Chemistry

Calculate the change in pH when 5.00 mL of 0.100 M HCl(aq) is added to 100.0 mL of a buffer solution that is 0.100 M in NH3(aq) and 0.100 M in NH4Cl(aq).

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 349
  1. The pH at the beginning is
    pH = pKa + log(base)/(acid)
    Substitute pKa, base, and acid, and solve for initial pH.

    You have 100 mL 0.100M NH3 and 0.100M NH4Cl = 10 millimoles of each. You're adding 5.00 mL of 0.100M HCl = 0.500 millimols.

    .......NH3 + H^+ ==> NH4^+ + H2O
    I......10.....0.......10........
    add...........0.5...............
    C......-0.5...-0.5.....+0.5
    E......9.5.....0.......10.5

    Now substitute the E line into the HH equation and solve for pH, then take the difference between the two pH values to arrive at the difference.

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Chemistry

    Perpare 500ml of 1M HCl solution from a bottle of concentrated 37%(W/W) HCL stock with a density of 1.19g/ml. 37%= 37/100 x 100 therefore mass is 37g molarity = mol/vol 1= mol/0.5 mol=0.5 mass of Hcl needed = molxmr mass = 0.5 x

  2. chemistry

    calculate the change in pH when 9.00ml of 0.100M HCl(aq) is added to 100.0mL of a buffer solution that is 0.100M in NH3(aq) and 0.100M NH4Cl(aq). ...Calculate the change in pH when 9.00,L if 0.100M NaOH(aq) is added to the

  3. Chemistry

    Calculate the change in PH when 6 ml of 0.1 M HCl is added to 100 ml of a buffer solution that is 0.1 M in NH3 and 0.1 M in NH4Cl. And calculate the change in PH when 6 ml of 0.1 M NaOH is added to the original buffer solution.

  4. chem

    The dibasic compound B (pKb1 = 4.00, pKb2 = 8.00) was titrated with 1.00 M HCl. The initial solution of B was 0.100 M and had a volume of 100.0 mL. Find the pH at the following volumes of acid added and make a graph of pH versus

  1. Chemistry

    Calculate the enthalpy change (ΔH) for: HCl(aq) + NH3(aq) → NH4Cl(aq) The reaction of 50.0 mL of 1.00 M HCl with 50.0 mL of 1.00 M NH3 causes a temperature rise of 6.4 ˚C in the resulting 100.0 mL of solution. The NH4Cl

  2. Chemistry

    How many joules are required to raise the temperature of 450mL of water from 30 °C to 100 °C? The specific heat of copper metal is 0.385 J/ g- K. How many KJ of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1.1 kg block of copper from

  3. CHEMISTRY

    a) Calculate the change in pH when 4.00 mL of 0.100 M HCl(aq) is added to 100.0 mL of a buffer solution that is 0.100 M in NH3(aq) and 0.100 M in NH4Cl(aq). b) Calculate the change in pH when 4.00 mL of 0.100 M NaOH(aq) is added

  4. chemistry

    Calculate the change in pH when 9.00 mL of 0.100 M HCl(aq) is added to 100.0 mL of a buffer solution that is 0.100 M in NH3(aq) and 0.100 M in NH4Cl(aq). Calculate the change in pH when 9.00 mL of 0.100 M NaOH(aq) is added to the

  1. Chemistry

    If 1.000 kcal of heat is added to 1.700 L of oxygen in a cylinder at constant pressure of 1.00 atm, the volume increases to 2.100 L. Calculate the total energy change for this process.

  2. Chem

    In a coffee cup calorimeter, 50.0 mL of 0.100 M AgNO3 and 50.0 mL of 0.100 M HCl are mixed to yield the following reaction: Ag+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) -----------------> AgCl (s) The two solutions were initially at 22.60 °C, and the

  3. Chemistry [sumone help me please :(]

    0.250g of phthalic acid is dissolved in 40.00cm^3 of 0.100 mol dm^-3 NaOH. It requires 11.80 cubic centimeters of 0.100 mol\dm^-3 HCL fo neutralisation( to phenolphthalein) The mole ratio in which phthalic acid reacts with sodium

  4. chemistry

    The pKb values for the dibasic base B are pKb1 = 2.1 and pKb2 = 7.4. Calculate the pH at each of the following points in the titration of 50.0 mL of a 0.75 M B(aq) with 0.75 M HCl(aq). (b) after addition of 25.0 mL of HCl (c)

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.