chemistry

calculate the change in pH when 9.00ml of 0.100M HCl(aq) is added to 100.0mL of a buffer solution that is 0.100M in NH3(aq) and 0.100M NH4Cl(aq).

...Calculate the change in pH when 9.00,L if 0.100M NaOH(aq) is added to the original buffer solution.

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  1. Here is how you do these; I'll do the first one.
    9.00 mL x 0.100M HCl = 0.900 mmols.
    100.0 mL x 0.100 M NH3 = 10.0 mmols.
    100.0 mL x 0.100 M NH4Cl = 10.0 mmols.

    ...........NH3 + H^+ ==> NH4^+
    I.........10.....0.......10
    add.............0.9..............
    C.......-0.9...-0.9......+0.9
    E.........9.1...0.........10.9

    pH = pKa + log(base)/(acid)
    What are you using for pKa? Use the one in your text and not what I've used.
    pH = 9.24 + log(9.1/10.9) = 9.16.
    The question asks for CHANGE in pH. It was 9.24 before the HCl was added. Change is 9.24 to 9.16 = -0.08. Check my work. Watch the significant figures; I didn't.

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