french

We are learning about food items and I don't really get the rule of de la, du, and de l' and also the countable and non countable items. Can anyone please explain it to me?

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  1. Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. First of all, don't forget the contractions of de + le = du and de + les = des

    THE PARTITIVE: The idea of "some" or "any" with a noun is expressed in French by:

    de + the definite article of the noun:
    du papier some (any) paper
    de la viande some (any) meat
    de l'encre some (any) ink
    des plumes some (any) pens

    de, without the article, after a negative:
    Je ne vois pas de fleurs. = I don't see any flowers. / I see no flowers.
    Il n'a pas d'encre. = He/She hasn't any ink. / He/she has no ink.

    de, without the article, when an adjective precedes a plural word:
    de bonnes plumes some good pens
    de vieux livres. some old books

    de, with or without the article, when an adjective precedes a singular noun:
    du bon papier some good paper
    de bon papier (also correct)

    NOTE: The words "some" and "any" must be expressed in French, and before each noun, even though they are often omitted in English.
    Avez-vous du pain? Non, mais j'ai du lait et de la viande. = Have you (any) bread? No, but I have (some) milk and meat.

    I gave you the simplified explanation, since you are probably in French I?

    Mme

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