english

Question:

Post your response to the following: Select one of the essays from the Examples of
Effective Conclusions section in Effective Introductions and Conclusions. Which article
did you choose? What kind of conclusion does the writer use? What is the impact of that
kind of conclusion in this essay?


My answer:

The article that I choose is " The "R" Word how do you avoid saying ""?
The writer has used a general impression on the issue of the word which basically concludes the state of mind or the indicaped of a person. Also, he clearly describes what he is trying to convey to his audience about the "R" word..


The "R" WordHow do you avoid saying ""?
By John Cook
Posted Thursday, July 5, 2001, at 11:30 PM ET
We've been hearing an awful lot about people lately. More precisely, we've been hearing about a certain subset of mentally people who live on death row. The recent interest in the fate of mentally convicts has launched a bevy of headlines like this from the New York Times in June: "Jeb Bush Signs Bill Barring Executing the ." On television, we've heard Ed Bradley, filling in for Dan Rather on the CBS Evening News earlier this month, refer to " killer Johnny Penry" and " criminals."
What's striking about all this attention is that the word "" has fallen from favor—and not just among the PC crowd. Though it's still a clinical term used, somewhat begrudgingly, by psychologists to describe people who score lower than 70 on IQ tests, almost everyone in the developmental-disability field thinks it's demeaning and wants a new word. Just last May, for instance, the American Association on Mental ation, the leading advocacy group for the, um, mentally , voted to change its name. But no one could agree on the replacement, so the group simply pledged to change it to something better—less pejorative, less likely to bring schoolyard epithets to mind. And in August at the American Psychological Association's annual convention, the group's panel on Mental ation and Developmental Disabilities (called Division 33), will likely drop the "R" word from its name. "There will be a discussion," says Philip Davidson, Division 33's president-elect, "and I suspect it will be put to a vote and that it will pass." The smart bets for an eventual successor are on "intellectual disability," the term used in Europe. But competitors abound (many dislike the word "disability"), and the issue is far from settled.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

"I don't think there are any questions about the moral and ethical side to this," says Davidson. "I think everyone recognizes that mentally is a negative term." Of course, it's a step up from "moron," "imbecile," or "," which were actually codified as appropriate technical terms in 1910 by the AAMR, then known as the Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for and Feeble-Minded Persons. (Morons were the brightest, followed by and imbeciles.) The AAMR replaced those terms with "mild," "moderate," and "severe" ation in 1959, but the old words did not go quietly: Davidson recalls attending a guest lecture in graduate school in the 1970s where the speaker, an esteemed professor in the field, discoursed on "low-grade imbeciles." (The professor was not invited back.)
There are fine gradations of usage when it comes to the term "mental ation," and some are more cringe-inducing than others. The lowest of the low is the simple "." You will never hear Ed Bradley say, "Jeb Bush signed a bill barring the execution of s." The least worrisome version is the abstract: "the mentally " or "mental ation." Activists and physicians also prefer what they call "People First Language," which is supposed to emphasize a person's individuality: People aren't mentally , they are individuals with mental ation. Yet these subtleties still tend to escape even advocates on behalf of people with mental ation. Davidson recently consulted on an amicus curiae brief the American Psychological Association has filed with the Supreme Court in the case of a mentally North Carolina death-row inmate named Ernest P. McCarver. "In the McCarver brief, every single time the lawyers referred to developmental disability, they said 'the mentally ,' " he says. "I said, 'Come on guys, you gotta change this.' And they did."
If everybody hates the word, why is it still around? Is anybody pounding on the table in support of ""? Well, yes. Changing the name, many point out, could create problems for the government programs that serve the mentally . For instance, people who have been diagnosed as mentally currently qualify for Supplemental Security Income. Will they still qualify if their doctor changes the diagnosis to intellectual disability? "I don't think we're going to accomplish anything other than screw[ing] up our public programs that help these people," says James A. Mulick, an Ohio State University pediatrics professor and Division 33 member who opposes changing the name. The APA's Davidson supports getting rid of "" in popular parlance, but wants to continue using the word in diagnostic circles for the same reason. " 'What's intellectual disability?' " he says, impersonating a hypothetical HMO executive. " 'We only cover mental ation.' "
Three years ago, organizations involved in serving the needs of the mentally , including the AAMR, Division 33, and the Social Security Administration, formed an ad hoc committee—rather creepily called the Consortium on Language, Image, and Public Education—to hash out just such issues and come up with a plan for moving away from "." The group announced in May that, for the time being, there's no better clinical term than "mental ation," but that "" should be dropped from popular parlance and replaced with something better (a particular term, not surprisingly, is not forthcoming). The consortium is now devising a media campaign to persuade two crucial consituencies—pre-teens and copy editors—to strike "" from the insult registries and stylebooks.
But any psychologist will point out that changing the name is, in the end, folly. Whatever new term comes into favor today will seem insensitive, or worse, tomorrow. A nation of 10-year-olds has pretty much exhausted the pejorative power of "" and is eagerly awaiting a new state-of-the-art insult. (The AAMR actually went through this before: In 1973, it switched its name from the American Association on Mental Deficiency to its current appellation because "deficiency" implied, well, deficiency. And , at the time, did not.) The current frontrunner, "intellectual disability," even contracts nicely to ID, which can become a cousin of LD (for learning disability), which served as a choice epithet among the circles I ran in in fifth grade. Steven Warren, the president of the soon-to-be-differently-named AAMR, admits that whatever term his organization comes up with, all the little boys who have crushes on little girls and so call them "" will be quick on its heels. In other words, the AAMR will almost certainly be going through an identity crisis again in 20 years, just to stay ahead of the game.

