^2-3^20/(2(3)^2) and get -2880 Pa but I'm getting wrong? Thanks

### physics

A Venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area is A2 = 0.0769 m2. The gas has a density of ρ = 1.30 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a ...

### physiscs

A Venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area is A2 = 0.0779 m2. The gas has a density of ρ = 1.30 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a ...

### physics

A horizontal pipe (Venturi Tube) 10.0 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 5.00 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 2.0 x 105 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 5.0 x 104 Pa, at what rate does water flow through the pipes. Hint...

### physics

A horizontal pipe (Venturi Tube) 10.0 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 5.00 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 8.0 x 105 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 3.0 x 104 Pa, at what rate does water flow through the pipes. Hint...

### physics

A venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at a speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area A2 = 0.0600 m2. The gas has a density of ñ = 1.30 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a cross-...

### physics

A venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at a speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area A2 = 0.0900 m2. The gas has a density of ñ = 1.50 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a cross-...

### Physics

A horizontal pipe, 10 cm in diameter, has a smooth reduction to a pipe 5 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 8.00 104 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 6.00 104 Pa, what is the flow speed of the water (in m/s) in the smaller pipe? a. 0....

### Algebra 2

When mineral deposits formed a coating 1 mm thick on the inside of a pipe, the area through which fluid can flow was reduced by 20%. Find the original inside diameter of the pipe. I got 10 mm. Is this correct?

### Physics

A venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at a speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area A2 = 0.0700 m^2. The gas has a density of ρ = 1.80 kg/m^3. The Venturi meter has a ...

### Physics

A venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at a speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area A^2 = 0.0700 m2. The gas has a density of ρ = 1.80 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a ...

### physics

A horizontal pipe 17.00 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 8.50 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 8.00 104 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 6.00 104 Pa, at what rate does water flow through the pipes? The velocity is the ...

### physics

A horizontal pipe 17.00 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a pipe 8.50 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is 8.00 104 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 6.00 104 Pa, at what rate does water flow through the pipes?

### Physics

A venturi meter is a device for measuring the speed of a fluid within a pipe. The drawing shows a gas flowing at a speed v2 through a horizontal section of pipe whose cross-sectional area A2 = 0.0600 m2. The gas has a density of ñ = 1.70 kg/m3. The Venturi meter has a cross-...

### physics

Water is flowing in a pipe with a circular cross-section area ,and at all point the water completely fills the pipe.At point 1 ,the cross sectiona are of pipe is 0.070 meter square and the fluid velocity is 3.50 meter per second. a.) what is the fluid speed at point in the ...

### math

what is the weight of a ten foot length of steel pipe? the inside diameter of the pipe is 3/4 of an inch, and the outside diameter i one inch. steel weighs 490lbs. per cubic foot.

### math

what is the weight of a ten foot length of steel pipe? the inside diameter of the pipe is 3/4 of an inch, and the outside diameter i one inch. steel weighs 490lbs. per cubic foot.

### physics

what's the pressure change in water going from a 5.0cm diameter pipe to a 2.0cm diameter pipe if the velocity in the smaller pipe is 4.0m/s .

### math

a water tank is supplied by a pipe of diameter50cm the pipe is replaced by k pipe each of which has diameter 10cm.find k.

### Physics

Water is flowing in a pipe with a varying cross-section area, and at all points the water completely fills the pipe. At point 1 the cross-section area of the pipe is 0.080 m^2, and the magnitude of the fluid velocity is 2.50m/s. Calculate the volume of the water discharged ...

### physics, buoyance

Water flows at a rate of 25L/min through a horizontal 8.0-cm-diameter pipe under a pressure of 5.7Pa . At one point, calcium deposits reduce the cross-sectional area of the pipe to 40cm2 . Part A What is the pressure at this point? (Consider the water to be an ideal fluid.)

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### Fluid Mechanics

Oil (sp. gr.= 0.8) flows smoothly through the circular reducing section shown at 3 ft^3/s. If the entering and leaving velocity profiles are uniform, estimate the force which must be applied to the reducer to hold it in place. When Fluid is entering the pipe: P= 50 psig ...

### physics

A round pipe of varying diameter carries petroleum from a wellhead to a refinery. At the wellhead the pipe's diameter is 56.3 cm (0.563 m) and the flow speed of the petroleum is 13.5 m/s. At the refinery the petroleum flows at 5.65 m/s. What is the volume flow rate of the ...

### math

A cylindrical pipe has a radius of 8 inches and a height of 100 inches. About how many cubic inches of water will fill the pipe?

### Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer

A steam pipe is 75 mm external diameter and is 80 m long. It conveys steam at a rate of 1000 kg/h at a pressure of 2 Mpa. The steam enters the pipe with a dryness fraction of 0.98 and is to leave the pipe with a dryness of not less than 0.96. The pipe must be insulated – the...

### Fluid Mechanics

Water flows into a cylindrical tank through pipe 1 at a rate of 25 ft/s and leaves through pipe 2 at 10 ft/s and through pipe 3 at 12 ft/s. Pipe 4 is an open air vent. Internal diameters of the pipes are: D1=3 in, D2= 2 in, D3=2.5 in, D4=2 in. Calculate a) dh/dt and b) the ...

