Philosophy

LOGIC and ARGUMENTS – the simple elements

Arguments are Composed of THREE PARTS:

1) Premises = basic, commonly accepted reasons – the “why’s,” and “how’s.”
2) Inferences = reasoned “guesses” or based assertions connecting conclusion to premises
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3) Conclusions = claims, main ideas, -- the “what’s”

Indicators -- words that come before and tell what part of an argument follows:

Premises – BECAUSE, since, due to, etc.
Conclusions – SO, thus, therefore, etc.

(Much more info is coming)

Fallacies – Problems with reasoning and logic – can be used or abused

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An example of the use and abuse of logic:

Argument:
1) Anything is possible (you agree?)
Therefore, it must be possible that something is impossible

This is a contradiction – NOT everything is possible BECAUSE anything is possible.

Types of Appeals in Arguments (Aristotle):
1) Pathos – appeals to emotion
2) Ethos – appeals to right vs. wrong/ modern- Charisma
3) Logos – appeals to logic – this is the realm we will work, principally; we will work the internal form

Answer the Following:

1) Where is the main idea in this argument scheme?
2) Where are the reasons?
3) What is the function of the Inferences?
4) What is the function of Indicators?
5) How do you think logical fallacies can be use?
6) In our society, which type of appeal is most common? Why?

I don't even get where to start, the main idea of what? there's no paragraph to read.. Im not good at this help me please !

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  1. Anything is possible
    it must be possible that something is possible
    help you decide what is true
    help you know what to write about
    to correct wrong ideas
    ethos

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  2. tuujr

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