A certain constant-pressure reaction is nonspontaneous at 37°C. The entropy change for the reaction is 83 J/K. What can you conclude about the sign of ÄH?

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chem

A certain constant-pressure reaction is nonspontaneous at 37°C. The entropy change for the reaction is 83 J/K. What can you conclude about the sign of ÄH? What can you conclude about the magnitude of ÄH?

Please Help Me

Use the equation for the synthesis of hydrogen to answer the following. C (s) + H2O (l) -> CO (g) + H2 (g) deltaH = + 31.3 kcal/mol carbon deltaS = +32 cal/(mol•K) Calculate the energy change (deltaH) when 5.00 g of carbon is consumed. Calculate the energy change (deltaH...

Chemistry

Use the equation for the synthesis of hydrogen to answer the following. 10 points. C (s) + H2O (l) -> CO (g) + H2 (g) deltaH = + 31.3 kcal/mol carbon deltaS = +32 cal/(mol•K) Calculate the energy change (deltaH) when 5.00 g of carbon is consumed. Calculate the energy ...

chem

Check the correct statements for the above reaction. Choose at least one answer. a. The reaction is exothermic. b. The reaction is endothermic. c. The change in entropy is positive. d. The change in entropy is negative. e. The reaction is at equilibrium. f. The reaction is ...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Information about the substances involved in the reaction represented above is summarized in the following tables. Substance So (J/mol∙K) ∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g) 200.9 226.7 H2(g) 130.7 0 C2H6(g) - - -84.7 Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Information about the substances involved in the reaction represented above is summarized in the following tables. Substance/ So (J/mol∙K) /∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g) / 200.9 / 226.7 H2(g)/ 130.7 / 0 C2H6(g)/ ?? / -84.7 Bond Bond Energy...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Information about the substances involved in the reaction represented above is summarized in the following tables. Substance/ So (J/mol∙K) /∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g) / 200.9 / 226.7 H2(g) / 130.7 / 0 C2H6(g)/ ?? / -84.7 Bond Bond Energy...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Information about the substances involved in the reaction represented above is summarized in the following tables. Substance/ So (J/mol∙K) /∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g) / 200.9 / 226.7 H2(g) / 130.7 / 0 C2H6(g)/ ?? / -84.7 Bond Bond Energy...

Chemistry 152

For a certain reaction, the enthalpy change is -148.5 kJ, the entropy change is 256 J/K, and the free energy change is -250.1 kJ. At what temperature is the reaction occurring, in C? Choose one answer. a. 85 b. 102 c. 124 d. 158 e. 210

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Substance So (J/mol∙K) ∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g 200.9 226.7 H2(g) 130.7 0 C2H6(g) -- -84.7 Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-C 347 C=C 611 C-H 414 H-H 436 If the value of the standard entropy change, ∆Sº for the reaction is -232.7 ...

Chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Substance So (J/mol∙K) ∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g 200.9 226.7 H2(g) 130.7 0 C2H6(g) -- -84.7 Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-C 347 C=C 611 C-H 414 H-H 436 If the value of the standard entropy change, ∆Sº for the reaction is -232.7 ...

chemistry

C2H2(g) + 2 H2(g)--> C2H6(g) Substance So (J/mol∙K) ∆Hºf (kJ/mol) C2H2(g 200.9 226.7 H2(g) 130.7 0 C2H6(g) -- -84.7 Bond Bond Energy (kJ/mol) C-C 347 C=C 611 C-H 414 H-H 436 If the value of the standard entropy change, ∆Sº for the reaction is -232.7 ...

Chemistry

2 H2S (g) + SO2 (g) <===> ƒnƒn3 S (s) + 2 H2O (g) 1) At 298 K, the standard enthalpy change, H¢X, for the reaction represented below is -145 kilojoules. (a) Predict the sign of the standard entropy change, S¢X, for the reaction. Explain the basis foryour prediction...

Chemistry

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A reaction has delta H_rxn= -125 kJ and delta S_rxn= 324 J/K. At what temperature is the change in entropy for the reaction equal to the change in entropy for the surroundings?

thermodynamics

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For which of the reactions listed below will Gibbs free energy always be negative? A. An exothermic reaction that increases in entropy B. An endothermic reaction that decreases in entropy C. An endothermic reaction that increases in entropy D. An exothermic reaction that ...