### physics

A liquid of density 1354 kg/m^3 ﬂows with speed 2.45 m/s into a pipe of diameter 0.29 m. The diameter of the pipe decreases to 0.05 m at its exit end. The exit end of the pipe is 7.82 m lower than the entrance of the pipe, and the pressure at the exit of the pipe is 1.4...

### College algebra

A circular vent pipe with a diameter of 5.5 inches is placed on a roof that has a slope of 1/4. Find an equation of the ellipse that should be cut from the roof so that the pipe will fit. Round parameters to the nearest hundredth.

### College Algebra

A circular vent pipe with a diameter of 5.5 inches is place on a roof that has a slope of 1/4. Find an equation of the ellipse that should be cut from the roof so that the pipe will fit. roound parameters to the nearest hundreth.

### college algebra

A circular vent pipe with a diameter of 5.5 inches is place on a roof that has a slope of 1/4. Find an equation of the ellipse that should be cut from the roof so that the pipe will fit. roound parameters to the nearest hundreth.

### Physics please help!!

Water is flowing in a straight horizontal pipe of variable cross section. Where the cross-sectional area of the pipe is 3.50·10-2 m2, the pressure is 5.30·105 Pa and the velocity is 0.310 m/s. In a constricted region where the area is 12.90·10-4 m2, what is the velocity?

### Physics

Look up or derive the frequencies of the standing waves of a length of wire, L, clamped at the ends and under tension. What are the similarities and differences between a vibrating string and a resonating pipe? Does the diameter of the wire matter? Does the diameter of the ...

### Physics

Water flows into one end of a horizontal, cylindrical pipe at 2.0 m/s. The pipe then narrows until its diameter at the opposite end is only 1/3 of that at the beginning. (a) What is the flow speed at the narrow end of the pipe? (b) What is the pressure difference between the ...

### Physics

Water enters a pipe with a cross sectional area of 3.0 cm^2 with a velocity of 3.0 m/s. The water encounters a constriction where its velocity is 15 m/s. What is the cross sectional area of the constricted portion of the pipe?

### physics

Practice Problem 13.9 Let's begin by looking at a flow problem in which the diameter of a pipe changes along the flow path. We will need to use both the continuity equation and Bernoulli's equation for this problem. Water enters a house through a pipe with an inside diameter ...

### physic

Water flows through a 4.0-cm-diameler horizontal pipe ata speed uf 1.3 m/s. The pipe then narrows down to a diameter of 2.0 cm. Ignoring viscosity, what is the pressure difference between the wide and narrow sections of the pipe

### physics

A horizontal pipe of diameter 0.845 m has a smooth constriction to a section of diameter 0.507 m. The density of oil flowing in the pipe is 821 kg/m3 . If the pressure in the pipe is 8350 N/m2 and in the constricted section is 6262.5 N/m2 , what is the rate at which oil is ...

### math

a pipe is 2" outside diameter and it as 3/16" walls. What isthe inside diameter. could you explain in detail . Thanks

### Math

Could someone please help me? calculate the volume in cu. ft of a section of drainage pipe that measures 8 feet in lenght and 24 inches in diameter (all measurements has to be in the same units and be careful that you distinguish between diameter and area when using this ...

### math

A pipe is 2" outside diameter and it has 3/16" walls .What is the inside diameter,?

### physic

you need to extend a 2.50 inch diameter pipe, but you only have 1.00 inch diameter pipe on hand.you make a fitting to connect these pipes end to end. if the water is flowing at 6.00cm/s in the wide pipe, how fast will it be flowing through the narrow one?

### physics

a fluid flows through a horizontal pipe of varying cross-section. Assuming the flow is streamline and applying the bernoulli equation, show that pressure in the pipe is greatest where cross-sectional area is greatest.

### physics

a fluid flows through a horizontal pipe of varying cross-section. Assuming the flow is streamline and applying the bernoulli equation, show that pressure in the pipe is greatest where cross-sectional area is greatest.

### math

find the weight of lead pipe 3.5 m long the ext . diameter of the pipe is 2.4 cm and thickness of the pipe is 2 mm given 1 cm of lead weighs 10g

### math

if the total surface area of a pipe is 396 cm^2 and its height is 14 cm.find the diameter of the pipe.any one to help me please

### physics

A horizontal pipe has a cross sectional area of 40.0 cm^2 at the wider portions and 10.0 cm^2 at the constriction. Water is flowing in the pipe, and the discharge from the pipe is 6.00*10^-3 m^3/s(6.00 L/s). Find (a) the flow speeds at the wide and the narrow portions; (b) the...

### physics

Water flows in a cylindrical, horizontal pipe. As the pipe widens to twice its initial diameter the pressure in the pipe changes. Calculate the change in pressure between the wide and narrow regions of the pipe. Give your answer as an expression in terms of the density of ...

