Chemistry

1.What mass of NaOH(s) must be added to 300 mL of HCl 0.25 M in order to completely neutralize this acid?
2.During a lab, you mix 2 solutions: a 100 ml solution containing 0.40 g of NaOH and a 100 mL solution containing 0.73 g of HCl. What is the concentration of H+ ions in the new solution?
3.Calculate the [H+] of a solution obtained by mixing 1 L of hydrochloric acid 1.0 M with 1 litre of sodium hydroxide 0.990 M.

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  1. 1. mols HCl = M x L = ?
    mols NaOH = mols HCl
    mols NaOH = grams/molar mass. You know molar mass and mols, solve for grams.

    2.mols NaOH = grams/molar mass = estimated 0.01
    mols HCl = grams/molar mass = estimated 0.02.
    NaOH + HCl ==> NaCl + H2O
    0.02 mols HCl - 0.01 mols NaOH = 0.01 mols HCl unreacted.
    M HCl = (H^+) = mols HCl/L solution. (L soln is 0.100 + 0.100 = ?)

    3. mols HCl = M x L = 1.00
    mols NaOH = M x L = 0.990
    M HCl = (H^+) = (1.00-0.990)/2.00L = ?

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