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Chemistry

2 Al(s) + 3 Cl2(g) → 2 AlCl3(s) Into a cylinder with a moveable piston (pressure stays constant), a piece of aluminum is placed and chlorine gas is added. After they react, the temperature inside the piston is considerable higher than its initial temperature, but the volume ...

chem please help drbob222

What will be the result of a reaction if its enthalpy change is positive, its entropy change is negative and Gibbs free energy is positive? A. Spontaneous, if the temperature is high B. Nonspontaneous, if the temperature is low C. Always spontaneous D. Never spontaneous

chemistry

2C2H2(g) + 5O2(g)→4CO2(g) + 2H2O(g) a. Determine the enthalpy change for the reaction. ΔH = (4(-393.5)+ 2(-241.8)) – (2(227) + 5(0)) The enthalpy change is -2511.6. b. Determine the entropy change for the reaction. ΔS = (4(213.7)+ 2(188.7)) – (2(200.9) + 5(...

Thermodynamics

The initial state consists of a closed system containing one mole of water (liquid) at 85°C and 1 atmosphere pressure. The immediate surroundings are also at 85°C and 1 atmosphere pressure. The change in state is described as this one mole of liquid forming vapor at 85°C, ...

Chemistry- HWK CHECK

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For the gaseous equilibrium represented below, it is observed that greater amounts of PCl3 and Cl2 are produced as the temperature is increased. PCl5(g) <===> PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) a) What is the sign of S° for the reaction? Explain. b) What change, if any, will occur in G...

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Chemistry

A gaseous reaction occurs at a constant pressure of 50.0 atm and releases 69.8 kJ of heat. Before the reaction, the volume of the system was 8.80 L . After the reaction, the volume of the system was 2.80 L . Calculate the total internal energy change, change in U , in kilojoules.

Chemistry - Help!!!

Which of the following criteria indicate that a reaction is SPONTANEOUS? Check all that apply. a) The change in free energy is positive. b) The entropy of the universe decreases. c) The change in free energy is negative. d) The entropy of the system increases. e) The entropy ...

chemistry

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enthalpy change^H is +23kJ mol-1 of phosphine (PH3) for the reaction 2P(s)red+3H2(g)---->2PH3(g) a) Calc. entropy change for this reaction. Explain how this information allows you to determine the spontaneity or non-spontaneity of this reaction at any temp (S for PH3 is ...

college chemistry

for the reaction at 298 K 2A+b ---->C enthalpy=100 K/cal entropy= 0.050 kcal/k assuming enthalpy and entropy to be constant over the temperature range, at what temperature will the reaction become spontaneous? answer: T>2000K

chemistry

Calculate the temperature at which it is thermodynamically possible for C (s) to reduce iron(III) oxide by the reaction: 2Fe2O3 (s) + 3 C (s) ---> 4Fe (s) + 3CO2 I don't need a specific answer, but I'm not sure how to approach the problem. I'm assuming it has to do with ...

chemistry

Calculate the change in entropy (ΔS˚) of reaction (J/K) for the equation as written. BaCO3(s) → BaO(s) + CO2(g) Table: S° (J/(K mol)) BaCO3(s) = 112 BaO(s) = 70.3 CO2(g) = 213.7 So the answer is -41.7 I thought to find the entropy of reaction you subract the ...

Chemistry 152

For a certain reaction, the enthalpy change is -148.5 kJ, the entropy change is 256 J/K, and the free energy change is -250.1 kJ. At what temperature is the reaction occurring, in C? Choose one answer. a. 85 b. 102 c. 124 d. 158 e. 210 I keep using equation delta G=delta H-T(...

chemistry

What is the sign of the entropy change in eaech chemical reaction? a) N2O4(g)--> 2NO2(g) b) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) --> PCl5(g) c) 2 Al(s) + 3/2 O2(g) --> Al2O3(s) d)N2(g) + 3H2(g) --> 2 NH3(g) e) S(s) + O2(g) --> SO2(g)

Thermodynamics

The initial state consists of a closed system containing one mole of super-heated liquid water at 115°C and 1 atmosphere pressure. The immediate surroundings are also at 115°C and 1 atmosphere pressure. The change in state is described as this one mole of super-heated liquid...

chemistry

Hydrogen gas (7.0 mL) is mixed with chlorine gas(4.0 mL) at a certain pressure and temperature. A reaction between H2and Cl2 is initiated by UV light. If pressure and temperature are kept constant, which gases and in which volumes will be found after the reaction is completed?