### College Physics

A horizontal pipe has a cross sectional area of 40.0 cm^2 at the wider portions and 10.0 cm^2 at the constriction. Water is flowing in the pipe, and the discharge from the pipe is 6.00*10^-3 m^3/s(6.00 L/s). Find (a) the flow speeds at the wide and the narrow portions; (b) the...

### physics

A large water tank has an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe. The inlet pipe has a diameter of 2.19 cm and is 1.25 m above the bottom of the tank. The outlet pipe has a diameter of 5.93 cm and is 4.85 m above the bottom of the tank. A volume of 0.411 m^3 of water enters the tank ...

### physics

1. Air flowing through a vent pipe of cross-sectional area 21[m^2] is traveling 0.89[ms^-1]. What is the flowrate? [18.7 m3s-1] Answer with three significant figures (don't forget to round!) or N/A if there is not enough information to answer the question. 2. Before the vent ...

### GEOMETRY

DdETERMINE THE LATERAL AREA OF A PIPE THAT IS 12FT LONG AND 4 INCHES IN DIAMETER

### Advanced Maths

A reservoir is fed by two pipes of different diameter. The pipe with the larger diameter takes three hours less than the smaller pipe to fill the reservoir. if both pipes are opened simultaneously, the reservoir can fill in two hours. Calculate how long it takes the pipe with ...

### Math

If the outer diameter of a metal pipe is 2.84 inches and the inner diameter is 1.94 inches, the thickness of the metal is A. 0.45 of an inch B. 0.90 of an inch C. 1.94 inches D. 2.39 inches

### PHYSICS!!!

A straight horizontal pipe with a diameter of 1.0 cm and a length of 46 m carries oil with a coefficient of viscosity of 0.11 N · s/m2. At the output of the pipe, the flow rate is 8.4 10-5 m3/s and the pressure is 1.0 atmosphere. Find the gauge pressure at the pipe input. ...

### Physics

I can't seem to figure out this problem...what equation would I use? Thanks! An incompressible, nonviscous fluid is initially at rest in the vertical portion of the pipe, where L = 2.17 m. When the valve is opened, the fluid flows into the horizontal section of the pipe. What ...

### physics

The pressure in a section of horizontal pipe with a diameter of 2 cm is 143 kPa. Water flows through the pipe at 2.80 L/ s. If the pressure at a certain point is to be reduced to 103 kPa by constricting a section of the pipe, what should the diameter of the constricted section...

### Physics

The water flowing through a 1.9 cm (inside diameter) pipe flows out through three 1.3 cm pipes. (a) If the flow rates in the three smaller pipes are 24, 18, and 13 L/min, what is the flow rate in the 1.9 cm pipe? (b) What is the ratio of the speed of water in the 1.9 cm pipe ...

### Physics

A large water tank has an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe. The inlet pipe has a diameter of 2.19 cm and is 2.13 m above the bottom of the tank. The outlet pipe has a diameter of 5.49 cm and is 4.85 m above the bottom of the tank. A volume of 0.359 m3 of water enters the tank ...

### science

what is the discharged rate of water leaking at a 4 inches diameter pvc pipe with pressure of 35 psi and a leak hole of 5 mm in diameter

### physics

trying to raise a barrel using sections of pipe.The three objects are horizontal cylinders resting on level ground. The barrel has a mass of 100 kg and its diameter is 2.0m. Each pipe has a diameter of 0.50 m. What minimum horizontal force must his feet exert on the pipe to ...

### New Light Academy

A uniform cylindrical pipe has an external diameter of 3.6cm and an internal diameter of 2.8cm. a)Calculate the volume of the material required to construct a metre length of the pipe. b)One cubic metre of material used has a mass of 44kg.Calculate the mass of 60m of such a ...

### heat transfer

a. Steam at 230oC flows through a steel pipe ( = 15/. ) whose inner and outer diameters are 9 cm and 10 cm, respectively in an environment at 15oC. The pipe is insulated with 5 cm thick fiberglass ( = 0.035/. ). The given heat transfer coefficients on the inside and ...

### math

A hollow iron pipe is 2.1m long and its external diameter is 4.5 cm.if the thickness of pipe is 0.25cm and weight of iron is 4 gm/cm3, then the weight of pipe is? (ans 2.805kg) ?

### Physics

A 0.8 m diameter tank is filled with water to a depth of 2.2 m and is open to the atmosphere at the top. The water drains through a 1.0 cm diameter pipe at the bottom; that pipe then joins a 1.5 cm diameter pipe open to the atmosphere, as shown in Fig. 18-53. |0.8 m...

### physics

A constriction in a pipe reduces its diameter from 7.9 cm to 1.8 cm . Where the pipe is wider, the fluid velocity is 8 m/s. Find the fluid velocity where the pipe is narrow. Answer in units of m/s

### Physics II

the velocity of water in a 4 cm diameter pipe is 2.0m/s.what is the velocity in a 2cm diameter pipe which connects with it,both pipes flowing full?

### engineering

During drilling of a deep oil well, the drill pipe got rigidly stuck. It was necessary to determine the depth at which the jamming occurred. The engineer ordered the pipe subjected to a large upwards tensile force, i.e., she pulled on it. As a result, the top of the pipe came ...