Solar Energy Please Help

Figure 1 shows a simplication of the AM1.5 solar spectrum at 1000W/m2. The spectrum is divided in three spectral ranges:

A for 0nm<λ<620nm

B for 620nm<λ<1240nm

C for 1240nm<λ<1860nm

The photon flux in each spectral range is also shown in the figure.

a) The hydrogenated silicon carbide material (a-SiC:H) is a new type of amorphous semiconductor material which has been recently studied for PV applications. This material has a relative large band gap of 2.0 eV. Imagine we integrate this material in a single-junction p-i-n solar cell as shown in Figure 2a below. In which spectral ranges does this solar cell convert light into charge carriers?

1)A
2)B
3)C

b) What is the Jsc (in mA/cm2) of the solar cell if only 65% of the absorbed photons result in a current?

c) The Voc in V of the a-SiC:H solar cell can be roughly estimated by the equation:

Voc=Egap(J)2q=Egap(eV)2
where q is the elementary charge, Egap(J) is the bandgap energy expressed in Joules, and Egap(eV) is the bandgap energy expressed in eV. The fill factor of the solar cell is FF=0.80. What is the efficiency of the solar cell (in %) ?

An up-convertor is a material which can convert two low-energy photons into a higher energy photon. Placing an up-convertor in our solar cell can help to reduce the spectral mismatch, since it can convert some photons with energy lower than 2 eV, which are not absorbed by the a-SiC:H cell, into a photon with an energy higher than 2 eV. Figure 2b depicts this possibility.

d) In the up-convertor 1, two photons are converted into one photon with 100% conversion efficiency. If all photons with energy above that of the band gap of a-SiC:H are absorbed in the a-SiC:H layer, in which spectral range can the photons be up-converted so that they contribute to the current in the cell as well?

1)A
2)B
3)C

e) In that case what would be the short-circuit current density and the efficiency of the solar cell illustrated in Figure 2b? Assume again that 65% of the absorbed photons result in a current.

Short-circuit current density in mA/cm2

Efficiency in %

f) In up-convertor 2 (see Figure 2c), three photons are converted into one photon with 100% conversion efficiency. if all photons with energy above that of the band gap of a-SiC:H are absorbed in the p-i-n cell, and convertor 1 absorbs only the photons in the spectral range as considered in parts e) and f), in which spectral part can the photons be up-converted by convertor 2 so that they contribute to the current in the cell as well?

1)A
2)B
3)C

g) In that case what would be the short-circuit current density and the efficiency of the solar cell illustrated in Figure 2c? Assume that 65% of the absorbed photons result in a current.

Short-circuit current density in mA/cm2

Efficiency in %

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 1,240
  1. a) A
    d) B
    f) C

    1. 👍 2
    2. 👎 0
  2. Can you also give out the rest of the answers?? thanks

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  3. where is the rest of the answers?

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  4. jen the answers are in your nose.

    Next time ask nicely.

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  5. It is not possible to solve the rest of the answers the figure are missing.

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  6. Please Is anybody who can help this question? Thanks

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  7. Why don't you add the missing figures
    2a, 2b, and 2c

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  8. courses edx org/c4x/DelftX/ET3034TUx/asset/Week5_Specturm png

    This is the image's url, replace the spaces with dots

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  9. Link doesn't works

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  10. postimg org/image/kylqxalt7/

    Try this put a dot after 'postimg'

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  11. The link is for fig. 1
    still need fig 2a, 2b, and 2c

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  12. ϕ=9.3∗1020m−2s−1 for 300nm<λ<650nm

    ϕ=8.4∗1020m−2s−1 for 650nm<λ<850nm

    ϕ=1.4∗1021m−2s−1 for 850nm<λ<1250nm

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  13. AND

    Voc = Egap(J)/2q = Egap(eV)/2

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  14. Sorry the above 2 answers are for another question...

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  15. use this link

    postimg org/image/htap77x5d/

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  16. 1a. = A

    1.b = 10.4mA/cm2, 8.33%

    1c = B

    1d = 18mA/cm2, 14%

    1f = C

    1g = 18.7 mA/cm2, 15%

    1. 👍 1
    2. 👎 0
  17. Thanks

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  18. Can you please answer this too

    jiskha com/display.cgi?id=1382813246

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  19. Thanks Ken

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  20. what are the answer to the e) please

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  21. e 14 and thanks for the answers guys i will pray for u :)

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  22. e is 14 and 14 again

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0
  23. 1)A
    2)10 mA/cm^2
    3)8%
    4)B
    5)18mA/cm^2
    6)14%
    7)C
    8)19mA/cm^2
    9)15%
    Enjoy guys!!!!

    1. 👍 5
    2. 👎 0
  24. When adding the photon flux of A and half of the photon flux of B I come to 1.55E+17 photons/cm2. This gives a short-circuit current density of 16.12mA/cm2 which is wrong. Where is my mistake???

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Chemistry

    The energy levels of one-electron ions are given by the equation: En=(-2.18*10^(-18)J)(Z^2/n^2) The series in the He spectrum that corresponds to the set of transitions where the electron falls from a higher level to the nf = 4

  2. science help pls pls

    Which of the following types of stars is cooler than an orange main sequence? In Graph A, the curve peaks at 800 nm, in the red section of the visible light spectrum. In Graph B, the curve peaks at 550 nm, in the green section of

  3. science help PLS

    Which of the following types of stars started out on the main sequence with the largest initial mass? In Graph A, the curve peaks at 800 nm, in the red section of the visible light spectrum. In Graph B, the curve peaks at 550 nm,

  4. SCIENCE HELP PLEEASE

    Which of the following types of stars started out on the main sequence with the largest initial mass? In Graph A, the curve peaks at 800 nm, in the red section of the visible light spectrum. In Graph B, the curve peaks at 550 nm,

  1. chemistry

    Explain how understanding of the atomic emmission spectrum led to developement of the atomic theory. The emmissions spectrum for each element is unique. You can identify an eleement by its spectrum. The atomic theory states that

  2. Chemistry

    The meter has been defined as 1,650,763.73 wavelengths of the orange-red line of the emission spectrum of ^86Kr. Calculate the frequency of this radiation. In what proportion of the electromagnetic spectrum does the radiation

  3. physcial science

    What are the wavelength limits of the audible range of the sound spectrum? (Use the speed of sound in air. The speed of sound in air is 344 m/s. The audible range of the sound spectrum contains frequencies as low as 30 Hz and as

  4. Chemistry

    What is the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation emitted from a hydrogen atom when the electron undergoes the transition n = 5 to n = 3?((Broken Link Removed) is a spectrum m In what region of the spectrum does the line

  1. i need help with science pls

    Which of the following types of stars started out on the main sequence with the largest initial mass? In Graph A, the curve peaks at 800 nm, in the red section of the visible light spectrum. In Graph B, the curve peaks at 550 nm,

  2. Chemistry

    what is the emission spectrum of the sun and what does this spectrum reveal about the types of elements in the sun?

  3. earth science

    How does the wavelength of the infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum differ from that of the visible portion of the spectrum?

  4. science

    Which choice correctly describes the waves in the electromagnetic spectrum? The bands within the spectrum are made of fluctuating electric and magnetic fields and have the same frequency and wavelength. The bands within the

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.