Chem

The entropy of combustion of benzoic acid is zero. This means that... a)combustion is not spontaneous here. b)combustion is spontaneous, however, since the reaction is exothermic. c)combustion is spontaneous, however, since the reaction is endothermic. d)combustion is ...

chemistry

A mole of reacts at a constant pressure of 43.0atm via the reaction Before the reaction, the volume of the gaseous mixture was 5.00L . After the reaction, the volume was 2.00L . Calculate the value of the total energy change, , in kilojoules.

Chemistry

A gaseous reaction occurs at a constant pressure of 50.0 atm and releases 55.6 kJ of heat. Before the reaction, the volume of the system was 7.60 L. After the reaction, the volume of the system was 2.00 L. Calculate the total internal energy change, Delta U, in kilojoules.

chemistry... HELPP

A gaseous reaction occurs at a constant pressure of 45.0 atm and releases 62.5 Kj of heat. Before the reaction, the volume of the system was 8.60 L . After the reaction, the volume of the system was 3.00 L. Calculate the total internal energy change in kilojoules.

Chemistry

All of the following apply to the reaction A(g)+B(g)<==>C(g) as it is carried out at constant temperature in a rigid container EXCEPT: A)The total pressure decreases B)The rate of reaction decreases C)The entropy of the system decreases D)The number of molecules of C ...

science

When Q < K, what can you conclude about the reaction? A. The reaction is not yet at equilibrium, and the reaction will proceed in the forward direction. B. The reaction is not yet at equilibrium, but the direction of the reaction must be experimentally determined. C. The ...

chemistry

The fermentation of sugar (C6H12O6) to form ethanol (C2H5OH) and carbon dioxide (CO2) occurs according to the following equation: C6H12O6(aq) ¡ú 2 C2H5OH(aq) + 2 CO2(g) kJ mol¨C1 ¦¤Hf (C6H12O6(s)) is ¨C1275 ¦¤Hf (C2H5OH(l)) is ¨C277 ¦¤Hbond (C=O) 799 (a) Assuming ...

Science

Consider the following reaction: 2Na + Cl2  2NaCl ΔH = -821.8 kJ (a) Is the reaction exothermic or endothermic? (b) Calculate the amount of heat transferred when 5.6 g of Na reacts at constant pressure. (c) How many grams of NaCl are produced during an enthalpy ...

Chemistry

consider the following reaction: 2CH3OH(g) yields 2CH4(g) + O2(g) change in enthalpy= 252.8kJ Calculate the amount of heat transferred when 26.0 g of {\rm CH_3OH} (g) is decomposed by this reaction at constant pressure.

Chemistry

If a catalyst is added to a system at equilibrium and the temperature and pressure remain constant there will be no effect on the: (1) rate of the forward reaction (2) rate of the reverse reaction (3) activation energy of the reaction (4) heat of reaction 4, am i right ?

Chemistry

a certain first order decomposition reaction has a half-life of 15.0 minutes. What is the rate constant for this reaction? what is the time it will take for the reaction to reach the 10% completion point?

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Consider the following reaction. 2 CO (g) + O2 (g) −→ 2 CO2 (g) What is most likely true about the entropy change for this reaction? Delta Srxn < 0 or Delta Srxn > 0. Why is it Delta Srxn < 0 ?

chemistry ( little urgent pls)

For oxidation of iron 4Fe+3O2=2Fe2O3 the entropy change is -549.45JK^-1mol^-1 at 298K. Though it has negative entropy change in the reaction is spotaneous.why? (Delta r H theta ∆rH°=-1648×10^3 J ml^-1. Is it because ∆G is negative????

chemistry- transferring energy

For the following questions, use the reaction SO3(g) SO2(g) + O2(g), with ÄH = 98.4 kJ/mol and ÄS = 0.09564 kJ/(mol·K). (8 points) i. Draw a possible potential energy diagram of the reaction. Label the enthalpy of the reaction. (2 points) ii. Is the reaction endothermic or ...

