algebra 2

1. At 2pm the number of bacteria in a colony was 100, by 4pm it was 4000. Write an exponential function to model the population y of bacteria x hours after 2pm.

2.Using the information in problem 1, how many bacteria were there at 7pm that day?

3.Radioactive iodine is used to determine the health of the thyroid gland. It decays according to the equation y = ae-0.0856t, where t is in days. Find the half-life of this substance.

4. An anthropologist finds there is so little remaining Carbon-14 in a prehistoric bone that instruments cannot measure it. This means that there is less than 0.5% of the amount of Carbon-14 the bones would have contained when the person was alive. How long ago did the person die?

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  1. The question is:

    y = c e^kx

    find c and k

    at x = 0, y = 100
    100 = c (1)
    so c = 100

    at x = 2, y = 4000
    4000 = 100 e^2k
    ln 40 = 2 k
    3.69 = 2 k
    k = 1.84
    y = 100 e^(1.84 x)

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  2. 2) I think you can do that now

    At t = 0, y = a
    what is t when y = a/2
    a/2 = a e^-.0856 T
    .5 = e^-.0856 T
    ln .5 = -.0856 T
    you take it from there

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  3. Look up the half life of C 14. You have it.
    Then how many half lives is .5% = .005
    (1/2)^n = .005
    n ln .5 = ln .005
    n * -.693 = -5.3
    so we know that the thing is at least n years old
    age >/= 7.65 half lives

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  4. I love you Damon!!!

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  5. name the sets of numbers to which -7 belongs.

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