Probability and Stats

A graduate class consists of six students. What is the probability that exactly three of them are born either March, June or November?

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  1. Out of six students, we need exactly 3 fit the criteria of being born in 3 months out of 12, i.e. with probability p=3/12=0.25.
    Since the probability is assumed constant throughout, and we know the total number of students, we can use the binomial distribution, where
    n=6
    x=3
    p=0.25
    and the probability is given by:
    P(X=x)=C(n,x)p^x (1-p)^(n-x)
    where C(n,x)=binomial coefficient = n!/(x!(n-x)!).

    Just plug in the numbers to get your results.

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