Chemistry

A chemical reaction takes place in a container of cross-sectional area 100 cm2. As a result of the reaction, a piston is pushed out through 19 cm against an external pressure of 630 torr. What is the value for w for this reaction? (Sign does matter.) Answer in units of J

Chemistry

Explain how the entropy and enthalpy values ( + or -) can be used to explain the spontaneous or nonspontaneous solvation of different salts. I know that the if the entropy value is higher the more spontaneous the process is but don't know why. And I don't know how to answer ...

(11) Chemistry - Science (Dr. Bob222)

In the following hypothetical reaction A + B → C + D, the equilibrium constant, Keq is less than 1.0 at 25°C and decreases by 35% on changing the temperature to 45°C. What must be true according to this information? A. The ΔH° for the reaction is negative. B. The...

chemistry

LeChatelier's Principle !!!! ? plz help me with this problem the following reaction may be used to remove sulfur compounds from power plant smokestack emission. 2HS(g) + SO2 >>>> 3S + 2H2O ...... DELTA h = -145 KJ the value of the euilibrium constant for this ...

chem 100

For the reaction CH3OH(g)←→CO(g) + 2H2(g), a. Determine ΔHo and ΔSo for the reaction at 298K b. Determine the entropy change for the surroundings assuming that they are at 298 K. What does this result tell you? c. Calculate ΔGo at 298 from tabulated...

chemistry

A certain reaction is spontaneous at 72˚C. if the enthalpy change for the reaction is 19Kj/mol, what is the minimum value of ΔS (in J/K•mol) for the reaction?

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A protein molecule in its folded native state has one favored conformation, but when it is denatured it becomes a random coil, with very many possible conformations. What must be the sign of the change in entropy (S) for the change native---> denatured Would this be ...

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chemistry

Consider the following reaction in a closed reaction flask. If 0.600 atm of gas A is allowed to react with 1.20 atm of gas B and the reaction goes to completion at constant temperature and volume, what is the total pressure in the reaction flask at the end of the reaction? ...

Chemistry

I need to calculate the mass of CO2 produced in the reaction of NaHCO3 + HCl Data Mass of NaHCO3 = .05g Mass of system before reaction 117.9 g Mass of system after reaction 117l98 Maxium pressure 1.4094 initial pressure 1.0094 pressure change .4 temp 299.2K

chemistry

Choose all of the following statements about the equilibrium constant K that are true: (a) If the K value for a reaction is > 1 then Go must be negative for this reaction (b) A large value for K implies there is a strong driver for the reaction to proceed in the forward ...

Chemistry

1. The following data was collected for the reaction between hydrogen and nitrogen monoxide. The time recorded corresponds to a N2 concentration change of 5.3 x 10-4 M. 2H2(g) + 2NO(g)  2H2O(g) + N2(g) Trial [H2], M [NO], M Time, s 1 0.01 0.02 74 2 0.02 0.02 37 3 0.01 ...

science

If a reaction rate increases with temperature, how will the rate constant of the reaction change with temperature? A. The rate constant only changes upon addition of a catalyst to the reaction. B. The rate constant will decrease with temperature. C. The rate constant will not ...

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If a reaction rate increases with temperature, how will the rate constant of the reaction change with temperature? A. The rate constant only changes upon addition of a catalyst to the reaction. B. The rate constant will decrease with temperature. C. The rate constant will not ...

Chemistry Lab

What would happen to the reaction rate of a solution if 10 mL or more of water is added? Will the reaction rate increase or decrease? The following reaction occurs without a change in the color 2A (g) + B2(g) --- 2AB (g) a) How could you monitor the concentration of the ...

Chemistry Lab

What would happen to the reaction rate of a solution if 10 mL or more of water is added? Will the reaction rate increase or decrease? The following reaction occurs without a change in the color 2A (g) + B2(g) --- 2AB (g) a) How could you monitor the concentration of the ...