Different Types of Conclusions

You can conclude your paper in a number of ways:

Restate the thesis: Secondhand smoke is dangerous to the human body and should be banned in public places.

Summarize the main points of the essay: Banning secondhand smoke in restaurants and public places would save lives and cut down on air pollution.

Ask a question: Do you want to contract lung cancer only because you inhaled smoke from someone else’s cigarette?

Offer a quotation: “New research indicates that private research conducted by cigarette company Philip Morris in the 1980s showed that secondhand smoke was highly toxic, yet the company suppressed the finding during the next two decades” (American Lung Association, par. 13).

Provide an ironic twist, a surprising observation, or a clever ending: I am a former smoker, and I now educate others about how important it is that we stop others from inhaling secondhand smoke.

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. What exactly do you need help with on this? Your questions is definitely not clear.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  2. My answer:

    The article that I choose is " The "R" Word how do you avoid saying ""?
    The writer has used a general impression on the issue of the word which basically concludes the state of mind or the indicaped of a person. Also, he clearly describes what he is trying to convey to his audience about the "R" word.


    Your answer doesn't make much sense.

    What is the author trying to convey to his audience?

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
    👤
    Ms. Sue
  3. I read it bu I am not sure. Please help.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  4. I posted the question along with my answer. Ms. sue said that what I wrote does not make sense. What do you advise me to do. thanks,

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  5. Ms. Sue,

    I am really lost. I am not too sure about what the author is trying to convey to his audience.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  6. The author is saying that there is no acceptable word that means mentally .

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
    👤
    Ms. Sue

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. English

    Consider both Hamlin Garland's "The Return of a Private" and Mark Twain's "The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" as works of regionalist fiction. In a response of at least two paragraphs, compare and contrast these

  2. enlish

    why do authors use rhetorical devices in essays? a. to simplify the meaning of the main idea b. to increase the credibility of the essay c. to evoke a personal response from readers d. to show their skill as diverse writers e. to

  3. literature

    Why do authors use rhetorical devices in essays? a) to simplify the meaning of the main idea B)to increase the credibility of the essay C)to evoke a personal response from readers E)to show their skill as diverse writers F)to

  4. English

    Which statement is always true of fiction? A. Essays and biographies are examples of fiction. B. Fiction tells about real people and events. C. Examples of fiction include short stories and novels. D. Conflict is not an element of

  1. Math

    if x is an even number, what is the quotient of the next greater even number divided by the next greater odd number? i have no idea where to even start with this problem. i would really appriciate some help. Thanks! What can make

  2. english

    Which of the following would be the best approach to answering an essay question? Select one: a. Type the question into Google and use websites on the first page of results as the basis of your answer. b. Search the library

  3. business

    Post a 150-200 word response to the following question: Internet search engines, such as Google and Bing, have a great deal of influence and control over how we access information online. A new term, search neutrality, proposes

  4. Alg2

    For a college application, Macawi must select one of five topics on which to write a short essay. She must also select a different topic from the list for a longer essay. How many ways can she choose the topics for the two essays?

  1. speeh

    Which of the following are examples of mnemonics? Select all that apply. a short rhyme repeating something several times an acronym memorable phrases NEXT QUESTION

  2. to Hussam

    Please click on Post a New Question when you need to post a question. When you post in response to another question, it gets lost. =)

  3. PHY: To AJAYB, follow up on previous response

    First, I'd like to thank you for your response to my question. However, I had some follow up questions on your response from Saturday, July 28, 2012 at 8:27am. If you could take a look at that post and get back to me, it would be

  4. philosophy

    describe Christianity’s impact on philosophy. Include the following topics in your response: - the rise of Christianity in philosophy - key contributors to Christianity’s impact on philosophy - principle Christianized

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.