Chemistry

The reaction 2NO (g) + 2H2 -> N2 (g) + 2H2O (g) was found to follow the rate law, rate = k[NO]^2[H2]. By what factor will the rate of reaction increase when the pressure of NO gas is increased from 2.0 atm to 3.0 atm? Assume all other conditions are held constant. I'm ...

chemistry, please help

2NO2(g)--> 2NO(g) + O2(g) , H=+114.2kJ (Note: H, S, G all have a degree sign next to them) NO: H(enthalpy)=90.3kJ/mol, S(entropy)=210.7J/mol*K, G(gibbs energy)=86.6 O2: H(enthalpy)=0, S(entropy)=?, G(gibbs energy)=0 kJ/mol NO2: H(enthalpy)=33.2, S=239.9, G=51 For part a, I ...

Chemistry 3A

An aqueous solution contains the ions B, C, and D that are in equilibrium with one another according to the reaction B (aq) + C (aq) ->/<- D (aq) A certain amount of water is added so as to double the volume of this solution, while keeping the temperature and the ...

Chemistry

The reaction b/t H2 and O2 yield water vapor and has a change of heat =-484kJ.Ho much PV work is done and what is the value of the change of E in kJ for the reaction of 0.50 mol of H2 with 0.25 mol of O2 amd atmospheric pressure of 1.00 , the volume change is -5.61.

AP CHEM-- check work?

How many moles of ATP must be converted to ADP by the reaction ATP(aq) + H2O ---> ADP(aq) + HPO4-2(aq) + 2H+(aq) delta-G*= -31 kJ to bring about a nonspontaneous biochemical reaction in which delta-G*= +372 kJ? I did my work out like this..: 372 kJ x 1 mol/-31 kJ = -12 mol ...

Chemistry

A certain reaction has an equilibrium constant of 0.65. Calculate the constant for the reverse reaction.

chemistry

true or false Entropy always tend to favor mixing Mixing result in positive change in entropy Entropy allows endothermic processes to be spontaneous Pure liquids don't have entropy Addition of salt to water increases entropy Entropy is the measure of number of possible states ...

chem help!

Which statement is true about a reaction at equilibrium? A. The reaction is not reversible. B. The reaction concentrations of the reactants and products are always equal. C. The reaction rates of the forward and reverse reaction are always equal. D. The change in concentration...

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What is the standard entropy of reaction, the standard entropy of reaction, in J/K, for the combustion reaction of ethylene described in the previous questions? The temperature is 298.15K. (Enter your answer as a signed number in scientific notation without units.) My answers ...

Chemistry<--------

Sulfur dioxide in the effluent gases from coal-burning electric power plants is one of the principal causes of acid rain. One method for reducing SO2 emissions involves partial reduction ofSO2 to H2S followed by catalytic conversion of the H2S and the remaining SO2 to ...

Chemistry

The presence of a catalyst provides a reaction pathway in which the activation energy of a certain reaction is reduced from 125 kJ·mol-1 to 75 kJ·mol-1. (a) By what factor does the rate of the reaction increase at 293 K, all other factors being equal? (b) By what factor ...

Chemistry

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Chemistry

Assuming the dissolution of borax in water is a spontaneous reaction, do you expect the change in enthalpy to be positive or negative or are both signs possible? Explain your answer A. Neither, enthalpy does not change, the positive entropy for the dissolution, leads to –G(G...

Chem

For the reaction, 3C2H2(g) ===> C6H6 at 25°C, the standard enthalpy change is -631 kJ and the standard entropy change is -430 J/K, Calculate the standard free energy change (in kJ) at 25°C. What is the formula that relates stand. entropy, enthalpy and free energy changes?

chemistry

Calculate enthalpy change of reaction for the combustion of gaseous ethanol. C2H5OH + 3O2 >> CO2 + 3H2O. Using standard molar enthalpies of formation. C2H5OH -235.3 ( it's negative sign) CO2 -393.5 H2O -241.8 (1) Calculate the enthalpy change of reaction per mole of ...

Chemistry

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chemistry

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science

What information does an equilibrium constant give about a reaction? A. It tells how long it takes the reaction to reach equilibrium. B. It tells how much energy is required for the reaction to happen. C. It tells what the rate constant of the reaction is at equilibrium. D. It...

Chemistry

The Kc for the following reaction at 940oC is 1.38. Given the concentrations [CO2] = 0.500 M, [H2] = 0.425 M, [CO] = 0.610 M and [H2O] = 0.695 M, one can conclude that: H2(g) + CO2(g) ↔ CO(g) + H2O(g) Question 8 options: A) the system is not at equilibrium and the ...

CHEM

Calculate ΔSfus and ΔSvap for HF. Determine the entropy change when 7.60 mol of HF(l) freezes at atmospheric pressure. I already calculated ΔSfus as 24.103 J/k*mol and ΔSvap as 86.07 J/K*mol....These are correct (I checked them already). I need help with ...

CHEMISTRY

Calculate ΔSfus and ΔSvap for HF. Determine the entropy change when 7.60 mol of HF(l) freezes at atmospheric pressure. I already calculated ΔSfus as 24.103 J/k*mol and ΔSvap as 86.07 J/K*mol....These are correct (I checked them already). I need help with ...

Physical Chemistry

The presence of a catalyst provides a reaction pathway in which the activation energy of a certain reaction is reduced from 192 kJ·mol-1 to 72 kJ·mol-1. (a) By what factor does the rate of the reaction increase at 281 K, all other factors being equal? (b) By what factor ...

ap chemistry :(

consider the reaction C6H14 + 9.5O2 yields 6CO2 + 7H2O at constant pressure. which response is true? 1. work may be done on or by the system as the reaction occurs, depending upon the temperature. 2. work is done on the system as the reaction occurs. 3. no work is done as the ...

Chemistry

From your experience, predict which of the following reactions are spontaneous. a) Zn(s) + 2H+(aq)--> Zn+2(aq) + H2 (g) b) CaCO3(s) + 2H2O(l) --> Ca(OH)2(s) + H2CO3(aq) c) CH4(g) + O2(g) --> CO2(g) + 2H2O(g) d) Ag+(aq) + Cl-(aq) --> AgCl (s) Our book spends very ...

Chemistry

Which of the following is the best definition of Hess' Law? A. Heat is always released by the decomposition of 1 mole of a compound into its constitute elements. B. The enthalpy of a process is the difference between the enthalpy of the products and the enthalpy of the ...

Chemistry

The following reaction has the following standard thermodynamic parameters: Reaction: C(g) + D(g)----> E(g) Delta H rxn=-26.1kJ/mol and Delta S rxn=-69.8J/(mol*K). Calculate the temperature at which the reaction becomes nonspontaneous.

Chemistry

The following reaction has the following standard thermodynamic parameters: Reaction: C(g) + D(g)----> E(g) Delta H rxn=-26.1kJ/mol and Delta S rxn=-69.8J/(mol*K). Calculate the temperature at which the reaction becomes nonspontaneous.

Chemistry

The following reaction has the following standard thermodynamic parameters: Reaction: C(g) + D(g)----> E(g) Delta H rxn=-26.1kJ/mol and Delta S rxn=-69.8J/(mol*K). Calculate the temperature at which the reaction becomes nonspontaneous.

ap chemistry :(

consider the reaction C6H14 + 9.5O2 yields 6CO2 + &H2) at constant pressure. which response is true? 1. work may be done on or by the system as the reaction occurs, depending upon the temperature. 2. work is done on the system as the reaction occurs. 3. no work is done as the ...

Chemistry

Determine the entropy change when 1.80 mol of HBr(g) condenses at atmospheric pressure? I got that DeltaS fus = 12.922J/(k*mol) Delta S Vapour = 93.475J/(K*mol) the only thing I don't get is the entropy change when 1.80 mol of HBr(g) condenses at atmospheric pressure. How do I...

Chemistry

My question is ..can anyone explain how to do problem #2? I feel lost. :( And could you also explain why? Problem#1, is that a regular dG = dH - TdS problem? Then using Go = -RTlnK to find K? Im just afraid if there are other seps to it.. 1. The combustion of butane has the ...

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